1. bookVolume 67 (2021): Issue 1 (April 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4376
First Published
06 Jun 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Chemical and Biogeochemical Features of Desert Soils of the Central Fergana

Published Online: 24 Jun 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 67 (2021) - Issue 1 (April 2021)
Page range: 16 - 28
Received: 03 Nov 2020
Accepted: 20 Apr 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4376
First Published
06 Jun 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The Fergana valley is a region critically important for food safety in Central Asia. The human-altered soils in Fergana are considered a key component of the transboundary region between sub-boreal and sub-tropic climatic zones. As the results of the investigation of irrigated chloride-sulfate saline soils near the surface showed the deep petrocalcic and petrosalic horizons at various depths with extremely low water and air permeability. The chemical, pedogeochemical, and biogeochemical properties of soils, the content of macroelements, trace elements, lanthanides and radionuclides, and the general geochemical characteristics of desert zone soils were investigated and determined. The background contents of the mentioned elements were recognized. The irragic, salic, gleyic, and gypsic horizons in soils were identified by WRB 2015. They can be used as reference horizons for biogeochemical studies and soil management activities. The irragic, gleyic, carbonate-gypsum horizons, evaporation, oxygenic, and other geochemical barriers were studied and revealed. The processes of accumulation, migration, and differentiation of chemical elements in solum as well as in parent materials occur with the joint effects of exogenous, endopedogenic, and artificial factors. These fluxes of elements, in turn, are affected by the nature of soils and parent materials. In this process, unexplored elements form only scattering fluxes. During the vegetation season, as well as the leaching period, considering the various horizons features will help to save significant amounts of irrigation water.

Keywords

Ali, A.M., Van Leeuwen, H.M. and Koopmans, R.K. (2001). Benefits of draining agricultural land in Egypt: Results of five years’ monitoring of drainage effects and impacts. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 17(4), 633 ‒ 646. doi:10.1080/07900620120094136.10.1080/07900620120094136 Search in Google Scholar

Arboev, T.C., Kaldybayev, B.K. and Abdylbaev, K.K. (2019). Ecologic-biogeochemical studies of soil and vegetation cover of high mountain areas of the Sary-jazz river basin. In News of Universities of Kyrgyzstan, no. 9, 33 ‒ 36. Search in Google Scholar

Arinushkina, E.V. (1970). Guidance on chemical analysis of soils. Moscow: MGU, 488 p. Search in Google Scholar

Artamonova, E.N., Evlampieva, E.P. and Kasymova, J.S. (2014). Ecological and geochemical assessment of soil cover of man-made territories of north-east of Kazakhstan. Journal of Basic Research, no. 9 (part. 4), 789 ‒ 793. Search in Google Scholar

Baishenova, A.E. and Kedelbaev, B.Sh. (2016). Problems of soil degradation. Analysis of the current state of fertility of irrigated soils of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Journal of Scientific Review. Biological Sciences, no. 2, 5 ‒ 13. Search in Google Scholar

Bashkin, V.N. (2008). Biogeochemistry. Moscow: Higher school, 585 p. Search in Google Scholar

Belousov, M.N. (1977). Methods of agrochemical, agrophysical and microbiological surveys in irrigated regions. Tashkent: SOUZNIIXI, 137 p. Search in Google Scholar

Besedin, P.N. (1981). Peculiarities of soil salinity in Central Fergana. Sat scientific works. Distribution and movement of salts in irrigated soils and methods of regulation of salt processes Moscow, pp. 9 ‒ 21. Search in Google Scholar

Dubrovsky, N.G., Ondor, S.O. and Ochur-Ool, A.O. (2007). Biogeochemical characteristic of the soils of the Kemchik basin. Electronic Scientific Journal Modern Problems of Science and Education, no. 12 (Part 1), 146 ‒ 148. Search in Google Scholar

Evett, S., Ibragimov, N., Kamilov, B., Esanbekov, Yu., Sarimsakov, M., Shadmanov, J., Mirhashimov, R., Musaev, R., Radjabov, T. and Muhammadiev, B. (2007). Neutron moisture meter calibration in six Soils of Uzbekistan affected by carbonate accumulation. Vadose Zone Journal, 6(2), 406 – 412.10.2136/vzj2006.0155 Search in Google Scholar

Francois, L.E., Grieve, C.M., Maas, E.V. and Lesch, S.M. (1994). Time of salt stress affects growth and yield components of irrigated wheat. Agronomy Journal, 86(1), 100 ‒ 107.10.2134/agronj1994.00021962008600010019x Search in Google Scholar

Glazovskaya, M.A. 1974. Actual problems of theory and practice of terrain geochemistry. Moscow: Bulletin of Moscow State University MGU, 26 p. Search in Google Scholar

Glazovskaya, M.A. 1977. Methodology and technique of soil and terrain-geochemical research. Moscow: Moscow State University, 188 p. Search in Google Scholar

Isakov, V.Y. 1982. Distribution and agronomic properties of Shokh and Arzyk (Hardpan) soils of the Fergana depression in Uzbekistan. Soviet Soil Science, 14(6), 19 – 27. Search in Google Scholar

Djenbaev, B.M. and Imatali, K.K. 2016. Modern ecological biogeochemical state of the mercury province of Aiderken (Haidarkan, Kyrgyzstan) (Russian). Universum: Chemistry and Biology (Electronic scientific journal), no. 1 ‒ 2 (20). Available at: URL: http://7universum.com/ru/nature/archive/item/2909. Search in Google Scholar

Djenbaev, B.M. and Mursaliev, A.M. (2012). Biogeochemistry of natural and man-made ecosystems of Kyrgyzstan. Bishkek Ilim Publishing House, 404 p. Search in Google Scholar

Karimov, A.Kh., Šimůnek, J., Hanjra, M.A., Avliyakulov, M. and Forkutsa, I. (2014). Effects of the shallow water table on water use of winter wheat and ecosystem health: Implications for unlocking the potential of groundwater in the Fergana Valley (Central Asia). Agricultural Water Management, 131, 57 – 69. DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2013.09.010.10.1016/j.agwat.2013.09.010 Search in Google Scholar

Kenjabaev, S., Frede, H.G., Begmatov, I., Isaev, S. and Matyakubov, B. (2020). Determination of actual crop evapotranspiration (ETC) and dual crop coefficients (KC) for cotton, wheat and maize in Fergana Valley: Integration of the FAO-56 approach and budget. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(5), 340 – 349. Search in Google Scholar

Komilov, O.K. and Isakov, V.Y. (1992). Genesis and properties of carbonated-gypsum soils in Central Fergana. Tashkent: FAN, 107 p. Search in Google Scholar

Kulikov, M., Schickhoff, U., Gröngröft, A. and Borchardt, P. (2020). Modelling soil erodibility in mountain rangelands of southern Kyrgyzstan. Pedosphere, 30(4), 443 – 456.10.1016/S1002-0160(17)60402-8 Search in Google Scholar

Kuziev, R.K. and Sektimenko, V.E. (2009). Soils of Uzbekistan. Tashkent: Extremum Press, 351 p. Search in Google Scholar

Kuziev, R.K., Yuldashev, G.Yu., and Akramov, I.A. (2004). Bonitization of soils. Tashkent: Science and technology, 127 p. Search in Google Scholar

Kuznetsov, R.A. (1974). Activation analysis. Moscow: Atomizdat, 344 p. Search in Google Scholar

Maltseva I.I. and Grytsenko L.P. (1963). Determination of the bulk nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium in one sample. Methods of agrochemical, agrophysical and microbiological investigations in irrigated cottone zones. Tashkent, 142 ‒ 144. Search in Google Scholar

Mirzazhanov, K.M., Paganyas, K.P. and Kamilov, B.S. (1993). Soil formation on the sands of Central Fergana. Eurasian Soil Science, 25(10), 101 – 104. Search in Google Scholar

Orlov, D.S. and Bezuglova, O.S. (2000). Biogeochemistry. Moscow: Phoenix, 76 p. Search in Google Scholar

Pankov, M.A. (1957). Soils of the Fergana region. Tashkent: FAN, 53 p. Search in Google Scholar

Perelman, A.I. (1989). Terrain geochemistry. Moscow: Higher school, 419 p. Search in Google Scholar

Sajjad, I.M., Hussain, Ds., Tasneem, A., Ahmad, M., Akram, W. and Khan, I.H. (1993). Isotopic evidence of the source of groundwater salinity in the Indus Basin, Pakistan. Science of the Total Environment, 129(3), 311 ‒ 318.10.1016/0048-9697(93)90325-Z Search in Google Scholar

Smalley, I.J., Mavlyanova, N.G., Rakhmatullaev, Kh.L., Shermatov, M.Sh., Machalett, B., Dhand, K. O’Hara and Jefferson I.F. (2006). The formation of loess deposits in the Tashkent region and parts of Central Asia; and problems with irrigation, hydrocollapse, and soil erosion. Quaternary International, 152 – 153, 59 – 69. DOI:10.1016/j. quaint.2005.12.002. Search in Google Scholar

Stringer, C.E., Rains, M.C., Kruse, S. and Whigham, D. (2010). Controls on water levels and salinity in a barrier island mangrove, Indian River Lagoon, Florida. Wetlands, 30(4), 725 ‒ 734.10.1007/s13157-010-0072-4 Search in Google Scholar

Stulina, G., Cameira, M.R. and Pereira L.S. (2005). Using RZWQM to search improved practices for irrigated maize in Fergana, Uzbekistan. Agricultural Water Management, 77 (1 – 3), 263 – 281. DOI: 10.1016/j.agwat.2004.09.040.10.1016/j.agwat.2004.09.040 Search in Google Scholar

Turdaliev, A.T. and Askarov, K.A. (2019). Energy characteristics of trace elements in saline soils of Central Fergana. Actual Problems of Modern Science, no. 6, pp. 83 ‒ 87. DOI: 10.25633/APSN.2019.06.04.10.25633/APSN.2019.06.04 Search in Google Scholar

Turdaliev, A.T., Askarov, K.A. and Mirzaev, F.A. (2019a). Morphological features of irrigated soils in Central Fergana. Soils and Environment, 2(3), 56 ‒ 61. DOI:10.31251/pos. v2i3.71.10.31251/pos Search in Google Scholar

Turdaliev, A.T., Askarov, K.A., Zhalilova, Sh.A., Gulomova, Z.A. and Musaev, I.I. (2019b). Physicochemical, geochemical features and their influence on the soil-ecological state of hydromorphic soils. Scientific Review. Biological Sciences, 4, 44 ‒ 49. DOI:10.17513/srbs.1171.10.17513/srbs.1171 Search in Google Scholar

Turdaliev, A.T. and Yuldashev, G. (2015). Geochemistry of Pedolithic Soils. Tashkent: FAN, 200 p. Search in Google Scholar

Turdaliev, A.T. and Yuldashev, G. (2016). Morphological features of pedolytical soils in Central Ferghana. European Science Review, no. 5 ‒ 6, 14 ‒ 15.10.20534/ESR-16-5.6-14-15 Search in Google Scholar

Umali, D.L. (1993). Irrigation-induced salinity: a growing problem for development and the environment. World Bank Technical Paper, 215, pp. 78.10.1596/0-8213-2508-6 Search in Google Scholar

IUSS Working Group WRB (2015). World Reference Base for Soil Resources 2014, update 2015: International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports, No. 106, FAO: Rome. Search in Google Scholar

Yuldashev, G., Kholdarova, M., Isagaliev, M., Turdaliev, A. and Sotiboldieva, G. 2013. Agrochemical properties of difficult-to-reclaim soils in Fergana. Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals, 3(109), 16 ‒ 17. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo