The first data on the Lemanea genus in Serbia come from the late 20th century. Only one species, L. fluviatilis, was reported from 10 localities in Serbian riverine ecosystems between 1991 and 2017. Extensive research on this genus was performed in April–November 2017–2019, surveying 150 localities in 97 upland and mountain rivers. During this study period, the Lemanea genus was recorded at 14 localities in 12 rivers, while it disappeared from five previously reported localities. A total of four taxa were identified: Lemanea fucina, L. rigida, Lemanea sp. and L. fluviatilis. Lemanea fucina and L. rigida were recorded in Serbia for the first time. L. fluviatilis was the most common taxon. Our research confirmed that Lemanea species prefer similar specific environmental conditions. These species were found in temperate, soft or moderately hard, well-oxygenated and weakly alkaline waters, with low, moderate or high conductivity, and in waters with low content of inorganic nutrients. Due to their sensitivity to changes in environmental conditions, Lemanea species are exposed to negative anthropogenic impact leading to the degradation of their habitats. Intensive construction of small hydropower plants has threatened most habitats of the Rhodophyta species in the last few years.

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Chemistry, other, Geosciences, Life Sciences