1. bookVolume 25 (2020): Issue 1-2 (December 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2084-4506
First Published
17 Jan 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Human Resources and R&D at the Institute for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technologies and Innovation (TUL)

Published Online: 29 Jan 2021
Page range: 57 - 68
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2084-4506
First Published
17 Jan 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Within the next few years, Europe’s economic paradigm will change fundamentally. Its manufacturing base will continue to shrink, and therefore future growth and social welfare will rely increasingly on knowledge-intensive industries and services, and ever more jobs will require a higher education qualification. Human resources are a core determinant of quality in higher education and research. Universities must therefore work to enhance their human potential, both qualitatively and quantitatively, by attracting, developing and keeping talent in teaching/research careers. Excellence may only emerge from a favourable professional environment based in particular on open, transparent and competitive procedures. Research and development (R&D) has proven to be a crucial factor in shifting the world’s technological frontiers, while at the same time facilitating new technological and scientific innovations. This paper will focus on R&D at the Institute for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technologies and Innovation at the Technical University of Liberec, Czech Republic. After a description of a literary search in the introduction, the specific real situation at this institute is mentioned, i.e. the number of submitted and solved national and international projects, statistics on research and development sources, and of course human resources at the institute. In the conclusion, the reader will be able to get a picture of how to increase the institute competitiveness in international collaboration.

Keywords

[1] Romer PM. Endogenous technical change. J Political Economy. 1990;98:71-102. Available from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/2937632.10.1086/261725Search in Google Scholar

[2] Verspagen B. Economic Growth and Technological Change. An Evolutionary Interpretation. ECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers, 2001/01, OECD Publishing. DOI: 10.1787/703445834058.10.1787/703445834058Search in Google Scholar

[3] Jones Ch. Growth and ideas. In: Aghion P, Durlauf SN, editors. Handbook of Economic Growth. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publisher; 2005. ISBN: 9780444520418.Search in Google Scholar

[4] Mokyr J. Long-term economic growth and the history of technology. In: Aghion P, Durlauf SN. editors. Handbook of Economic Growth. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publisher; 2005. ISBN: 9780444520418.10.1016/S1574-0684(05)01017-8Search in Google Scholar

[5] Guellec D, Van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, B. R&D and productivity growth - a panel data analysis of 16 OECD countries. OECD Economic Studies. 2001;33(33). DOI: 10.1787/652870318341.10.1787/652870318341Search in Google Scholar

[6] Guellec D, Van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie B. The impact of public R&D expenditure on business R&D. Economics Innovation New Technologies. 2010;12:225-44. DOI: 10.1080/10438590290004555.10.1080/10438590290004555Search in Google Scholar

[7] Armstrong M. A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice (10th ed.). London: Kogan Page; 2006. ISBN: 0749446315.Search in Google Scholar

[8] Pausits A, editor. Human Resource Management in Higher Education - Case Studies and Future Scenarios. Krems: Edition Donau - Universität Krems; 2015. ISBN: 9783902505774.Search in Google Scholar

[9] Park WG. International R& D spillovers and OECD Economic growth. Economic Inquiry. 1995;33(4):571-91. DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1995.tb01882.x.10.1111/j.1465-7295.1995.tb01882.xSearch in Google Scholar

[10] Coe DT, Helpman E. International R&D spillovers. Europ Economic Rev. 1995;39, 859-87. DOI: 10.1016/0014-2921(94)00100-E.10.1016/0014-2921(94)00100-ESearch in Google Scholar

[11] Coe DT, Helpman E, Hoffmaister AW. International R&D spillovers and institutions. Europ Economic Rev. 2009;53(7):723-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2009.02.005.10.1016/j.euroecorev.2009.02.005Search in Google Scholar

[12] Laursen K, Salter A. Searching high and low: what types of firms use universities as a source of innovation? Res Policy. 2003;33(8):1201-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2004.07.004.10.1016/j.respol.2004.07.004Search in Google Scholar

[13] Mansfield E, Lee J-Y. The modern university: contributor to industrial innovation and recipient of industrial R&D support. Res Policy. 1996;25(7):1047-58. DOI: 10.1016/S0048-7333(96)00893-1.10.1016/S0048-7333(96)00893-1Search in Google Scholar

[14] Maietta OW. Determinants of university-firm R&D collaboration and its impact on innovation: A perspective from a low-tech industry. Res Policy. 2015;44(7):1341-59. DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2015.03.006.10.1016/j.respol.2015.03.006Search in Google Scholar

[15] Etzkowitz H. Innovation in Innovation: The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations. Social Sci Information. 2003;42(3):293-337. DOI: 10.1177/05390184030423002.10.1177/05390184030423002Search in Google Scholar

[16] Etzkowitz H. The Triple Helix. University-Industry-Government Innovation in Action. New York: Routledge; 2008. DOI: 10.4324/9780203929605.10.4324/9780203929605Search in Google Scholar

[17] Viale R, Etzkowitz H, editors. The Capitalization of Knowledge. A Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government. High Educ. 2010;63:161-3. DOI: 10.1007/s10734-011-9427-x.10.1007/s10734-011-9427-xSearch in Google Scholar

[18] Etzkowitz H, Webster A, Gebhart C, Terra BRC. The future of the university and the university of the future: Evolution of ivory tower to entrepreneurial paradigm. Res Policy. 2000;29(2):313-30. DOI: 10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00069-4.10.1016/S0048-7333(99)00069-4Search in Google Scholar

[19] Urbano D, Guerrero M. Entrepreneurial universities. Socioeconomic impacts of academic entrepreneurship in a European region. Economic Development Quart. 2013;27(1):40-55. DOI: 10.1177/0891242412471973.10.1177/0891242412471973Search in Google Scholar

[20] Allen S, Link A, Rosenbaum D. Entrepreneurship and human capital: Evidence of patenting activity from the academic sector. Entrepreneurship Theory Practice. 2007;31:937-51. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-6520.2007.00207.x.10.1111/j.1540-6520.2007.00207.xSearch in Google Scholar

[21] LLS Health CDMO. The Patent Process. 2019. Available from: https://lubrizolcdmo.com/technical-briefs/the-patent-process/.Search in Google Scholar

[22] Lennard Elc-Vinnova. Innovation and New Technology. What is the Role of Research? Implications for Public Policy, April, 2014. VINNOVA. Swedish Government Agency for Innovation Systems. ISBN: 9789187537165. Available from: http://www.vinnova.se/upload/EpiStorePDF/va_14_05.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

[23] Perkmann M, Walsh K. University-industry relationships and open innovation: towards a research agenda. Int J Manage Rev. 2007;9(4):259-80. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2370.2007.00225.x.10.1111/j.1468-2370.2007.00225.xSearch in Google Scholar

[24] Hall BH. University-industry research partnership in the United States. Report of the European University Institute, Dpt of Economics, San Domenico (FI), Italy, 2004. Available from: http://cadmus.eui.eu/bitstream/id/1735/EC/.Search in Google Scholar

[25] Mowery D, Nelson R, Sampat B, Ziedonis A. Ivory Tower and Industrial Innovation. Stanford: Stanford Business School Press; 2005. ISBN: 9780804795296.Search in Google Scholar

[26] Shane S. Encouraging university entrepreneurship? The effect of the Bayh-Dole Act on university patenting in the United States. J Business Venturing. 2004;19(1):127-51. DOI: 10.1016/S0883-9026(02)00114-3.10.1016/S0883-9026(02)00114-3Search in Google Scholar

[27] Santoro MD, Gopalakrishnan S. The institutionalization of knowledge transfer activities within industry-university collaborative ventures. J Eng Technol Manage. 2000;17(3-4):299-319. DOI: 10.1016/S0923-4748(00)00027-8.10.1016/S0923-4748(00)00027-8Search in Google Scholar

[28] Morandi V. The management of industry-university joint research projects: how do partners coordinate and control R&D activities? J Technol Transfer. 2013;38(2):69-92. DOI: 10.1007/s10961-011-9228-5.10.1007/s10961-011-9228-5Search in Google Scholar

[29] Boons F, Montaivo C, Quist J, Wagner M. Sustainable innovation, business models and economic performance: an overview. J Cleaner Production. 2013;45:1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.08.013.10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.08.013Search in Google Scholar

[30] Anderson N, Potocnik K, Zhou J. Innovation and creativity in organisations: a state of the science review, prospective commentary and guiding framework. J Manage. 2014;40(5):1297-333. DOI: 10.1177/0149206314527128.10.1177/0149206314527128Search in Google Scholar

[31] Bowen D, Ostroff C. Understanding HRM-Firm performance linkages: the role of the ‘strength’ of the HRM system. Acad Manage Rev. 2004;29(2):203-21. DOI: 10.5465/AMR.2004.12736076.10.5465/amr.2004.12736076Search in Google Scholar

[32] Act 262/2006 Coll., the Labour Code - regulates relationships between employers and employees. Available from: https://www.legislationline.org/download/id/6742/file/Czech_Republic_Labour_Code_2006_am2011_en.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

[33] Act 111/1998 Coll., the Higher Education Act - regulates freedom of research. Available from: https://www.msmt.cz/uploads/odbor_30/TF/Legislativa_a_metodicke_pokyny/Novela_2016/Zakon_o_vysokych_skolach_AJ.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

[34] European Commission: Ethical Framework of Research - formulated basic ethical principles of behaviour and conduct of researchers, freedom of research and the related responsibilities. DOI: 10.2777/7491.Search in Google Scholar

[35] Act 121/2000 Coll., the Copyright Act - regulates the protection of intellectual property rights. Available from: www.wipo.int›lexdocs › laws.Search in Google Scholar

[36] Act 527/1990 Coll., on inventions and rationalisation proposals - regulates rights and rules relating to the discovery and implementation of inventions and rationalisation proposals. Available from: www.wipo.int › lexdocs › laws.Search in Google Scholar

[37] Act 478/1992 Coll., on utility models. Available from: www.upv.cz› 478_1992_A_CS.Search in Google Scholar

[38] Rector’s Directive 1/2018 Ethics Code for Employees and Students - defines freedom of research and ethical dimensions and procedures at TUL. Available from: https://www.tul.cz/en/international-office/important-university-documents-in-english.Search in Google Scholar

[39] Strategic Plan for the Scholarly, Research and other Creative Activities of TUL 2016-2020 (with annual updates) and Strategic Development Plan of TUL for 2020 with a forward view to 2030 - TUL strategic documents specifying research areas, targets, tools and resources. Available from: https://www.tul.cz/en/international-office/important-university-documents-in-english.Search in Google Scholar

[40] Rector’s Directive 2/2015 Protection of Intellectual Property at TUL and Commercialisation of Scientific and Research Results - regulates copyright and industrial property rights at TUL. Available from: https://www.tul.cz/en/international-office/important-university-documents-in-english.Search in Google Scholar

[41] TUL Conditions of Employment - regulates individual and flexible working hours, home office scheme and part-time employment, employee care. Available from: https://www.tul.cz/en/international-office/important-university-documents-in-english.Search in Google Scholar

[42] Internal Wage Regulations - define basic wage levels and motivation components of staff remuneration. Available from: https://www.tul.cz/en/international-office/important-university-documents-in-english.Search in Google Scholar

[43] TUL Collective Agreement - defines relationships among trade unions, employer, employees, outlines rights and obligations. Available from: https://www.tul.cz/en/international-office/important-university-documents-in-english.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo