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Volumen 44 (2022): Heft 1-2 (August 2022)

Volumen 43 (2021): Heft 3 (December 2021)

Volumen 43 (2021): Heft 2 (August 2021)

Volumen 43 (2021): Heft 1 (March 2021)

Volumen 42 (2020): Heft 3 (December 2020)
The Scope of Movement. Psychological and Philosophical Investigations. Guest Editors: Jagna Brudzińska, Alice Pugliese

Volumen 42 (2020): Heft 2 (August 2020)
Motion in Experience. Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives I. Guest Editors: Jagna Brudzińska, Alice Pugliese

Volumen 42 (2020): Heft 1 (March 2020)

Volumen 41 (2019): Heft 3 (November 2019)

Volumen 41 (2019): Heft 2 (July 2019)
What is What? Focus on Transdisciplinary Concepts and Terminology in Neuroaesthetics, Cognition and Poetics / Was ist Was? Transdisziplinäre Konzepte und Terminologien in Neuro-Ästhetik, Kognition und Poetik. Guest Editors: Renata Gambino, Grazia Pulvirenti, Elisabetta Vinci.

Volumen 41 (2019): Heft 1 (April 2019)

Volumen 40 (2018): Heft 3 (November 2018)

Volumen 40 (2018): Heft 2 (July 2018)

Volumen 40 (2018): Heft 1 (April 2018)

Volumen 39 (2017): Heft 2-3 (November 2017)

Volumen 39 (2017): Heft 1 (March 2017)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2519-5808
Erstveröffentlichung
12 Apr 2017
Erscheinungsweise
3 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch, Deutsch

Suche

Volumen 39 (2017): Heft 1 (March 2017)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2519-5808
Erstveröffentlichung
12 Apr 2017
Erscheinungsweise
3 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch, Deutsch

Suche

9 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Editorial

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 1 - 5

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

“Invariants” in Koffka’s Theory of Constancies in Vision: Highlighting Their Logical Structure and Lasting Value

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 6 - 29

Zusammenfassung

Summary

By introducing the concept of “invariants”, Koffka (1935) endowed perceptual psychology with a flexible theoretical tool, which is suitable for representing vision situations in which a definite part of the stimulus pattern is relevant but not sufficient to determine a corresponding part of the perceived scene. He characterised his “invariance principle” as a principle conclusively breaking free from the “old constancy hypothesis”, which rigidly surmised point-to-point relations between stimulus and perceptual properties. In this paper, we explain the basic terms and assumptions implicit in Koffka’s concept, by representing them in a set-theoretic framework. Then, we highlight various aspects and implications of the concept in terms of answers to six separate questions: forms of invariants, heuristic paths to them, what is invariant in an invariant, roots of conditional indeterminacy, variability vs. indeterminacy, and overcoming of the indeterminacy. Lastly, we illustrate the lasting value and theoretical power of the concept, by showing that Koffka’s insights relating to it do occur in modern perceptual psychology and by highlighting its role in a model of perceptual transparency.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Invariance principle
  • Constancy hypothesis
  • Stimulus insufficiency
  • Perceptual indeterminacy
  • Intra-perceptual dependence
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Plerosis and Atomic Gestalts

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 30 - 53

Zusammenfassung

Summary

Franz Brentano, 1838–1917, introduced the intriguing concept of “plerosis” in order to account for aspects of the continuum that were “explained” by formal mathematics in ways that he considered absurd from the perspective of intuition, especially visual awareness and imagery. In doing this, he pointed in directions later developed by the Dutch mathematician Luitzen Brouwer. Brentano’s notion of plerosis involves distinct though coincident points, which one might call “atomic entities with parts”. This notion fits the modern concepts of “receptive field” in neurophysiology, “perceptive field” in psychology and “differential operator” in the formal theory of scale space. We identify Brentano’s boundary points as the primordial atomic Gestalts of visual imagery. The concept deserves to play a key role in Gestalt theory.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Plerosis
  • continua
  • receptive fields
  • perceptive fields
  • atomic Gestalt
  • squares
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Daniel Stern′s Developmental Psychology and its Relation to Gestalt Psychology

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 54 - 63

Zusammenfassung

Summary

Daniel N. Stern’s research on the first years of life offers the view of an active newborn, developing in a continuous dialogue with the Other.

The mother places the infant feelings at the center of her attention. The infant gets in tune with the mother, and learns that she welcomes and understands his inner states. Such attunement is a primary holistic experience, taking place because of the infant innate ability to perceive the “interpersonal happenings” as a unitary Gestalt, emerging “from the theoretically separate experiences of movement, force, time, space and intention”. Large convergence exists between Daniel Stern’s developmental psychology and Gestalt theory: both view the infant development occurring within an inter-subjective matrix, not as a process with phases or stages, but rather as a progressive organization of structures.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Inter-subjective matrix
  • neonatal moments of meeting
  • affect attunement
  • Gestalt theory
  • Forms of Vitality
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Bodily Texture of Phantasy

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 64 - 78

Zusammenfassung

Summary

In opposition to the traditional empiricist understanding of phantasy as a copy of perception and therefore as a weakened form of experience, this paper interprets phantasy as an independent and creative modus of consciousness that is responsible for the individuation of the subject. The article reconstructs Husserl’s approach to phantasy as a specific kind of intentional operation as well as its relationship with mood-intentionality, bodily-kinesthetic expressivity and with hyletic anticipation as a structure of sensibility. In this way, the bi-valence of human experiential orders is claimed and the concept of bodily phantasy is pointed out. This leads the phenomenological analysis closer to the psychoanalytical approach to fantasy. The latter is investigated with reference to Freud’s concept of primary processual thinking and Gaddini’s understanding of bodily phantasy as a specific individuation factor within the personal history of bonding

Schlüsselwörter

  • Body
  • bodily phantasy
  • consciousness
  • Freud
  • Husserl
  • individuation phantasy
  • phenomenology
  • psychoanalysis
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 79 - 89

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Richard Marx Held (1922–2016)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 90 - 97

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Bookreview

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 98 - 100

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Announcements

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 101 - 116

Zusammenfassung

9 Artikel
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Editorial

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 1 - 5

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

“Invariants” in Koffka’s Theory of Constancies in Vision: Highlighting Their Logical Structure and Lasting Value

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 6 - 29

Zusammenfassung

Summary

By introducing the concept of “invariants”, Koffka (1935) endowed perceptual psychology with a flexible theoretical tool, which is suitable for representing vision situations in which a definite part of the stimulus pattern is relevant but not sufficient to determine a corresponding part of the perceived scene. He characterised his “invariance principle” as a principle conclusively breaking free from the “old constancy hypothesis”, which rigidly surmised point-to-point relations between stimulus and perceptual properties. In this paper, we explain the basic terms and assumptions implicit in Koffka’s concept, by representing them in a set-theoretic framework. Then, we highlight various aspects and implications of the concept in terms of answers to six separate questions: forms of invariants, heuristic paths to them, what is invariant in an invariant, roots of conditional indeterminacy, variability vs. indeterminacy, and overcoming of the indeterminacy. Lastly, we illustrate the lasting value and theoretical power of the concept, by showing that Koffka’s insights relating to it do occur in modern perceptual psychology and by highlighting its role in a model of perceptual transparency.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Invariance principle
  • Constancy hypothesis
  • Stimulus insufficiency
  • Perceptual indeterminacy
  • Intra-perceptual dependence
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Plerosis and Atomic Gestalts

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 30 - 53

Zusammenfassung

Summary

Franz Brentano, 1838–1917, introduced the intriguing concept of “plerosis” in order to account for aspects of the continuum that were “explained” by formal mathematics in ways that he considered absurd from the perspective of intuition, especially visual awareness and imagery. In doing this, he pointed in directions later developed by the Dutch mathematician Luitzen Brouwer. Brentano’s notion of plerosis involves distinct though coincident points, which one might call “atomic entities with parts”. This notion fits the modern concepts of “receptive field” in neurophysiology, “perceptive field” in psychology and “differential operator” in the formal theory of scale space. We identify Brentano’s boundary points as the primordial atomic Gestalts of visual imagery. The concept deserves to play a key role in Gestalt theory.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Plerosis
  • continua
  • receptive fields
  • perceptive fields
  • atomic Gestalt
  • squares
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Daniel Stern′s Developmental Psychology and its Relation to Gestalt Psychology

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 54 - 63

Zusammenfassung

Summary

Daniel N. Stern’s research on the first years of life offers the view of an active newborn, developing in a continuous dialogue with the Other.

The mother places the infant feelings at the center of her attention. The infant gets in tune with the mother, and learns that she welcomes and understands his inner states. Such attunement is a primary holistic experience, taking place because of the infant innate ability to perceive the “interpersonal happenings” as a unitary Gestalt, emerging “from the theoretically separate experiences of movement, force, time, space and intention”. Large convergence exists between Daniel Stern’s developmental psychology and Gestalt theory: both view the infant development occurring within an inter-subjective matrix, not as a process with phases or stages, but rather as a progressive organization of structures.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Inter-subjective matrix
  • neonatal moments of meeting
  • affect attunement
  • Gestalt theory
  • Forms of Vitality
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Bodily Texture of Phantasy

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 64 - 78

Zusammenfassung

Summary

In opposition to the traditional empiricist understanding of phantasy as a copy of perception and therefore as a weakened form of experience, this paper interprets phantasy as an independent and creative modus of consciousness that is responsible for the individuation of the subject. The article reconstructs Husserl’s approach to phantasy as a specific kind of intentional operation as well as its relationship with mood-intentionality, bodily-kinesthetic expressivity and with hyletic anticipation as a structure of sensibility. In this way, the bi-valence of human experiential orders is claimed and the concept of bodily phantasy is pointed out. This leads the phenomenological analysis closer to the psychoanalytical approach to fantasy. The latter is investigated with reference to Freud’s concept of primary processual thinking and Gaddini’s understanding of bodily phantasy as a specific individuation factor within the personal history of bonding

Schlüsselwörter

  • Body
  • bodily phantasy
  • consciousness
  • Freud
  • Husserl
  • individuation phantasy
  • phenomenology
  • psychoanalysis
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 79 - 89

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Richard Marx Held (1922–2016)

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 90 - 97

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Bookreview

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 98 - 100

Zusammenfassung

Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Announcements

Online veröffentlicht: 31 Mar 2017
Seitenbereich: 101 - 116

Zusammenfassung

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