1. bookVolume 71 (2020): Issue 1 (June 2020)
Journal Details
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Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4287
ISSN
0021-5597
First Published
05 Mar 2010
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Reciprocity in Czech Light Verb Constructions: The Dependency Perspective

Published Online: 11 Oct 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 71 (2020) - Issue 1 (June 2020)
Page range: 41 - 68
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4287
ISSN
0021-5597
First Published
05 Mar 2010
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

In this paper, we draw attention to reciprocity in Czech light verb constructions – a language phenomenon, which has not been discussed yet. Reciprocity is contributed to light verb constructions by predictive nouns, as they are the nouns that represent the semantic core of these constructions. Here we focus on reciprocal light verb constructions derived by the syntactic operation of reciprocalization. We show that the complex mapping of semantic participants onto valency complementations, characteristic of reciprocalization, is reflected in reciprocal light verb constructions in the same way as in reciprocal nominal constructions. The main difference between reciprocal nominal constructions and reciprocal light verb constructions lies in the morphosyntactic expression of reciprocalized participants. We demonstrate that surface syntactic changes in reciprocal light verb constructions are regular enough to be described on the rule basis: the rule based generation of reciprocal light verb constructions requires a cooperation of two sets of rules – rules for deep and surface syntactic structure formation of light verb constructions and rules for capturing reciprocity.

Keywords

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