1. bookVolume 21 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1339-7877
First Published
15 Jun 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Of Anthropophagy and Anthropology: Monsters and Men in Beowulf and Northwest Coast Myth and Ritual

Published Online: 20 Nov 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 21 (2021) - Issue 1 (June 2021)
Page range: 11 - 24
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1339-7877
First Published
15 Jun 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Monsters can be divided into two categories: human-like and non-human. Non-human monsters tend to be chthonic beings that are associated with the earth and natural forces. Humanoid monsters represent metaphorical transformations of humanity itself, and as such reveal basic cultural values, such as sociability, while displaying their opposite. Humanoid monsters are the more terrifying, precisely because we recognize ourselves in them, although in an uncanny refraction. In the epic poem Beowulf and in myth and ritual of the Kwakiutl and Heiltsuk cultures of the Northwest Coast, manlike monsters play a central role.

Keywords

Bakhtin, Mikhail. 1981. The Dialogic Imagination. Edited by Michael Holquist. Austin: University of Texas Press. Search in Google Scholar

Boas, Franz. 1966. Kwakiutl Ethnography. Edited by Helen Codere. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1966. Search in Google Scholar

Earl, James W. 2010. “The Forbidden Beowulf: Haunted by Incest.” PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America 125 (2): 289-305. Search in Google Scholar

Freud, Sigmund. 1961. Civilization and Its Discontents. Translated by James Strachey. New York: W.W. Norton. Search in Google Scholar

Freud, Sigmund. 1919. “The Uncanny.” Imago 5 (5-6): 297-324. Search in Google Scholar

Friedman, John Block. 2000. The Monstrous Races in Medieval Art and Thought. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Graeber, David. 2001. Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value: The False Coin of Our Own Dreams. New York: Palgrave.10.1057/9780312299064 Search in Google Scholar

Hallowell, A. Irving. 1955. Culture and Experience. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.10.9783/9781512816600 Search in Google Scholar

Harkin, Michael E. 1996. “Carnival and Authority: Heiltsuk Schemata of Power in Ritual Discourse.” Ethos 24 (2), 281-313. Search in Google Scholar

Harkin, Michael E. 1997. The Heiltsuks: Dialogues of History and Culture on the Northwest Coast. Lincoln: University of Nebrasa Press. Search in Google Scholar

Harkin, Michael E. 2011. “John White and the Invention of Anthropology: Landscape, Ethnography, and Situating the Other in Roanoke.” Histories of Anthropology Annual 7: 216-245.10.1353/haa.2011.0008 Search in Google Scholar

Heaney, Seamus. 2008. Beowulf: An Illustrated Edition. New York: W.W. Norton. Search in Google Scholar

Hymes, Dell. 1981. “In Vain I Tried to Tell You:” Essays in Native American Ethnopoetics. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.10.9783/9781512802917 Search in Google Scholar

Hymes, Dell. 2003. Now I Know Only So Far: Essays in Ethnopoetics. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Search in Google Scholar

Jahoda, Gustav. 1999. Images of Savages: Ancient Roots of Modern Prejudice. New York: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Lévi-Strauss, Claude. 1967. Structural Anthropology. Translated by Claire Jacobson and Brooke Grundfest Schoepf. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books. Search in Google Scholar

Lévi-Strauss, Claude. 1983. Structural Anthropology, Vol. 2. Translated by Claire Jacobson. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Search in Google Scholar

Nuckolls, Charles. 1998. Culture: A Problem that Cannot Be Solved. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. Search in Google Scholar

Robinson, Fred C. 1991. “Beowulf.” In The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature, edited by Malcolm Godden and Michael Lapidge, 142-159. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CCOL0521374383.008 Search in Google Scholar

Tolkien, J.R.R. 1983. Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics. London: George Allen and Unwin. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo