1. bookVolume 59 (2010): Issue 1-6 (December 2010)
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eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
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English
access type Open Access

Realized Genetic Gains in Coastal Douglas-fir in British Columbia: Implications for Growth and Yield Projections

Published Online: 20 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 59 (2010) - Issue 1-6 (December 2010)
Page range: 223 - 233
Received: 10 Nov 2010
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2509-8934
First Published
22 Feb 2016
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Realized genetic gain trials for coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) at five different sites with four different spacings were assessed at age 12 to compare early gain predictions in growth from small plot progeny test designs to those obtained from large block designs. Seedlings from three genetic levels, i.e., local wild-stand controls (WS), a mid-gain seedlot (MG), and a top-cross seedlot (TC) were planted in 12 × 12 tree plots with two replications at spacings of 1.6 m, 2.3 m, 2.9 m and 4.0 m. Two replications of a “single-tree plot” design at 2.9 m spacing for the three genetic levels (30 trees per genetic level) were also established, to allow for more detailed comparisons between single-tree and multiple-tree plot means. Although these trials are still relatively young, trees in the closest spacing had the highest levels of mortality with the TC trees having the highest rate of survival. Height gains in the block trials ranged from 10.4% to 16.1% for MG and TC trees, respectively, and were relatively close to the predicted values; however, volume (individual tree and volume/ha) gains exceeded expectations. Effects of genetic entry on height at age 12 were highly significant, while spacing, genetic entry by spacing, and genetic entry by test site interactions were not significant. We also compared height growth over the first 12 years to growth estimated from the “Bruce height growth model” for Douglas-fir and found that on four of the five test sites our MG and TC seedlings follow the expected height growth trajectories.

Keywords

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