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Volumen 57 (2021): Heft 2 (June 2021)

Volumen 57 (2021): Heft 1 (March 2021)

Volumen 56 (2020): Heft 4 (December 2020)

Volumen 56 (2020): Heft 3 (September 2020)

Volumen 56 (2020): Heft 2 (June 2020)

Volumen 56 (2020): Heft 1 (March 2020)

Volumen 55 (2019): Heft 4 (December 2019)

Volumen 55 (2019): Heft 3 (September 2019)

Volumen 55 (2019): Heft 2 (June 2019)

Volumen 55 (2019): Heft 1 (March 2019)

Volumen 54 (2018): Heft 4 (December 2018)

Volumen 54 (2018): Heft 3 (September 2018)

Volumen 54 (2018): Heft 2 (June 2018)

Volumen 54 (2018): Heft 1 (March 2018)

Volumen 53 (2017): Heft 4 (December 2017)

Volumen 53 (2017): Heft 3 (September 2017)

Volumen 53 (2017): Heft 2 (June 2017)

Volumen 53 (2017): Heft 1 (March 2017)

Volumen 52 (2016): Heft 1 (December 2016)

Volumen 51 (2016): Heft 1 (September 2016)

Volumen 50 (2016): Heft 1 (June 2016)

Volumen 49 (2016): Heft 1 (March 2016)

Volumen 48 (2015): Heft 1 (December 2015)

Volumen 47 (2015): Heft 1 (September 2015)

Volumen 46 (2015): Heft 1 (June 2015)

Volumen 45 (2015): Heft 1 (March 2015)

Volumen 44 (2014): Heft 1 (December 2014)

Volumen 43 (2014): Heft 1 (September 2014)

Volumen 42 (2014): Heft 1 (June 2014)

Volumen 41 (2014): Heft 1 (March 2014)

Volumen 40 (2013): Heft 1 (December 2013)

Volumen 39 (2013): Heft 1 (September 2013)

Volumen 38 (2013): Heft 1 (June 2013)

Volumen 37 (2013): Heft 1 (March 2013)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2543-5361
Erstveröffentlichung
17 Oct 2014
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 52 (2016): Heft 1 (December 2016)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2543-5361
Erstveröffentlichung
17 Oct 2014
Erscheinungsweise
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

7 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Editorial

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 5 - 7

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Measuring Nominal and Real Convergence of Selected CEE Countries by the Taylor Rule

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 9 - 22

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

We propose using a simple Taylor rule to evaluate business cycle convergence of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland with the Eurozone. Our findings indicate an ongoing convergence of those CEE countries to the Eurozone, but with instabilities and heterogeneity between the countries. Especially Poland has shown a high degree of convergence in recent years. But there are still relevant differences in Taylor rates of each country to the Eurozone of about two percentage points.

Schlüsselwörter

  • CEE
  • monetary policy
  • currency union
  • convergence
  • Taylor rule

JEL Classification

  • E52
  • E58
  • F15
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

FDI and Intra-industry Trade in the Automotive Industry in the New EU Member States

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 23 - 42

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper investigates the extent to which foreign direct investment (FDI) influenced intra-industry trade (IIT) in automotive products in six New EU Member States (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) in the 1995–2014 period. Changes in IIT intensity are analysed using the Grubel-Lloyd indices. To examine the IIT pattern, IIT indices are divided into two types of trade: IIT in vertically differentiated products (low and high quality VIIT) and IIT in horizontally differentiated products (HIIT). The research indicates that IIT in automotive products allowed manufacturers and consumers from the new EU Member States to benefit more from international trade. FDI inflow to the automotive sector of the NMS has been a key factor shaping IIT in automotive products.

Schlüsselwörter

  • foreign direct investment (FDI)
  • intra-industry trade (IIT)
  • automotive industry
  • new EU Member States

JEL Classification

  • F14
  • F15
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Free Market Institutions and FDI Performance in Emerging Asian Economies

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 43 - 58

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper examines long-term developments in the quality and efficiency of free market institutional systems across thirteen emerging economies from South, South-east, and East Asia over the 1995–2014 period. The paper also empirically assesses the impact of free market institutions on a country’s inward foreign direct investment (FDI) performance. We find that the free market institutional framework in most economies is still relatively inefficient, restrictive, and underdeveloped but has, nevertheless, substantially improved during the last twenty-year period. Our empirical results also indicate that a free market institutional system in a host-country is a factor that attracts inward FDI to emerging Asian economies by multinational companies. Consequently, policy makers should focus on further improving the quality of free market institutions.

Schlüsselwörter

  • economic institutions
  • multinationals
  • FDI
  • Asia
  • developing countries

JEL Classification

  • P14
  • P48
  • F21
  • F23
  • O53
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Comparative Models of Capitalism in the Areas of Financial System and Corporate Governance – the Diversity of Capitalism Approach Perspective

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 59 - 76

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article presents and assesses the methodology and results of a comparative analysis conducted by Bruno Amable in financial systems and corporate governance in the context of current policy and regulatory challenges. The article, which is based on a literature review and game theory examples, first describes and evaluates the methodology and final classification given by Amable. The role of Amable’s core concept; namely, institutional complementarity, is underlined. A game theory application in comparative institutional studies is then presented, including the author’s own “institutional game.” Finally, we assess Amable’s achievements in financial systems and corporate governance, concluding that they are valuable, innovative and useful despite some (perhaps justified) criticisms of the framework Amable used. In particular, the value of introducing institutional complementarity into comparative studies should not be underestimated. The analysis presented here suggests that Amable’s methodology may also be applicable when designing current financial reforms in the EU, especially European Capital Markets Union (CMU), because it can broaden policy maker’s horizons and promote consistent solutions.

Schlüsselwörter

  • financial markets
  • banking
  • institutional complementarities

JEL Classification

  • B52
  • G21
  • G23
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Internationalization of the Entrepreneurial Activity of Social Purpose Organizations

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 77 - 93

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyse and identify patterns of international entrepreneurial activity of social purpose organizations. The article utilizes international social entrepreneurship literature to develop an understanding of the international activity of social entrepreneurs and to identify factors that differentiate their activity. A cluster analysis was conducted to identify patterns of international social entrepreneurial activity, which included: the subject of activity, the types of beneficiaries, the scope of activity, and the legal type of organization. As a result, a survey sample of 55 international social ventures was divided into 3 homogeneous groups. The groups were (1) solution providers, (2) entrepreneurial charities, and (3) intermediaries. The results of the analysis show the diversity of the international activities of social entrepreneurs, although only a portion of them operate internationally. These findings contribute to a greater understanding of social entrepreneurs’ motivation and the paths of their internationalization activity.

Schlüsselwörter

  • non-profit organization
  • social entrepreneur
  • internationalization
  • cluster analysis

JEL Classification

  • L26
  • L31
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Perceived Service Quality and Customer Loyalty: The Mediating Effect of Passenger Satisfaction in the Nigerian Airline Industry

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 94 - 117

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The long-term survival and competiveness of the airline business is strongly connected to the quality of service offered by airline operators and their ability to satisfy and build long-term relationships with customers. This study investigates the relationship among service quality, customer satisfaction and loyalty in the Nigerian airline industry. The cross-sectional survey research design was chosen in order to collect the primary data, using a structured questionnaire. Convenience sampling was adopted to draw a sample of 800 respondents. The data collected were analysed using correlation and multiple regression analysis. The findings of this study largely support the hypothesized relationships proposed in the conceptual framework. The results specifically reveal that perceived service quality is positively related to both passengers’ satisfaction and loyalty. The relationship between passenger satisfaction and loyalty towards the airlines was also found to be positive. The mediating effect of customer satisfaction between perceived service quality and customer loyalty is also found to be positive and partially supported. On the basis of the findings of this study, we conclude that perceived service quality does influence passenger satisfaction, and by extension, loyalty to the airlines. Thus, improvement of service quality is an adjuvant factor to sustainable differentiation and competitiveness in the airline industry. We therefore, recommend that airline operators develop and implement market-oriented service strategies to identify customers’ needs and expectations in order to serve them better. Additionally, airline operators should measure service quality regularly to assure that they are keep meeting passengers’ expectations, and consider customizing their products and services (as needed) to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Schlüsselwörter

  • perceived service quality
  • customer loyalty
  • passenger satisfaction
  • flight experience
  • customer expectation
  • air transportation

JEL Classification

  • M19
  • Z13
7 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Editorial

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 5 - 7

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Measuring Nominal and Real Convergence of Selected CEE Countries by the Taylor Rule

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 9 - 22

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

We propose using a simple Taylor rule to evaluate business cycle convergence of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland with the Eurozone. Our findings indicate an ongoing convergence of those CEE countries to the Eurozone, but with instabilities and heterogeneity between the countries. Especially Poland has shown a high degree of convergence in recent years. But there are still relevant differences in Taylor rates of each country to the Eurozone of about two percentage points.

Schlüsselwörter

  • CEE
  • monetary policy
  • currency union
  • convergence
  • Taylor rule

JEL Classification

  • E52
  • E58
  • F15
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

FDI and Intra-industry Trade in the Automotive Industry in the New EU Member States

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 23 - 42

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper investigates the extent to which foreign direct investment (FDI) influenced intra-industry trade (IIT) in automotive products in six New EU Member States (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) in the 1995–2014 period. Changes in IIT intensity are analysed using the Grubel-Lloyd indices. To examine the IIT pattern, IIT indices are divided into two types of trade: IIT in vertically differentiated products (low and high quality VIIT) and IIT in horizontally differentiated products (HIIT). The research indicates that IIT in automotive products allowed manufacturers and consumers from the new EU Member States to benefit more from international trade. FDI inflow to the automotive sector of the NMS has been a key factor shaping IIT in automotive products.

Schlüsselwörter

  • foreign direct investment (FDI)
  • intra-industry trade (IIT)
  • automotive industry
  • new EU Member States

JEL Classification

  • F14
  • F15
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Free Market Institutions and FDI Performance in Emerging Asian Economies

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 43 - 58

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper examines long-term developments in the quality and efficiency of free market institutional systems across thirteen emerging economies from South, South-east, and East Asia over the 1995–2014 period. The paper also empirically assesses the impact of free market institutions on a country’s inward foreign direct investment (FDI) performance. We find that the free market institutional framework in most economies is still relatively inefficient, restrictive, and underdeveloped but has, nevertheless, substantially improved during the last twenty-year period. Our empirical results also indicate that a free market institutional system in a host-country is a factor that attracts inward FDI to emerging Asian economies by multinational companies. Consequently, policy makers should focus on further improving the quality of free market institutions.

Schlüsselwörter

  • economic institutions
  • multinationals
  • FDI
  • Asia
  • developing countries

JEL Classification

  • P14
  • P48
  • F21
  • F23
  • O53
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Comparative Models of Capitalism in the Areas of Financial System and Corporate Governance – the Diversity of Capitalism Approach Perspective

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 59 - 76

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This article presents and assesses the methodology and results of a comparative analysis conducted by Bruno Amable in financial systems and corporate governance in the context of current policy and regulatory challenges. The article, which is based on a literature review and game theory examples, first describes and evaluates the methodology and final classification given by Amable. The role of Amable’s core concept; namely, institutional complementarity, is underlined. A game theory application in comparative institutional studies is then presented, including the author’s own “institutional game.” Finally, we assess Amable’s achievements in financial systems and corporate governance, concluding that they are valuable, innovative and useful despite some (perhaps justified) criticisms of the framework Amable used. In particular, the value of introducing institutional complementarity into comparative studies should not be underestimated. The analysis presented here suggests that Amable’s methodology may also be applicable when designing current financial reforms in the EU, especially European Capital Markets Union (CMU), because it can broaden policy maker’s horizons and promote consistent solutions.

Schlüsselwörter

  • financial markets
  • banking
  • institutional complementarities

JEL Classification

  • B52
  • G21
  • G23
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Internationalization of the Entrepreneurial Activity of Social Purpose Organizations

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 77 - 93

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyse and identify patterns of international entrepreneurial activity of social purpose organizations. The article utilizes international social entrepreneurship literature to develop an understanding of the international activity of social entrepreneurs and to identify factors that differentiate their activity. A cluster analysis was conducted to identify patterns of international social entrepreneurial activity, which included: the subject of activity, the types of beneficiaries, the scope of activity, and the legal type of organization. As a result, a survey sample of 55 international social ventures was divided into 3 homogeneous groups. The groups were (1) solution providers, (2) entrepreneurial charities, and (3) intermediaries. The results of the analysis show the diversity of the international activities of social entrepreneurs, although only a portion of them operate internationally. These findings contribute to a greater understanding of social entrepreneurs’ motivation and the paths of their internationalization activity.

Schlüsselwörter

  • non-profit organization
  • social entrepreneur
  • internationalization
  • cluster analysis

JEL Classification

  • L26
  • L31
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Perceived Service Quality and Customer Loyalty: The Mediating Effect of Passenger Satisfaction in the Nigerian Airline Industry

Online veröffentlicht: 23 Jan 2017
Seitenbereich: 94 - 117

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The long-term survival and competiveness of the airline business is strongly connected to the quality of service offered by airline operators and their ability to satisfy and build long-term relationships with customers. This study investigates the relationship among service quality, customer satisfaction and loyalty in the Nigerian airline industry. The cross-sectional survey research design was chosen in order to collect the primary data, using a structured questionnaire. Convenience sampling was adopted to draw a sample of 800 respondents. The data collected were analysed using correlation and multiple regression analysis. The findings of this study largely support the hypothesized relationships proposed in the conceptual framework. The results specifically reveal that perceived service quality is positively related to both passengers’ satisfaction and loyalty. The relationship between passenger satisfaction and loyalty towards the airlines was also found to be positive. The mediating effect of customer satisfaction between perceived service quality and customer loyalty is also found to be positive and partially supported. On the basis of the findings of this study, we conclude that perceived service quality does influence passenger satisfaction, and by extension, loyalty to the airlines. Thus, improvement of service quality is an adjuvant factor to sustainable differentiation and competitiveness in the airline industry. We therefore, recommend that airline operators develop and implement market-oriented service strategies to identify customers’ needs and expectations in order to serve them better. Additionally, airline operators should measure service quality regularly to assure that they are keep meeting passengers’ expectations, and consider customizing their products and services (as needed) to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Schlüsselwörter

  • perceived service quality
  • customer loyalty
  • passenger satisfaction
  • flight experience
  • customer expectation
  • air transportation

JEL Classification

  • M19
  • Z13

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