1. bookVolume 8 (2020): Issue 2 (December 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
08 Sep 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Creative Economy: A Literature Review on Relational Dimensions, Challanges, and Policy Implications

Published Online: 31 Dec 2020
Page range: 149 - 169
Received: 30 Sep 2020
Accepted: 15 Oct 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
08 Sep 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

In the development of the global economic system, the cumulative knowledge from past to present is of great importance. This knowledge produced by social life offers creative individuals and groups an opportunity to produce new meanings, values, contents and a source of inspiration. The influence of creative sectors in the urban life and socio-economic climate built by the industrial society created by the industrial revolution has started to increase in recent years. In the current industrial economic organization style, together with entrepreneurship, the creativity based on knowledge and technology have been added nowadays, to the land, labor and capital required for production. However, worldwide studies focus on the beneficial aspects of creative economies. There are not many studies in the literature on the past and future problems and development of the creative sector from a long-term historical perspective. In this context, it is necessary to reveal the relational ties of creative sectors with other fields; how they are positioned in national economies and how they will be analyzed. In this framework, the study aims to determine the position of the creative economy in the general economy by using the studies in the literature, to reveal the relational ties of the creative sectors with other actors, to identify the challenges in the sector, and to reveal the policy implications in creative industries. As a result of the study, it has been observed that the creative sectors are nested cellularly in all sectors of the general economy, from tourism to the automotive sector, from urban life to social networks, due to the internet, information communication technologies and digital applications. Since the outputs of the creative economy are based on the intellectual property rather than physical products, it has been determined that problems arise in the financing, accounting of services and contents introduced in this field, and measurement of the products at international standards. In addition, it has been observed that the time perception in creative sectors and the time perception of the industrial economic system differ from each other. Another important finding obtained as a result of the research is that creative economies create class differences in urban spaces and cause social segregation.

Keywords

JEL Classification

Abbasi, M. Vassilopoulou P., & Stergioulas L. (2017). Technology Roadmap for the Creative Industries. Creative Industries Journal, 10(1), 40-58. Search in Google Scholar

Ahmad, N. & Ribarsky, J. (2018). Towards a Framework for Measuring the Digital Economy. OECD Headquarters, Paris, France, 19-21. Search in Google Scholar

Belfiore, E. (2016). Cultural Policy Research in the Real World: Curating “Impact”, Facilitating “Enlightenment.”. Cultural Trends, 25(3), 205–216. Search in Google Scholar

Berthon, P. R., Pitt, L. F., Plangger, K., & Shapiro, D. (2012). Marketing Meets web 2.0, Social Media, and Creative Consumers: Implications For International Marketing Strategy. Business Horizons, 55, 261-271. Search in Google Scholar

Bilton, C. (2014). Uncreativity: The Shadow Side of Creativity. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 2, 153–67. Search in Google Scholar

Castree, N. (2009). The Spatio-Temporality of Capitalism. Time & Society, 18, 26–61. Search in Google Scholar

Caves, R. (2000). Creative Industries: Contracts between Art and Commerce. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Cerisola, S. (2018). Multiple Creative Talents and their Determinants at the Local Level. Journal of Cultural Economics, 42, 243–269. Search in Google Scholar

Cunningham, S. (2001). From Cultural to Creative Industries: Theory, Industry and Policy Implications. Culturelink (Special Issue), 9–32. Search in Google Scholar

De Beukelaer, C. (2014). Creative Industries in Developing Countries: Questioning Country Classifications in The UNCTAD Creative Economy Reports. Cultural Trends, 23(4), 232-251. Search in Google Scholar

Dong, C. V. & Truong, H. Q. (2019). The Determinants of Creative Goods Exports: Evidence from Vietnam Journal of Cultural Economics, July 2019. Search in Google Scholar

Dovey, K. & Sandercock, L. (2002). Hype and Hope: Imagining Melbourne’s Docklands. City, 6(1), 83-101. Search in Google Scholar

Duxbury, N., Hosagrahar, J., & Pascual, J. (2016). Why Must Culture Be at the Heart of Sustainable Urban Development? Barcelona: United Cities and Local Governments. Search in Google Scholar

Esen, Ü.B. & Atay, Ö. (2017). Ekonominin Yeni Yüzü: Yaratıcı Ekonomi. Sosyoekonomi, 25(33), 59-80. Search in Google Scholar

Evans, G. (2009). Creative Cities, Creative Spaces, and Urban Policy. Urban Studies, 46, 1003-1040. Search in Google Scholar

Fahmi, F. Z., Koster, S., & McCann, P. (2017). Creative Economy Policy in Developing Countries: The Case of Indonesia. Urban Studies, 54(6), 1367–1384. Search in Google Scholar

Flew, T. (2012). The Creative Industries, Culture and Policy, Sage Publication, London. Search in Google Scholar

Florida, R. (2002). The Rise of the Creative Class and How It’s Transforming Work, Leisure, Community and Everyday Life. Basic Books, New York NY Search in Google Scholar

Galloway, S & Dunlop, S (2007). A Critique of Definitions of the Cultural and Creative Industries in Public Policy. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 13(1), 17–31. Search in Google Scholar

Gibson, C. & Homan, S. (2004). Urban Redevel Opment, Live Music and Public Space: Cultural Performance and The Re-Making of Marrickville. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 10(1), 69-86. Search in Google Scholar

Goldfarb, A., Greenstein, S.M., & Tucker, C.E. (2015). Economic Analysis of the Digital Economy. National Bureau of Economic Research, 1-17. Search in Google Scholar

Gordon, W. & Gibson, C. (2009). Chris Creative Small Cities: Rethinking the Creative Economy in Place, Urban Studies, 46(5-6), Special Issue: Trajectories of the New Economy: Regeneration and Dislocation in the Inner City, 1223-124. Search in Google Scholar

Hall, P. (2000). Creative Cities and Economic Development. Urban Studies, 37(4): 639–649. Search in Google Scholar

Hansen, A. L., Anderson, H. T., & Clark, E. (2001). Creative Copenhagen: Globalization, Urban Governance and Social Change. European Planning Studies, 9, 851-858. Search in Google Scholar

Hesmondhalgh, D. (2002). The Cultural Industries. London: SAGE. Search in Google Scholar

Howkins, J. (2001). The Creative Economy: How People Make Money From Ideas. Penguin, London Search in Google Scholar

Hubbard, P. (2004). Revenge and Injustice in the Neoliberal City: Uncovering Masculinist Agendas, Antipode, 36(4), 665-686. Search in Google Scholar

Jones, P. & Warren, S. (2016). Time, Rhythm and the Creative Economy. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 41, 286–296. Search in Google Scholar

Kong, L., Gibson C., & Khoo L. (2006). Knowledges of the Creative Economy: Towards A Relational Geography of Diffusion and Adaptation in Asia. Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 47(2), 173–194. Search in Google Scholar

Landry, C. & Bianchini, F. (1995). The Creative City. London: Demos Search in Google Scholar

Leadbeater, C. & Oakley, K. (1999). The Independents: Britain’s New Cultural Entrepreneurs. London: Demos. Search in Google Scholar

Lefebvre, H. (2004). Rhythmanalysis: Space, Time and Everyday Life. Continuum, London Search in Google Scholar

Loveless, A. M. (2006). Literature Review in Creativity, New Technologies and Learning. Report 4, Future Lab, School of Education. University of Brighton.http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.392.2297&rep=rep1&type=pdf Search in Google Scholar

Lubart, T. I. (2001). Models of the Creative Process: Past, Present and Future. Creativity Research Journal, 13, 295–308. Search in Google Scholar

MacLeod, G. (2002). From Urban Entrepreneurialism to a ‘Revanchist City’? On The Spatial In justices of Glasgow’s Renaissance. Antipode, 34, 602-624. Search in Google Scholar

Matheson, B. (2006). A Culture of Creativity: Design Education and the Creative Industries. Journal of Management Development, 25(1), 55-64. Search in Google Scholar

Miles, M. (2005). Testing the Rhetoric of Culture Ally Led Urban Development. Urban Studies, 42, 889-911. Search in Google Scholar

Myerscough, J. (1988). The Economic Importance of the Arts in Britain. London: Policy Studies Institute. Search in Google Scholar

Nielsen, T. (2008). The ERIBA Model: An Effective and Successful Policy Framework for the Creative Industries. The Knowledge Foundation. http://www.norden.ee/images/loomemajandus/info/loome/tobias_nielsen_eribamodel2008.pdf Search in Google Scholar

Oakley, K., O’Brien, D., & Lee, D. (2013). Happy Now? Well-Being and Cultural Policy. Philosophy & Public Policy Quarterly, 31(2), 18–26. Search in Google Scholar

Oakley, K. & Ward, J. (2018), Creative Economy, Critical Perspectives. Cultural Trends, 27 (5), 311–12. Search in Google Scholar

O’Connor, J. (2016). After the Creative Industries: Cultural Policy in Crisis. Law, Justice & Global Development, 1, 1–18. Search in Google Scholar

O’Connor, J. (2009). Creative Industries: A New Direction? Int.J.Cult. Policy, 54 (4), 387-402. Search in Google Scholar

Parker, C. (2010). 301 Ways to Use Socialmedia at Boost Your Marketing. New York: McGraw-Hill. Search in Google Scholar

Peck, J. (2005). Struggling with the Creative Class. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29, 740. Search in Google Scholar

Pearson, K.E. & Saunders, C.S. (2013). Strategic Management of Information Systems, John Wily & Sons, Singapore Search in Google Scholar

Picard, R. (ed.) (2005). Media Product Portfolios: Issues in Management of Multiple Products and Services. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Search in Google Scholar

Pratt, A. C. (2009). Cultural Economy. In: Kitchin, R. & Thrift, N. (eds). International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Oxford: Elsevier. Search in Google Scholar

Pratt, A. C. (2008). Innovation and Creativity. In: Hall, T., Hubbard, P., & Short J. R. (eds) The SAGE Companion to the City. London: SAGE Publications Ltd. Search in Google Scholar

Reisch, L. A. (2001). Time and Wealth: The Role of Time and Temporalities for Sustainable Patterns of Consumption. Time & Society, 10, 367–85. Search in Google Scholar

Rodrik, D. (2008). One Economics, Many Recipes: Globalization, Institutions, and Economic Growth. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Sung, T. K. (2015). The Creative Economy in Global Competition. Technological Forecasting& Social Change, 96, 89–91. Search in Google Scholar

Throsby, D. (2008). Modelling the Cultural Industries. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 14(3), 217–232. Search in Google Scholar

TÜSİAD and Deloitte Digital (2019). E-Ticaretin Gelişimi, Sınırların Aşılması ve Yeni Normlar Raporu, (Editörler, Ebru Dicle, Yasemin E. Avcı, Leyla Gülyurt) Search in Google Scholar

TÜBİSAT-BİT 2019 Raporu; http://www.tubisad.org.tr/tr/bilgi-bankasi/sunumlar-liste/TUBISADRaporlar/40/0/0 https://afyonluoglu.org/bit-kilavuzlar/ Search in Google Scholar

United Nations (UN) (2004). Creative Industries and Development. São Paulo: United Nations UNCTAD (2010) United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Creative Economy Report 2010: A Feasible Development Option. Geneva: United Nations. Search in Google Scholar

UNCTAD (2008). United Nations Trade and Development Conference, Creative Economy Report-2008. https://unctad.org/en/docs/ditc20082cer_en.pdf Search in Google Scholar

UNESCO (2013). Creative Economy Report 2013. New York: United Nations. Search in Google Scholar

United Nations (2013). Creative Economy Report, United Nations, Geneva and New York. Search in Google Scholar

Yeoh, B. (2005). The Global Cultural City? Spatial Imagineering and Politics in the (Multi) Cultural Marketplaces of South-East Asia. Urban Studies, 42, 945-95. Search in Google Scholar

European Union Open Method of Coordination Expert Group on Cultural and Creative Industries. (2012). “How Can Cultural and Creative Industries Contribute to Economic Transformation Through Smart Specialisation?” Policy Handbook on How to Strategically Use the EU Support Programmes, Including Structural Funds, to Foster the Potential of Culture for Local, Regional and National Development and the Spill-over Effects on the Wider Economy? Accessed April 2016. http://s3platform.jrc.ec.europa.eu/documents/20182/84453/120420_CCI_Policy_Handbook_(FINAL).pdf Search in Google Scholar

Creative Industries – Mapping Document (1998) Search in Google Scholar

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/creative-industries-mapping-documents-1998 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo