1. bookVolume 9 (2016): Issue 2 (December 2016)
    Openness, Transparency and Ethics in Public Administration: Do they Support Each Other?
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4309
ISSN
1337-9038
First Published
03 Aug 2009
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Local Governments and Local Waste Management in the Czech Republic: Producers or Providers?

Published Online: 30 Dec 2016
Volume & Issue: Volume 9 (2016) - Issue 2 (December 2016) - Openness, Transparency and Ethics in Public Administration: Do they Support Each Other?
Page range: 217 - 237
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1338-4309
ISSN
1337-9038
First Published
03 Aug 2009
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Local governments are responsible for the delivery of a large variety of very different public services. The article is focused on two issues: 1) we try to discover whether the local governments in the Czech Republic prefer to be “producers” or “providers” of the waste-collection services; 2) we test and compare the efficiency of “production” and the efficiency of “provision”, and for this purpose we take into account various factors, inter alia inter-municipal cooperation, the existence of hybrid organizations, economies of scale etc. A main goal is to find out what the local governments in the Czech Republic prefer if they decide on the delivery of local services linked to waste management and what factors are the most important ones from the perspective of their potential influence on efficiency. Concerning the data, we analyse linked open data on municipal solid waste expenditure collected by the Ministry of Finance of the Czech Republic and data relating to features of waste collection obtained via a questionnaire-based survey which was carried out at the turn of 2015 – 2016. The results of the presented analysis show a clear relationship of dependence between the inter-municipal cooperation and the relevant costs, and it confirms the assumption that the Czech local governments undoubtedly prefer the position of “providers” in the field of the local waste management. Paradoxically, the results show that neither internal nor external provision of waste-collection services is a key factor of cost-efficiency.

Keywords

Bel, Germà and Antón Costas. 2006. “Do Public Sector Reforms get Rusty ? Local Privatization in Spain.” The Journal of Policy Reform 9(1), 1 – 24.Search in Google Scholar

Bel, Germà and Xavier Fageda. 2011. “Big Guys Eat Big Cakes: Firm Size and Contracting in Urban and Rural Areas.” International Public Management Journal 14(1), 4 – 26.Search in Google Scholar

Bel, Germà, Xavier Fageda and Melania Mur. 2014. “Does Cooperation Reduce Service Delivery Costs ? Evidence from Residential Solid Waste Services.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 24(1), 85 – 107.Search in Google Scholar

Bel, Germà, Xavier Fageda and Mildred E. Warner. 2010. “Is Private Production of Public Services Cheaper than Public Production ? A Meta Regression Analysis of Solid Waste and Water Services.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 29(3), 553 – 577.Search in Google Scholar

Bel, Germà and Melania Mur. 2009. “Intermunicipal Cooperation, Privatization and Waste Management Costs: Evidence from Rural Municipalities.” Waste Management 29(10), 2772 – 2778.Search in Google Scholar

Bel, Germà and Mildred Warner. 2008. “Does Privatization of Solid Waste and Water Services Reduce Costs ? A Review of Empirical Studies.” Resources, Conservation and Recycling 52(12), 1337 – 1348.Search in Google Scholar

Benito, Bernardino, José Solana and María-Rocío Moreno. 2014. “Explaining Efficiency in Municipal Services Providers.” Journal of Productivity Analysis 42(3), 225 – 239.Search in Google Scholar

Callan, Scot J. and Janet M. Thomas. 2001. “Economies of Scale and Scope: A Cost Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste Services.” Land Economics 77(4), 548 – 560.Search in Google Scholar

Csachová, Stela and Janette Nesorová-Dická. 2011. “Territorial Structure of Local Government in the Slovak Republic, the Czech Republic and the Hungarian Republic: Comparative View.” Geografický časopis 63(3), 209 – 225.Search in Google Scholar

Dijkgraaf, Elbert and Raymond Gradus. 2003. “Cost Savings of Contracting out Refuse Collection.” Empirica 30(2), 149 – 161.Search in Google Scholar

Dijkgraaf, Elbert and Raymond Gradus. 2007. “Collusion in the Dutch Waste Collection Market.” Local Government Studies 33(4), 573 – 588.Search in Google Scholar

Dijkgraaf, Elbert and Raymond Gradus. 2013. “Cost Advantage Cooperations Larger than Private Waste Factors.” Applied Economics Letters 20(7), 702 – 705.Search in Google Scholar

Domberger, Simon, Shirley A. Meadowcroft and David J. Thompson. 1986. “Competitive Tendering and Efficiency: The Case of Refuse Collection.” Fiscal Studies 7(4), 69 – 87.Search in Google Scholar

Franzke, Jochen, Daniel Klimovský and Uroš Pinterič. 2016. “Does Inter-Municipal Cooperation Lead to Territorial Consolidation ? A Comparative Analysis of Selected European Cases in Times of Crisis.” In Sabine Kuhlmann and Geert Bouckaert (eds). Local Public Sector Reforms in Times of Crisis: National Trajectories and International Comparisons. Houndmills / New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 81 – 98.Search in Google Scholar

Gradus, Raymond, Elbert Dijkgraaf and Martijn Schoute. 2016. “Is there still Collusion in the Dutch Waste Collection Market ?” Local Government Studies 42(5), 689 – 697.Search in Google Scholar

Gradus, Raymond, Elbert Dijkgraaf and Mattheus Wassenaar. 2014. “Understanding Mixed Forms of Refuse Collection, Privatization, and Its Reverse in the Netherlands.” International Public Management Journal 17(3), 328 – 343.Search in Google Scholar

Grafenauer, Božo and Mirko Klarić. 2011. “Alternative Service Delivery Arrangements at the Municipal Level in Slovenia and Croatia.” Lex localis – Journal of Local Self-Government 9(1), 67 – 83.Search in Google Scholar

Hirsch, Werner Z. 1965. “Cost Functions of an Urban Government Service: Refuse Collection.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 1965, 87 – 92.Search in Google Scholar

Kirkpatrick, Colin, David Parker and Yin-Fan Zhang. 2006. “An Empirical Analysis of State and Private-Sector Provision of Water Services in Africa.” The World Bank Economic Review 20(1), 143 – 163.Search in Google Scholar

Klimovský, Daniel. 2014. Inter-municipal Cooperation in Slovakia: The Case of Regions with Highly Fragmented Municipal Structure. Novo Mesto: Faculty of Organization Studies.Search in Google Scholar

Lackowska, Marta. 2009. “Why is Voluntary Co-operation Condemned to Failure ? Reflections on the Polish and German Background.” Lex Localis – Journal of Local Self-Government 7(4), 347 – 369.Search in Google Scholar

Lember, Veiko. 2004. “Limiting Aspects of Contracting out in Transitional Countries: The Case of Estonian Prisons.” Public Administration & Development 24(5), 425 – 435.Search in Google Scholar

Lombrano, Alessandro. 2009. “Cost Efficiency in the Management of Solid Urban Waste.” Resources, Conservation and Recycling 53(11), 601 – 611.Search in Google Scholar

McDavid, James C. 1985. “The Canadian Experience with Privatizing Residential Solid Waste Collection Services.” Public Administration Review 45(5), 602 – 608.Search in Google Scholar

Mikušová Meričková, Beáta and Juraj Nemec. 2013. “Factors Determining the Success of Contracting Local Public Services: Waste Collection and Waste Disposal, Management of Cemeteries in Slovakia.” Lex Localis 11(3), 375 – 386.Search in Google Scholar

Mikušová Meričková, Beáta, Juraj Nemec and Jana Soukopová. 2014. “The Economics of Waste Management: Evidence from the Czech Republic and Slovakia.” Lex Localis – Journal of Local Self-Government 12(3), 431 – 449.Search in Google Scholar

Nemec, Juraj, Beáta Meričková and Leos Vitek. 2005. “Contracting-out at Local Government Level: Theory and Selected Evidence from Czech and Slovak Republics.” Public Management Review 7(4), 638 – 647.Search in Google Scholar

Nemec, Juraj, Beáta Mikušová Meričková and Zuzana Vozárová. 2012. “Management of Contracting Public Services and its Quality in Slovakia.” NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy 1, 55 – 74.Search in Google Scholar

Oakerson, Ronald J. 1999. Governing Local Public Economies. Oakland: ICS Press.Search in Google Scholar

Ochrana, František, Markéta Fantová Šumpíková, Jan Pavel, Juraj Nemec, Beáta Mikušová Meričková, Stanislav Klazar and Pavel Rousek. 2007. Efektivnost zabezpečování vybraných veřejných služebna úrovni obcí. Praha: Oeconomica.Search in Google Scholar

Ochrana, František and Martin Nekola. 2009. “Economic Evaluation of Public Programs.” Ekonomický časopis 2009(5), 458 – 474.Search in Google Scholar

Ohlsson, Henry. 2003. “Ownership and Production Costs: Choosing between Public Production and Contracting-Out in the Case of Swedish Refuse Collection.” Fiscal Studies 24(4), 451 – 476.10.1111/j.1475-5890.2003.tb00091.xSearch in Google Scholar

Pavel, Jan and Emília Sičáková-Beblavá. 2008. “Transparency of Public Procurement Market in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.” Ekonomický časopis 2(56), 168 – 181.Search in Google Scholar

Reeves, Eoin and Michael Barrow. 2000. “The Impact of Contracting out on the Costs of Refuse Collection Services: The Case of Ireland.” Economic and Social Review 31(2), 129 – 150.Search in Google Scholar

Simões, Pedro and Rui Cunha Marques. 2012. “On the Economic Performance of the Waste Sector: A Literature Review.” Journal of Environmental Management 106, 40 – 47.Search in Google Scholar

Sørensen, Rune J. 2007. “Does Dispersed Public Ownership Impair Efficiency ? The Case of Refuse Collection in Norway.” Public Administration 85(4), 1045 – 1058.Search in Google Scholar

Soukopová, Jana and Ivan Malý. 2013. “Competitive Environment in Waste Management and its Impact on Municipal Expenditures.” Acta universitatis agriculturae et silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 61(4), 1113 – 1119.Search in Google Scholar

Soukopová, Jana and Ivan Malý. 2012. “Vliv konkurence na výši výdajů na nakládání s odpady obcí Jihomoravského kraje.” In Waste Forum, No. 4. Praha: CEMC, 173 – 183.Search in Google Scholar

Soukopová, Jana, Juraj Nemec, Lenka Matějová and Michal Struk. 2014. “Municipality Size and Local Public Services: Do Economies of Scale Exist ?” NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy 7(2), 151 – 171.Search in Google Scholar

Soukopová, Jana, František Ochrana, Daniel Klimovský and Beáta Mikušová Meričková. 2016. “Factors Influencing the Efficiency and Effectiveness of Municipal Waste Management Expenditure.” Lex Localis – Journal of Local Self-Government 14(3), 361 – 380.Search in Google Scholar

Soukopová, Jana and Gabriela Vaceková. 2015. “Competition and Municipal Waste Management Expenditure: Evidence from the Czech Republic, Olomouc Region.” Scientific Papers of the University of Pardubice, Series D 22(35), 128 – 138.Search in Google Scholar

Stevens, Barbara J. 1978. “Scale, Market Structure, and the Cost of Refuse Collection.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 60(3), 438 – 448.Search in Google Scholar

Szymanski, Stefan. 1996. “The Impact of Compulsory Competitive Tendering on Refuse Collection Services.” Fiscal Studies 17(3), 1 – 19.Search in Google Scholar

Warner, Mildred E. and Amir Hefetz. 2012. “Insourcing and Outsourcing: The Dynamics of Privatization among US Municipalities 2002 – 2007.” Journal of the American Planning Association 78(3), 313 – 327.Search in Google Scholar

Wollmann, Hellmut. 2011. “Provision of Public Services in European Countries: From Public / Municipal to Private and Reverse ?” Croatian and Comparative Public Administration 11(4), 889 – 910.Search in Google Scholar

Wollmann, Hellmut, Ivan Koprić and Gérard Marcou (eds). 2016. Public and Social Services in Europe: From Public and Municipal to Private Sector Provision. Houndmills / New York: Palgrave Macmillan.10.1057/978-1-137-57499-2Search in Google Scholar

Zafra-Gómez, Jose L., Diego Prior, Anna M. P. Díaz and Antonio M. López-Hernández. 2013. “Reducing Costs in Times of Crisis: Delivery Forms in Small and Medium Sized Local Governments’ Waste Management Services.” Public Administration 91(1), 51 – 68.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo