1. bookVolume 32 (2008): Issue -1 (December 2008)
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1897-1695
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1733-8387
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04 Jul 2007
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English
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Evolution of Brestovská Cave Based on U-Series Dating of Speleothems

Published Online: 27 Mar 2009
Volume & Issue: Volume 32 (2008) - Issue -1 (December 2008)
Page range: 1 - 12
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1897-1695
ISSN
1733-8387
First Published
04 Jul 2007
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Evolution of Brestovská Cave Based on U-Series Dating of Speleothems

The U-series dating indicates five episodes of flowstone growth in Brestovská Cave, namely: ca. 200 ka, ca. 128-88 ka, ca. 82-65 ka, ca. 64-50 ka, and during the Holocene. The age of flowstones and their spatial distribution within the cave prove that the upper storey of the cave was dewatered before 200 ka. At that time the lower storey also existed and was able to carry the whole water flowing through the cave. It suggests that 200 ka ago the water-table was at similar level as it is at present. Hence, one should accept that the valley bottom was then also at the present level. During at least a part of the MIS 6 the growth of speleothems was possible in the cave. It suggests that the cave was located outside the permafrost zone then. Between 50 ka and Holocene, Brestovská Cave was flooded by invasion waters originating from the melting of the Würm glacier; the water-table was additionally raised due to the blockage of a resurgence by glacifluvial sediments. The flooding event caused the destruction of older deposits, including speleothems, and deposition of fine-grained clastics on the cave walls.

Keywords

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