1. bookVolume 27 (2021): Issue 2 (August 2021)
Journal Details
First Published
24 Dec 2009
Publication timeframe
3 times per year
access type Open Access

Burdigalian-Langhian foraminifera of the northwest High Zagros Thrust Belt, southwest Iran

Published Online: 17 Sep 2021
Page range: 115 - 126
Received: 03 Jun 2020
Accepted: 15 Jul 2021
Journal Details
First Published
24 Dec 2009
Publication timeframe
3 times per year

The foraminiferal contents of the lower–middle Miocene succession exposed in three sections in north Nur Abad on the northwestern side of the High Zagros Thrust Belt were studied. Assemblages of larger foraminifera from these sections can be referred to Zone SBZ 25 (and the Miogypsina globulus and Miogypsina intermedia subzones), which correlates with the Burdigalian Stage. For the first time, planktonic foraminifera documented from the Nur Abad area document Lang-hian deposits in the High Zagros, the upper 20 metres of the upper Sayl Cheshmeh section being characterised by the occurrence of planktonic foraminifera such as Globigerina concinna (Reuss), Globigerina diplostoma (Reuss), Globigerinoides obliquus (Bolli), Orbulina bilobata (d’Orbigny) and O.universa (d’Orbigny). This association characterises the Orbulina suturalis Interval Zone.


Abbasi, G., Motamedi, H., Orang, K. & Nickandish, A. A., 2020. Petroleum geology of the western part of the Central Iran Basin. Journal of Petroleum Geology 43, 171–190. Search in Google Scholar

Abdul Aziz, H., Di Stefano, A., Foresi, L.M., Hilgen, F.J., Iaccarino, S.M., Kuiper, K.F., Lirer, F., Salvatorini, G., & Turco, E., 2008. Integrated stratigraphy of early Middle Miocene sediments from DSDP Leg 42A Site 372 (western Mediterranean). Palaeogeography Palaeo-climatology Palaeoecology 257, 123–138. Search in Google Scholar

Agard, P., Omrani, J., Jolivent, L., Whitechurch, H., Vrielynck, B., Spakman, W., Monié, P., Meyer, B. & Wortel, R., 2011. Zagros orogeny: a subduction dominated process. Geological Magazine 148, 692–725. Search in Google Scholar

Berberian, M. & Yasini, A., 1983. Variations, facies extent and the principal guidelines of the paleogeography in Iran. [In:] M. Berberian (Ed.): Continental deformation in the Iranian plateau. Geological Survey of Iran, 72–73 (in Persian). Search in Google Scholar

Berggren, W.A., Kent, D.V., Swisher, III.C.C. & Aubry, M.P., 1995. A revised Cenozoic geochronology and chronostratigraphy. [In:] W.A. Berggren, D.V. Kent & J. Hardenbol (Eds): Geochronology, time scale and global stratigraphic correlations: A unified temporal framework for an historical ecology. SEPM Special Publlication 54, 129–212. Search in Google Scholar

Bizon, G. & Bizon, J.J., 1972. Atlas des principaux foraminiferes planctoniques du basin méditerranéen. Oligocène à Quaternaire. Editions Technip, Paris, 316 pp. Search in Google Scholar

Borsetti, A.M., Cati, F., Colalongo, M.L. & Sartoni, S., 1979. Biostratigraphy and absolute ages of the Italian Neo-gene. 7th International Conference Mediterranean Neogene, Athens, 183–197. Search in Google Scholar

Boudagher-Fadel, M.K., & Price, D., 2010. Evolution and paleogeographic distribution of the lepidocyclinids. Journal of Foraminifera Research 40, 79–108. Search in Google Scholar

Brandano, M., Cornacchia, I., Raffi, I., & Tomasseti, L., 2016. The Oligocene–Miocene stratigraphic evolution of the Majella carbonate platform (Central Apennines, Italy). Sedimentary Geology 333, 1–14. Search in Google Scholar

Cahuzac, B., & Poignant, A., 1997. An attempt of biozo-nation of the Oligo-Miocene in the European basins by means of larger neritic foraminifera. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France 168, 155–170. Search in Google Scholar

Cipollari, P., Halasovas, E., Gürbüz, K., & Cosentino, D., 2013. Middle-Upper Miocene paleogeography of southern Turkey: insights from stratigraphy and calcareous nannofossil biochronology of the Olukpınar and Başyayla sections (Mut-Ermenek Basin). Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 22, 820–838. Search in Google Scholar

Daneshian, J. & Cheghini, A.R., 2007. Biostratigraphy of the Qom Formation in the Northeast and Southeast of Semnan. Geosciences 62, 72–79. Search in Google Scholar

Daneshian, J. & Ghanbari, M., 2017. Stratigraphic distribution of planktonic foraminifera from the Qom Formation: A case study from the Zanjan area (NW Central Iran). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie 283, 239–254. Search in Google Scholar

Foresi, L.M., Iaccarino, S., Mazei, R. & Salvatorini, G., 1998. New data on middle to late Miocene calcareous plankton biostratigraphy in the Mediterranean area. Riview Italiana Paleontology Stratigraphy 104, 114–195. Search in Google Scholar

Heidari, A., Mahboubi, A., Moussavi-Harami, R., Gonzalez, L. & Moalemi, S.A., 2013. Biostratigraphy, sequence stratigraphy, and paleoecology of the Lower–Middle Miocene of Northern Bandar Abbas, Southeast Zagros basin in south of Iran. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 7, 1829–1855. Search in Google Scholar

Hüsing, S.K., Zachariasse, W., Van Hinsbergen, D.J.J., Krijgsmani, W., Inceöz, M., Harzhauser, M., Mandic, O. & Kro, A., 2009. Oligocene–Miocene basin evolution in SE Anatolia,Turkey: constraints on the closure of the eastern Tethys gateway. The Geological Society London, Special Publications 311, 107–132. Search in Google Scholar

Iaccarino, S., 1985. Mediterranean Miocene and Pliocene planktonic foraminifera. [In:] H.M., Bolli, J.B., Saunders, & K. Perch-Nielsen (Eds): Plankton Stratigraphy. Cambridge Univ. Press, 283–314. Search in Google Scholar

Iaccarino, S. & Salvatorini, G., 1982. A framework of planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy for Early Miocene to Late Pliocene Mediterranean area. Paleontology Stratigraphy Evolution 2, 115–125. Search in Google Scholar

James, G.A. & Wynd, J.G., 1965. Stratigraphic nomenclature of Iranian oil consortium, agreement area. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 49, 2182–2245. Search in Google Scholar

Jones, R.W., Simmons, M.D. & Whittaker, J.E., 2006. On the stratigraphical and paleobiogeographical significance of Borelis melo melo (Fichtel and Moll, 1978) and B. melo curdica (Reichel, 1937) (Foraminifera, Miliolida, Alveolinidae). Journal of Micropaleontology 25, 175–185. Search in Google Scholar

Khadivi, S., Mouthereau, F., Barbarand, J., Adatte, T. & Lacombe, O., 2012. Constraints on palaeodrainage evolution induced by uplift and exhumation on the southern flank of the Zagros – Iranian Plateau. Journal of the Geological Society 169, 83–97. Search in Google Scholar

Koop, W.J. & Stoneley, R., 1982. Subsidence history of the Middle East Zagros Basin, Permian to recent. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A 305, 149–168. Search in Google Scholar

Laursen, G.V., Monibi, S., Allan, T.L., Pickard, N.A.H., Hosseiney, A., Vincent, B., Hamon, Y., van Buchem, F.S.P., Moallemi, A. & Druillion, G., 2009. The Asmari Formation revisited: changed stratigraphic allocation and new biozonation. [In:] First International Petroleum Conference and Exhibition, Shiraz, Iran. Search in Google Scholar

Leupold, W. & Van Der Vlerk, I.M., 1931. The Tertiary. Leiden Geologischen Mededeelingen 5, 611–648. Search in Google Scholar

McCall, G.J.H., 1985. Area Report, East Iran Project. Geological Survey of Iran, No. 1, Report no. 57, 1. Search in Google Scholar

Mohammadi, A., 2014. Biostratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy of the Asmari Formation in north and southwest of Khorram Abad. Lorestan University, 74 pp. Search in Google Scholar

Mossadegh, Z.K., Haig, D.W., Allan, T., Adabi, M.H., & Sadeghi, A., 2009., Salinity changes during Late Oligocene to Early Miocene Asmari Formation deposition, Zagros Mountains, Iran: Palaeogeography, Palaeo-climatology, Palaeoecology 272, 17–36. Search in Google Scholar

Motiei, H., 1993. Treatise on geology of Iran, stratigraphy of Zagros. Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, 346 pp. Search in Google Scholar

Murray, J.W., 1991. Ecology and distribution of benthonic foraminifera. [In:] J.J. Lee, & R.O. Anderson (Eds): Biology of Foraminifera. Academic Press, London, 221–284. Search in Google Scholar

Özcan, E. & Less, G.Y., 2009. First record of the co-occurrence of Western Tethyan and Indo-Pacific larger foraminifera in the Burdigalian of the Mediterranean province. Journal of Foraminiferal Research 39, 23–39. Search in Google Scholar

Reuter, M., Piller, W.E., Harzhauser, M., Mandic, O., Berning, B., Rogl, F., Kroh, A., Aubry, M.P., Wielandt-Schuster, U. & Hamedani, A., 2008. The Oligo-Miocene Qom Formation (Iran): evidence for an early Burdigalian restriction of Tethyan Seaway and closure of its Iranian gateways. International Journal of Earth Sciences 98, 627–650. Search in Google Scholar

Roozpeykar, A., Maghfouri Moghaddam, I., Yazdi, M. & Yousefi Yeghaneh, B., 2019a. Facies and paleoenvironmental reconstruction of Early–Middle Miocene deposits in the north-west of the Zagros Basin, Iran. Geologica Carpathica 70, 75–87. Search in Google Scholar

Roozpeykar, A., Maghfouri Moghaddam,I., Yazdi, M. & Yousefi Yeghaneh, B., 2019b. Paleontology and paleoecology of coralline algal assemblages from the Early–Middle Miocene deposits in NW of the Zagros basin Iran. Carbonate Evaporite 34, 1595–1618. Search in Google Scholar

Shahidi, M. & Nazari, H., 1997. Geological map of Harsin, 1/100.000 scale. Geological survey of Iran. Search in Google Scholar

Sherkaty, S. & Letouzey, J., 2004. Variation of structural style and basin evolution in the Central Zagros (Izeh zone and Dezful beltl Iran). Marine and Petroleum Geology 21, 35–554. Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, A.N., 1950. The Asmari Limestone of Southwest Iran. Report. 18th International Geological Congress, London, 35–55. Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, A.N., 1952. Facies variation in Asmari Limestone. With discussion. International Geological Congress, London, 74–82. Search in Google Scholar

Van Buchem, F.S.P., Allan, T.L., Laursen, G.V., Lotfpour, M., Moallemi, A., Monibi Motiei, H., Pickard, N.A.H., Tahmasbi, A.R., Vedrenne, V. & Vincent, B., 2010. Regional stratigraphic architecture and reservoir types of the Oligo-Miocene deposits in the Dezful Embayment (Asmari and Pabdeh Formations) SW Iran. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 329, 219–263. Search in Google Scholar

Vincent, E. & Berger, W.H., 1985. Carbon dioxide and polar cooling in the Miocene. The Monterey Hypothesis in the carbon cycle and atmospheric CO natural variations. Archean to Present. Geophysical Monograph Series 32, 455–468. Search in Google Scholar

Wade, B.S., Pearson, P., Berggren, W.A. & Pälike, H., 2011. Review and revision of Cenozoic tropical planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and calibration to the geomagnetic polarity and astronomical time scale. Earth Science Review 104, 111–142. Search in Google Scholar

Zachos, J., Pagani, M., Sloan, L., Thomas, E. & Billups, K., 2001. Trends, rhythms and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present. Science 292, 686–692. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo