25 Nov 2011
4 Hefte pro Jahr
Uneingeschränkter Zugang

A review of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) as a potential alternative protein source in broiler diets

Online veröffentlicht: 07 Feb 2023
Volumen & Heft: AHEAD OF PRINT
Seitenbereich: -
Eingereicht: 02 Jul 2022
Akzeptiert: 02 Dec 2022
25 Nov 2011
4 Hefte pro Jahr

Ahmed I., Qaisrani S.N., Azam F., Pasha T.N., Bibi F., Naveed S., Murtaza S. (2020). Interactive effects of threonine levels and protein source on growth performance and carcass traits, gut morphology, ileal digestibility of protein and amino acids, and immunity in broilers. Poult. Sci., 99: 280-289.10.3382/ps/pez488 Search in Google Scholar

Ahmed I., Inal F., Kahraman O., Riaz R. (2020). Insect fat: An alternative source of soybean oil in poultry feed. 3rd International Eurasian Conference on Biological and Chemical Sciences, March 19-20. Ankara. Search in Google Scholar

Altmann B.A., Neumann C., Velten S., Liebert F., Mörlein D. (2018). Meat quality derived from high inclusion of a micro-alga or insect meal as an alternative protein source in poultry diets: A pilot study. Foods, 7: 34.10.3390/foods7030034 Search in Google Scholar

Alvarez L. (2012).The role of black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.)(Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in sustainable waste management in Northern Climates. Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, University of Windsor. Search in Google Scholar

Anonymous. (2020). Innovating for profitability – the 2020 vision. 4th Global Feed Summit. [Online]. Available: https://www.cmtevents.com/aboutevent.aspx?ev=191129 [Accessed April 3, 2020]. Search in Google Scholar

Attivi K., Agboka K., Mlaga G., Oke O., Teteh A., Onagbesan O., Tona K. (2020). Effect of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens) Maggots Meal as a Substitute for Fish Meal on Growth Performance, Biochemical Parameters and Digestibility of Broiler Chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 19: 75-80.10.3923/ijps.2020.75.80 Search in Google Scholar

Banks I.J., Gibson W.T., Cameron M.M. (2014). Growth rates of black soldier fly larvae fed on fresh human faeces and their implication for improving sanitation. Trop. Med. Int. Health, 19: 14-22.10.1111/tmi.12228 Search in Google Scholar

Barroso F.G., de Haro C., Sánchez-Muros M.J., Venegas E., Martínez-Sánchez A., Pérez-Bañón C. (2014). The potential of various insect species for use as food for fish. Aquaculture, 422: 193-201.10.1016/j.aquaculture.2013.12.024 Search in Google Scholar

Barroso F.G., Sánchez-Muros M.J., Segura M., Morote E., Torres A., Ramos R., Guil J.-L. (2017). Insects as food: Enrichment of larvae of Hermetia illucens with omega 3 fatty acids by means of dietary modifications. J. Food Compost. Anal., 62: 8-13.10.1016/j.jfca.2017.04.008 Search in Google Scholar

Bellezza O.S., Biasato I., Imarisio A., Pipan M., Dekleva D., Colombino E., Capucchio M.T., Meneguz M., Bergagna S., Barbero R. (2021). Black soldier fly and yellow mealworm live larvae for broiler chickens: Effects on bird performance and health status. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr., 105: 10-18.10.1111/jpn.13567 Search in Google Scholar

Biasato I., Ferrocino I., Dabbou S., Evangelista R., Gai F., Gasco L., Cocolin L., Capucchio M.T., Schiavone A. (2020). Black soldier fly and gut health in broiler chickens: insights into the relationship between cecal microbiota and intestinal mucin composition. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 11: 11.10.1186/s40104-019-0413-y Search in Google Scholar

Bosch G., Zhang S., Oonincx D.G., Hendriks W.H. (2014). Protein quality of insects as potential ingredients for dog and cat foods. J. Nutr. Sci., 3: e29.10.1017/jns.2014.23 Search in Google Scholar

Bradley S.W., Sheppard D. (1984). House fly oviposition inhibition by larvae of Hermetia illucens, the black soldier fly. J. Chem. Ecol., 10: 853-859.10.1007/BF00987968 Search in Google Scholar

Cappellozza S., Leonardi M.G., Savoldelli S., Carminati D., Rizzolo A., Cortellino G., Terova G., Moretto E., Badaile A., Concheri G. (2019). A first attempt to produce proteins from insects by means of a circular economy. Animals, 9: 278.10.3390/ani9050278 Search in Google Scholar

Caruso D., Devic E., Subamia I., Talamond P., Baras E. (2014) Technical handbook of domestication and production of Diptera Black Soldier Fly (BSF), Hermetia illucens, Stratiomyidae, Marseille des scientifiques Bogor IRD editions, 141 p. Search in Google Scholar

Caspary W.F. (1992). Physiology and pathophysiology of intestinal absorption. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 55: 299S-308S.10.1093/ajcn/55.1.299s Search in Google Scholar

Chacher M., Kamran Z., Ahsan U., Ahmad S., Koutoulis K., Din H.Q.U., Cengiz Ö. (2017). Use of mannan oligosaccharide in broiler diets: an overview of underlying mechanisms. Worlds Poult. Sci. J., 73: 831-844.10.1017/S0043933917000757 Search in Google Scholar

Choi S., Ingale S., Kim J., Park Y., Kwon I., Chae B. (2013). An antimicrobial peptide-A3: effects on growth performance, nutrient retention, intestinal and faecal microflora and intestinal morphology of broilers. Br. Poult. Sci., 54: 738-746.10.1080/00071668.2013.838746 Search in Google Scholar

Čičková H., Newton G.L., Lacy R.C., Kozánek M. (2015). The use of fly larvae for organic waste treatment. J. Waste Manag., 35: 68-80.10.1016/j.wasman.2014.09.026 Search in Google Scholar

Cullere M., Schiavone A., Dabbou S., Gasco L., Dalle Zotte A. (2019). Meat quality and sensory traits of finisher broiler chickens fed with black soldier fly (Hermetia Illucens L.) larvae fat as alternative fat source. Animals, 9: 140.10.3390/ani9040140 Search in Google Scholar

Cullere M., Tasoniero G., Giaccone V., Miotti-Scapin R., Claeys E., De Smet S., Dalle Zotte A. (2016). Black soldier fly as dietary protein source for broiler quails: apparent digestibility, excreta microbial load, feed choice, performance, carcass and meat traits. Animal, 10: 1923-1930.10.1017/S1751731116001270 Search in Google Scholar

Dabbou S., Gai F., Biasato I., Capucchio M.T., Biasibetti E., Dezzutto D., Meneguz M., Plachà I., Gasco L., Schiavone A. (2018). Black soldier fly defatted meal as a dietary protein source for broiler chickens: Effects on growth performance, blood traits, gut morphology and histological features. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 9: 49.10.1186/s40104-018-0266-9 Search in Google Scholar

Dahiru S., Azhar B., Asmara B. (2016). Performance of spring chicken fed different inclusion levels of Black soldier fly larvae meal. Entomol. Ornithol. Herpetol., 5: 185-189. Search in Google Scholar

Danieli P.P., Lussiana C., Gasco L., Amici A., Ronchi B. (2019). The effects of diet formulation on the yield, proximate composition, and fatty acid profile of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens L.) prepupae intended for animal feed. Animals, 9: 178.10.3390/ani9040178 Search in Google Scholar

De Marco M., Martínez S., Hernandez F., Madrid J., Gai F., Rotolo L., Belforti M., Bergero D., Katz H., Dabbou S. (2015). Nutritional value of two insect larval meals (Tenebrio molitor and Hermetia illucens) for broiler chickens: Apparent nutrient digestibility, apparent ileal amino acid digestibility and apparent metabolizable energy. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech., 209: 211-218.10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2015.08.006 Search in Google Scholar

DeFoliart G.R. (2012) Insects as a global food resource: The history of talking about it, Available online at: https://insectsasfood.russell.wisc.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/246/2012/09/Manuscript.pdf (accessed on 20 June 2021), University of Wisconsin. Search in Google Scholar

Despommier D.D. (2007). Chemical trails and the parasites that follow them. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 104: 1447-1448.10.1073/pnas.0610778104 Search in Google Scholar

Di Mattia C., Battista N., Sacchetti G., Serafini M. (2019). Antioxidant activities in vitro of water and liposoluble extracts obtained by different species of edible insects and invertebrates. Front. Nutr., 6: 106.10.3389/fnut.2019.00106 Search in Google Scholar

Diener S., Zurbrügg C., Tockner K. (2009). Conversion of organic material by black soldier fly larvae: establishing optimal feeding rates. Waste Manag. Res., 27: 603-610.10.1177/0734242X09103838 Search in Google Scholar

Elangovan A.V., Udayakumar A., Saravanakumar M., Awachat V.B., Mohan M., Yandigeri M.S., Krishnan S., Mech A., Rao S.B.N., Giridhar K. (2021). Effect of black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus) prepupae meal on growth performance and gut development in broiler chicken. Int. J. Trop. Insect Sci., 41: 2077-2082.10.1007/s42690-020-00377-4 Search in Google Scholar

Estévez M., Geraert P.A., Liu R., Delgado J., Mercier Y., Zhang W. (2020). Sulphur amino acids, muscle redox status and meat quality: More than building blocks–Invited review. Meat Sci., 163: 108087.10.1016/j.meatsci.2020.108087 Search in Google Scholar

Fatchurochim S., Geden C., Axtell R. (1989). Filth fly (Diptera) oviposition and larval development in poultry manure of various moisture levels. J. Entomol. Sci., 24: 224-231.10.18474/0749-8004-24.2.224 Search in Google Scholar

Finke M.D. (2013). Complete nutrient content of four species of feeder insects. Zoo Biol., 32: 27-36.10.1002/zoo.21012 Search in Google Scholar

Fischer H., Romano N., Renukdas N., Kumar V., Sinha A.K. (2022). Comparing black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae versus prepupae in the diets of largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides: Effects on their growth, biochemical composition, histopathology, and gene expression. Aquaculture, 546: 737323.10.1016/j.aquaculture.2021.737323 Search in Google Scholar

Fischer H., Romano N., Sinha A.K. (2021). Conversion of spent coffee and donuts by black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae into potential resources for animal and plant farming. Insects, 12: 332.10.3390/insects12040332 Search in Google Scholar

Foley J.A., Ramankutty N., Brauman K.A., Cassidy E.S., Gerber J.S., Johnston M., Mueller N.D., O’Connell C., Ray D.K., West P.C. (2011). Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature, 478: 337-342.10.1038/nature10452 Search in Google Scholar

Franco J., Murakami A., Natali M., Garcia E., Furlan A. (2006). Influence of delayed placement and dietary lysine levels on small intestine morphometrics and performance of broilers. Braz. J. Poult. Sci., 8: 233-241.10.1590/S1516-635X2006000400006 Search in Google Scholar

Gold M., Tomberlin J.K., Diener S., Zurbrügg C., Mathys A. (2018). Decomposition of biowaste macronutrients, microbes, and chemicals in black soldier fly larval treatment: A review. J. Waste Manag., 82: 302-318.10.1016/j.wasman.2018.10.022 Search in Google Scholar

Guerreiro I., Enes P., Rodiles A., Merrifield D., Oliva‐Teles A. (2016). Effects of rearing temperature and dietary short‐chain fructooligosaccharides supplementation on allochthonous gut microbiota, digestive enzymes activities and intestine health of turbot (S cophthalmus maximus L.) juveniles. Aquac. Nutr., 22: 631-642.10.1111/anu.12277 Search in Google Scholar

Gujarathi G.R., Pejaver M.K. (2013). Occurrence of black soldier fly Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in biocompost. Res. J. Recent Sci., 2: 65-66. Search in Google Scholar

Havenstein G., Ferket P., Qureshi M. (2003). Growth, livability, and feed conversion of 1957 versus 2001 broilers when fed representative 1957 and 2001 broiler diets. Poult. Sci., 82: 1500-1508.10.1093/ps/82.10.1500 Search in Google Scholar

Holmes L. (2010). Role of abiotic factors on the development and life history of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.)(Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Master of Science, University of Windsor, Canada. Search in Google Scholar

Kareem K.Y., Abdulla N.R., Foo H.L., Zamri A.N.M., Shazali N., Loh T.C., Alshelmani M.I. (2018). Effect of feeding larvae meal in the diets on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and meat quality in broiler chicken. Ind. J. Anim. Res., 88: 1180-1185.10.56093/ijans.v88i10.84155 Search in Google Scholar

Kawasaki K., Hashimoto Y., Hori A., Kawasaki T., Hirayasu H., Iwase S.I., Hashizume A., Ido A., Miura C., Miura T. (2019). Evaluation of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae and pre-pupae raised on household organic waste, as potential ingredients for poultry feed. Animals, 9: 98.10.3390/ani9030098 Search in Google Scholar

Kers J.G., Velkers F.C., Fischer E.A., Hermes G.D., Stegeman J.A., Smidt H. (2018). Host and environmental factors affecting the intestinal microbiota in chickens. Front. Microbiol., 9: 235.10.3389/fmicb.2018.00235 Search in Google Scholar

Khan M.A., Mahr-Un-Nisa S.M., Sarwar M. (2003). Techniques measuring digestibility for the nutritional evaluation of feeds. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 5: 91-94. Search in Google Scholar

Kierończyk B., Rawski M., Józefiak A., Mazurkiewicz J., Świątkiewicz S., Siwek M., Bednarczyk M., Szumacher-Strabel M., Cieślak A., Benzertiha A. (2018). Effects of replacing soybean oil with selected insect fats on broilers. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech., 240: 170-183.10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2018.04.002 Search in Google Scholar

Kim B., Bang H.T., Jeong J.Y., Kim M., Kim K.H., Chun J.L., Ji S.Y. (2021). Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) Larvae Oil on Broiler Health. J. Poult. Sci., 58: 222-229.10.2141/jpsa.0200070 Search in Google Scholar

Kim W., Bae S., Kim A., Park K., Lee S., Choi Y., Han S., Park Y., Koh Y. (2011). Characterization of the molecular features and expression patterns of two serine proteases in Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae. BMB Rep., 44: 387-392.10.5483/BMBRep.2011.44.6.387 Search in Google Scholar

Komilis D.P., Ham R.K., Park J.K. (2004). Emission of volatile organic compounds during composting of municipal solid wastes. Water Res., 38: 1707-1714.10.1016/j.watres.2003.12.039 Search in Google Scholar

Lalander C., Diener S., Zurbrügg C., Vinnerås B. (2019). Effects of feedstock on larval development and process efficiency in waste treatment with black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens). J. Clean. Prod., 208: 211-219.10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.017 Search in Google Scholar

Laudadio V., Passantino L., Perillo A., Lopresti G., Passantino A., Khan R., Tufarelli V. (2012). Productive performance and histological features of intestinal mucosa of broiler chickens fed different dietary protein levels. Poult. Sci., 91: 265-270.10.3382/ps.2011-01675 Search in Google Scholar

Li S., Ji H., Zhang B., Tian J., Zhou J., Yu H. (2016). Influence of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae oil on growth performance, body composition, tissue fatty acid composition and lipid deposition in juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian). Aquaculture, 465: 43-52.10.1016/j.aquaculture.2016.08.020 Search in Google Scholar

Liland N.S., Biancarosa I., Araujo P., Biemans D., Bruckner C.G., Waagbø R., Torstensen B.E., Lock E.-J. (2017). Modulation of nutrient composition of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae by feeding seaweed-enriched media. PloS one, 12: e0183188.10.1371/journal.pone.0183188 Search in Google Scholar

Liu Q., Tomberlin J.K., Brady J.A., Sanford M.R., Yu Z. (2008). Black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae reduce Escherichia coli in dairy manure. Environ. Entomol., 37: 1525-1530.10.1603/0046-225X-37.6.1525 Search in Google Scholar

Liu Z., Najar-Rodriguez A.J., Minor M.A., Hedderley D.I., Morel P.C. (2020). Mating success of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae), under four artificial light sources. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B., 205: 111815.10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2020.111815 Search in Google Scholar

Longvah T., Mangthya K., Ramulu P. (2011). Nutrient composition and protein quality evaluation of eri silkworm (Samia ricinii) prepupae and pupae. Food Chem., 128: 400-403.10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.03.041 Search in Google Scholar

Loponte R., Bovera F., Piccolo G., Gasco L., Secci G., Iaconisi V., Parisi G. (2019). Fatty acid profile of lipids and caeca volatile fatty acid production of broilers fed a full fat meal from Tenebrio molitor larvae. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 18: 168-173.10.1080/1828051X.2018.1502053 Search in Google Scholar

Makkar H.P., Tran G., Heuzé V., Ankers P. (2014). State-of-the-art on use of insects as animal feed. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech., 197: 1-33.10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2014.07.008 Search in Google Scholar

Marco A., Ramzy R.R., Ji H. (2021). Influence of substrate inclusion of quail manure on the growth performance, body composition, fatty acid and amino acid profiles of black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens). Sci. Total Environ., 772: 145528.10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145528 Search in Google Scholar

Marono S., Loponte R., Lombardi P., Vassalotti G., Pero M., Russo F., Gasco L., Parisi G., Piccolo G., Nizza S. (2017). Productive performance and blood profiles of laying hens fed Hermetia illucens larvae meal as total replacement of soybean meal from 24 to 45 weeks of age. Poult. Sci., 96: 1783-1790.10.3382/ps/pew461 Search in Google Scholar

Martínez-Sánchez A., Magana C., Salona M., Rojo S. (2011). First record of Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) on human corpses in Iberian Peninsula. Forensic Sci. Int., 206: e76-e78.10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.10.021 Search in Google Scholar

Meneguz M., Schiavone A., Gai F., Dama A., Lussiana C., Renna M., Gasco L. (2018). Effect of rearing substrate on growth performance, waste reduction efficiency and chemical composition of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae. J. Sci. Food Agric., 98: 5776-5784.10.1002/jsfa.9127 Search in Google Scholar

Mohammed A. (2017). Evaluation of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) Larvae meal as an alternative protein source in broiler chicken diets: effect on carcass and eating quality of broiler chicken. RRJoFST, 6: 18-21. Search in Google Scholar

Mohammed A., Laryea T., Ganiyu A., Adongo T. (2017). Effects of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae meal on the growth performance of broiler chickens. Int. J. Dev. Res., 4: 35-41. Search in Google Scholar

Moula N., Hornick J.L., Cabaraux J.F., Korsak N., Daube G., Dawans E., Antoine N., Taminiau B., Detilleux J. (2018a). Effects of dietary black soldier fly larvae on performance of broilers mediated or not through changes in microbiota. J. Insects Food Feed, 4: 31-42.10.3920/JIFF2017.0011 Search in Google Scholar

Moula N., Scippo M.L., Douny C., Degand G., Dawans E., Cabaraux J.F., Hornick J.L., Medigo R.C., Leroy P., Francis F. (2018b). Performances of local poultry breed fed black soldier fly larvae reared on horse manure. Anim. Nutr., 4: 73-78.10.1016/j.aninu.2017.10.002611233530167487 Search in Google Scholar

Müller A., Wolf D., Gutzeit H.O. (2017). The black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens–a promising source for sustainable production of proteins, lipids and bioactive substances. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C, 72: 351-363.10.1515/znc-2017-0030 Search in Google Scholar

Murawska D., Daszkiewicz T., Sobotka W., Gesek M., Witkowska D., Matusevičius P., Bakuła T. (2021). Partial and Total Replacement of Soybean Meal with Full-Fat Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens L.) Larvae Meal in Broiler Chicken Diets: Impact on Growth Performance, Carcass Quality and Meat Quality. Animals, 11: 2715.10.3390/ani11092715 Search in Google Scholar

Mwaniki Z., Neijat M., Kiarie E. (2018). Egg production and quality responses of adding up to 7.5% defatted black soldier fly larvae meal in a corn–soybean meal diet fed to Shaver White Leghorns from wk 19 to 27 of age. Poult. Sci., 97: 2829-2835.10.3382/ps/pey118 Search in Google Scholar

Myers H.M., Tomberlin J.K., Lambert B.D., Kattes D. (2014). Development of black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae fed dairy manure. Environ. Entomol., 37: 11-15.10.1093/ee/37.1.11 Search in Google Scholar

Neumann C., Velten S., Liebert F. (2018). The graded inclusion of algae (Spirulina platensis) or insect (Hermetia illucens) meal as a soybean meal substitute in meat type chicken diets impacts on growth, nutrient deposition and dietary protein quality depending on the extent of amino acid supplementation. Open J. Anim. Sci., 8: 163-183.10.4236/ojas.2018.82012 Search in Google Scholar

Newton L., Sheppard C., Watson D.W., Burtle G., Dove R. (2005). Using the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, as a value-added tool for the management of swine manure. Animal and Poultry Waste Management Center, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 17. Search in Google Scholar

Nguyen T. (2010).Influence of diet on black soldier fly (hermetia illucens linnaeus)(diptera: stratiomyidae) life history traits. Master of Science, University of Windsor, Canada. Search in Google Scholar

Nguyen T.T., Tomberlin J.K., Vanlaerhoven S. (2013). Influence of resources on Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larval development. J. Med. Entomol., 50: 898-906.10.1603/ME12260 Search in Google Scholar

Nyakeri E.M., Ogola H.J., Amimo F.A., Ayieko M.A. (2017). Comparison of the performance of different baiting attractants in the egg laying activity of the black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens L.). J. Entomol. Zool. Stud., 5: 1583-1586. Search in Google Scholar

Onsongo V., Osuga I.M., Gachuiri C., Wachira A., Miano D., Tanga C., Ekesi S., Nakimbugwe D., Fiaboe K. (2018). Insects for income generation through animal feed: Effect of dietary replacement of soybean and fish meal with black soldier fly meal on broiler growth and economic performance. J. Econ. Entomol., 111: 1966-1973.10.1093/jee/toy118 Search in Google Scholar

Oonincx D., Van Huis A., Van Loon J. (2015a). Nutrient utilisation by black soldier flies fed with chicken, pig, or cow manure. J. Insects Food Feed, 1: 131-139.10.3920/JIFF2014.0023 Search in Google Scholar

Oonincx D.G., De Boer I.J. (2012). Environmental impact of the production of mealworms as a protein source for humans–a life cycle assessment. PloS One, 7.10.1371/journal.pone.0051145352654123284661 Search in Google Scholar

Oonincx D.G., Laurent S., Veenenbos M.E., van Loon J.J. (2020). Dietary enrichment of edible insects with omega 3 fatty acids. Insect Sci., 27: 500-509.10.1111/1744-7917.12669 Search in Google Scholar

Oonincx D.G., Van Broekhoven S., Van Huis A., van Loon J.J. (2015b). Feed conversion, survival and development, and composition of four insect species on diets composed of food by-products. PloS One, 10: e0144601.10.1371/journal.pone.0144601468942726699129 Search in Google Scholar

Oonincx D.G., Van Broekhoven S., Van Huis A., van Loon J.J. (2015c). Feed conversion, survival and development, and composition of four insect species on diets composed of food by-products. PLoS One, 10.10.1371/journal.pone.0144601 Search in Google Scholar

Papuc T., Boaru A., LadosI D., Struti D., Georgescu B. (2020). Potential of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) as alternative protein source in salmonid feeds-A review. Indian J. Fish, 67: 160-170.10.21077/ijf.2020.67.4.100172-20 Search in Google Scholar

Park S.I., Chang B.S., Yoe S.M. (2014). Detection of antimicrobial substances from larvae of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Entomol. Res., 44: 58-64.10.1111/1748-5967.12050 Search in Google Scholar

Patterson P., Acar N., Ferguson A., Trimble L., Sciubba H., Koutsos E. (2021). The impact of dietary Black Soldier Fly larvae oil and meal on laying hen performance and egg quality. Poult. Sci., 100: 101272.10.1016/j.psj.2021.101272 Search in Google Scholar

Pieterse E., Erasmus S.W., Uushona T., Hoffman L.C. (2019). Black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) pre‐pupae meal as a dietary protein source for broiler production ensures a tasty chicken with standard meat quality for every pot. J. Sci. Food Agric., 99: 893-903.10.1002/jsfa.9261 Search in Google Scholar

Romano N., Fischer H., Kumar V., Francis S.A., Sinha A.K. (2021). Productivity, conversion ability, and biochemical composition of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae fed with sweet potato, spent coffee or dough. Int. J. Trop. Insect Sci. 42: 1-8.10.1007/s42690-021-00532-5 Search in Google Scholar

Roser M., Ritchie H., Ortiz-Ospina E. (2019). World population growth. Published online at OurWorldInData. org. https://ourworldindata.org/world-population-growth. (Accessed: March 15, 2020.). Search in Google Scholar

Rumpold B.A., Schlüter O.K. (2013). Nutritional composition and safety aspects of edible insects. Mol. Nutr. Food Res., 57: 802-823.10.1002/mnfr.201200735 Search in Google Scholar

Rymer C., Givens D. (2005). n− 3 fatty acid enrichment of edible tissue of poultry: A review. Lipids, 40: 121-130.10.1007/s11745-005-1366-4 Search in Google Scholar

Sánchez-Muros M.J., Barroso F.G., Manzano-Agugliaro F. (2014). Insect meal as renewable source of food for animal feeding: a review. J. Clean. Prod., 65: 16-27.10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.11.068 Search in Google Scholar

Schiavone A., Chiarini R., Marzoni M., Castillo A., Tassone S., Romboli I. (2007). Breast meat traits of Muscovy ducks fed on a microalga (Crypthecodinium cohnii) meal supplemented diet. Br. Poult. Sci., 48: 573-579.10.1080/00071660701615796 Search in Google Scholar

Schiavone A., Cullere M., De Marco M., Meneguz M., Biasato I., Bergagna S., Dezzutto D., Gai F., Dabbou S., Gasco L. (2017a). Partial or total replacement of soybean oil by black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens L.) fat in broiler diets: effect on growth performances, feed-choice, blood traits, carcass characteristics and meat quality. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 16: 93-100.10.1080/1828051X.2016.1249968 Search in Google Scholar

Schiavone A., Dabbou S., Petracci M., Zampiga M., Sirri F., Biasato I., Gai F., Gasco L. (2019). Black soldier fly defatted meal as a dietary protein source for broiler chickens: Effects on carcass traits, breast meat quality and safety. Animal, 13: 2397-2405.10.1017/S1751731119000685 Search in Google Scholar

Schiavone A., De Marco M., Martínez S., Dabbou S., Renna M., Madrid J., Hernandez F., Rotolo L., Costa P., Gai F. (2017b). Nutritional value of a partially defatted and a highly defatted black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens L.) meal for broiler chickens: apparent nutrient digestibility, apparent metabolizable energy and apparent ileal amino acid digestibility. J. Anim. Sci. Biotechnol., 8: 1-9.10.1186/s40104-017-0181-5546557428603614 Search in Google Scholar

Schiavone A., Marzoni M., Castillo A., Nery J., Romboli I. (2010). Dietary lipid sources and vitamin E affect fatty acid composition or lipid stability of breast meat from Muscovy duck. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 90: 371-378.10.4141/CJAS10010 Search in Google Scholar

Sheppard D.C., Newton G.L., Thompson S.A., Savage S. (1994). A value added manure management system using the black soldier fly. Bioresour. Technol., 50: 275-279.10.1016/0960-8524(94)90102-3 Search in Google Scholar

Sheppard D.C., Tomberlin J.K., Joyce J.A., Kiser B.C., Sumner S.M. (2002). Rearing methods for the black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). J. Med. Entomol., 39: 695-698.10.1603/0022-2585-39.4.695 Search in Google Scholar

Shit N. (2021). Black Soldier Fly (BSF): A Cost Effective Alternate Protein Source for Sustainable Livestock Production. Research Biotica, 3: 128-132.10.54083/ResBio/3.2.2021.128-132 Search in Google Scholar

Shumo M., Osuga I.M., Khamis F.M., Tanga C.M., Fiaboe K.K., Subramanian S., Ekesi S., van Huis A., Borgemeister C. (2019). The nutritive value of black soldier fly larvae reared on common organic waste streams in Kenya. Sci. Rep., 9: 1-13.10.1038/s41598-019-46603-z Search in Google Scholar

Smets R., Verbinnen B., Van De Voorde I., Aerts G., Claes J., Van Der Borght M. (2020). Sequential extraction and characterisation of lipids, proteins, and chitin from black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae, prepupae, and pupae. Waste Biomass Valorization, 11: 6455-6466.10.1007/s12649-019-00924-2 Search in Google Scholar

Spranghers T., Ottoboni M., Klootwijk C., Ovyn A., Deboosere S., De Meulenaer B., Michiels J., Eeckhout M., De Clercq P., De Smet S. (2017). Nutritional composition of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) prepupae reared on different organic waste substrates. J. Sci. Food Agric., 97: 2594-2600.10.1002/jsfa.8081 Search in Google Scholar

Surendra K., Olivier R., Tomberlin J.K., Jha R., Khanal S.K. (2016). Bioconversion of organic wastes into biodiesel and animal feed via insect farming. Renew. Energy, 98: 197-202.10.1016/j.renene.2016.03.022 Search in Google Scholar

Swennen Q., Verhulst P.J., Collin A., Bordas A., Verbeke K., Vansant G., Decuypere E., Buyse J. (2007). Further investigations on the role of diet-induced thermogenesis in the regulation of feed intake in chickens: Comparison of adult cockerels of lines selected for high or low residual feed intake. Poult. Sci., 86: 1960-1971.10.1093/ps/86.9.1960 Search in Google Scholar

Tasaki I., Takahashi N. (1966). Absorption of amino acids from the small intestine of domestic fowl. J. Nutr., 88: 359-364.10.1093/jn/88.4.359 Search in Google Scholar

Thirumalaisamy G., Muralidharan J., Senthilkumar S., Hema Sayee R., Priyadharsini M. (2016). Cost-effective feeding of poultry. Int. J. Sci. Environ. Technol., 5: 3997-4005. Search in Google Scholar

Tomberlin J.K., Sheppard D.C., Joyce J.A. (2002). Selected life-history traits of black soldier flies (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) reared on three artificial diets. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 95: 379-386.10.1603/0013-8746(2002)095[0379:SLHTOB]2.0.CO;2 Search in Google Scholar

Tschirner M., Simon A. (2015). Influence of different growing substrates and processing on the nutrient composition of black soldier fly larvae destined for animal feed. J. Insects Food Feed, 1: 249-259.10.3920/JIFF2014.0008 Search in Google Scholar

Uushona T. (2015). Black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) pre-pupae as a protein source for broiler production, Master’s Thesis. Stellenbosch University, Western Cape, South Africa. Search in Google Scholar

Van Huis A., Van Itterbeeck J., Klunder H., Mertens E., Halloran A., Muir G., Vantomme P. (2013) Edible insects: future prospects for food and feed security, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Search in Google Scholar

Veldkamp T., Van Duinkerken G., van Huis A., Lakemond C., Ottevanger E., Bosch G., Van Boekel T. (2012). Insects as a Sustainable Feed Ingredient in Pig and Poultry Diets: A Feasibility Study. Wageningen UR Livestock Research, Lelystad, The Netherlands. Search in Google Scholar

Velten S., Neumann C., Bleyer M., Gruber-Dujardin E., Hanuszewska M., Przybylska-Gornowicz B., Liebert F. (2018). Effects of 50 percent substitution of soybean meal by alternative proteins from Hermetia illucens or Spirulina platensis in meat-type chicken diets with graded amino acid supply. Open J. Anim. Sci., 8: 119.10.4236/ojas.2018.82009 Search in Google Scholar

Wahid A., Purwanti S., Auza F. (2021) Published. Substitution of fishmeal with black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens L) against the performance of native chickens grower phase IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2021. IOP Publishing, 012182.10.1088/1755-1315/788/1/012182 Search in Google Scholar

Wang S., Zeng X., Yang Q., Qiao S. (2016). Antimicrobial peptides as potential alternatives to antibiotics in food animal industry. Int. J. Mol. Sci., 17: 603.10.3390/ijms17050603 Search in Google Scholar

Wang S.Y., Wu L., Li B., Zhang D. (2020). Reproductive potential and nutritional composition of Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) prepupae reared on different organic wastes. J. Econ. Entomol., 113: 527-537.10.1093/jee/toz296 Search in Google Scholar

Wise M., Siragusa G. (2007). Quantitative analysis of the intestinal bacterial community in one‐to three‐week‐old commercially reared broiler chickens fed conventional or antibiotic‐free vegetable‐based diets. J. Appl. Microbiol., 102: 1138-1149.10.1111/j.1365-2672.2006.03153.x Search in Google Scholar

Yu M., Li Z., Chen W., Rong T., Wang G., Wang F., Ma X. (2020). Evaluation of full-fat Hermetia illucens larvae meal as a fishmeal replacement for weanling piglets: Effects on the growth performance, apparent nutrient digestibility, blood parameters and gut morphology. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech., 264: 114431.10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2020.114431 Search in Google Scholar

Zeitz J., Fennhoff J., Kluge H., Stangl G., Eder K. (2015). Effects of dietary fats rich in lauric and myristic acid on performance, intestinal morphology, gut microbes, and meat quality in broilers. Poult. Sci., 94: 2404-2413.10.3382/ps/pev191 Search in Google Scholar

Zhang J., Huang L., He J., Tomberlin J.K., Li J., Lei C., Sun M., Liu Z., Yu Z. (2010). An artificial light source influences mating and oviposition of black soldier flies, Hermetia illucens. J. Insect Sci., 10.10.1673/031.010.20201302922821268697 Search in Google Scholar

Zhou Q.C., Buentello J.A., Gatlin III D.M. (2010). Effects of dietary prebiotics on growth performance, immune response and intestinal morphology of red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus). Aquaculture, 309: 253-257.10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.09.003 Search in Google Scholar

Empfohlene Artikel von Trend MD