1. bookVolume 33 (2018): Issue 1 (January 2018)
Journal Details
First Published
30 Jun 2022
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Open Access

Learning in nature: Leadership opportunities in an Education Outside the Classroom programme in a New Zealand early childhood centre

Published Online: 02 Apr 2019
Volume & Issue: Volume 33 (2018) - Issue 1 (January 2018)
Page range: 32 - 45
Journal Details
First Published
30 Jun 2022
Publication timeframe
1 time per year

Aitken, H. (2005). Participating in an early childhood community of practice: The experiences of a group of newly qualified teachers. (Unpublished thesis). University of Waikato, Hamilton. Search in Google Scholar

Akram, T., Lei, S., Hussain, S. T., Haider, M. J., & Akram, M. W. (2016). Does leadership generate organizational social capital? A case of exploring the effect of relational leadership on organizational social capital in China. Future Business Journal, 2, 116–126. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. fbj.2016.06.001 Search in Google Scholar

Bella, J., & Bloom, P. J. (2005). Investment in leadership training - the payoff for early childhood education. Young Children, 60(1), 32–40. Search in Google Scholar

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa10.1191/1478088706qp063oa Search in Google Scholar

Brower, H., Schoorman, F. D., & Tan, H. H. (2000). A model of relational leadership: The integration of trust and leader-member exchange. Leadership Quarterly, 11(2), 227–250. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843(00)00040-010.1016/S1048-9843(00)00040-0 Search in Google Scholar

Carmeli, A., Tishler, A., & Edmondson, A. C. (2012). CEO relational leadership and strategic decision quality in top management teams: The role of team trust and learning from failure. Strategic Organization, 10(1), 31–54. https://doi.org/10.1177/147612701143479710.1177/1476127011434797 Search in Google Scholar

Carr, V., & Luken, E. (2014). Playscapes: A pedagogical paradigm for play and learning. International Journal of Play, 3(1), 69–83. https://doi.org/10.1080/21594937.2013.87196510.1080/21594937.2013.871965 Search in Google Scholar

Carroll-Lind, J., Smorti, S., Ord, K., & Robinson, L. (2016). Building pedagogical leadership knowledge in early childhood education. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, 41(4), 28–35.10.1177/183693911604100404 Search in Google Scholar

Catto, C. (2014). Learning in a classroom without walls. Swings and Roundabouts, (3), 20. Search in Google Scholar

Clarkin-Phillips, J. (2007). Distributing the leadership: A case study of professional development. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Waikato, Hamilton. Search in Google Scholar

Clarkin-Phillips, J. (2009). Distributed leadership utilising everyone’s strengths. Early Childhood Folio, 13, 22–27.10.18296/ecf.0180 Search in Google Scholar

Clarkin-Phillips, J. (2011). Distributed leadership: Growing strong communities of practice in early childhood centres. Journal of Educational Leadership, Policy and Practice, 26(2), 14–25. Retrieved from http://researchcommons.waikato.ac.nz Search in Google Scholar

Clements, R. (2004). An investigation of the status of outdoor play. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 5(1), 68–80. https://doi.org/10.2304/ciec.2004.5.1.1010.2304/ciec.2004.5.1.10 Search in Google Scholar

Cunliffe, A. L., & Eriksen, M. (2011). Relational leadership. Human Relations, 64(11), 1425–1449. https:// doi.org/10.1177/001872671141838810.1177/0018726711418388 Search in Google Scholar

Davis, B., Rea, T., & Waite, S. (2006). The special nature of the outdoors: Its contribution to the education of children aged 3-11. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 10(2), 3–12.10.1007/BF03400834 Search in Google Scholar

Dunlop, A.W. (2008). A literature review on leadership in the early years. Retrieved from http://www.google. co.uk Search in Google Scholar

Ebbeck, M., & Waniganayake, M. (2002). Early childhood professionals: Leading today and tomorrow. Sydney: Elsevier Australia. Search in Google Scholar

Elliott, S. (2010). Children in the natural world. In J. Davis (Ed.), Young children and the environment: Early education for sustainability (pp. 43–75). Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Ernst, J. (2014). Early childhood educators’ use of natural outdoor settings as learning environments: An exploratory study of beliefs, practices, and barriers. Environmental Education Research, 20(6), 735– 752. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2013.83359610.1080/13504622.2013.833596 Search in Google Scholar

Ghafouri, F. (2014). Close encounters with nature in an urban kindergarten: A study of learners’ inquiry and experience. Education 3-13, 42(1), 54–76. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004279.2011.64240010.1080/03004279.2011.642400 Search in Google Scholar

Gill, T. (2014). The benefits of children’s engagement with nature: A systematic literature review. Children, Youth and Environment, 24(2), 10–34.10.7721/chilyoutenvi.24.2.0010 Search in Google Scholar

Gillespie, L., & Petersen, S. (2012). Rituals and routines: Supporting infants and toddlers and their families. Young Children, 67, 76–77. Search in Google Scholar

Grey, A. (2004). The quality journey: Is there a leader at the helm? New Zealand Research in Early Childhood Education, 7(91), 91–102. Search in Google Scholar

Gronn, P. (2000). Distributed properties: A new architecture for leadership. Educational Management and Administration, 28(3), 317–338. https://doi.org/10.1177/0263211X00028300610.1177/0263211X000283006 Search in Google Scholar

Harris, A. (2003). Teacher leadership as distributed leadership: Heresy, fantasy or possibility? School Leadership and Management, 23(3), 313–324. https://doi.org/10.1080/136324303200011280110.1080/1363243032000112801 Search in Google Scholar

Harris, A. (2009) Distributed leadership: What we know. In Harris, A. (Ed.) Distributed Leadership. Studies in Educational Leadership, Vol 7 pp. 11–21. Dordrecht: Springer.10.1007/978-1-4020-9737-9_2 Search in Google Scholar

Ho, D. (2011). Identifying leadership roles for quality in early childhood education programmes. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 14(1), 47–59.10.1080/13603120903387561 Search in Google Scholar

Kane, A., & Kane, J. (2011). Waldkindergarten in Germany. Green Teacher, 94, 16–19. Search in Google Scholar

Katz, L., & Chard, S. C. (2000). Engaging children’s minds: The project approach. Retrieved from https://books. google.co.nz Search in Google Scholar

Kelly, J., & White, E. J. (2013). The Ngahere Project: Teaching and learning possibilities in nature settings. Retrieved from http://www.waikato.ac.nz/data/assets/pdf_file/0007/146176/Ngahere-project_3-2013-03-14.pdf Search in Google Scholar

Knight, S. (2013). Forest school and outdoor learning in the early years. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Search in Google Scholar

Komives, S. R., Lucas, N., & McMahon, T. R. (2007). Exploring leadership (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Search in Google Scholar

Leithwood, K., Jantzi, D., & McElheron-Hopkins, C. (2006). The development and testing of a school improvement model. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 17(4), 441–464. https://doi. org/10.1080/0924345060074353310.1080/09243450600743533 Search in Google Scholar

Louv, R. (2010). Last child in the woods: Saving our children from nature-deficit disorder (Rev. ed.). London: Atlantic. Search in Google Scholar

MacEachren, Z. (2013). The Canadian forest school movement. Learning Landscapes, 7(1), 219–233.10.36510/learnland.v7i1.639 Search in Google Scholar

Menter, I., Ellito, D., Hulme, M., Lewin, J., & Lovden, K. (2011). A guide to practitioner research in education. London: Sage.10.4135/9781473957770 Search in Google Scholar

Ministry of Education. (1996). Te Whāriki. He whāriki matauranga mō ngā mokopuna o Aotearoa. Early childhood curriculum. Wellington: Learning Media. Search in Google Scholar

Ministry of Education. (2017). Te Whāriki. He whāriki matauranga mō ngā mokopuna o Aotearoa. Early childhood curriculum. Retrieved from www.education.govt.nz Search in Google Scholar

Mitchell, A. (1997). Reflections on early childhood leadership development: Finding your own path. In S. Kagan & B. Bowman (Eds.), Leadership in early care and education. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children. Search in Google Scholar

O’Brien, L. (2009). Learning outdoors: The forest school approach. Education 3-13, 37(1), 45–60. https://doi. org/10.1080/0300427080229179810.1080/03004270802291798 Search in Google Scholar

Prince, C. (2010). Sowing the seeds: Education for sustainability within the early years curriculum. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 18(3), 423–434. https://doi.org/10.1080/135029 3X.2010.500082 Search in Google Scholar

Rodd, J. (1997). Learning to be leaders: Perceptions of early childhood professionals about leadership roles and responsibilities. Early Years, 18(1), 40–44. https://doi.org/10.1080/095751497018010810.1080/0957514970180108 Search in Google Scholar

Rodd, J. (2001). Building leadership expertise of future early childhood professionals. Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 22(1), 9–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10901027.2001.1048643010.1080/10901027.2001.10486430 Search in Google Scholar

Rodd, J. (2006). Leadership in early childhood (3rd ed). Maidenhead: Open University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Scrivens, C. (2002). Constructions of leadership: Does gender make a difference? Perspectives from an English speaking country. In V. Nivala & E. Hujala (Eds.), Leadership in early childhood education (pp. 25– 32). Retrieved from http://jultika.oulu.fi/files/isbn9514268539.pdf Search in Google Scholar

Spillane, J. P. (2005). Distributed leadership. The Educational Forum, 69(2), 143–150. https://doi. org/10.1080/0013172050898467810.1080/00131720508984678 Search in Google Scholar

Spillane, J. P., Halverson, R., & Diamond, J. B. (2001). Investigating school leadership practice: A distributed perspective. Educational Researcher, 30(3), 23–28. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org10.3102/0013189X030003023 Search in Google Scholar

Thornton, K. (2005). Courage, commitment and collaboration: Notions of leadership in the New Zealand ECE “Centres of Innovation”. Retrieved from http://researcharchive.vuw.ac.nz Search in Google Scholar

Thornton, K. (2013). Notions of leadership in the New Zealand ECE Centres of Innovation programme. The New Zealand Annual Review of Education, 15. Retrieved from https://ojs.victoria.ac.nz10.26686/nzaroe.v0i15.1505 Search in Google Scholar

Thornton, K., Wansbrough, D., Clarkin-Phillips, J., Aitken, H., & Tamati, A. (2009). Conceptualising leadership in early childhood education in Aotearoa New Zealand. Retrieved from http://researchcommons. waikato.ac.nz Search in Google Scholar

Uhl-Bien, M. (2006). Relational leadership theory: Exploring the social processes of leadership and organizing. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(6), 654–676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2006.10.00710.1016/j.leaqua.2006.10.007 Search in Google Scholar

University of Waikato. (2017). Ethical conduct in human research and related activities regulations. Retrieved from http://calendar.waikato.ac.nz/assessment/ethicalConduct.html Search in Google Scholar

Warden, C. (2012). Nature kindergartens and forest schools: An exploration of naturalistic learning within nature kindergartens and forest schools. Perthshire: Mindstretches. Search in Google Scholar

Wastney, M. (2016). Free-range kids: Bush kindergartens in the early childhood education setting. New Zealand Education Gazette: Gazette Focus Early Childhood, (2), 1–3. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo