1. bookVolume 12 (2012): Issue 4 (October 2012)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
ISSN
1642-3402
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Open Access

Natural alternatives to Coccidiostats in rabbit nutrition

Published Online: 09 Nov 2012
Volume & Issue: Volume 12 (2012) - Issue 4 (October 2012)
Page range: 561 - 574
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
ISSN
1642-3402
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

In rabbit management, coccidiosis caused by Eimeria protozoa is a serious health, production and economic problem due to its widespread occurrence. According to Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on additives for use in animal nutrition, coccidiostats will be phased out of use by 31 December 2012. This has prompted a search for natural alternatives to coccidiostats, which could stop the progression of this disease. The aim of the study was to identify parasitic invasions in a herd of rabbits before and after the use of natural alternatives to common coccidiostatic drugs and to determine the effect of these alternatives on rabbit performance and meat quality. Different proportions of feed additives based on natural oregano and garlic oils, added to complete diets, had a positive effect on the weight gains of young rabbits during the study from 35 to 90 days of age. In all experimental groups, dressing percentage was higher than the values reported for New Zealand White rabbits, and the feed additives had no effect on the taste of meat samples evaluated. Properly formulated rations of the concentrates reduced the intensity of coccidial infections while protecting the animals against secondary bacterial and viral infections, which usually accompany coccidiosis and are a common cause of mortality. The present results suggest that the herb extracts can be successfully used in prophylaxis as natural alternatives to coccidiostats in feeds.

Keywords

Abu - Akkada S.S., Oda S.S., Ashmawy K.I. (2010). Garlic and hepatic coccidiosis: prophylaxis or treatment? Trop. Anim. Health Pro., 42: 1337-1343.Search in Google Scholar

Al - Quraishy S., Metwaly M.S., Dkhil M.A., Abdel - Baki A.S., Wunderlich F. (2012). Liver response of rabbits to Eimeria coecicola infections. Parasitol. Res., 110: 901-911.Search in Google Scholar

Anonym (1986). Manual of veterinary parasitological laboratory techniques. Reference book 418. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London.Search in Google Scholar

Bogusławska - Tryk M., Szymeczko R., Piotrowska A., Bulikowska K., Kubacki S. (2008). Protein metabolism parameters in blood serum of polar foxes female in relation to age of animals. Med. Weter., 64: 720-722.Search in Google Scholar

Chwastowska - Siwiecka I., Kondratowicz J., Winarski R., Śmiecińska K. (2011). Slaughter value and selected quality attributes of meat of meat rabbit breeds (in Polish). Żywność. Nauka. Technologia. Jakość, 2 (75): 136-147.Search in Google Scholar

Dkhil M.A., Abdel - Baki A.S., Wunderlich F., Sies H., A l - Quaraishy S. (2011). Anticoccidial and antiinflammatory activity of garlic in murine Eimeria papillata infections. Vet. Parasitol., 175: 66-72.Search in Google Scholar

Gugołek A., Lorek M.O., Kowalska D., Janiszewski P., Daszkiewicz T. (2008). Effect of housing and feeding conditions on the production results and coccidiosis infection rates of New Zealand White rabbits (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. PTZ, 2 (4): 39-44.Search in Google Scholar

Gugołek A., Kowalska D. Konstantynowicz M., Strychalski J., Bukowska B. (2011). Performance indicators, health status and coccidial infection rates in rabbits fed diets supplementedwith white mustard meal. Ann. Anim. Sci., 11: 425-432.Search in Google Scholar

Gundłach J.L., Sadzikowski A.B. (1995). Diagnostic and control of parasitic invasion of animals (in Polish). Wydawnictwo AR, Lublin.Search in Google Scholar

Kostro K., Gliński Z. (2005). Rabbit diseases - basics of husbandry and breeding (in Polish). PWRiL, Warszawa, 1-337 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Licois D. (2004). Domestic rabbit enteropathies. Proc. 8th World Rabbit Congress, invited paper. Puebla, Mexico, pp. 385-403.Search in Google Scholar

Maj D., Bieniek J., Bekas Z. (2011). Effect of age and sex on slaughter traits in New Zealand White rabbits (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. PTZ, 7: 59-67.Search in Google Scholar

Metwaly M.S., Dkhil M.A., A l - Quraishy S. (2011). Renal tissue damage due to Eimeria coecicola infection in rabbits. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res., 5: 1349-1354.Search in Google Scholar

Nosal P., Kowal J., Nowosad B., Bieniek J., Kowalska D. (2009). Dynamics of endoparasite infections in rabbits at different breeding regimes (in Polish). Wiad. Parazytol., 55: 173-177.Search in Google Scholar

Nutritional recommendations and nutritive value of feeds (fur animals) (2011). Ed. A. Gugołek (in Polish). Instytut Fizjologii i Żywienia Zwierząt, Jabłonna.Search in Google Scholar

Pakandl M. (2009). Coccidia of rabbit:areview. Folia Parasitol., 56 (3): 153-166.Search in Google Scholar

Pastuszko J. (1963). Rabbit coccidiosis in Poland (in Polish). Pol. Arch. Weter., 8: 129-139.Search in Google Scholar

Pla M., Zomeno C., Hernandez P. (2008). Effect of the dietary n-3 and n-6 fatty acids on rabbit carcass and meat quality. 9th World Rabbit Congress on Meat Quality and Safety, Verona, Italy, pp. 1425-1429.Search in Google Scholar

Ramisz A. (1988). Prevention and control of coccidiosis in animals (in Polish). Wiad. Parazytol., 34: 551-555.Search in Google Scholar

Szkucik K., Paszkiewicz W. (2011). Morbid traits and qualitative changes in rabbits slaughtered in Poland between 2000-2010 (in Polish). Med. Weter., 67 (10): 690-693.Search in Google Scholar

Tilgner D.J. (1957). Sensory evaluation of food (in Polish). WPLiS, Warszawa.Search in Google Scholar

Winnicka A. (1997). Reference values of basic laboratory tests in veterinary research (in Polish). Wyd. SGGW, 1: 3-115.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo