1. bookVolume 36 (2018): Issue 3 (September 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Open Access

Crystallization, habit modification and control of nucleation of glycine polymorphs from aqueous solutions doped with magnesium sulfate impurity

Published Online: 02 Nov 2018
Volume & Issue: Volume 36 (2018) - Issue 3 (September 2018)
Page range: 483 - 493
Received: 25 Sep 2017
Accepted: 14 Jul 2018
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The influence of magnesium sulfate as an additive in the nucleation of α and γ-polymorphs of glycine crystallized from aqueous solutions has been explored for the first time. Based on crystallization experiments, it was concluded that lower concentration of magnesium sulfate, say less than 2 g/mL, favors α-nucleation sites, whereas the optimized concentration of magnesium sulfate impurity to yield -nucleation sites is 2 g/mL and above. The nucleation time span (in days), solubility and pH were measured for α- and γ-nucleation sites in the aqueous solutions doped with magnesium sulfate. The glycine polymorphs α- and γ-single crystals were grown by slow solvent evaporation technique at ambient temperature. Crystal habit of glycine polymorphs was investigated and analyzed using goniometry. The unit cell dimensions and space group of the as-grown crystal were identified by single crystal XRD analysis. Both α- and γ-polymorphs of glycine were characterized structurally by powder XRD studies. The percentage of magnesium present in the grown glycine crystals was estimated by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry elemental analysis (ICP-OES). The nonlinear optical properties of the γ-glycine crystals were examined by Q-switched high energy Nd:YAG laser. The second harmonic generation output efficiency of the as-grown gamma glycine single crystals was computed to be 1.31 times superior than that of the reference material potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP).

Keywords

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