1. bookVolume 70 (2021): Issue 1 (January 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
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1 time per year
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English
access type Open Access

Investigation of Clonal Structure and Self-incompatibility in Japanese Endemic Snow Camellia (Camellia rusticana)

Published Online: 23 Aug 2021
Page range: 137 - 144
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

We investigated the clonal structure, self-incompatibility, and number of seeds per fruit in Camellia rusticana, a Japanese endemic species, in comparison to the closely related C. japonica. Clonal propagation was more vigorous in C. rusticana than in C. japonica and the clonal structure of C. rusticana varied among populations. C. rusticana can maintain genets for extended periods, even in harsh environments such as high-altitude areas with considerable snow accumulation, because even a single surviving genet can propagate clonally. However, sexual reproduction (i.e., reproduction by seed) is advantageous for dispersal to distant suitable habitats. An artificial crossing test revealed high self-incompatibility in C. rusticana, as observed in C. japonica. In addition, the number of seeds per fruit was lower in C. rusticana than in C. japonica. Self-incompatibility in C. rusticana may play a role in production of high-quality seed, despite low seed production.

Keywords

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