1. bookVolume 16 (2022): Issue 1 (June 2022)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1802-1115
First Published
26 Jun 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Behavioural mapping and online data as tools for socio-spatial analysis of public spaces – Bratislava, Slovakia waterfront case study

Published Online: 09 Jul 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 16 (2022) - Issue 1 (June 2022)
Page range: 39 - 54
Received: 30 Sep 2021
Accepted: 25 Mar 2022
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1802-1115
First Published
26 Jun 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Renewal, revitalisation, or reconstruction of public spaces is an inevitable part of the urban dynamics process. However, before any decision of future development is made, it is necessary to be acquainted with the given place. Mapping urban spaces is essential for recognizing the specifics of a certain area, while a relevant analysis should be performed on the basis of multiple data sources. Nonetheless, identification of relevant data sources as well as their limits, which need to be considered, represent challenges in the process. The study aims to highlight the importance of socio-spatial analyses as tools which help to familiarize place makers with public space as well as with the small nuances of its everyday functioning. Relevant online data sources for urban space analysis (Instasights, Strava) and their limits were explored, described, and applied to the area of interest - two banks of the Danube riverfront in Bratislava, Slovakia. The method was supplemented by mapping of human movement and behaviour. The combination of the methods is a relatively fast and simple way to get to know the spatial, social, environmental, aesthetic, and other dimensions of the given space. The interpretation of data illustrates possible outcomes that can be gained through mapping of public spaces before changes or development plans are proposed. Hence, the paper contributes to the repertory of the possible sources of online data that can be used for recognizing the specific characteristics of individual public spaces. This contributes to responsible decision-making about the future of the urban environment, built on data-based arguments.

Highlights for public administration, management and planning:

Online data represents a valuable source of city-related information as well as a relevant addition to other mapping methods.

Mapping an area of interest is a necessary step of the data-based planning process and should always precede any development of urban spaces.

A combination of data from various data sources which reflect life in public space can support user-oriented planning and contribute to responsible decision making.

Keywords

Andini D (2011) Exploring the social life of public spaces on riverfronts. Available at: <https://edepot.wur.nl/176208>. Search in Google Scholar

Apriliani D, Dewi O (2019) A study of Cisadane riverside on riverbank development towards urban sustainability. IOP. Conf. Ser.: Earth. Environ. Sci 402:012011. Search in Google Scholar

Avuxi What is GeoPopularity. Available at: https://admin.avuxi.com/api. Search in Google Scholar

Azlina M, Abdul Jalil O (2016) Assessing the effect of waterfront development in Malaysia. Available at: <https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309119649_Assessing_the_effect_of_waterfront_development_in_Malaysia>. Search in Google Scholar

Batty M (2013) Big data, smart cities and city planning. Dialogues in Human Geography 3:274–279. doi: 10.1177/2043820613513390.10.1177/2043820613513390580881829472982 Search in Google Scholar

Bunn H (2019) The power of multiple datasets and the insights hiding in them. Medium - Strava Metro. Available at: <https://medium.com/strava-metro/the-power-of-multiple-datasets-and-the-insights-hiding-in-them-62aa2cb3eb40>. Search in Google Scholar

Clark C (2019) Planning Better Cities With AI And Big Data—Part One. Available at: <https://www.forbes.com/sites/charlestow-ersclark/2019/11/27/planning-better-cities-with-ai–bigdata/?sh=2e89c60a7d34>. Search in Google Scholar

Clavier F (2020) 5 learning points about the use of Big Data in Urban Design and Planning. Available at: <https://nextrendsasia.org/5-learning-points-about-the-use-of-big-data-in-urban-design-and-planning>. Search in Google Scholar

Cook R, Thorsen S (2021) Social media and social space: Studying public life in the time of covid. Gehl blog. Available at: <https://gehlpeople.com/blog/social-media-and-social-space-studying-public-life-in-the-time-of-covid>. Search in Google Scholar

Corner J (2011) The Agency of Mapping: Speculation, Critique and Invention. In: Dodge M, Kitchin R, Perkins C, (eds.) The Map Reader: Theories of Mapping Practice and Cartographic Representation. Available at: <http://n.fonty.free.fr/PhD/Corner-The%20Agency%20of%20Mapping_ch12.pdf>.10.1002/9780470979587.ch12 Search in Google Scholar

Davies R (2019) Where should we locate bike counters and bike share stations? A temporal analysis using Strava data. Medium - Strava Metro. Available at: <https://medium.com/strava-metro/where-should-we-locate-bike-counters-and-bike-share-stations-a-temporal-analysis-using-strava-data-2e705d0bb8a8>. Search in Google Scholar

D’Ignazio C, Klein L (2020) Data Feminism. Available at: <https://data-feminism.mitpress.mit.edu>.10.7551/mitpress/11805.001.0001 Search in Google Scholar

Fekete E (2018) Urban renewal in the Hybrid City: Using data for development. Edward Elgar„ Cheltenham,.10.4337/9781784712280.00028 Search in Google Scholar

Gehl J, Svarre B (2013) How to Study Public Life. Island Press„ Washington, D.C.10.5822/978-1-61091-525-0 Search in Google Scholar

Hao J (2015) The rise of big data on urban studies and planning practices in China: Review and open research issues. Journal of Urban Management 4:92–124. doi: 10.1016/j.jum.2015.11.002.10.1016/j.jum.2015.11.002 Search in Google Scholar

Jacobs J (1961) The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Vintage Books„ New York, NY. Search in Google Scholar

Juhász M (2014) Diskurzivní konstrukce nové identity městského regenerovaného prostoru: příklad nábřeží v Bratislavě. Available at: <https://is.cuni.cz/webapps/zzp/download/120224881>. Search in Google Scholar

Knights T (2020) The New Human-Powered Era. Medium - Strava Metro. Available at: <https://medium.com/strava-metro/the-new-human-powered-era-b4e3891b4cd8>. Search in Google Scholar

Kovacs-Györi A (2020) Opportunities and Challenges of Geospatial Analysis for Promoting Urban Livability in the Era of Big Data and Machine Learning. International Journal of Geo-Information 9:752.10.3390/ijgi9120752 Search in Google Scholar

Lacilla E (2016) Waterfront Public Realm Design: Towards a Sustainable Identity Urban Projects in Vancouver and Portland. Journal of Sustainable Development 9:169.10.5539/jsd.v9n2p169 Search in Google Scholar

Landsberger H (1958) Hawthorne Revisited: Management and the Worker: Its Critics, and Developments in Human Relations in Industry. Cornell University„ Ithaca. Search in Google Scholar

Leeson A, Alvarez P, Ghosh S (2014) Understanding How Big Data and Crowd Movements Will Shape the Cities of Tomorrow. In: European Transport ConferenceFrankfurt,. Search in Google Scholar

Lutherová S, Hlinčíková M (2016) Za hranicami vedy? Aplikovaná antropológia v spoločnosti. Ústav etnológie, Slovenská akadémia vied, Bratislava. Available at: <https://uesa.sav.sk/files/pdf_za_hranicami_vedy-_aplikovana_antropologia.pdf>.10.31577/2016.9788022415439 Search in Google Scholar

Lynch K (1960) The Image of the City. Search in Google Scholar

Marti P (2019) Monitoring the pulse of renewed Spanish waterfront cities through Instasights. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning 14:333–346. Available at:.10.2495/SDP-V14-N4-333-346 Search in Google Scholar

Metropolitný inštitút Bratislavy (2020a) Aká je a bude Krížna ulica a jej okolie? Available at: <https://mib.sk/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/MIB_zaverecna_sprava_Krizna.pdf>. Search in Google Scholar

Metropolitný inštitút Bratislavy (2020b) Zóna Pribinova: Sociopriestorové mapovanie verejného priestoru. Available at: <https://mib.sk/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/ZAVERECNA-SPRAVA_Zona-pribinova.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1LCBkGe-JzJkzWw9uAZ-Q9ezcYzLXG_jG_0AOWrmv2e_n6fEeXLkwjmgdA>. Search in Google Scholar

MINZPSR (2018) Predbežné hodnotenie povodňového rizika v čiastkovom povodí Dunaja. Available at: <https://www.minzp.sk/files/sekcia-vod/hodnotenie-rizika-2018/dunaj/phpr-dunaj.pdf>. Search in Google Scholar

Pilvi N (2019) Social Media Data Analysis in Urban E-Planning. Available at: <https://gehlpeople.com/blog/social-media-and-social-space-studying-public-life-in-the-time-of-covid>. Search in Google Scholar

Salganik M (2017) Bit by bit: Social Research in the Digital Age. Available at: <https://www.bitbybitbook.com/en/1st-ed/observing-behavior/observing-conclusion>. Search in Google Scholar

Strava (2018) Heatmap Updates. Available at: <https://blog.strava.com/press/heatmap-updates>. Search in Google Scholar

Strava (2020) The Metro product. Available at: <https://metro.strava.com/faq>. Search in Google Scholar

Suja R (2014) Big Data. Infostat. Available at: <http://www.info-stat.sk/web2015/sk/_publikacie/Big_Data.pdf>. Search in Google Scholar

Sunde E (2019) How representative are Strava bike commuters? Lessons from Santa Clara. Medium - Strava Metro. Available at: <https://medium.com/strava-metro/how-representative-are-strava-bike-commuters-lessons-from-santa-clara-b84f74d66af0>. Search in Google Scholar

Šuška P (2014) Active citizenship and the politics of the urban environment transformation in post-socialist Bratislava. Geographia Slovaca 29. Search in Google Scholar

Sýkora L (2001) Klasifikace změn prostorové struktuře postkomunistických měst. Folia geographica pp. 4. Search in Google Scholar

Wang Y, Dewancker B, Qi Q (2020) Citizens’ preferences and attitudes towards urban waterfront spaces. Environmental Science Pollution Research 27:45787–45801.10.1007/s11356-020-10419-6742909432803586 Search in Google Scholar

Wei F (2017) Transforming urban waterfronts. Available at: <https://blogs.worldbank.org/sustainablecities/transforming-urban-waterfronts>. Search in Google Scholar

Whyte H (1980) The social life of small urban spaces. Conservation Foundation„ Washington, D.C. Search in Google Scholar

YouGov plc (2019) Safety. Available at: <https://yougov.co.uk/topics/health/explore/topic/Safety>. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo