1. bookVolume 8 (2011): Issue 1 (December 2011)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8462
ISSN
1409-7001
First Published
01 Jul 2005
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Water treatment for reducing risks in Albanian conditions

Published Online: 01 Feb 2013
Volume & Issue: Volume 8 (2011) - Issue 1 (December 2011)
Page range: 164 - 181
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8462
ISSN
1409-7001
First Published
01 Jul 2005
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The ultimate goal of the Health sector is to maximize the population’s health, reforming health services must be part of broader package that recognize the impact of the wider social, physical and economic environment on Health status and vice versa. Public Policy in health is successful if it is leads from one side to the main health challenges facing today including income distribution, employment education, transportation and agriculture and from the other side the ability to asses health care needs and to identify, develop and implement appropriate services in response to them.

As we mention above the characteristics of health system are the results of a mix of economical, social, political and historical factors outside and the system itself .One important factor that have a great impact on health care reform is the involvement of the state in overall policy that includes levels of decentralization of a public health infrastructure as well as the presence of a public health input at decision making level. Sanitation presents even more problems than drinking water. Sanitation coverage in urban areas is almost the same as drinking water coverage. Urban areas have mostly combined sewage and storm water collection networks that discharge into near bay surface water-bodies.

About 40% of the urban population has a sewer connection. In rural areas, only a small portion of the areas with piped water supply is equipped with sever networks. Most rural areas have individual household wastewater collection systems, principally simple pit-latrines with no drainage pipes. Upgrading of sewer networks hasn’t kept pace with the general development of infrastructure, and the materials and technology used haven’t been improved. Presently, there’s no treatment of wastewater in Albania; its discharge in water bodies, especially in coastal tourist areas and delicate ecosystems, is a major environmental concern for the government/business/community/wide public.

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