Open Access

Die Gestaltung von Wandel und Innovation im Mehrebenensystem der Militärverwaltung Österreich-Ungarns um 1900


Using the example of the new disciplinary punishment ordinance of 1903, the article examines the shaping of innovations in the Austro-Hungarian army around 1900 on the basis of communication within the administration. It is shown that the military administration operated in a vertical and horizontal multi-level system that was characterised by forms of cooperation and negotiation processes. The middle and lower levels of administration played an important role in shaping the new norms by being involved in the process as internal experts. This approach enabled the adaptation of innovations to practice, but at the same time prevented radical changes.