1. bookVolume 28 (2020): Issue 1 (March 2020)
Journal Details
First Published
30 Mar 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
access type Open Access

Waste Management as an Element of the Creation of a Closed Loop of Supply Chains on the Example of Mining and Extractive Industry

Published Online: 17 Mar 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 28 (2020) - Issue 1 (March 2020)
Page range: 60 - 69
Received: 01 Sep 2019
Accepted: 01 Nov 2019
Journal Details
First Published
30 Mar 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year

The purpose of the study is presentation of the method of increasing the competitiveness of the mining industry through the demonstration of the possibility and potential in closing the loop of supply chains through waste management. A critical analysis of the source literature and an arithmetic analysis of statistical data in static and dynamic perspectives were accepted to be the research method. It has been found that the structure of the level of mining wastes and the level of their recovery rates demonstrate a large potential of closing the loop of chains in this industry and, at the same time, a potential to extend the chains through directing the material from recovery to various sectors. This constitutes an example of the direction of activities that are in line with the EU strategies for the economies of other states which possess this type wastes.


[1] Jasiński. „Zgazowanie jako czysta technologia wykorzystania surowców zawierających węgiel,” Karbo, vol. 2, pp. 67-74, 2010.Search in Google Scholar

[2] Jindal and K.S. Sangwan. “Evaluation of collection methods in reverse logistics by using fuzzy mathematics,” Benchmark International Journal, vol. 22(3), pp. 393-410, 2015; DOI.org/10.1108/BIJ-05-2013-0062.10.1108/BIJ-05-2013-0062Search in Google Scholar

[3] Kledzik. “Przed nami nowe wyzwania,” Ekologia, vol. 4(88), pp. 6-7, 2018.Search in Google Scholar

[4] Świstak. (2017, Dec.21). Opodatkowanie wydobycia surowców naturalnych w Polsce, Warszawa: C.H. Becka. [Online]. Available: www.enggart.com/examples/students.html [Jun. 21, 2019].Search in Google Scholar

[5] Zaklan, A. Cullmann, A. Neumann and C. von Hirschhausen. “The globalization of steam coal markets and the role of logistics: An empirical analysis,” Journal Energy Economics, vol. 34(1), pp. 105-116, 2012.10.1016/j.eneco.2011.03.001Search in Google Scholar

[6] A.C. Braz, A.M. de Mello, L.A. de Vasconcelos Gomes and P.T. de Souza Nascimento. “The bullwhip effect in closed-loop supply chains: A systematic literature review,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 202, pp. 376-389; 2018; DOI.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018. in Google Scholar

[7] D. Battini, M. Bogataj and A. Choudhary. “Closed Loop Supply Chain (CLSC): Economics, Modelling, Management and Control,” International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 183, pp. 319-321, 2017; DOI:10.1016/j.ijpe.2016. in Google Scholar

[8] D. Osborne, G. Smith and B. Mann. “Supply chain management for bulk materials in the coal industry In: D. Osborne, ed., The coal handbook. Toward cleaner production,” Chapter 18, Philadelphia: Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing, 2013, pp. 589-627.Search in Google Scholar

[9] D. Szczygielska. Wykorzystanie minerałów antropogenicznych w gospodarce obiegu zamkniętym, In: T. Szczygielski, ed., Minerały antropogeniczne a gospodarka o obiegu zamkniętym, Circular Economy, Warszawa: Politechnika Warszawska: Instytut Badań Stosowanych, 2015, pp.17-32.Search in Google Scholar

[10] E. Agora and Sandbag. “The European Power Sector in 2017. State of Affairs and Review of Current Developments 2018.” Internet: https://sandbag.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/EU-power-sector-report-2017 [Jun. 29.2018].Search in Google Scholar

[11] E. Kukulska-Zając and M. Dobrzańska. „Zarządzanie odpadami wydobywczymi w świetle najnowszych uregulowań prawnych,” Nafta-Gaz, vol. 12, pp. 1183-1189, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

[12] E. Masoudipour, H. Amirian and R. Sahraeian. “A novel closed-loop supply chain based on the quality of returned products,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 151, pp. 344-355, 2017; DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017. in Google Scholar

[13] E. Włodarczyk and A. Rybak. „Organization of coal distribution in PGG,” CBU International Conference Proceedings, 2018, 6, pp. 496-502.10.12955/cbup.v6.1204Search in Google Scholar

[14] Energy security strategy. (2019). Available: https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/energy-strategy-and-energy-union/energy-security-strategy [Jun. 20.2019].Search in Google Scholar

[15] Energy strategy and energy union. Secure, competitive, and sustainable Energy. (2019). Available: https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/energy-strategy-and-energy-union [Jun. 20.2019].Search in Google Scholar

[16] Energy supply and energy security. (2016). Briefing Public expectations and EU policies, European Parlament, Bruksels. Available: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=EPRS_BRI(2018)630275. [Jun. 20.2019].Search in Google Scholar

[17] European Commission. (2019), Development of a guidance document on best practices in the Extractive Waste Managements Pans. Circular Economy Action, Luxemburg: Eco Efficiency, pp. 1-46; DOI: 10.2779/061825. Available: https://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/mining/pdf/guidance_extractive_waste. [Jun. 20.2019].Search in Google Scholar

[18] European Commission. Assessment of Member States’ performance regarding the implementation of the Extractive Waste Directive: appraisal of implementation gaps and their root causes, identifications of proposals to improve the implementation of the Directive. Final Report, Amec Foster Wheeler Environment & Infrastructure UK Ltd, BiPRO and Milie Brussels: Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2017, pp. 1-201, DOI: 10.2779/278202.Search in Google Scholar

[19] G. Kannan, H. Soleimani and D. Kannanc. “Reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain: A comprehensive review to explore the future,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 240(3), pp. 603-626; 2015, DOI.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2014. in Google Scholar

[20] GUS (2013, 2014). Rocznik statystyczny przemysłu, Warszawa.Search in Google Scholar

[21] GUS (2015). Rocznik statystyczny przemysłu, Warszawa.Search in Google Scholar

[22] GUS (2016). Rocznik statystyczny przemysłu, Warszawa.Search in Google Scholar

[23] GUS (2017). Rocznik statystyczny przemysłu, Warszawa.Search in Google Scholar

[24] H. Kopnina. “Energy Policy in the European Union: Renewable Energy and the Risks of Subversion,” Governance and security issues of the European Union, vol. 1, pp. 167-184, 2016, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-6265-144-9_10.10.1007/978-94-6265-144-9_10Search in Google Scholar

[25] I. Baic. „Technologie zagospodarowania odpadów z górnictwa węgla kamiennego – wyniki projektu FORESIGHT OGWK,” Annual Set the Environment Protection, vol. 15, pp. 1899-1918, 2013.Search in Google Scholar

[26] J. Bijańska, A. Kuzior, K. Wodarski. „Social Perception of Hard Coal Mining in Perspective of Region’s Sustainable Development,” Management Systems in Production Engineering, vol. 26(3), pp. 178-183, 2018; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mspe-2018-0029.10.1515/mspe-2018-0029Search in Google Scholar

[27] J. Coenen, R.E.C.M. van der Heijden and A.C.R. van Rie. “Understanding approaches to complexity and uncertainty in closed loop supply chain management: Past findings and future directions,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 201, pp. 1-13, 2018; DOI.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018. in Google Scholar

[28] J. Kim, B.D. Chung, Y. Kang and B. Jeong. “Robust optimization model for closed-loop supply chain planning under reverse logistics flow and demand uncertainty,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 196, pp. 1314-1328, 2018; DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018. in Google Scholar

[29] J. Wang, J. Zhang, and J. Li. “A Scheduling Model of Coal Supply Chain Based on Supply Chain Management (SCM),” American Journal of Industrial Engineering, vol. 2(1), pp. 15-20, 2014; DOI: 10.12691/ajie-2-1-4. 17Search in Google Scholar

[30] J.M.C. Martí, J.S. Tancrez and R.W. Seifert. “Carbon footprint and responsiveness trade-offs in supply chain network design,” International Journal Production Economics, vol.166, pp. 129-142, 2015; DOI:10.1016/j.ijpe.2015. in Google Scholar

[31] J.Z. Wu, C.H. Santoso and J. Roan. “Key factors for truly sustainable supply chain management: An investigation of the coal industry in Indonesia,” The International Journal of Logistics Management, vol. 28(4), pp. 1196-1217, 2017; DOI.org/10.1108/IJLM-07-2014-0103.Search in Google Scholar

[32] K. Culkova, S. Khouri, M. Straka and A. Rosova. “Ecological and Economic Saving of Fly Ash Using as Geopolymer,” Annual Set the Environment Protection, vol. 20, pp. 73-88, 2018.Search in Google Scholar

[33] K. Żmijewski. (2019, Jun. 5). Polityka energetyczna Polski do 2030 r. Europejski Instytut Miedzi Cooper Alliance. [Online]. Available: https://leonardo-energy.pl/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Polityka-energetyczna-Polski-do-2030. [Jun. 21, 2019].Search in Google Scholar

[34] M. Biehl, E. Prater and M.J. Realff. “Assessing performance and uncertainty in developing carpet reverse logistics systems,” Computers Operations Research, vol. 34(2), pp. 443-463, 2007; DOI:10.1016/j.cor.2005. in Google Scholar

[35] M. Gray, Ljungwaldh, L. Watson, and I. Kok. “Powering down coal. Navigating the economic and financial risks in the last years of coal power. Carbon Tracker 2018,” Ochrona środowiska. Warszawa, GUS. Internet: https://www.carbontracker.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/CTI_Powering_Down_Coal_Report_Nov_2018-1.pdf [Nov. 29.2018].Search in Google Scholar

[36] M. Olkiewicz, R. Wolniak and B. Ostapko. „The analysis of dependencies between extraction and resource consumption 2008-2014 on the example of Gliśno gravel pit,” Mining Science, vol. 63 (4), pp. 801-812; 2018, DOI:10.24425/ams.2018.124976.Search in Google Scholar

[37] M. Olkiewicz, R. Wolniak, M. Grebski and A. Olkiewicz. „Comparative Analysis of the Impact of the Business Incubator Center on the Economic Sustainable Development of Regions in USA and Poland,” Sustainability, vol. 11(173), pp. 1-22, 2019; DOI:org/10.3390/su11010173.10.3390/su11010173Search in Google Scholar

[38] M. Talaei, B.F. Moghaddam, M.S. Pishvaee, A. Bozorgi-Amiri, and S. Gholamnejad. „A robust fuzzy optimization model for carbon-efficient closed-loop supply chain network design problem: a numerical illustration in electronics industry,” Journal Cleaner Production, vol. 113, pp. 62-673, 2016; DOI.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015. in Google Scholar

[39] M. Zohal and H. Soleimani. “Developing an ant colony approach for green closed-loop supply chain network design: a case study in gold industry,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 133, pp. 314-337, 2016; DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016. in Google Scholar

[40] M.T. Islam and N. Huda. “Reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)/E-waste: A comprehensive literature review,” Resources, Conservation & Recycling, vol. 137, pp. 48-75, 2018; DOI.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2018. in Google Scholar

[41] M.Y.N. Attari and A.E. Torkayesh. “Developing benders decomposition algorithm for a green supply chain network of mine industry: case of Iranian mine industry,” Operations Research Perspectives, vol. 5, pp. 371-382; 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.orp.2018. in Google Scholar

[42] N.M. Modak, N. Modak, S. Panda and S.S. Sana. „Analyzing structure of two-echelon closed-loop supply chain for pricing, quality and recycling management,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 171, pp. 512-528, 2018, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017. in Google Scholar

[43] Ochrona środowiska. (2018). Warszawa, GUS. Available: https://www.carbontracker.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/CTI_Powering_Down_Coal_Report_Nov_2018-1. [Jun. 20.2019].Search in Google Scholar

[44] P. Benalcazar, J. Kamiński and P.W. Saługa. „The storage location problem in a coal supply chain: background and methodological approach,” Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi, vol. 33(1), pp. 5-14, 2017.10.1515/gospo-2017-0009Search in Google Scholar

[45] P.Yi. Huang, M. Guo and T. Shi. “Dual recycling channel decision in retailer oriented closed-loop supply chain for construction machinery remanufacturing,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 137, pp. 1393-1405, 2016; DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016. in Google Scholar

[46] Polityka energetyczna Polski do 2030 roku. (2009). Mini-sterstwo Gospodarki, Załącznik do uchwały nr 202/2009 Rady Ministrów, Warszawa. Available: http://www.pigeor.pl/media/js/kcfinder/upload/files/Polityka-energetyczna-Polski-do-2030 r. [Jun. 21, 2019].Search in Google Scholar

[47] Polityka energetyczna Polski do 2040 roku (PEP2040). (2018). Ministerstwo Energi, Projekt Warszawa. Available: https://www.gov.pl/documents/33372/436746/PEP2040_projekt_v12_2018-11-23.pdf/ee3374f4-10c3-5ad8-1843-f58dae119936. [Jun. 20.2019].Search in Google Scholar

[48] Polska Izba Ekologii. (2014). Odpady i rekultywacja terenów poprzemysłowych, zwłaszcza pogórniczych. Prawo. Technologie. Available: http://www.pie.pl/konferencje/odpady-i-rekultywacja-terenow-poprzemyslowychzwlaszcza-pogorniczych-prawo-techn.html [Jun. 20.2019].Search in Google Scholar

[49] R. He, Y. Xiong, and Z. Lin. “Carbon emissions in a dual channel closed loop supply chain: the impact of consumer free riding behavior,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 34, 384-394, 2016; DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.02.142. 2910.1016/j.jclepro.2016.02.142Search in Google Scholar

[50] R. He. “Supply risk sharing in a closed-loop supply chain,” International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 183, pp. 39-52, 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2016. in Google Scholar

[51] R. Zuńiga, T. Wuest and K.D. Thoben. “Comparing mining and manufacturing supply chain processes: challenges and requirements,” Production Planning & Control, pp. 1-16, 2013; DOI.org/10.1080/09537287.2013.855335.10.1080/09537287.2013.855335Search in Google Scholar

[52] Rozporządzenie Ministra Środowiska z dnia 9 grudnia 2014 r. w sprawie katalogu odpadów (2014). (Dz.U. 2014 poz. 1923). [On-line]. Available: http://prawo.sejm.gov.pl. [Jun. 21, 2019].Search in Google Scholar

[53] S. Mhlanga, C. Mbohwa and J.H.C. Pretorius. “Transportation Demand Analysis of Coal from Hwange Coal Fields,” Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, vol. 1, pp. 1-6, 2013.Search in Google Scholar

[54] T. Olkuski. “Sposoby poprawy negatywnego skutku oddzia-ływania węgla na środowisko przyrodnicze poprzez stosowanie alternatywnych metod jego wykorzystania,” Annual Set the Environment Protection, vol. 15, pp.1474-1488, 2013.Search in Google Scholar

[55] S. Kołodziej, E.W. Maruszewska., Economical effectiveness and social objectiveness in corporate social reports – a survey among Polish publicly traded companies. 2nd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2015, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, Book 2, Vol. 2, pp. 161-168.10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2015/B22/S6.021Search in Google Scholar

[56] T. Shimada and L.N. Van Wassenhove. “Closed-Loop supply chain activities in Japanese home appliance/personal computer manufacturers: A case study,” International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 212, pp. 250-256, 2019; DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2016. in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo