1. bookVolume 42 (2015): Issue 1 (January 2015)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1897-1695
First Published
04 Jul 2007
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

The 443-Year Tree-Ring Chronology for the Scots Pine from Upper Silesia (Poland) as A Dating Tool and Climate Proxy

Published Online: 25 Mar 2015
Volume & Issue: Volume 42 (2015) - Issue 1 (January 2015)
Page range: -
Received: 16 May 2014
Accepted: 02 Feb 2015
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1897-1695
First Published
04 Jul 2007
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

An annually resolved and absolutely dated ring-width chronology spanning 443 years has been constructed using the historical and living-tree Scots pine samples from the Upper Silesia, south of Poland. The constructed regional chronology, based on six object chronologies, covers the period of 1568-2010. It is composed of 178 wood samples with the mean correlation of 0.51, mean series length of 104 years and mean EPS of 0.85. In total, 65 extreme years were distinguished. Their inde-pendent verification, based on the historical and meteorological data, showed significant correlation with the exceptionally cold/mild winters as well as severe droughts. The comparison of the extreme years with the other Polish pine chronologies showed similarities in the years with the anomalous winter conditions. Some extreme years can be associated with the exceptional pluvial conditions; these years are common in the Central European hydroclimatic tree-ring records. The construction of this regional pine chronology enables for the absolute dating of many architectural monuments from investigated region. The application of the new chronology for the dating of local wood can support interpretations of changes in the environment of the Upper Silesian region. In the future it can also be used as the basis for climate reconstruction.

Keywords

Alestalo J, 1971. Dendrochronological interpretation of geomorphic processes. Fennia 105: 1-140.Search in Google Scholar

Atlas Śląska Dolnego i Opolskiego (Atlas of Lower Silesia and Opole Silesia), 2008. Pracownia Atlasu Dolnego Śląska Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, Wrocław (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Baillie MGL, 1995. A Slice through Time: dendrochronology and precision dating. Routledge, London: 1-176.Search in Google Scholar

Baillie MGL and Pilcher JR, 1973. A simple cross-dating program for tree-ring research. Tree-Ring Bulletin 33: 7-14.Search in Google Scholar

Bartholin T, 1987. Dendrochronology in Sweden. Annales Academiae Scienttiarum Fennicae, Geologica-Geographica 145: 79-88.Search in Google Scholar

Bartholin T, 1991. Dendrochronology in building investigations in Sweden/ Dendrochronology and the Investigation of Buildings. In: Storsletten O, Thun T, eds., Proceedings of International Seminar at the Academy of Science and Letters 22: 14-17.Search in Google Scholar

Bernabei M and Bontadi J, 2012. Dendrochronological analysis of the timber structure of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. Jour¬nal of Cultural Heritage 13(4), Supplement: e54-e60, DOI 10.1016/j.culher.2012.10.002.10.1016/j.culher.2012.10.002Search in Google Scholar

Billamboz A, 2003. Tree rings and wetland occupation in southwest Germany between 2000 and 500 BC: dendroarchaeology beyond dating. Tree-Ring Research 59: 37-49.Search in Google Scholar

Bortolot Z, Copenheaver C, Longe R and Van Aardt J, 2001. Develop¬ment of a white oak chronology sing live trees and post-civil war cabin in south-central Virginia. Tree-Ring Research 57: 197-203.Search in Google Scholar

Brazdil R, et al., 2005. Historicke a současne povodne v Ceske Repub¬lice (Historical and recent floods in the Czech Republic). Masa- rykova univerzita v Brne, Brano-Praha: 1-370 (in Czech).Search in Google Scholar

Brazdil R, Kirchner K., et al., 2007. Vybrane Prodi extremy a jejich dopady na Morave a ve Slezsku (Selected natural extremes and their impacts in Moravia and Silesia). Masarykova univerzita, Brno-Praha-Ostrava: 1-432 (in Czech).Search in Google Scholar

Briffa KR, Bartholin TS, Eckstein D, Jones PD, Karlen W, Schweingruber FH and Zetterberg R, 1990. A 1,400-year tree-ring record of summer temperatures in Fennoscandia. Nature 346: 434¬439, DOI 10.1038/346434a0.10.1038/346434a0Search in Google Scholar

Bridge MC, 1988. The dendrochronological dating of buildings in southern England. Medieval Archaeology 32: 166-174.10.1080/00766097.1988.11735506Search in Google Scholar

Bryś K and Bryś T, 2010. Reconstruction of the 217-year (1791-2007) Wrocław air temperature and precipitation series. Bulletin of Ge¬ography: Physical Geography Series 3: 121-171.10.2478/bgeo-2010-0007Search in Google Scholar

Buntgen U, Bellwald I, Kalbermatten H, Schmidhalter M, Frank DC, Freund H, Bellwald W, Neuwirth B, Nusser M and Esper J, 2006. 700 years of settlement and building history in the Lotschental, Switzerland. Erdkunde 60(2):96-112, DOI 10.3112/erdkunde.2006.02.02.10.3112/erdkunde.2006.02.02Search in Google Scholar

Buntgen U, Brazdil R, Dobrovolny P, Trnka M and Kyncl T, 2011. Five centuries of Southern Moravian drought variations revealed from living and historic trees. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 105: 167-180, DOI 10.1007/s00704-010-0381-9.10.1007/s00704-010-0381-9Search in Google Scholar

Buntgen U, Brazdil R, Frank D, Esper J, 2010. Three centuries of Slovakian drought dynamics. Climate Dynamics 35: 315-329, DOI 10.1007/s00382-009-0563-2.10.1007/s00382-009-0563-2Search in Google Scholar

Buntgen U, Esper J, Schmidhalter M, Frank DC, Treydte K, Neuwirth B and Winiger M, 2004. Using recent and historical larch wood to build a 1300-year Valais-chronology. In: Gartner H, Esper J, Schleser G, eds., TRACE, 2: 85-92.Search in Google Scholar

Buntgen U, Frank DC, Kaczka RJ, Verstege A, Zwijacz-Kozica T and Esper J, 2007. Growth/climate response of a multi-species tree¬ring network in the Western Carpathian Tatra Mountains, Poland and Slovakia. Tree Physiology 27:689-702, DOI 10.1093/treephys/27.5.689.10.1093/treephys/27.5.68917267360Search in Google Scholar

Cedro A, 2004. Zmiany klimatyczne na Pomorzu Zachodnim w świetle analizy przyrostów rocznych sosny zwyczajnej, daglezji zielonej i rodzimych gatunków dębów (Climatic changes in Western Pomer¬ania in the light of analysis of tree-ring sequences of Scots Pine, Douglas fir, and native species of Oak). Wydawnictwo In Plus. Szczecin: 1-143 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Cook ER and Kairiukstis LA, eds., 1990. Methods of Dendrochronolo¬gy: Applications in the Environmental Sciences. Springer, Dor- drecht-Boston-London: 1-395.10.1007/978-94-015-7879-0Search in Google Scholar

Čufar K, De Luis M, Zupančič M, Eckstein D, 2008. A 548-Year Tree¬Ring Chronology of Oak (Quercus spp.) for Southeast Slovenia and its Significance as a Dating Tool and Climate Archive. Tree¬Ring Research 64(1): 3-15, DOI 10.3959/2007-12.1.10.3959/2007-12.1Search in Google Scholar

Dean JS, 1996. Dendrochronology and the Study of Human Behavior. In: Dean JS, Meko DM, Swetnam TW, eds., Tree-rings, Environ¬ment, and Humanity. Radiocarbon: 461-471.Search in Google Scholar

Douglas AE, 1935. Dating Pueblo Bomto and other Ruins of the Southwest. National Geographic Society, Contributed Technical Papers, Pueblo Bonito Series No. 1.Search in Google Scholar

Eckstein D, 2007. Human time in tree rings. Dendrochronologia 24: 53-60, DOI 10.1016/j.dendro.2006.10.001.10.1016/j.dendro.2006.10.001Search in Google Scholar

Feliksik E and Wilczyński S, 2000. The influence of thermal and pluvial conditions on the radial increment of the Scots pine (Pinus syl- vestris L.) from the area of Dolny Slask. Folia Forestalia Polonica ser. A, 42: 55-66.Search in Google Scholar

Friedrich MS, Remmele B, Kromer J, Hofmann M, Spurk KF, Kaiser CO and Kuppers M, 2004. The 12,460-year Hohenheim oak and pine tree-ring chronology from Central Europe - a unique annual record for radiocarbon calibration and paleoenvironment recon¬structions. Radiocarbon 46(3): 1111-1122.10.1017/S003382220003304XSearch in Google Scholar

Fritts H, 1976. Tree Rings and Climate London. Academic Press: 1¬280.10.1016/B978-0-12-268450-0.50006-9Search in Google Scholar

Gil E, 1976. Muzeum Wsi Opolskiej w Opolu-Bierkowicach (Museum of Rural Architecture in Opole-Bierkowice). Opole: 1-24 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Gurskaya M, 2007. A 900-years larch chronology for north-western Siberia on the bases of archaeological wood of the Ust-Voykar set¬tlement. Geochronometria 28: 67-72, DOI 10.2478/v10003-007- 0028-8.10.2478/v10003-007-0028-8Search in Google Scholar

Grissino-Mayer HD, Maxwell JT, Harley GL, Garland NA, Holt DH, Absher C, Beale BJ, Boehm MS, de Graauw KA, Rautio AM and Dye AW, 2013. Dendrochronology reveals the construction history of an early 19th century farm settlement, southwestern Virginia, USA. Journal of Archaeological Science 40: 481-489, DOI 10.1016/j .jas.2012.05.038.10.1016/j.jas.2012.05.038Search in Google Scholar

Helama S, Vartiainen M, Holopainen J, Makela HM, Kolstrom T and Merilainen J, 2014. A palaeotemperature record for the Finnish Lakeland based on microdensitometric variations in tree rings. Ge- ochronometria 41(3): 265-277, DOI 10.2478/s13386-013-0163-0.10.2478/s13386-013-0163-0Search in Google Scholar

Heubner KU, 1996. Zum Stand der Dendrochronologie im unteren Odergebiet (The state of dendrochronology in the lower Oder re-gion). In: Moździoch S., ed., Człowiek a środowisko w środkowym i dolnym Nadodrzu. Spotkania Bytomskie 2, Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN, Wrocław: 207-211 (in German).Search in Google Scholar

Holmes RL, 1994. Dendrochronology Program Library. Users Manual. University of Arizona, Tuscon: 1-51.Search in Google Scholar

Inglot S, 1962. Historyczne aspekty zjawisk klimatyczno- meteorologicznych na Śląsku odXVI do połowy XIX wieku (Histor-ical aspects of the climate and meteorological phenomena in Sile-sia from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century). Sprawozda-nia Wrocławskiego Towarzystwa Naukowego, Wrocław: 82-86 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Inglot S, 1968. Zjawiska klimatyczno-meteorologiczne na Śląsku od XVI do połowy XIX wieku (The phenomenon of climate and weather in Silesia from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth centu-ry). In: Świętochowski B. ed., Z badań nad wpływem posuchy na rolnictwo na Dolnym Śląsku, Wrocław: 1-139 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Koprowski M, Przybylak R, Zielski A and Pośpieszyńska A, 2012. Tree rings of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) as a source of information about past climate in northern Poland. International Journal of Bi¬ometeorology 56: 1-10, DOI 10.1007/s00484-010-0390-5.10.1007/s00484-010-0390-5324538321174127Search in Google Scholar

Kozlov V and Kisternaya M, 2004. Architectural wooden monuments as a source of information for past environmental changes in North¬ern Russia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 209: 103-111, DOI 10.1016/j.palaeo.2004.02.006.10.1016/j.palaeo.2004.02.006Search in Google Scholar

Krąpiec M, 2000. Dendrochronological Analysis of Wood from Select-ed Lake Dwellings of the West Baltic Barrow Culture. In: Kola A. ed., Studies in Lake Dwellings of the West Baltic Barrow Culture: 65-77.Search in Google Scholar

Krąpiec M and Margielewski W, 2000. Analiza dendrogeomorfolo- giczna ruchów masowych na obszarze polskich Karpat fliszowych (Dendro-geomorphological analysis of mass movements in the ar-ea of the Polish Carpathians). Kwartalnik AGH Geologia 26 (2): 141-171 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Krąpiec M, Szychowska-Krąpiec E and Walanus A, 2009. Rekon-strukcja termiki okresu zimowego w NE Polsce na podstawie sekwencji przyrostów rocznych sosny zwyczajnej z lat 1582-2004 AD (Reconstruction of the winter thermal conditions in north¬eastern Poland on the basis of the sequence of annual growth of Scots pine in the years 1582-2004 AD). Prace Komisji Paleogeo- grafii Czwartorzędu PAU7: 73-82 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Kuniholm PI, 2000. Dendrochronologically dated Ottoman monuments. In: Baram U, Carroll L, eds, A Historical Archeology of the Otto-man Empire: Braking New Ground, Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York, 93-121.10.1007/0-306-47182-5_4Search in Google Scholar

Kwak J, 1987. Klęski elementarne w miastach górnośląskich (w XVIII i w pierwszej połowie XIX w.) (Natural disasters in the cities of Up-per Silesia (in the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth century). Instytut Śląski w Opolu, Opole: 1-93 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Kyncl J and Kyncl T, 1999. Standard chronologien der Nadelgeholze. Gegenwartiger Bearbeitungsstand in Bohmen und Mahren (Stand-ard chronologies of conifers. Current processing status in Bohemia and Moravia). In: Polacek R, Dvorska J, eds, Probleme der mit- teleuropaischen dendrochronologie und naturwissenschaftliche Beitrage zur Talaue der March. Archeological Institute AV CR, Brno: 79-84 (in German).Search in Google Scholar

Laanelaid A and Eckstein D, 2003. Development of a Tree-ring Chro-nology of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) for Estonia as a Dating Tool and Climate Proxy. Baltic Forestry 9(2): 76-82.Search in Google Scholar

LaMarche VC Jr, 1974. Paleoclimatic Inferences from Long Tree-Ring Records. Science 183:1043-1048, DOI 10.1126/science. 183.4129.1043.10.1126/science.183.4129.104317738961Search in Google Scholar

Liang W, Heinrich I, Simard S, Helle G, Linan ID and Heinken T, 2013. Climate Signals Derived from Cell Anatomy of Scots Pine in NE Germany. Tree Physiology 33(8):833-844, DOI 10.1093/treephys/tpt059.10.1093/treephys/tpt05923999138Search in Google Scholar

Malik I, Opała M, Wistuba M, Franek M, Tyrol C and Bielarczyk P, 2014. Rekonstrukcja funkcjonowania historycznego hutnictwa żelaza na podstawie datowania dendrochronologicznego pozos-tałości budowli drewnianych i węgli drzewnych z mielerzy (Ró-wnina Opolska) (Reconstruction of the historical iron industry based on the dendrochronological dating of buildings remains and charcoal kilns (Opole Plain)). Studia i materiały Centrum Edukacji Przyrodniczo-Leśnej 40(3): 194-202 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Michalak S, 1971. Rezerwaty przyrody na Opolszczyźnie (Nature Re-serves in the Opole region). Wojewódzki Ośrodek Informacji Turystycznej, Opole, 1-120 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Myglan VS, Zharnikov ZY, Mainicheva AY and Lykhin YP, 2009. Ilimsk Ostrog: its Historical and Dendro-Chronological Aspects. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sci-ences 1(3): 43-52.Search in Google Scholar

Namaczyńska S, 1937. Kronika klęsk elementarnych w Polsce i w krajach sąsiednich w latach 1648-1696. T. 1. Zjawiska meteoro¬logiczne i pomory (The Chronicle of natural disasters in Poland and neighboring countries in the years 1648-1696. Vol 1 Meteoro¬logical phenomena and plagues). Lwów: 1-214 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Niedźwiedź T, 1998. Rola cyrkulacji atmosfery w kształtowaniu klima¬tu Górnego Śląska (The role of atmospheric circulation in shaping the climate of Upper Silesia). In: Rzętała M., Szczypek T., eds, 47 Zjazd PTG „Geografia w kształtowaniu i ochronie środowiska oraz transformacji gospodarczej regionu górnośląskiego”- refer¬aty, komunikaty, postery, Sosnowiec: 1-109 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Niedźwiedź T, 2004. Rekonstrukcja warunków termicznych lata w Tatrach od 1550 roku (Reconstruction of the summer thermal con¬ditions in the Tatra Mountains from 1550). In: Kotarba A. ed, Rola Małej Epoki Lodowej w przekształcaniu środowiska przyrod¬niczego Tatr. Prace Geograficzne, 197: 57-88 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Niedźwiedź T, 2010. Summer temperatures in the Tatra Mountains during the Maunder Minimum (1645-1715). Chapter 19, In: Przybylak R, Majorowicz J, Brazdil R, Kejna M, eds., The Polish Climate in the European Context: An Historical Overview, Spring¬er Science + Business Media B.V., 397-406.10.1007/978-90-481-3167-9_19Search in Google Scholar

Nielsen E, Conley G and McLeod KD, 1995. The use of tree-ring analysis to determine the construction date of historic buildings in southern Manitoba. Manitoba Archaeological Journal 5: 46-59.Search in Google Scholar

Obelić B, Bronić IK, Barešić J, Peković Ž and Milosevic A, 2007. Dating of the old bridge in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ra-diocarbon 49(2): 617-623.10.1017/S003382220004251XSearch in Google Scholar

Opała M and Kaczka RJ, 2008. Dating of wooden shelters in Polish High Tatras - tree rings records of the shepherding history of the Carpathians. In: Elferts D, et al., eds, Proceedings of the DEN- DROSYMPOSIUM2007, May 3rd-6th, Riga, Latvia, 135-139.Search in Google Scholar

Opała M and Kłys G, 2011. Dendrochronological analysis of the manor house in Miejsce near Świerczów on the basis of historical wood. Nature Journal (Opole Scientific Society) 44: 21-24.Search in Google Scholar

Opała M, Majgier L and Parusel T, 2011. Dendrochronologiczna ocena wieku drzew iglastych w wybranych rezerwatach leśnych wo¬jewództwa opolskiego (Dendrochronological assessment of the age of conifers in selected forest reserves of the Opolskie Voi- vodeship). Parki Narodowe i Rezerwaty Przyrody 30(2): 55-70 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Opała M and Mendecki M, 2014. An attempt to dendroclimatic recon¬struction of winter temperature based on multispecies tree-ring widths and extreme years chronologies (example of Upper Silesia, Southern Poland). Theoretical and Applied Climatology 115: 73¬89, DOI 10.1007/s00704-013-0865-5.10.1007/s00704-013-0865-5Search in Google Scholar

Opała M and Mendecki M, 2012. Zastosowanie skalowanych modeli dendroklimatycznych do rekonstrukcji rzeczywistych warunków termicznych i opadowych na Górnym Śląsku (Application of scaled dendroclimatological models for the reconstruction of ther¬mal and precipitation conditions in the Upper Silesia). Studia i ma¬teriały Centrum Edukacji Przyrodniczo-Leśnej 30: 55-65 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Ratajczak B, 1987. Próby zapobiegania klęskom elementarnym w Opolu w okresie od XVII do połowy XIX w (Attempts to prevent natural disasters in Opole in the period from the seventeenth to the mid-nineteenth). Studia Śląskie 45: 167-182 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Rinn F, 2010. TSAP - Reference Manual, Frank Rinn, Heidelberg, Germany.Search in Google Scholar

Rojecki A, ed., 1965. Wyjątki ze źródeł historycznych o nadzwyczajnych zjawiskach hydrologiczno-meteorologicznych na ziemiach polskich od X do XVI (The exceptions from historical sources of the ex-traordinary hydrological and meteorological phenomena of Polish lands from X to XVI). Warszawa: 1-214 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Schmuck A, 1965. Regiony pluwiotermiczne w Polsce (Pluvio-thermal regions in Poland). Czasopismo Geograficzne 46(3): 239-244 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Schweingruber FH, 1990. Microscopic Wood Anatomy; Structural variability of stems and twigs in recent and subfossil woods from Central Europe. 3rd edition. Birmensdorf, Eidgenossische For- schungsanstalt WSL.Search in Google Scholar

Schweingruber FH, 1996. Tree Rings and Environment Dendroecology. Haupt, Berne.Search in Google Scholar

Shyatov SG, Hantemirov RM. Goryaehev VM, Agafonov LI and Gurskaya MA, 2005. Dendroehronologieheskie datirovki archeo- logicheskih istoricheskih i ethnografleheskih pamyatnikov Zapad- noi Sibiri (Dendrochronological dates of archaeological, historical and ethnographical monuments of Western Siberia). Archeologia i estestvennonauchnye metody. M. Yazyki slavyanskoy kultury: 43¬57 (in Russian).Search in Google Scholar

Sikorski M, 1999. NYSA: skarby sztuki i osobliwości (NYSA: treasures of art and singularities). Opole, Wydaw. Silesiapress: 1-136 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Skarbek J, 1998. Karta ewidencyjna dworu w Miejscu (Identification record of the manor house in Miejsce), Archiwum WUOZ w Opo-lu: 1-2 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Speer JH, 2010. Fundamentals of tree-ring research, The University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 1-333.Search in Google Scholar

Staffa M, 2008. Słownik Geografii Turystycznej Sudetów, T 21-22 Wzgórza Niemczańsko-Strzelińskie i Przedgórze Paczkowskie (Dictionary of Geography of Tourism of the Sudetes, Vol 21-22 Niemcza-Strzelin Hills and Paczków Foothills). Wrocław: 1-199 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Stahle DW, 1979. Tree-ring dating of historic buildings in Arkansas. Tree-Ring Bulletin 39: 1-29.Search in Google Scholar

Schulman E, 1948. Dendrochronology at Navajo National Monument. Tree-Ring Bulletin 14(3): 18-24.Search in Google Scholar

Szychowska-Krąpiec E, 1997. Dendrochronological Pine Scale (1622-1996 AD) for the Małopolska Area (South Poland). Biuletyn PAN series Earth sciences 45(1): 1-13.Search in Google Scholar

Szychowska-Krąpiec E, 2010. Long term chronologies of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and fir (Abies alba Mill.) from the Małopolska region and their paleoclimatic interpretation. Folia Quaternaria 79: 1¬124.Search in Google Scholar

Szychowska-Krąpiec E and Krąpiec M, 2001. Dendrochronological studies on construction of pine standard for SW Poland (prelimi-nary results). Geochronometria 20: 51-56.Search in Google Scholar

Szychowska-Krąpiec E and Krąpiec M, 2005. The Scots Pine Chronol-ogy (1582 - 2004 AD) for the Suwałki Region, NE Poland. Geo-chronometria 24: 41-51.Search in Google Scholar

Tegel W, Vanmoerkerke J and Buntgen U, 2010. Updating historical tree-ring records for climate reconstruction. Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 1957-1959, DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.05.018.10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.05.018Search in Google Scholar

Thun T, 1991. Dendrochronology and building construc- tion/Dendrochronology and the Investigation of Buildings. In: Storsletten O, Thun T, eds., Proceedings of International Seminar at the Academy of Science and Letters 22: 49- 51.Search in Google Scholar

Trepińska J, ed., 1997. Wahania klimatu w Krakowie (1792-1995). Wielowiekowe zmiany klimatu na podstawie krakowskiej serii meteorologicznej (1792-1995) ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem schyłku glacjału (Climate fluctuations in Krakow (1792-1995). Centuries of climate change on the basis of meteorological series of Cracow (1792-1995) with particular emphasis on late glacial period). IGUJ, Kraków, 1-205 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Vitas A, 2008. Tree-ring chronology of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) for Lithuania. Baltic Forestry: 14(2): 110-115.Search in Google Scholar

Ważny T, 2001. Dendrochronologia obiektów zabytkowych w Polsce (Dendrochronology of historical objects in Poland). Muzeum Ar-cheologiczne w Gdansku, Gdańsk: 1-132 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Ważny T and Eckstein D, 1987. Dendrochronologiczne datowanie wczesnosredniowiecznej slowianskiej osady Wolin (Dendrochron- ological dating of early medieval Slavic settlement Wolin). Mate- rialy Zachodniopomorskie 23: 147-164 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Wilczyński S and Skrzyszewski J, 2002. The climatic signal in tree- rings of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) from foot-hills of the Su- detic Mountains (southern Poland). Forstwissenschaftliches Cen- tralblatt 121: 15-24.10.1046/j.1439-0337.2002.01042.xSearch in Google Scholar

Wilson RJS, Esper J and Luckman BH, 2004. Utilising historical tree-ring data for dendroclimatology: A case study from the Bavarian Forest, Germany. Dendrochronologia 21(2):53-68, DOI 10.1078/1125-7865-00041.10.1078/1125-7865-00041Search in Google Scholar

Zielski A, 1992. Long term chronology of Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the Northern part of Poland. Dendrochronologia 10: 77-90.Search in Google Scholar

Zielski A and Krąpiec M, 2004. Dendrochronologia (Dendrochronolo-gy). Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa, 1-328 (in Polish).Search in Google Scholar

Zielski A, Krąpiec M, Wilczyński S and Szychowska-Krąpiec E, 2001. Chronologie przyrostów radialnych sosny zwyczajnej w Polsce (Chronologies of Scots pine radial growth in Poland). Sylwan CXLV (5): 105-119 (in Polish). Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo