1. bookVolume 118 (2021): Issue 1 (January 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2353-737X
First Published
20 May 2020
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

The efficiency of municipal sewage treatment plants inspiration for water recovery

Published Online: 22 Dec 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 118 (2021) - Issue 1 (January 2021)
Page range: -
Received: 27 Apr 2021
Accepted: 15 Dec 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2353-737X
First Published
20 May 2020
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This article presents a detailed analysis of the functioning of municipal sewage treatment plants. The presented findings are based on questionnaires from over seventy wastewater treatment facilities, covering from several hundred to several hundred thousand inhabitants. The required quality of treated sewage and the necessary efficiency level of the treatment plant were determined in the context of the content of the applicable regulations, and were then compared with the actual data obtained from sewage treatment plants. The findings provided the basis for formulating an evaluation of the efficiency of municipal sewage treatment plants and for further analyses of the possibility of the recovery of water from sewage and its reuse.

Keywords

Angelakis, A.N., Asano, T., Bahri, A., Jimenez, B.E., Tchobanoglous G. (2018). Water Reuse: From Ancient to Modern Times and the Future. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 6 (26), https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2018.00026.10.3389/fenvs.2018.00026 Search in Google Scholar

Burgess, J., Meeker, M., Minton, J., O’Donohue, M. (2015). International research agency perspectives on potable water reuse. Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology, 1 (5), https://doi.org/10.1039/C5EW00165J.10.1039/C5EW00165J Search in Google Scholar

Chaitra, H. (2017). Removal of Total Suspended Solids and Turbidity by Actiflo Process Using Micro-sand. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 4 (issue 7). Search in Google Scholar

Chen, W., Bai, Y., Zhang, W., Lyu, S., Jiao, W. (2015). Perceptions of Different Stakeholders on Reclaimed Water Reuse: The Case of Beijing, China. Sustainability, MDPI, 7 (7), https://doi.org/10.3390/su7079696.10.3390/su7079696 Search in Google Scholar

Gromiec, M. (2021). Ochrona zasobów wodnych przed zanieczyszczeniem. Wybrane problemy i rozwiązania. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Komitet Inżynierii Środowiska, Monografie nr 172. Search in Google Scholar

Hashem, M.S., Qi, X. (2021). Treated Wastewater Irrigation – A Review. Water, MDPI, 13 (11), https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111527.10.3390/w13111527 Search in Google Scholar

Jaramillo, M.F., Restrepo I. (2017). Wastewater Reuse in Agriculture: A Review about Its Limitations and Benefits. Sustainability, MDPI, 9 (10), https://doi.org/10.3390/su9101734.10.3390/su9101734 Search in Google Scholar

Kowal, A.L. et al. (1997). Odnowa wody. Podstawy teoretyczne procesów. Wrocław: Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej. Search in Google Scholar

Levine, A.D., Asano, T. (2004). Recovering Sustainable Water from Wastewater, Environmental Science and Technology, 38 (11), https://doi.org/10.1021/es040504n.10.1021/es040504n15224722 Search in Google Scholar

Rodriguez, C., Buynder, P.V., Lugg, R., Blair, P., Devine, B., Cook, A., Weinstein, P. (2009). Indirect Potable Reuse: A Sustainable Water Supply Alternative, Sustainability: Environmental Studies and Public Health, MDPI, 6 (3), https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph6031174.10.3390/ijerph6031174267239219440440 Search in Google Scholar

Rozporządzenie Ministra Gospodarki Morskiej i Żeglugi Śródlądowej z  dnia 12 lipca 2019 r. w sprawie substancji szczególnie szkodliwych dla środowiska wodnego oraz warunków, jakie należy spełnić przy wprowadzaniu do wód lub do ziemi ścieków, a  także przy odprowadzaniu wód opadowych lub roztopowych do wód lub do urządzeń wodnych (Dz. U. 2019 poz. 1311). Search in Google Scholar

Sytek-Szmeichel, K., Heidrich, Z., Stańko, G. (2016). Dane wejściowe do projektowania miejskich oczyszczalni ścieków (według stanu na koniec 2015 r.). Gaz, Woda i  Technika Sanitarna, 7, vol. 90, https://doi.org/10.15199/17.2016.7.7.10.15199/17.2016.7.7 Search in Google Scholar

Tang, C.Y., Yang, Z., Guo, H., Wen, J.J., Nghiem, L.D., Cornelissen E. (2018). Potable Water Reuse through Advanced Membrane Technology. Environmental Science and Technology, 52 (18), https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b00562.10.1021/acs.est.8b0056230137968 Search in Google Scholar

Tchobanoglous, G., Burton, F.L., Stensel, H.D. (2003). Wastewater engineering –Treatment and reuse. Boston: McGraw-Hill. Search in Google Scholar

Tong T., Elimelech M. (2016). The Global Rise of Zero Liquid Discharge for Wastewater Management: Drivers, Technologies, and Future Directions. Environmental Science and Technology, 50 (13), https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b01000.10.1021/acs.est.6b0100027275867 Search in Google Scholar

Wójcicka, K., Heidrich, Z. (2019). Aktualizacja danych wejściowych do projektowania miejskich oczyszczalni ścieków. Gaz, Woda i Technika Sanitarna, 11, vol. 93, https://doi.org/10.15199/17.2019.11.4.10.15199/17.2019.11.4 Search in Google Scholar

Wójcicka, K., Heidrich, Z. (2020). Analiza funkcjonowania krajowych oczyszczalni ścieków w świetle wybranych obiektów. Gaz, Woda i Technika Sanitarna, 10, vol. 94, https://doi.org/10.15199/17.2020.10.3.10.15199/17.2020.10.3 Search in Google Scholar

Wójcicka, K., Heidrich, Z. (2018). Dane wejściowe do projektowania miejskich oczyszczalni ścieków. Projektowe i rzeczywiste. Forum Eksploatatora, Seidel-Przywecki Sp. z o.o., 5. Search in Google Scholar

Voulvoulis, N. (2018). Water reuse from a circular economy perspective and potential risks from an unregulated approach. Current Opinion in Environmental Science and Health, Elsevier, 2, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coesh.2018.01.005.10.1016/j.coesh.2018.01.005 Search in Google Scholar

Zaidi, M.K. (2007). Wastewater Reuse – Risk Assessment, Decision-Making and Environmental Security. Springer, Turkey, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6027-4.10.1007/978-1-4020-6027-4 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo