1. bookVolume 25 (2017): Issue 1 (March 2017)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
30 Mar 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Ecological Growth Boundaries

Published Online: 23 Jan 2017
Page range: 55 - 59
Received: 01 Jul 2016
Accepted: 01 Nov 2016
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
30 Mar 2017
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

The trends of the society for the continuous growth, combined with the demographic changes, today have led to the important ecological problems on a global scale, which include, among others: the increased use of non-renewable natural resources, an increase of the greenhouse gas emissions, contamination of soil, water, air and the progressive degradation of ecosystems. In the face of such serious threats the global initiatives of all countries are important to limit the results of the excessive consumption. The aim of the article is to present the methods of measurement of the consumption level of natural resources by the societies and the examination of relationships between the level of development of the societies and the use of resources. The popular measure – the ecological footprint – was used as a measurement method for the consumption of the today’s generations in relation to the regenerative possibilities of the natural environment. On the other hand, as the assessment method for the level of development of societies – the Human Development Index (HDI), including three basic areas: the life expectancy, GDP level per capita and education was used. The results of the research indicate that the current trend of the unlimited consumption of the highly developed countries takes place at the expense of the future generations.

Keywords

[1] L.S. David. L. Duckstein. “Multicriterion ranking of alternative long-range water resources systems”, Water Resources Bulletin, vol. 12, pp. 731-754, 1976.Search in Google Scholar

[2] J. Dubiński. M. Turek. „Szanse i zagrożenia rozwoju górnictwa węgla kamiennego w Polsce”. in Wiadomości Górnicze nr 11, pp. 626-633, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

[3] J.A. Foley et al. (2011, Oct). “Solutions for a cultivated planet”. Nature, [On-line]. vol. 478, pp. 337-342. Available: http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/oceanography/courses/OCN310_2/Fall14/files/essay4/foley.pdf [Jun.1, 2015]Search in Google Scholar

[4] S. Burns. M. Wackernagel. “Footprint-Annual Report 2012”. Global Footprint Network. Internet: http://www.footprintnetwork.org/images/article_uploads/2012_Annual_Report.pdf, 2012 [Jun. 1, 2015]Search in Google Scholar

[5] L. Kłos. „Ślad ekologiczny jako nieekonomiczny miernik jakości życia społeczeństwa”. Available: http://www.ue.katowice.pl/fileadmin/_migrated/content_uploads/6_L.Klos__Slad_ekologiczny_jako_nieekonomiczny_miernik....pdf [June. 15, 2015]Search in Google Scholar

[6] J. Makowski. Geografia fizyczna świata. Warszawa PWN, 2007, s. 302.Search in Google Scholar

[7] I. Sachs. “Eco-development: a definition”, Ambio, vol. 8, no, 2-3, pp. 111-113, 1979.Search in Google Scholar

[8] J. Słonimiec. P. Szatkowska. N. Stępień. J. Urban. S. Dobosz. G. Biernacki. JI. Han Yeon. „Stan realizacji celów zintegrowanej polityki produktowej w Polsce na tle pozostałych krajów Unii Europejskiej”. in Management System in Production Engineering No 4(20), 2015. DOI 10.12914/MSPE-01-04-2015Search in Google Scholar

[9] M.K. Tolba. Development without Destruction: Evolving Environmental Perceptions. Dublin: Tycooly Publishing, 1976.Search in Google Scholar

[10] WCED, Our Common Future, London: Oxford University Press, 1987.Search in Google Scholar

[11] W. Wilczyńska-Michalik. K. Świder. „Założenia koncepcji Ekologicznego Śladu i przykłady obliczeń dla dużych miast”. Studia Geographica I, pp. 103-125, 2010.Search in Google Scholar

[12] World Conservation Strategy. Living Resource Conservation for Sustainable Development, IUCN-NDP-WWF. Internet: https://portals.iucn.org/library/efiles/documents/WCS-004.pdf 1980 [Jun. 15, 2015].Search in Google Scholar

[13] Internet: http://ulicaekologiczna.pl/zdrowy-styl-zycia/slad-ekologiczny-%E2%80%93-koszt-naszego-bycia-naziemi/, Jul.5, 2011 [Jul. 15, 2015]Search in Google Scholar

[14] Living Planet Report: Biodiversity, biocapacity and better choices. Internet: http://www.wwf.de/fileadmin/fm-wwf/Publikationen-PDF/WWF_LPR_2012.pdf, 2012 [Jul. 15, 2015]Search in Google Scholar

[15] Internet: www.footprintnetwork.org/atlas [Jul. 5, 2015]Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo