1. bookVolume 60 (2015): Issue 2 (June 2015)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1508-5791
First Published
25 Mar 2014
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Ion acceleration from intense laser-generated plasma: methods, diagnostics and possible applications

Published Online: 22 Jun 2015
Volume & Issue: Volume 60 (2015) - Issue 2 (June 2015)
Page range: 207 - 212
Received: 13 Jun 2014
Accepted: 14 Nov 2014
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1508-5791
First Published
25 Mar 2014
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Many parameters of non-equilibrium plasma generated by high intensity and fast lasers depend on the pulse intensity and the laser wavelength. In conditions favourable for the target normal sheath acceleration (TNSA) regime the ion acceleration from the rear side of the target can be enhanced by increasing the thin foil absorbance through the use of nanoparticles and nanostructures promoting the surface plasmon resonance effect. In conditions favourable for the backward plasma acceleration (BPA) regime, when thick targets are used, a special role is played by the laser focal position with respect to the target surface, a proper choice of which may result in induced self-focusing effects and non-linear acceleration enhancement. SiC detectors employed in the time-of-flight (TOF) configuration and a Thomson parabola spectrometer permit on-line diagnostics of the ion streams emitted at high kinetic energies. The target composition and geometry, apart from the laser parameters and to the irradiation conditions, allow further control of the plasma characteristics and can be varied by using advanced targets to reach the maximum ion acceleration. Measurements using advanced targets with enhanced the laser absorption effect in thin films are presented. Applications of accelerated ions in the field of ion source, hadrontherapy and nuclear physics are discussed.

Keywords

1. Gammino, S., Torrisi, L., Andò, L., Ciavola, G., Celona, L., Krasa, J., Laska, L., Pfeifer, M., Rohlena, K., Woryna, E., Wolowski, J., Parys,. P., & Shirkov, G. D. (2002). Production of low energy, high intensity metal ion beams by means of a laser ion source. Rev. Sci. Instrum., 73(2), 650–653.10.1063/1.1430514Search in Google Scholar

2. Torrisi, L., Cavallaro, S., Cutroneo, M., Giuffrida, L., Krasa, J., Margarone, D., Velyhan, A., Kravarik, J., Ullschmied, J., Wolowski, J., Szydlowski, A., & Rosinski, M. (2012). Monoenergetic proton emission from nuclear reaction induced by high intensity laser-generated plasma. Rev. Sci. Instrum., 83, 02B111-4. DOI: 10.1063/1.3671741.10.1063/1.367174122380268Search in Google Scholar

3. Maksimchuk, A., Gu, S., Flippo, K., Umstadter, D., & Bychenkov, V. Yu. (2000). Forward ion acceleration in thin films driven by a high-intensity laser. Phys. Rev. Lett., 84, 4108–4111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.4108.10990622Search in Google Scholar

4. Andò, L., Torrisi, L., Gammino, S., & et al. (2003). Laser ion source for multile Ta ion implantation. In Gammino-Mezzasalma-Neri-Torrisi (Eds.) Proceedings of PPLA2003, September 2003, Messina (pp. 142–148). Singapore: World Scientific Publ.Search in Google Scholar

5. Cirrone, G. A. P., Carpinelli, M., Cuttone, G., Gammino, G., Bijan Jia, S., Korn, G., Maggiore, M., Manti, L., Margarone, D., Prokupek, J., Renis, M., Romano, F., Schillaci, F., Tomasello, B., Torrisi, L., Tramontana, A., & Velyhan, A. (2013). ELIMED, future hadrontherapy applications of laser-accelerated beams. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. A-Accel. Spectrom. Dect. Assoc. Equip., 730, 174–177. DOI: 10.1016/J.nima.2013.05.051.10.1016/j.nima.2013.05.051Search in Google Scholar

6. Torrisi, L., Caridi, F., Giuffrida, L., Torrisi, A., Mondio, G., Serafino, T., Caltabiano, M., Castrizio, E. D., Paniz, E., & Salici, A. (2010). LAMQS analysis applied to ancient Egyptian bronze coins. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B-Beam Interact. Mater. Atoms, 268, 1657–1664. DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2010.03.015.10.1016/j.nimb.2010.03.015Search in Google Scholar

7. Eliezer, S. (2002). The interaction of high-power lasers with plasmas. Bristol: IOP.10.1887/0750307471Search in Google Scholar

8. Laska, L., Cavallaro, S., Jungwirth, K., Krasa, J., Krousky, E., Margarone, D., Mezzasalma, A., Pfeifer, M., Rohlena, K., Ryc, L., Skala, J., Torrisi, L., Ullschmied, J., Velyhan, A., & Verona-Rinati, G. (2009). Experimental studies of emission of highly charged Au-ions and of X-rays from the laser-produced plasma at high laser intensities. Eur. Phys. J. D, 54, 487–492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjd/e2008-00226-8.Search in Google Scholar

9. Badziak, J., Głowacz, S., Jabłoński, S., Parys, P., Wołowski, J., Hora, H., Krása, J., Láska, L., & Rohlena, K. (2004). Production of ultrahigh ion current densities at skin-layer subrelativistic laser–plasma interaction. Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion, 46(12B), 044, 83111-7. DOI: 10.1088/0741-3335/46/12B/044.10.1088/0741-3335/46/12B/044Search in Google Scholar

10. Robinson, A. P. L., Zepf, M., Kar, S., Evans, R. G., & Bellei, C. (2008). Radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils with circularly polarized laser pulses. New J. Phys., 10, 1367-1-13. DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/10/1/013021.10.1088/1367-2630/10/1/013021Search in Google Scholar

11. Garcia, M. A. (2011). Surface plasmons in metallic nanoparticles: fundamentals and applications. J. Phys. D-Appl. Phys., 44, 283001(20pp.). DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/44/28/283001.10.1088/0022-3727/44/28/283001Search in Google Scholar

12. Wen, L., Li, X., Zhao, Z., Bu, S., Zeng, X.S., Huang, J., & Wang, Y. (2012). Theoretical consideration of III–V nanowire/Si triple-junction solar cells. Nanotechnology, 23(50), 505202–505211. DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/23/50/505202.10.1088/0957-4484/23/50/505202Search in Google Scholar

13. Nanopartz™ Bare Gold Nanorodz. (2014). http://www.nanopartz.com/bare_gold_nanorods.asp.Search in Google Scholar

14. Torrisi, L., Margarone, D., Laska, L., Krasa, J., Velyhan, A., Pfeifer, M., Ullschmied, J., & Ryc, L. (2008). Self-focusing effect in Au-target induced by high power pulsed laser at PALS. Laser Part. Beams, 26, 379–387. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0263034608000396.Search in Google Scholar

15. Vector Field Software. (2014). http://www.vectorfields.co.uk/.Search in Google Scholar

16. Thum-Jager, A., & Rohr, K. (1999). Angular emission distributions of neutrals and ions in laser ablated particle beams. J. Phys. D-Appl. Phys., 32, 2827–2832. DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/32/21/318.10.1088/0022-3727/32/21/318Search in Google Scholar

17. Torrisi, L., Cutroneo, M., Andò, L., & Ullschmied, J. (2013). Thomson parabola spectrometry for gold laser-generated plasmas. J. Phys. Plasmas, 20, 023106-1-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4793454.Search in Google Scholar

18. Láska, L., Badziak, J., Jungwirth, K., Kálal, M., Krása, J., Krouský, E., Kubeš, P., Margarone, D., Parys, P., Pfeifer, M., Rohlena, K., Rosinski, M., Ryc, L., Skála, J., Torrisi, L., Ullschmied, J., Velyhan, A., & Wolowski, J. (2010). Analysis of processes participating during intense iodine-laser-beam interactions with laser-produced plasmas. Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids, 165(6/10), 463–471. DOI: 10.1080/10420151003718550.10.1080/10420151003718550Search in Google Scholar

19. Gammino, S., Torrisi, L., Consoli, F., Margarone, D., Celona, L., & Ciavola, G. (2008). Perspectives for the ECLISSE method with 3rd generation ECRIS. Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids, 163(4/6), 277–286. DOI: 10.1080/10420150701777868.10.1080/10420150701777868Search in Google Scholar

20. Torrisi, L., Gammino, S., Mezzasalma, A. M., Badziak, J., Parys, P., Wolowski, J., Woryna, E., Krása, J., Láska, L., Pfeifer, M., Rohlena, K., & Boody, F. P. (2003). Implantation of ions produced by the use of high power iodine laser. Appl. Surf. Sci., 217, 319–331. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-4332(03)00551-8.10.1016/S0169-4332(03)00551-8Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo