1. bookVolume 18 (2015): Issue 2 (December 2015)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1027-5207
First Published
11 Dec 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Attitudinal Factors Affecting Wiki Group Collaboration for English Writing

Published Online: 26 Jan 2016
Volume & Issue: Volume 18 (2015) - Issue 2 (December 2015)
Page range: 22 - 35
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1027-5207
First Published
11 Dec 2014
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Wikis, being one of the popular Web 2.0 tools, have impacted students’ engagement and performance particularly in the aspects of second and foreign language learning. While an increasing number of studies have focused on the effectiveness of wiki in improving students’ writing skills, this study was conducted to examine the attitudinal factors that influence English as a Second Language (ESL) students’ group collaboration in using wikis for a writing task that was divided into three phases: pre-writing, individual-construction, joint-constructions. Data collected from these students after completing this task was analyzed based on three attitudinal aspects: motivation, perceived usefulness, and perceived ease of use. The findings reveal high mean scores for all aspects. Further multiple regression analysis reveals that motivation is the most important factor associated with group collaboration, indicating the need to boost students’ motivation to encourage effective collaboration in completing wiki writing tasks.

Keywords

1. Alm, A. (2006). CALL for autonomy, competence and relatedness: Motivating language learning environments in Web 2.0. In The JALT CALL Journal, 2(3), (pp. 29-38).Search in Google Scholar

2. Ang, C.S.; Zaphiris, P. and Wilson, S. (2005). Wiki-supported Collaborative Narrative Construction in Game Communities. In the Proceedings of The ECSCW’05 workshop on Computer Games CSCW.Search in Google Scholar

3. Aron, A.; Aron, E.N. and Coups, E.J. (2006). Statistics for psychology (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N. J.: Pearson Education.Search in Google Scholar

4. Augar, N.; Raitman, R. and Zhou, W. (2004). Teaching and learning online with wikis. In Beyond the comfort zone: proceedings of the 21st ASCILITE Conference, Perth, 5-8 December (pp. 95-104). ASCILITE.Search in Google Scholar

5. Baird, D.E. and Fisher, M. (2005). Neomillennial user experience design strategies: Utilizing social networking media to support “always on” learning styles. In Journal of educational technology systems, 34(1), (pp. 5-32).10.2190/6WMW-47L0-M81Q-12G1Search in Google Scholar

6. Bower, M. (2007). Independent, synchronous and asynchronous an analysis of approaches to online concept formation. In ACM SIGCSE Bulletin, (Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 141-145). ACM.10.1145/1269900.1268827Search in Google Scholar

7. Bower, M.; Woo, K.; Roberts, M. and Watters, P. (2006, July). Wiki pedagogy-A tale of two wikis. In the Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training (ITHET 06), Sydney, Australia.10.1109/ITHET.2006.339764Search in Google Scholar

8. Brandl, K. (2005). Are you ready to “Moodle”? In Language Learning & Technology, 9(2), (pp. 16-23).Search in Google Scholar

9. Brophy, J.E. (2013). Motivating students to learn. Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

10. Buffa, M. and Gandon, F. (2006). SweetWiki: semantic web enabled technologies in Wiki. In the Proceedings of the 2006 international symposium on Wikis, (pp. 69-78). ACM.10.1145/1149453.1149482Search in Google Scholar

11. Chao, Y.C.J. and Lo, H.C. (2011). Students’ perceptions of wiki-based collaborative writing for learners of English as a foreign language. In Interactive Learning Environments, 19(4), (pp. 395-411).10.1080/10494820903298662Search in Google Scholar

12. Choy, S.O. and Ng, K.C. (2007). Implementing wiki software for supplementing online learning. In Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 23(2), (pp. 209-226). http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet23/choy.html10.14742/ajet.1265Search in Google Scholar

13. Cole, M. (2009). Using Wiki technology to support student engagement: Lessons from the trenches. In Computers & Education, 52(1), (pp. 141-146).10.1016/j.compedu.2008.07.003Search in Google Scholar

14. CosmoCode (2014). WikiMatrix: Compare them all. Retrieved March 27, 2014 from http://www.wikimatrix.orgSearch in Google Scholar

15. Davis, F.D. (1989). Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and user acceptance of information technology. In MIS Quarterly, 13(3), (pp. 319-40).10.2307/249008Search in Google Scholar

16. Denoyer, L. and Gallinari, P. (2007). The wikipedia xml corpus. In Comparative Evaluation of XML Information Retrieval Systems, (pp. 12-19). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.10.1007/978-3-540-73888-6_2Search in Google Scholar

17. de Paiva Franco, C. (2008). Using wiki-based peer-correction to develop writing skills of Brazilian EFL learners. In Novitas-Royal, 2(1), (pp. 49-59).Search in Google Scholar

18. Engstrom, M.E. and Jewett, D. (2005). Collaborative learning the wiki way. In TechTrends, 49(6), (pp. 12-15).10.1007/BF02763725Search in Google Scholar

19. Greener, S. (2009). Talking online: reflecting on online communication tools. In Campus-Wide Information Systems, 26(3), (pp. 178-190).10.1108/10650740910967366Search in Google Scholar

