1. bookVolume 35 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)
    Special Issue on Measuring LGBT Populations
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
01 Oct 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Measuring Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the National Crime Victimization Survey

Published Online: 11 Dec 2019
Page range: 835 - 858
Received: 01 Mar 2018
Accepted: 01 Aug 2019
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
01 Oct 2013
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) collects information on nonfatal personal and property crimes both reported and not reported to police. As part of the ongoing redesign efforts for the NCVS, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) added sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) questions to the survey’s demographic section in July 2016. The inclusion of these measures will provide important national-level estimates of victimization among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people and allow researchers to understand victimization risk and access to victim services. This article includes a discussion of the sexual orientation and gender identity measures that were added to the NCVS, and findings from the monitoring activities conducted during the first six months of data collection. In addition, population counts by sexual orientation and gender identity are estimated using July through December 2016 NCVS data.

Keywords

Charmaz, Kathy. 2006. Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis. Los Angeles: Sage. Available at: http://www.sxf.uevora.pt/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Charmaz_2006.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

CHIS (California Health Interview Survey). 2018. CHIS Questionnaires. Los Angeles: UCLA Center for Health Policy Research. Available at: http://healthpolicy.ucla.edu/chis/design/Pages/questionnairesEnglish.aspx (accessed November 2018).Search in Google Scholar

Collier, K.L., G. van Beusekom, H.M.W. Bos, and T.G.M. Sandfort. 2013. “Sexual orientation and gender identity/expression related peer victimization in adolescence: A systematic review of associated psychosocial and health outcomes.” Journal of Sex Research 50: 299–317. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2012.750639.10.1080/00224499.2012.750639Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Dahlhamer, J.M., A.M. Galinsky, S.S. Joestl, and B.W. Ward. 2014. “Sexual orientation in the 2013 National Health Interview Survey: A quality assessment.” Vital Health Statistics 2(169): 1–24. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_02/sr02_169.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Ellis, R., M. Virgile, J. Holzberg, D.V. Nelson, J. Edgar, P. Phipps, and R. Kaplan. 2017. Assessing the Feasibility of Asking Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the Current Population Survey: Results from Cognitive Interviews. Washington, DC: Center for Survey Measurement, U.S. Census Bureau and Office of Survey Methods Research, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Available at: https://www.bls.gov/osmr/research-papers/2017/html/st170210.htm (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Flores, A.R., J.L. Herman, G.J. Gates, and T.N. Brown. 2016. How Many Adults Identify as Transgender in the United States? Los Angeles, CA: The Williams Institute. Available at: https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/How-Many-Adults-Identify-as-Transgender-in-the-United-States.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

GenIUSS Group. 2014. Best Practices for Asking Questions to Identify Transgender and Other Gender Minority Respondents on Population-Based Surveys. Los Angeles, CA: The Williams Institute. Available at: https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/geniuss-report-sep-2014.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Herman, J.L., A.R. Flores, T.N.T. Brown, B.D.M. Wilson, and K.J. Conron. 2017. Age of Individuals who Identify as Transgender in the United States. Los Angeles, CA: The Williams Institute. Available at: https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/TransAgeReport.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2011. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Available at: http://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Reports/2011/The-Health-of-Lesbian-Gay-Bisexual-and-Transgender-People.aspx (accessed March 2018).Search in Google Scholar

Jans, M., J. Viana, D. Grant, S.D. Cochran, A.C. Lee, and N.A. Ponce. 2015. “Trends in sexual orientation missing data over a decade of the California Health Interview Survey.” American Journal of Public Health 105(5): e43–e50. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302514.10.2105/AJPH.2014.302514Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Kann, L., E.O. Olsen, T. McManus, S. Kinchen, D. Chyen, W.A. Harris, and H. Wechsler. 2011. Sexual Identity, Sex of Sexual Contacts, and Health-Risk Behaviors Among Students in Grades 9–12 — Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, Selected Sites, United States, 2001–2009. Washington, DC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (MMWR 60(SS07):1–133). Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss6007a1.htm (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Krebs, C., C. Lindquist, M. Berzofsky, B. Shook-Sa, K. Peterson, M. Planty, L. Langton, and J. Stroop. 2016. Campus Climate Survey Validation Study Final Technical Report. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics. (NCJ 249545). Available at: https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/ccsvsftr.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Martinez, M., A. Henderson, J. Luck, and M.C. Davis. 2017. Cognitive Pretesting of the National Crime Victimization Survey Supplemental Victimization Survey. Suitland, MD: U.S. Census Bureau, Center for Survey Measurement. Available at: https://www.census.gov/library/working-papers/2017/adrm/rsm2017-03.html (accessed November 2018).Search in Google Scholar

Medley, G., R.N. Lipari, J. Bose, D.S. Cribb, L.A. Kroutil, and G. McHenry. 2016. Sexual Orientation and Estimates of Adult Substance Use and Mental Health: Results from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Washington, DC: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Available at: https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-SexualOrientation-2015/NSDUH-SexualOrientation-2015/NSDUH-SexualOrientation-2015.htm (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs. 2016. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and HIV-Affected Intimate Partner Violence in 2015. New York, NY: Emily Waters. Available at: https://avp.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/2015_ncavp_lgbtqipvreport.pdf (accessed March 2018).Search in Google Scholar

NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics). 2015a. Sexual identity for men and women 18–44 years of age. Washington DC: NCHS. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nsfg/key_statistics/s.htm#sexualorientation (accessed March 2018).Search in Google Scholar

NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics). 2015b. Sexual Orientation and Health among U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2015. Washington DC: NCHS. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/sexual_orientation/asi_2015_stweb-site_tables.pdf (accessed March 2018).Search in Google Scholar

NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics). 2018. NHIS Data, Questionnaires and Related Documentation. Washington DC: NCHS. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis/data-questionnaires-documentation.htm (accessed November 2018).Search in Google Scholar

Reisner, S.L., K.J. Conron, L.A. Tardiff, S. Jarvi, A.R. Gordon, and S.B. Austin. 2014. “Monitoring the health of transgender and other gender minority populations: validity of natal sex and gender identity survey items in a U.S. national cohort of young adults.” BMC Public Health 14(1): 1224. Available at: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1224 (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

SMART, The Sexual Minority Assessment Research Team. 2009. Best Practices for Asking Questions about Sexual Orientation on Surveys. Los Angeles, CA: The Williams Institute. Available at: https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/SMART-FINAL-Nov-2009.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Stern, M.J., S. Michaels, C. Milesi, M.H. Viox, and H. Morrison. 2016. Task 1.32.a: Develop and Test Sexual and Gender Minority Status (LGBT) Items Final Summary Report. Washington, DC: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Office of Minority Health. (HHSM-500-2014-00035I). Available at: https://www.cms.gov/About-CMS/Agency-Information/OMH/Downloads/Research-Report-sexual-gender-minority-status-items.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

SOGI Federal Working Group (Federal Interagency Working Group on Improving Measurement of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Federal Surveys). 2016a. Current Measures of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Federal Surveys. Available at: https://s3.amazonaws.com/sitesusa/wp-content/uploads/sites/242/2014/04/WorkingGroupPaper1_CurrentMeasures_08-16.pdf (accessed March 2018).Search in Google Scholar

SOGI Federal Working Group (Federal Interagency Working Group on Improving Measurement of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Federal Surveys). 2016b. Evaluations of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Survey Measures: What Have We Learned? Available at: https://s3.amazonaws.com/sitesusa/wp-content/uploads/sites/242/2014/04/Evaluations_of_SOGI_Questions_20160923.pdf (accessed March 2018).Search in Google Scholar

SOGI Federal Working Group (Federal Interagency Working Group on Improving Measurement of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Federal Surveys). 2016c. Toward a Research Agenda for Measuring Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Federal Surveys: Findings, Recommendations, and Next Steps. Available at: https://s3.amazonaws.com/sitesusa/wp-content/uploads/sites/242/2014/04/SOGI_Re-search_Agenda_Final_Report_20161020.pdf (accessed March 2018).Search in Google Scholar

Tate, C.C., J.N. Ledbetter, and C.P. Youssef. 2013. “A two-question method for assessing gender categories in the social and medical sciences.” Journal of Sex Research 50(8): 767–776. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2012.690110.Search in Google Scholar

The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009 (HCPA), 18 U.S.C. § 249 (2009). Available at: https://www.congress.gov/111/bills/s909/BILLS-111s909is.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

VAWA, Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013, Pub. L. No. 113-4, Stat. 47 (2013). Available at: https://www.congress.gov/113/plaws/publ4/PLAW-113publ4.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Walters, M.L., J. Chen, and M.J. Breiding. 2013. The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Findings on Victimization by Sexual Orientation. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/violencepre-vention/pdf/nisvs_sofindings.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Xavier, J.M. 2000. The Washington Transgender Needs Assessment Survey: Final report for phase two. Washington, DC: Administration for HIV/AIDS of the District of Columbia. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.23988.65924.Search in Google Scholar

Xavier, J., J.A. Honnold, and J. Bradford. 2007. The Health, Health-related Needs, and Lifecourse Experiences of Transgender Virginians. Richmond, VA: Virginia Department of Health, Division of Disease Prevention. Available at: http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/content/uploads/sites/10/2016/01/THISFINALREPORTVol1.pdf (accessed July 2019).Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo