1. bookVolume 33 (2015): Issue 2 (June 2015)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Grain growth kinetics for B2O3-doped ZnO ceramics

Published Online: 11 Jul 2015
Volume & Issue: Volume 33 (2015) - Issue 2 (June 2015)
Page range: 220 - 229
Received: 13 May 2014
Accepted: 08 Dec 2014
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-134X
First Published
16 Apr 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Grain growth kinetics in 0.1 to 2 mol % B2O3-added ZnO ceramics was studied by using a simplified phenomenological grain growth kinetics equation Gn = K0 · t · exp(-Q/RT) together with the physical properties of sintered samples. The samples, prepared by conventional ceramics processing techniques, were sintered at temperatures between 1050 to 1250 °C for 1, 2, 3, 5 and 10 hours in air. The kinetic grain growth exponent value (n) and the activation energy for the grain growth of the 0.1 mol % B2O3-doped ZnO ceramics were found to be 2.8 and 332 kJ/mol, respectively. By increasing B2O3 content to 1 mol %, the grain growth exponent value (n) and the activation energy decreased to 2 and 238 kJ/mol, respectively. The XRD study revealed the presence of a second phase, Zn3B2O6 formed when the B2O3 content was > 1 mol %. The formation of Zn3B2O6 phase gave rise to an increase of the grain growth kinetic exponent and the grain growth activation energy. The kinetic grain growth exponent value (n) and the activation energy for the grain growth of the 2 mol % B2O3-doped ZnO ceramics were found to be 3 and 307 kJ/mol, respectively. This can be attributed to the second particle drag (pinning) mechanism in the liquid phase sintering.

Keywords

[1] SUCHEA M., CHRISTOULAKIS S., MOSCHOVIS K., KATSARAKIS N., KIRIAKIDIS G., Thin Solid Films, 515 (2006), 551.10.1016/j.tsf.2005.12.295Search in Google Scholar

[2] SENDA T., BRADT R.C., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 73 (1990), 106.10.1111/j.1151-2916.1990.tb05099.xSearch in Google Scholar

[3] LOKHANDE B.J., PATIL P.S., UPLANE M.D., Physica B, 302 - 303 (2001), 59.10.1016/S0921-4526(01)00405-7Search in Google Scholar

[4] CHEN X.L., XU B.H., XUE J.M., ZHAO Y., WEI C.C., SUN J., WANG Y., ZHANG X.D., GENG X.H., Thin Solid Films, 515 (2007), 3753.10.1016/j.tsf.2006.09.039Search in Google Scholar

[5] ISHIZAKI H., IMAIZUMI M., MATSUDA S., IZAKI M., ITO T., Thin Solid Films, 411 (2002), 65.10.1016/S0040-6090(02)00189-XSearch in Google Scholar

[6] TAHAR R.B.H., TAHAR N.B.H., J. Mater. Sci., 40 (2005), 5285.10.1007/s10853-005-0522-1Search in Google Scholar

[7] GAO P.X., WANG Z.L., J. Appl. Phys., 97 (2005), 044304 1.10.1063/1.1847701Search in Google Scholar

[8] ISLAM M.N., SAMANTARAY B.K., CHOPRA K.L., ACHARYA H.N., Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C., 29 (1993), 27.10.1016/0927-0248(93)90089-LSearch in Google Scholar

[9] OBA F., NISHITANI S. R., ISOTANI S., ADACHI H., TANAKA I., J. Appl. Phys., 90 (2001), 824.10.1063/1.1380994Search in Google Scholar

[10] HAGEMARK K. I., J. Solid State Chem., 16 (1976), 293.10.1016/0022-4596(76)90044-XSearch in Google Scholar

[11] MAHAN G.D., J. Appl. Phys., 54 (1983), 3825.10.1063/1.332607Search in Google Scholar

[12] ZIEGLER E., HEINRICH A., OPPERMANN H., STR¨O VER G., Phys. Status Solidi A, 66 (1981), 635.10.1002/pssa.2210660228Search in Google Scholar

[13] NEUMANN G., Phys. Status Solidi B, 105 (1981), 605.10.1002/pssb.2221050220Search in Google Scholar

[14] MARKEVICH I. V., KUSHNIRENKO V. I., BORKOVSKA L. V., BULAKH B. M., Phys. Status Solidi C, 3 (4) (2006), 942.10.1002/pssc.200564757Search in Google Scholar

[15] HAUSMANN A., SCHALLENBERGER B., Z. Phys. B, 31 (1978), 269.10.1007/BF01352351Search in Google Scholar

[16] HAN J., MANTAS P.Q., SENOS A.M.R., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 21 (2001), 1883.10.1016/S0955-2219(01)00136-4Search in Google Scholar

[17] YOON M.H., LEE S.H., PARK H.L., KIM H.K., JANG M.S., J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 21 (2002), 1703.10.1023/A:1020841213266Search in Google Scholar

[18] ZHANG Y., HAN J., Mater. Lett., 60 (2006), 2522.10.1016/j.matlet.2006.01.030Search in Google Scholar

[19] TOPLAN O., GUNAY V., OZKAN T.O., Ceram. Int., 23 (1997), 251.10.1016/S0272-8842(96)00035-1Search in Google Scholar

[20] HAN J., MANTAS P.Q., SENOS A.M.R., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 20 (2000), 2753.10.1016/S0955-2219(00)00220-XSearch in Google Scholar

[21] ABDUEV A.K., ASVAROV S., AKHMEDOV A.K., KAMILOV I.K., US Patent 20090218735 A1, 3. Sep. 2009.Search in Google Scholar

[22] KUSHNIRENKO V.I., MARKEVICH I.V., RUSAVSKY A.V., Radiat. Meas., 45 (2010), 468.10.1016/j.radmeas.2009.12.015Search in Google Scholar

[23] LEVINSON L. M., US patent 4460623, 17. Jul. 1984.Search in Google Scholar

[24] LIU F., XU G., DUAN L., LI Y., LI Y., CUI P., J. Alloy. Compd., 509 (2011), L56.10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.10.074Search in Google Scholar

[25] GLOT A. B., MAZURIK S. V., Inorg. Mater.+, 36 (2000), 636.10.1007/BF02757969Search in Google Scholar

[26] CHENG L., LI G., YUAN K., MENG L., ZHENG L., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 95 (2012), 1004.Search in Google Scholar

[27] GUPTA T. K., COBLE R. L., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 51 (1968), 521.10.1111/j.1151-2916.1968.tb15679.xSearch in Google Scholar

[28] NORRIS L.F., PARRAVANO G., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 46 (1963), 449.10.1111/j.1151-2916.1963.tb11774.xSearch in Google Scholar

[29] NICHOLSON G.C., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 48 (1965), 214.10.1111/j.1151-2916.1965.tb14716.xSearch in Google Scholar

[30] WONG J., J. Appl. Phys., 51 (1980), 4453.10.1063/1.328266Search in Google Scholar

[31] ASOKAN T., IYENGAR G.N., NAGABHUSHANA G.R., J. Mater. Sci., 22 (1987), 2229.10.1007/BF01132965Search in Google Scholar

[32] FAN J., SALE F.R., J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 20 (2000), 2743.10.1016/S0955-2219(00)00230-2Search in Google Scholar

[33] HNG H. H., HALIM L., Mater. Lett., 57 (2003), 1411.10.1016/S0167-577X(02)00999-0Search in Google Scholar

[34] HAN J., MANTAS P.Q., SENOS A.M.R., J. Mater. Res., 16 (2001), 459.10.1557/JMR.2001.0069Search in Google Scholar

[35] BRADT R.C., NUNES S.I., SENDA T., SUZUKI H., BURKETT S.L., Grain Growth, in: GERMAN R.M., MESSING G.L., CORNWALL R.G. (Eds.), Sintering Technology, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996, p. 389.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo