1. bookVolume 9 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)
Journal Details
First Published
08 Sep 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
access type Open Access

RETRACTED: Income Shocks and Child Mortality Rates: Evidence from Fluctuations in Oil Prices

Published Online: 04 Jun 2021
Page range: 69 - 83
Received: 13 Jan 2021
Accepted: 31 Jan 2021
Journal Details
First Published
08 Sep 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year

Previous studies show that children in lower socioeconomic status families reveal higher rates of mortality. We complement the income-mortality literature by establishing a causal link between income and child mortality. Our instrument for income is based on time-series global shocks to oil prices combined with the cross-sectional share of employment in manufacturing across US states as their exposure to oil price changes. Using the universe of death records between the years 1975-2004, we find the OLS results of income-child-mortality relationships are under-biased. The 2SLS-IV results suggest that a $1,000 increase in income per capita at the state level reduces child mortality and infant mortality by 0.87 and 0.53 fewer incidences per 1,000 population of age-specific children.


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