20. Healey, D.; Hanson-Smith, E.; Hubbard, P.; Ioannou-Georgious, S.; Kessler, G. and Ware, P. (2011). TESOL technology standards: Description, implementation, integration. Alexandria, VA: TESOL.Search in Google Scholar

21. Holec, H. (2009). Autonomy in language learning: A single pedagogical paradigm or two? In F. Kjisik, P. Voller, N. Aoki & Y. Nakata (eds.), Mapping the terrain of learner autonomy: Learning environments, learning communities and identities, (pp. 21–47). Tampere, Finland: Tampere University Press.Search in Google Scholar

22. Hsu, Y.C.; Ching, Y.H. and Grabowski, B.L. (2014). Web 2.0 applications and practices for learning through collaboration. In Handbook of research on educational communications and technology, (pp. 747-758). Springer.Search in Google Scholar

23. Hubbard, P. (2013). Making a Case for Learner Training in Technology Enhanced Language Learning Environments. In CALICO Journal, 30(2).10.11139/cj.30.2.163-178Search in Google Scholar

24. Hughes, J.E. and Narayan, R. (2009). Collaboration and learning with wikis in post-secondary classrooms. In Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 8(1), (pp. 63-82).Search in Google Scholar

25. Hutchins, E. (2000). Distributed cognition. In N.J. Smelser & P.B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, (pp. 2068-2072). New York.Search in Google Scholar

26. Kawahata, C. and Chung, C.J. (2013). Increasing Student Motivation and Engagement in the Peer Editing Process through the Use of Wiki Technology. In R. McBride & M. Searson (eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2013, (pp. 4492-4496). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.Search in Google Scholar

27. Kessler, G. (2009). Student-initiated attention to form in wiki-based collaborative writing. In Language Learning & Technology, 13(1), (pp. 79-95).Search in Google Scholar

28. Kessler, G.; Bikowski, D. and Boggs, J. (2012). Collaborative writing among second language learners in academic web-based projects. In Language Learning & Technology, 16(1), (pp. 91-109).Search in Google Scholar

29. Kuswara, A. and Richards, D. (2011). Matching the affordances of wikis to collaborative learning: A case study of it project students. In the Proceedings of the 44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.10.1109/HICSS.2011.301Search in Google Scholar

30. Lai, C. and Morrison, B. (2013). Towards an agenda for learner preparation in technology enhanced language learning environments. In CALICO Journal, 30(2), (pp. 154-162).10.11139/cj.30.2.154-162Search in Google Scholar

31. Laru, J.; Näykki, P. and Järvelä, S. (2012). Supporting small-group learning using multiple Web 2.0 tools: A case study in the higher education context. In The Internet and Higher Education, 15(1), (pp. 29-38).Search in Google Scholar

32. Lee, L. (2010). Exploring wiki-mediated collaborative writing: A case study in an elementary Spanish course. In Calico Journal, 27(2), (pp. 260-272).10.11139/cj.27.2.260-276Search in Google Scholar

33. Legris, P.; Ingham, J. and Collerette, P. (2003). Why do people use information technology? A critical review of the technology acceptance model. In Information & management, 40(3), (pp. 191-204).10.1016/S0378-7206(01)00143-4Search in Google Scholar

34. Levy, M. (2009). Technologies in use for second language learning. In Modern Language Journal, 93, (pp. 769–782).10.1111/j.1540-4781.2009.00972.xSearch in Google Scholar

35. Li, M. (2012). Use of wikis in second/foreign language classes: A literature review. In CALL-EJ, 13(1), (pp. 17-35).Search in Google Scholar

36. Li, X.; Chu, S.K.W.; Ki, W.W. and Woo, M. (2010). Students and teacher’s attitudes and perceptions toward collaborative writing with Wiki in a primary four Chinese classroom. In Proceedings of the 3rd Edition of the ICT for Language Learning Conference.Search in Google Scholar

37. Li, X.; Chu, K.; Ki, W.W. and Woo, M.M. (2012). Using a wiki-based collaborative process writing pedagogy to facilitate collaborative writing among Chinese primary school students. In Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 28(1), (pp. 159-181).10.14742/ajet.889Search in Google Scholar

38. Lund, A. (2008). Wikis: A collective approach to language production. In ReCALL, 20(1), (pp. 35-54).10.1017/S0958344008000414Search in Google Scholar

39. Lund, A. and Smørdal, O. (2006). Is there a space for the teacher in a WIKI? In Proceedings of the 2006 international symposium on Wikis, (pp. 37-46). ACM.Search in Google Scholar

40. Ma, W.W. and Yuen, A.H. (2008). News writing using wiki: impacts on learning experience of student journalists. In Educational Media International, 45(4), (pp. 295-309).10.1080/09523980802571564Search in Google Scholar

41. Mak, B. and Coniam, D. (2008). Using wikis to enhance and develop writing skills among secondary school students in Hong Kong. In System, 36(3), (pp. 437-455).10.1016/j.system.2008.02.004Search in Google Scholar

42. Neumann, D.L. and Hood, M. (2009). The effects of using a wiki on student engagement and learning of report writing skills in a university statistics course. In Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 25(3), (pp. 382-398).10.14742/ajet.1141Search in Google Scholar

43. Nicol, D.; Littlejohn, A. and Grierson, H. (2005). The importance of structuring information and resources within shared workspaces during collaborative design learning. In Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 20(1), (pp. 31-49).Search in Google Scholar

44. Parker, K. and Chao, J. (2007). Wiki as a teaching tool. In Interdisciplinary Journal of e-learning and Learning Objects, 3(1), (pp. 57-72).10.28945/3131Search in Google Scholar

45. Raitman, R.; Augar, N. and Zhou, W. (2005, July). Employing wikis for online collaboration in the e-learning environment: Case study. In Information Technology and Applications, 2005. ICITA 2005. Third International Conference on (Vol. 2, pp. 142-146). IEEE.Search in Google Scholar

46. Ravid, G.; Kalman, Y.M. and Rafaeli, S. (2008). Wikibooks in higher education: Empowerment through online distributed collaboration. In Computers in Human Behavior, 24(5), (pp. 1913-1928).10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.010Search in Google Scholar

47. Schaffert, S. (2006). IkeWiki: A semantic wiki for collaborative knowledge management. In the Proceedings of Enabling Technologies: Infrastructure for Collaborative Enterprises, 2006, (pp. 388-396). WETICE’06. 15th IEEE International Workshops. IEEE.Search in Google Scholar

48. Schwartz, L.; Clark, S.; Cossarin, M. and Rudolph, J. (2004). Educational wikis: Features and selection criteria. In The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 5(1).http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/163/24410.19173/irrodl.v5i1.163Search in Google Scholar

49. Sotillo, S. (2002). Constructivist and collaborative learning in a wireless environment. In TESOL Journal, 11(3), (pp. 16-20).Search in Google Scholar

50. Storch, N. (2005). Collaborative writing: Product, process, and students’ reflections. In Journal of Second Language Writing, 14(3), (pp. 153–173).10.1016/j.jslw.2005.05.002Search in Google Scholar

51. Su, F. and Beaumont, C. (2010). Evaluating the use of a wiki for collaborative learning. In Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 47(4), (pp. 417-431).10.1080/14703297.2010.518428Search in Google Scholar

52. Sun, Z. and Qiu, X. (2014). Evaluating the use of wikis for EFL: a case study of an undergraduate English writing course in China. In International Journal of Information Technology and Management, 13(1), (pp. 3-14).10.1504/IJITM.2014.059146Search in Google Scholar

53. Thorne, S.L. and Payne, J.S. (2005). Evolutionary trajectories, Internet-mediated expression, and language education. In Calico Journal, 22(3), (pp. 371-397).Search in Google Scholar

54. Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Search in Google Scholar

55. Wang, Y.C. (2014a). Promoting collaborative writing through wikis: a new approach for advancing innovative and active learning in an ESP context. In Computer Assisted Language Learning, (published online), (pp. 1-14).10.1080/09588221.2014.881386Search in Google Scholar

56. Wang, Y.C. (2014b). Using wikis to facilitate interaction and collaboration among EFL learners: A social constructivist approach to language teaching. In System, 42, (pp. 383-390).10.1016/j.system.2014.01.007Search in Google Scholar

57. Wang, H.C.; Lu, C.H.; Yang, J.Y.; Hu, H.W.; Chiou, G.F.; Chiang, Y.T. and Hsu, W.L. (2005). An empirical exploration of using wiki in an English as a second language course. In Advanced Learning Technologies, 2005, (pp. 155-157). ICALT 2005. Fifth IEEE International Conference. IEEE.Search in Google Scholar

58. Wang, C.M. and Turner, D. (2004). Extending the wiki paradigm for use in the classroom. In the Proceedings of Information Technology: Coding and Computing, 2004, (Vol.1, pp. 255-259). IEEE.Search in Google Scholar

59. Weiss, S.; Urso, P. and Molli, P. (2007). Wooki: a p2p wiki-based collaborative writing tool. In Web Information Systems Engineering–WISE 2007, (pp. 503-512). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.10.1007/978-3-540-76993-4_42Search in Google Scholar

60. Wheeler, S.; Yeomans, P. and Wheeler, D. (2008). The good, the bad and the wiki: Evaluating student-generated content for collaborative learning. In British journal of educational technology, 39(6), (pp. 987-995).10.1111/j.1467-8535.2007.00799.xSearch in Google Scholar

61. Woo, M.K.; Chu, S.K.W. and Li, X. (2013). Peer-feedback and revision process in a wiki mediated collaborative writing. In Educational Technology Research and Development, 61(2), (pp. 279-309).10.1007/s11423-012-9285-ySearch in Google Scholar

62. Zenotz, V. (2012). Awareness development for online reading. In Language Awareness, 21, (pp. 85-100).10.1080/09658416.2011.639893Search in Google Scholar

63. Zorko, V. (2009). Factors affecting the way students collaborate in a wiki for English language learning. In Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 25(5), (pp. 645-66).10.14742/ajet.1113Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo