1. bookVolume 36 (2018): Issue 1 (March 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Functionalization of the Si(1 1 1) 7 × 7 substrate with coronene molecules using simple molecular source

Published Online: 18 May 2018
Volume & Issue: Volume 36 (2018) - Issue 1 (March 2018)
Page range: 86 - 92
Received: 11 Apr 2017
Accepted: 15 Dec 2017
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The present paper aims at describing a source designed and constructed to generate an organic molecular beam under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The presented construction solution of the evaporation source allows for independent deposition of three different kinds of molecules. The probability of molecules fragmentation is minimized by using a thermocouple being in contact with a molecular crucible, which enables precise temperature control. In addition, cleanness and molecular beam density are monitored using a quadrupole mass spectrometer and quartz microbalance, respectively. The operational parameters of the molecular source are optimized and deposition rates are measured for the coronene molecule in the sublimation temperature range between 430 K and 460 K. The analysis of scanning tunneling microscope images of the Si(1 1 1) 7 × 7 substrate covered with the sub-monolayer of coronene molecules and comparison with previously published data has been used for verification of the molecular source operation.

Keywords

[1] CLAEYS C., SIMOEN E., Germanium-Based From Materials to Devices Technologies, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2007.Search in Google Scholar

[2] JIA F., WOO R., SHULU C., YAOCHENG L., GRIFFIN P.B., PLUMMER J.D., IEEE Electr. Device L., 28 (2007), 637.10.1109/LED.2007.899329Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[3] CHAWANDA A., NYAMHERE C., AURET F.D., MTANGI W., DIALE M., NEL J.M., Phys. Status Solidi, 7 (2010), 248.10.1002/pssc.200982404Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[4] GRZELA T., CAPELLINI G., KOCZOROWSKI W., SZUBERT M.A., CZAJKA R., CURSON N.J., HEIDMANN I., SCHMIDT T., FALTA J., SCHROEDER T., Nanotechnology, 26 (2015), 385701.10.1088/0957-4484/26/38/38570126335383Search in Google Scholar

[5] LUKANOV B., REINER J., WALKER F., AHN C., ALTMAN E., Phys. Rev. B, 84 (2011), 1.10.1103/PhysRevB.84.075330Search in Google Scholar

[6] MERCKLING C., SAINT-GIROS G., BATELLA C., HOLLINGER G., HEYNS M., DEKOSTER J., CAYMAX M., Appl. Phys. Lett., 98 (2011), 092901.10.1063/1.3558997Search in Google Scholar

[7] KOCZOROWSKI W., GRZELA T., RADNY M.W., SCHOFIELD S.R., CAPELLINI G., CZAJKA R., SCHROEDER T., CURSON N.J., Nanotechnology, 26 (2015), 155701.10.1088/0957-4484/26/15/15570125797886Search in Google Scholar

[8] KOCZOROWSKI W., PUCHALSKA A., GRZELA T., JURCZYSZYN L., SCHOFIELD S.R., CZAJKA R., CURSON N.J., RADNY M.W., Phys. Rev. B, 93 (2016), 195304.10.1103/PhysRevB.93.195304Search in Google Scholar

[9] HUDAIT M.K., ZHU Y., JAIN N., MAURYA D., ZHOU Y., VARGHESE R., PRIYA S., ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 5 (2013), 11446.10.1021/am403686624134542Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[10] MCDANIEL M.D., HU C., LU S., NGO T.Q., POSADAS A., JIANG A., SMITH D.J., YU E.T. DEMKOV A.A., EKERDT J.G., J. Appl. Phys., 117 (2015), 054101.10.1063/1.4906953Search in Google Scholar

[11] PARK S.J., YEOM H.W., MIN S.H., PARK D.H., LYO I.W., Phys. Rev. Lett., 93 (2004), 10640.10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.10640215447427Search in Google Scholar

[12] KOCZOROWSKI W., BAZARNIK M., CZAJKA R., Acta Phys. Pol. A, 120 (2011), 480.10.12693/APhysPolA.120.480Search in Google Scholar

[13] RACIS A., JURCZYSZYN L., BAZARNIK M., KOCZOROWSKI W., WYKROTA A., CZAJKA R., RADNY M.W., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17 (2015), 23783.10.1039/C5CP02894ASearch in Google Scholar

[14] N’DIAYE A.T., BLEIKAMP S., FEIBELMAN P.J., MICHELY T., Phys. Rev. Lett., 97 (2006), 215501.10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.21550117155746Search in Google Scholar

[15] IWASAKI T., PARK H.J., KONUMA M., LEE D.S., SMET J.H., STARKE U., Nano Lett., 11 (2011), 79.10.1021/nl102834q21126100Search in Google Scholar

[16] WEI D., XU X., Appl. Phys. Lett., 100 (2012), 023110.10.1063/1.3675636Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[17] LIPPERT G., DABROWSKI J., SCHROEDER T., SCHUBERT M.A., YAMAMOTO Y., HERCIGER F., MAULTZSCH J., BARINGHAUS J., TEGENKAMP C., ASENSIO M.C., AVILAD J., LUPINA G., Carbon, 75 (2014), 104.10.1016/j.carbon.2014.03.042Search in Google Scholar

[18] WYKROTA A., KOCZOROWSKI W., CZAJKA R., Mater. Sci. Semicond. Proc., 17 (2014), 168.10.1016/j.mssp.2013.09.006Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[19] LEE W.H., PARK J., SIM S.H., LIM S., KIM K.S., HONG B.H., CHO K., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 133 (2011), 4447.10.1021/ja109746321381751Search in Google Scholar

[20] KURY P., HILD R., THIEN D., GUNTER H.L., MEYER ZU HERINGDORF F.J., HORN VON HOEGEN M., Rev. Sci. Instrum., 76 (2005), 083906.10.1063/1.2001665Search in Google Scholar

[21] LACINGER M., GRIESSL S., HECKL W.M., HIETSCHOLD M., J. Phys. Chem. B, 106 (2002), 4482.10.1021/jp014275sSearch in Google Scholar

[22] GUTZLER R., HECKL W.M., LACINGER M., Rev. Sci. Instrum., 81 (2010), 015108.10.1063/1.329251020113130Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[23] WAKAYAMA Y., HILL J.P., ARIGA K., Surf. Sci., 601 (2007), 3984.10.1016/j.susc.2007.04.068Search in Google Scholar

[24] NEˇCAS D., KLAPETEK P., Cent. Eur. J. Phys., 10 (2012), 181.Search in Google Scholar

[25] PN-EN 60584-1:2014-04, Thermoelements.Search in Google Scholar

[26] Product information: www.sigmaaldrich.com; (accessed on 2016.08).Search in Google Scholar

[27] BECKER R.S., GOLOVCHENKO J.A., MCRAE E.G., SWARTZENTRUBER B.S., Phys. Rev. Lett., 55 (1985), 2028.10.1103/PhysRevLett.55.202810031991Search in Google Scholar

[28] BROMMER K., NEEDELS M., LARSON B., JOANNOPOULOS J., Phys. Rev. Lett., 68 (1992), 1355.10.1103/PhysRevLett.68.135510046145Search in Google Scholar

[29] TAKAYANAGI K., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 3 (1985), 1502.Search in Google Scholar

[30] MARTINEZ-BLANCO J., KLINGSPORN M., HORN K., Surf. Sci., 604 (2010), 523.10.1016/j.susc.2009.12.017Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo