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Ultrastructure and cytochemistry of the mature spermatozoon of Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) (Caryophyllidea: Lytocestidae), a parasite of Capoeta capoeta sevangi (De Filippi, 1865) (Teleostei, Cyprinidae)


The mature spermatozoon of Khawia armeniaca, a monozoic caryophyllidean parasite of templar fish Capoeta capoeta sevangi (De Filippi, 1865) from the Lake Sevan, Armenia, has been studied using transmission electron microscopy and cytochemical technique of Thiéry (1967) for the first time. The mature spermatozoon of K. armeniaca consists of a single axoneme with the 9+‘1’ trepaxonematan structure, cortical microtubules and nucleus which are situated parallel to the longitudinal axis of the spermatozoon, and a moderately electrondense cytoplasm with glycogen particles. The cortical microtubules are arranged in one continuous semicircle beneath the plasma membrane in Region II and anterior part of Region III of the mature spermatozoon. The two opposite rows of cortical microtubules are observed in the remaining nuclear and at the beginning of the postnuclear part (Regions III, IV) of the male gamete The number of cortical microtubules is remarkably variable in the spermatozoa of various Khawia species. K. armeniaca exhibits the highest number of cortical microtubules in comparison with K. sinensis and K. rossittensis. Glycogen was detected in the cytoplasm of prenuclear (II), nuclear (III) and postnuclear (IV) regions with different ultrastructural organization of the mature spermatozoon of K. armeniaca. Variations of sperm ultrastructural characters within caryophyllideans and other cestodes are discussed.

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Life Sciences, Zoology, Ecology, other, Medicine, Clinical Medicine, Microbiology, Virology and Infection Epidemiology