1. bookVolume 12 (2022): Issue 1 (May 2022)
Journal Details
First Published
18 Jun 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
access type Open Access

Local Leader and the Labour Law Position in the Context of the Smart City Concept through the Optics of the EU

Published Online: 23 Jun 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 12 (2022) - Issue 1 (May 2022)
Page range: 3 - 26
Journal Details
First Published
18 Jun 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year

The article discusses the implementation of the global concepts of smart city or smart municipality at the local level, focusing on the importance of mayor as a leader and his competencies in this context. The status of elected representatives of self-government in the branch of labour law is legislatively only marginally regulated, with insufficient terminological and functional interconnection between special legislation and labour law. The aim of the authors is to point out the relationship between the current legislation on prelegal relations between the mayor and his leadership duties and powers and to identify barriers in the implementation of the concept of smart cities in the Slovak Republic.

The objective of the scientific study is determined based directly on current needs and emerging practical issues. Understanding and applying these correctly has a fundamental impact on the possibilities of rules in local government. Methodologically, our research relies on the basic methods of scientific abstraction in the context of the analysis of de lege lata legislation with a thorough application of the methods of legal logic. The authors draw attention to the partial questions of the labour status and educational census of the Mayor of the Municipality in the context of smart city concept and propose solutions.


Beeri, I.; Uster, A. & Vigoda-Gadot, E. (2019), ‘Does performance management relate to good governance? A study of its relationship with citizens’ satisfaction with and trust in Israeli local government,’ Public Performance & Management Review, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 241–279. https://doi.org/10.1080/15309576.2018.1436074 Search in Google Scholar

Bolívar, M. P. R. & Meijer, A. J. (2016), ‘Smart governance: Using a literature review and empirical analysis to build a research model,’ Social Science Computer Review, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 683–684. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439315611088 Search in Google Scholar

Budd, L. & Sancino, A. (2016), ‘A Framework for city leadership in multilevel governance settings: The comparative contexts of Italy and the UK,’ Regional Studies, Regional Science, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 129–145. https://doi.org/10.1080/21681376.2015.1125306 Search in Google Scholar

Chochia, A. & Kerikmäe, T. (2018), ‘Digital single market as an element in EU-Georgian cooperation,’ The Baltic Journal of European Studies, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 3–6. https://doi.org/10.1515/bjes-2018-0012 Search in Google Scholar

Dameri, R. P. & Benevolo, C. (2016), ‘Governing smart cities: An empirical analysis,’ Social Science Computer Review, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 693–707. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439315611093 Search in Google Scholar

Desdemoustier, J.; Crutzen, N. & Giffinger, R. (2019), ‘Municipalities’ understanding of the Smart City concept: An exploratory analysis in Belgium,’ Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol. 142, pp. 129–141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.10.029 Search in Google Scholar

Disoska, E. M. (2016), ‘Re-shaping the model of economic growth of the CEE countries,‘ The Baltic Journal of European Studies, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 137–159. https://doi.org/10.1515/bjes-2016-0016 Search in Google Scholar

Európska charta miestnej samosprávy (2013), European Charter for Local Self-Government [Homepage]. Retrieved from http://http://www.minv.sk/?europska-charta-miestnej-samospravy [accessed 20 Nov 2021] Search in Google Scholar

Gargiulo, C.; Pinto, V. & Zucaro, F. (2013), ‘EU Smart City Governance,’ TEMA Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, vol. 6, pp. 356–370. Search in Google Scholar

Gassmann, O.; Böhm, J. & Palmié, M. (2019), Smart Cities: Introducing Digital Innovation to Cities, Bingley: Emerald Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/9781787696136 Search in Google Scholar

Hajduová, Z.; Peráček, T.; Coroničová Hurajová, J. & Bruothová, M. (2021), ‘Determinants of innovativeness of Slovak SMEs,’ Problems and Perspectives in Management, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 198–208. https://doi.org/10.21511/ppm.19(1).2021.17 Search in Google Scholar

Hambleton, R. (2015), ‘Place-based leadership: A new perspective on urban regeneration,’ Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 10–24. Search in Google Scholar

Hambleton, R. & Sweeting, D. (2014), ‘Innovation in urban political leadership. Reflections on the introduction of a directly-elected mayor in Bristol, UK,’ Public Money & Management, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 315–323. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540962.2014.945793 Search in Google Scholar

Hammons, R. & Myers, J. (2019), ‘Smart cities,’ IEEE Internet of Things Magazine, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 8–9. https://doi.org/10.1109/MIOT.2019.8892761 Search in Google Scholar

Huovila, A.; Bosch, P. & Airaksinen, M. (2019), ‘Comparative analysis of standardized indicators for Smart sustainable cities: What indicators and standards to use and when?’ Cities, vol. 89, pp. 141–153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.01.029 Search in Google Scholar

Jankelová, N.; Joniaková, Z.; Čajková, A. & Romanová, A. (2021), ‘Vodcovské zručnosti v komunálnej politike’ [Leadership competencies in communal policy], Politické Vedy [Political sciences], vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 181–204. https://doi.org/10.24040/politickevedy.2021.24.1.181-204 Search in Google Scholar

Jesenko, M. (2015), ‘Normotvorba obcí vo veciach ochrany verejného poriadku v obci’ [Establishing norms in municipalities in matters of protection of public order in the municipality], in Územná samospráva a tvorba práva [Territorial self-government and law-making], Košice: UPJŠ v Košiciach, pp. 5–21. Search in Google Scholar

Khan, J. & Labonté, O. (2021), ‘The need for smart city frameworks,’ Economic Development Journal, Summer 2021, pp. 33–38. Search in Google Scholar

Kisała, M. (2021), ‘The Polish experience in the development of smart cities,’ TalTech Journal of European Studies, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 48–64. https://doi.org/10.2478/bjes-2021-0014 Search in Google Scholar

Klimovský, D. & Nemec, J. (2021), ‘Local self-government in Slovakia,’ in Local Self-Government in Europe, Maribor: Institute for Local Self-Government Maribor, pp. 355–382. Search in Google Scholar

Klimovský, D.; Pinterič, U. & Šaparnienė, D. (2016), ‘Human limitations to introduction of smart cities: Comparative analysis from two CEE cities,’ Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, vol. 47E, pp. 80–96. Search in Google Scholar

Kováčová, E. (2018), ‘The mayor of a municipality—competences, qualifications, current status in the Slovak Republic,’ Przegląd politologiczny [Political science review], vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 119–133. https://doi.org/10.14746/pp.2018.23.3.9 Search in Google Scholar

Kováčová, S. & Kováčová, N. (2019), ‘Možnosti posilnenia legitimity zvolených kandidátov na post starostu obce v podmienkach SR’ [Possibilities of strengthening the legitimacy of elected candidates for the office of mayor in the Slovak Republic], e-Polis.cz, pp. 1–4. Search in Google Scholar

Krunková, A. (2014), ‘Priama demokracia ako suplementárny prostriedok v normotvorne obcí’ [Direct democracy as a supplementary means in the normative formation of municipalities], in Teória a prax komunálnej normotvorby [Theory and practice of municipal standard-setting], Košice: UPJŠ v Košiciach. Search in Google Scholar

Laurini, R. (2020), ‘A primer of knowledge management for smart city governance,’ Land Use Policy, vol. 111, art. 104832. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104832 Search in Google Scholar

Lytras, M. D.; Visvizi, A.; Sarirete, A.; Torres-Ruiz, M. & Daim, T. U. (2021), IEEE Access Special Section Editorial: Future Generation Smart Cities Research—Part II: Services, Applications, Case Studies, and Policymaking Considerations For Well-Being, in IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 27298–27303. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3057809 Search in Google Scholar

McCauley, C. D. (2006), Developmental Assignments: Creating Learning Experiences without Changing Jobs, Greensboro, NC: Center for Creative Leadership Press. Search in Google Scholar

Mihálik, J.; Horváth, P. & Švikruha, M. (2019), ‘Give me liberty or give me money: the fiscal decentralization and autonomy of regional governance in Slovakia,’ European Journal of Government and Economics (EJGE), vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 96–109. https://doi.org/10.17979/ejge.2019.8.1.4573 Search in Google Scholar

Molitoris, P. (2016), Konsenzuálne prostriedky alternatívneho riešenia sporov v správnom konaní [Consensual means of alternative dispute resolution in administrative proceedings], Košice: UPJŠ v Košiciach. Search in Google Scholar

Mucha, B.; Brestovanská, P. & Peráček, T. (2019), ‘Selected legislative aspects of cybernetic security in the Slovak Republic,’ Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies, vol. 23, pp. 273–282. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-98557-2_25 Search in Google Scholar

Mucha, B.; Peráček, T. & Brestovanská, P. (2019), ‘Strategy of environmental policy of the Slovak republic until 2030—an effective tool for combating waste?’ International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM, vol. 19, no. 5.4, pp. 541–548. https://doi.org/10.5593/sgem2019/5.4/S23.071 Search in Google Scholar

Ningrum, T. P. (2021), ‘Smart city: The main assist factor for smart cities,’ International Journal of Innovation in Enterprise System, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 46–54. https://doi.org/10.25124/ijies.v5i01.109 Search in Google Scholar

Nováčková, D. & Peráček, T. (2021), ‘The Common European Investment Policy and its perspectives in the context of the Achmea case law,’ TalTech Journal of European Studies, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 153–169. https://doi.org/10.2478/bjes-2021-0010 Search in Google Scholar

Oberer, B. & Erkollar, A. (2018), ‘Leadership 4.0: Digital leaders in the age of Industry 4.0,’ International Journal of Organizational Leadership, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 404–412. https://doi.org/10.33844/ijol.2018.60332 Search in Google Scholar

Palúš, I. et al. (2016), Ústavné právo Slovenskej republiky [Constitutional Law of the Slovak Republic], Košice: UPJŠ v Košiciach. Search in Google Scholar

Peráček, T. (2021a), ‘Flexibility of creating and changing employment in the options of the Slovak Labor Code,’ Problems and Perspectives in Management, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 373–382. http://doi.org/10.21511/ppm.19(3).2021.3010.21511/ppm.19(3).2021.30 Search in Google Scholar

Peráček, T. (2021b), ‘Impact of European legislation and case-law on elimination of discrimination in employment relations in EU,’ Online Journal Modelling the New Europe, vol. 36, pp. 65–82. https://doi.org/10.24193/OJMNE.2021.36.04 Search in Google Scholar

Peráček, T. (2022), ‘Slovak self-governments’ legislative aspects of the possibilities in dealing with nuclear and other extraordinary events,’ Lex Localis, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 545–563. https://doi.org/10.4335/20.3.545-563 Search in Google Scholar

Picatoste, J.; Pérez-Ortiz, L.; Ruesga-Benito, S. M. & Novo-Corti, I. (2017), ‘Smart cities for wellbeing: youth employment and their skills on computers,’ Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 227–241. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-04-2017-0014 Search in Google Scholar

Ricard, L. M.; Klijn, E. H.; Lewis, J. M. & Ysa, T. (2017), ‘Assessing public leadership styles for innovation: a comparison of Copenhagen, Rotterdam and Barcelona,’ Public Management Review, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 134–156. https://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2016.1148192 Search in Google Scholar

Sancino, A. & Castellani, L. (2016), ‘New development: Directly elected mayors in Italy—creating a strong leader doesn’t always mean creating strong leadership,’ Public Money & Management, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 153–156. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540962.2016.1118945 Search in Google Scholar

Skvarciany, V.; Jurevičienė, D.; Zitkienė, R.; Lapinskaitė, I. & Dudė, U. (2021), ‘A different approach to the evaluation of smart cities’ indicators,’ TalTech Journal of European Studies, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 130–147. https://doi.org/10.2478/bjes-2021-0018 Search in Google Scholar

Srebalová, M. & Vojtech, F. (2021), ‘SME Development in the Visegrad area,’ Eurasian Studies in Business and Economics, vol. 17, pp. 269–281. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65147-3_19 Search in Google Scholar

Tekeli, J. (2016), ‘Kompetenčné právo v obecnej samospráve [Competence law in municipal self-government], Bratislava: Wolters Kluwer. Search in Google Scholar

Vernarský, M. (2019), ‘Current state’s attitude towards municipal self-government in Slovakia,’ Slovak Journal of Political Sciences, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 49–74. Retrieved from http://sjps.fsvucm.sk/index.php/sjps/article/view/99 [accessed 20 Nov 2021]10.34135/sjps.190203 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo