1. bookVolume 12 (2017): Issue 1 (June 2017)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8462
First Published
01 Jul 2005
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Enhancing Learning Through Reflection– A Case Study of SEEU

Published Online: 11 May 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 12 (2017) - Issue 1 (June 2017)
Page range: 53 - 68
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1857-8462
First Published
01 Jul 2005
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Learning through reflection is one of the most interesting experiences that students might have. It is considered a very good tool for self-assessing learning. It is believed that “teachers who promote reflective classrooms ensure that students are fully engaged in the process of making meaning” (Costa and Kallick, 2008, para.5).

Dewey (1991) was among the first researchers who based his work and research on the positive roles that reflection plays in fostering self-reflection and critical thinking. He has defined it as an active, persistent and careful consideration of any belief. Reflections give students opportunities to think and reflect about their learning and note down the obstacles they might face during this process.

The present study aims to investigate the impact of journal writing in promoting critical-thinking skills, and its impact on enhancing learning. The study uses two instruments, a student refection journal and an interview. Also, Marzano’s New Taxonomy of Educational Objectives developed in 2000 was used in the third phase of the study. This Taxonomy contains Three Systems: the Self-system, the Metacognitive system and the Cognitive system.

The overall study results show that reflection journals help students to become more independent learners, reflect on their learning experiences and identify the most useful learning strategies. Most importantly, all study participants hold positive attitudes towards reflection and they consider it as a valuable tool which can increase learning.

Keyword

• Baines, Daniel (ND). Reflection and Improvement on the FourWeek Intensive TEFL Course. British Council. Retrived on June 22, 2016 from the web: https://englishagenda.britishcouncil.org/sites/default/files/filefield_paths/reflection_and_improvement_on_the_four-week_intensive_tefl_course_v2.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Birjandi, Parviz and Tamjid, Hadidi (2010). The role for self-assessment in Promoting Iranian EFL learners’ Motivation. Retrived on June 15, 2016 from the web: • http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1081779.pdf10.5539/elt.v3n3p211Search in Google Scholar

• Beyer, Landon (1985). Critical thinking and evalution. Retrived on July 2, 2016 from the web: ImplementingTasksThatStimulateCriticalThinkingInEF-4462181%20(1).pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Boud, David (2003). Enhancing learning through self assessment. Routledge Falmer, Taylor&Francis Group.Search in Google Scholar

• Costa, Arthur L. and Kallick, Bena (2008). Learning and Leading with Habits of Mind. Association for Supervision & CurriculumSearch in Google Scholar

• Colley, M, Binta, Bilics, R. Andrea, and Carol M. Lerch, M. Carol (2012). Reflection: A Key Component to Thinking Critically. In: The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. Volume 2, Issue 1. Pp.1-1910.5206/cjsotl-rcacea.2012.1.2Search in Google Scholar

• Chappuis, J. (2009). Seven strategies for assessment of learning. Boston: Pearson.Search in Google Scholar

• Dewey, John (1983). How we think: A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process. Boston: Heath & CompanySearch in Google Scholar

• Dewey, John (1997). Experience and Education. In A. Hall-Quest (Ed.)., The Kappa Delta Pi lecture series. Retrieved on June 23, 2016 from the web: http://gyanpedia.in/tft/Resources/books/dewey2.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Eaton, Marie (1985). Student Self-assessment. Thinking about the way we know. Retrieved on May 3, 2016 from the web: http://evergreen.edu/washingtoncenter/docs/eaton_selfassess.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Gregory, K., Cameron, C., & Davis, A. (2000). Knowing what counts: setting and using criteria. Marville, British Columbia: Connections.Search in Google Scholar

• Hattie, John and Timperley, Helen (2007). The Power of Feedback. In: Review of Educational Research March 2007, Vol. 77, No. 1, pp. 81-11210.3102/003465430298487Search in Google Scholar

• Homik, M. & Melis, E., (2006). Reflective Journaling. Retrived on July 5, 2016 from the web: http://www.niu.edu/facdev/_pdf/guide/assessment/reflective_journals%20and_learning_logs.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Khonbi, Zainab Abolfazli and Sadeghi, Karim, (2010). Self-, peer-, and teacher assessment: An investigationinto Iranian EFL students’ attitudes. In: Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, SSLLT 3 (1). 87-Search in Google Scholar

• Kucey, Sharen and Parsons, Jim (2010). Connecting Dewey and Assessment for learning. Retrieved on June 6, 2016 from the web: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED514289.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Lee, Haekyung (2008). Students’ Perceptions of Peer and Self Assessment in a Higher Education. Online Collaborative Learning environment. University of Texas, Austin.Search in Google Scholar

• Marzano, Robert (2000). Designing a new taxonomy of educational objectives. Thousand Oaks, CA:Corwin PressSearch in Google Scholar

• Martinez, A.Y. Fuquen, and Nino, J.K.Patricia (2013). Implementing tasks that stimulate critical thinking in EFL classrooms. In: Cuadernos de Lingüística Hispánica N.° 21, pp. 143-158Search in Google Scholar

• Mezirow, J. (1990). Fostering critical reflection in adulthood:A guide to transformative and emancipatory learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Search in Google Scholar

• McMillan, H.James and Hearn, Jesica (2008). Student Self-assessment: The Key to Stronger Student Motivation and Achievement. Retrieved on May 12, 2016 from the web: http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ815370.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Nagamine, Toshinobu (2011). Facilitating learning in an ELT Teacher Education Course: A Hybrid/Blended - Learning approach. Retrived on June 11, 2016 from the web: http://www.pu-kumamoto.ac.jp/~tosho/file/pdf/kb/17/1703.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Northern Illinois University, Faculty Development and Instructional Design Center (ND). Reflective Journals and Learning Logs. Retrived on may 18, 2016 from the web: http://www.niu.edu/facdev/_pdf/guide/assessment/reflective_journals20and_learning_logs.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Rolheiser, C., ed. 1996. Self-evaluation . . . Helping Students Get Better at It! A Teacher’s Resource Book. Toronto: Cooperative Learning Evaluation & educational HORIZONS. Assessment Research GroupSearch in Google Scholar

• Scriven, Michael & Paul, Richard (1978). Critical Thinking as Defined by the National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking. Retrieved on July 1, 2016 from the web: http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/defining-critical-thinking/766Search in Google Scholar

• Smith, (1990). What is critical thinking. Retrived on July 2, 2016 from the web: ImplementingTasksThatStimulateCriticalThinkingInEF-4462181%20(1).pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Spiller, D., (2012). Assessment Matters: Self-Assessment and Peer Assessment. University of Waikato. Retrieved on June 20, 2016 from the web: http://www.waikato.ac.nz/tdu/pdf/booklets/9_SelfPeerAssessment.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

• Taylor, L. (1992). Mathematics attitude development from a Vygotskian perspective. Mathematics Education Research Journal, 4, 8-23.Search in Google Scholar

• The Critical Thinking Community (ND). Retrived on July 11, 2016 from the web: http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/defining-critical-thinking/766Search in Google Scholar

• Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University PressSearch in Google Scholar

• Xhaferi, Brikena (2015). Student’s attitudes towards self-assessment - A study conducted at the Department of English Language and Literature, FLCC. In Conference proceedings published in Tirana, AlbaniaSearch in Google Scholar

• Winne, P. H., & Butler, D. L. (1994). Student cognition in learning from teaching. In T. Husen & T. Postlewaite (Eds.), International encyclopaedia of education: Student cognition in learning from teaching (2nd ed., pp. 5738-5745). Oxford, UK: Pergamon.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo