1. bookVolume 26 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2450-5781
First Published
30 Mar 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Is Poland an Innovative Country?

Published Online: 19 Jan 2018
Volume & Issue: Volume 26 (2018) - Issue 1 (March 2018)
Page range: 35 - 41
Received: 01 Jun 2017
Accepted: 01 Oct 2017
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2450-5781
First Published
30 Mar 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The potential for innovativeness is difficult to measure, though many have attempted to do so. In order to look at Poland’s innovation potential, its current position and its opportunity to grow, compared with developing and developed countries, this study analysed the patent statistics of the Polish and European Patent Offices. Poland has been a member of the European Union for over a decade now. Therefore, we took into consideration the statistics for patent applications and grants for the last decade, up to the first quarter of 2016. The questions we wanted to answer concerned not only the technology fields that Poland patented its inventions in, but also the types of patent grantees and applicants. In order to determine why Poland is still considered to be only a moderate innovator by the Innovation Union Scoreboard, we also gathered information on Polish inventors abroad in 2015 and the first quarter of 2016, to see their number, technology fields, and types of patent grantees. Finally, we attempted to identify the main barriers that seem to inhibit Polish technology and innovation growth, despite significantly growing R&D intensities (up from 0.56 GDP and EUR 1,139 M in 2004 to 0.94 GDP and EUR 3,864 M in 2014).

Keywords

[1] G. Altshuller, The Innovation Algorithm: TRIZ, systematic innovation and technical creativity, 1st ed. Worcester: Technical Innovation Center, 2007.Search in Google Scholar

[2] Polish Patent Office, “Annual reports 2006-2014”, Warszawa, 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[3] J. Bartnicka, “Transfer of knowledge and innovations in shaping working conditions of disabled and elderly people”, Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, vol. 103, no. 31, pp. 29-36, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

[4] W. Biały, “Innovative solutions in the overhaul of the main fan of the ventillation system in a mine”, Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, vol. 111, no. 39, pp. 25-30, 2014.Search in Google Scholar

[5] Central Statistical Office, „Działalność badawcza i rozwojowa w Polsce w 2014 r.”, Warszawa, Oct. 14, 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[6] L. Chybowski, D. Idziaszczyk, „Czy design thinking jest przydatny w kształceniu inżynierów?”, Systemy Wspomagania w Inżynierii Produkcji. Inżynieria Systemów Technicznych, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 43-55, 2014.Search in Google Scholar

[7] L. Chybowski, D. Idziaszczyk, „O antropocentrycznym i technocentrycznym podejściu w procesie tworzenia innowacji”, Systemy Wspomagania w Inżynierii Produkcji. Inżynieria Systemów Technicznych, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 51-63, 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[8] European Patent Office. (2017, Jun. 22). EPO statistics for Poland [Online]. Available: https://www.epo.org/about-us/annual-reports-statistics/statistics.htmlSearch in Google Scholar

[9] European Patent Office, “European Patent Bulletins nos. 1502-1553”, Brussels, Belgium, 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[10] European Commission, “Eurostat News Release”, no. 209/2015, Brussels, Belgium, Nov. 30, 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[11] Central Statistical Office, “Higher Education Institutions and their Finances in 2014”, Warszawa, 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[12] O. Mayer, “Flexible lighting distribution on »party ships«”, Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, vol. 121, no. 49, pp. 9-16, 2017.Search in Google Scholar

[13] M. Molenda, “Knowledge as a determinant in developing a quality management system”, Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, vol. 111, no. 39, pp. 116-121, 2014.Search in Google Scholar

[14] Narodowy Bank Polski, „Potencjał innowacyjny gospo-darki: uwarunkowania, determinanty, perspektywy”, Warszawa, May 2016.Search in Google Scholar

[15] W.M. Orłowski, „Komercjalizacja badań naukowych w Polsce. Bariery i możliwości ich przełamania”, PwC, Warszawa, Jul. 2013.Search in Google Scholar

[16] Polish Patent Office, “Polish Patent Office Quarterly”, issue 1/27/2016, 2016.Search in Google Scholar

[17] Euro-Dane website. (2017, Jun. 22). Ranking największych gospodarek w Unii Europejskiej [Online]. Available: http://euro-dane.com.pl/wydarzenia-gospodarcze-428Search in Google Scholar

[18] V.V. Souchkov. (2017, Jun. 17). Psychological Barriers and Creativity [Online]. Available: http://www.xtriz.com/Souchkov_PsychologicalBarriersAndCreativity.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

[19] R. Wolniak, “Innovation in the context of economic situation in the EU countries”, Scientific Journals of the Maritime University of Szczecin, vol. 96, no. 24, pp. 141-147, 2010.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo