The aim of the study was to evaluate the independent prognostic role of PIK3CA activating mutations and an association between PIK3CA activating mutations and efficacy of adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) in patients with operable invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC).

Patients and methods

A single institution study of patients with early-stage ILC treated between 2003 and 2008 was performed. Clinicopathological parameters, systemic therapy exposure and outcomes (distant metastasis-free survival [DMFS] and overall survival [OS]) were collected based on presence or absence of PIK3CA activating mutation in the primary tumor determined using a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay. An association between PIK3CA mutation status and prognosis in all patient cohort was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, whereas an association between PIK3CA mutation and ET was analyzed in estrogen receptors (ER) and/or progesterone receptors (PR)-positive group of our patients by the Cox proportional hazards model.


Median age at diagnosis of all patients was 62.8 years and median follow-up time was 10.8 years. Among 365 patients, PIK3CA activating mutations were identified in 45%. PIK3CA activating mutations were not associated with differential DMFS and OS (p = 0.36 and p = 0.42, respectively). In patients with PIK3CA mutation each year of tamoxifen (TAM) or aromatase inhibitor (AI) decreased the risk of death by 27% and 21% in comparison to no ET, respectively. The type and duration of ET did not have significant impact on DMFS, however longer duration of ET had a favourable impact on OS.


PIK3CA activating mutations are not associated with an impact on DMFS and OS in early-stage ILC. Patients with PIK3CA mutation had a statistically significantly decreased risk of death irrespective of whether they received TAM or an AI.

Publication timeframe:
4 times per year
Journal Subjects:
Medicine, Clinical Medicine, Internal Medicine, Haematology, Oncology, Radiology