1. bookVolume 4 (2017): Issue 1 (June 2017)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2354-0036
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Open Access

Teaching as Creative Process: Perspectives From Personal Narratives

Published Online: 30 Jun 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 4 (2017) - Issue 1 (June 2017)
Page range: 4 - 24
Received: 09 Oct 2016
Accepted: 06 Feb 2017
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2354-0036
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This paper explores the place of teaching in the landscape of creativity. It draws on analyses of interview narratives from dedicated teachers from various educational levels and teaching contexts; none had been singled out as creative by their institutions. Asked when teaching had been experienced as a creative process, rather than describing specific incidents, the teachers told of projects and goals that spanned a semester or year. Daily activities contributed to the projects, making creativity in teaching everyday creativity in both the technical and literal senses. Interview protocols were analyzed into meaning units and categorized into themes. Some themes were similar to those in studies of creative teachers and teaching, though no prior study explicitly put forward all of them. The interviewed teachers described practices previously suggested for nurturing student creativity. Most themes echoed features found in creativity studies of various other domains. Two unique features were the double nature of intrinsic motivation and the nature of the creative “product.”

Keywords

mabile, T. M. (1996). Creativity in context: Update to "the social psychology of creativity". Boulder, CO, US: Westview Press.Search in Google Scholar

Amabile, T. M. (2001). Beyond talent: John Irving and the passionate craft of creativity. American Psychologist, 56, 333-336.10.1037/0003-066X.56.4.333Search in Google Scholar

Arnheim, R. (1973). The genesis of a painting: Picasso's Guernica. Oxford, England: U. California Press.Search in Google Scholar

Beghetto, R. A., & Kaufman, J. C. ( 2007). Toward a broader conception of creativity: A case for mini-c creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 1, 73-79.10.1037/1931-3896.1.2.73Search in Google Scholar

Beghetto, R. A., & Kaufman, J. C. (Eds.). (2010a). Nurturing creativity in the classroom. New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511781629Search in Google Scholar

Beghetto, R. A., & Kaufman, J. C. (2010b). Broadening conceptions of creativity in the classroom. In R. A. Beghetto & J. C. Kaufman (Eds.), Nurturing creativity in the classroom. (pp. 191-205). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511781629.010Search in Google Scholar

Berliner, P. (1997). Give and take: The collective conversation of jazz performance. In R.K. Sawyer (Ed.), Creativity in performance (pp. 9-41). Greenwich, CT: Ablex.Search in Google Scholar

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York: Harper Collins. Search in Google Scholar

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. New York: Harper Collins.Search in Google Scholar

Doyle, C. (1998). The writer tells: The creative process in the writing of literary fiction. Creativity Research Journal, 11, 29-37.10.1207/s15326934crj1101_4Search in Google Scholar

Doyle, C. (2011). Dimensions of the creative process: Old categories, new perspectives. Creativity Research Journal, 23, 51-59.10.1080/10400419.2011.545748Search in Google Scholar

Fairweather, E., & Cramond, B. (2010). Infusing creative and critical thinking into the curriculum together. In R. A. Beghetto, J. C. Kaufman, R. A. (Eds.), Nurturing creativity in the classroom. (pp. 113-141). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Franklin, M. B. (1994). Narratives of change and continuity: Women artists reflect on their work. In M. B. Franklin, B. Kaplan, (Eds.), Development and the arts: Critical perspectives. (pp. 165-191). Hillsdale, NJ, England: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.Search in Google Scholar

Gardner, H. (1997). Extraordinary minds. Portraits of 4 exceptional individuals and an examination of our own extraordinariness. New York: Basic Books.Search in Google Scholar

Getzels, J. W., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1976). The creative vision: A longitudinal study of problem finding in art. New York: Wiley.Search in Google Scholar

Ghiselin, B. (1952). The creative process: a symposium. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Search in Google Scholar

Giorgi, A. (1997). The theory, practice, and evaluation of the phenomenological method as a qualitative research procedure. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 28, 235-260.10.1163/156916297X00103Search in Google Scholar

Giorgi, A. (2012). The descriptive phenomenological psychological method. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 43, 3-12.10.1163/156916212X632934Search in Google Scholar

Glazer, B., & Strauss, A. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. London, UK: Weidenfeld & Nicholson.Search in Google Scholar

Gruber, H. and Wallace, D. (2001). Creative work: The case of Charles Darwin. American Psychologist, 56 (4), 346-349.10.1037/0003-066X.56.4.346Search in Google Scholar

Guilford, J. P. (1959). Three faces of intellect. American Psychologist, 14(8), 469-479.10.1037/h0046827Search in Google Scholar

Hennessey, B. A. (2010). Intrinsic motivation and creativity in the classroom: Have we come full circle? In R. A. Beghetto, & J. C. Kaufman, R. A. (Eds.). Nurturing creativity in the classroom. (pp. 329-361). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Jaskyte, K., Taylor, H., & Smariga, R. (2009). Student and faculty perceptions of innovative teaching. Creativity Research Journal. 21, 111-116.10.1080/10400410802633673Search in Google Scholar

Kaufman, J. C. & Baer, J. (Eds.). (2005a). Creativity across domains: Faces of the Muse. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.10.4324/9781410611925Search in Google Scholar

Kaufman, J. C., & Baer, J. (2005b). The amusement park theory of creativity. In J. C. Kaufman, & J. Baer (Eds.), Creativity across domains: Faces of the Muse. (pp. 321-328). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.10.4324/9781410611925Search in Google Scholar

Kaufman, J. C., Cole, J. C., & Baer, J. (2009). The construct of creativity: Structural model for self-reported creativity ratings. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 43, 119-134.10.1002/j.2162-6057.2009.tb01310.xSearch in Google Scholar

Kvale, S. & Brinkmann, S. (2009). Interviews: Learning the craft of qualitative interviewing, Second Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

Lewis, C. S. (1950). The lion, the witch, and the wardrobe. NY: Macmillan.Search in Google Scholar

Piirto, J. (2005). The creative process in poets. In J. C. Kaufman, & J. Baer (Eds.), Creativit across domains: Faces of the Muse. (pp. 1-22). Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.Search in Google Scholar

Reilly, R. C., Lilly, F., Bramwell, G., & Kronish, N. (2011). A synthesis of research concerning creative teachers in the Canadian context. Teaching and Teacher Education, 27, 533-542.10.1016/j.tate.2010.10.007Search in Google Scholar

Renzulli, J. S., & De Wet, C. F. (2010). Developing creative productivity in young people through the pursuit of ideal acts of learning. In R. A. Beghetto & J. C. Kaufman (Eds.), Nurturing creativity in the classroom. (pp. 24-72). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Rhodes, M. (1961). An analysis of creativity. Phi Delta Kappan, 42, 305-310.Search in Google Scholar

Richards, R. (2010). Everyday creativity in the classroom: A trip through time with seven suggestions. In R. A. Beghetto, & J. C. Kaufman (Eds.), Nurturing creativity in the classroom. (pp. 206-234). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Richards, R. (2011). Everyday creativity. In Runco, M. A. and Pritzer, S. R. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Creativity Second Edition. (pp. 468-475). London: Academic Press.Search in Google Scholar

Runco, M. A. (2010a). Education based on a parsimonious theory of creativity. In R. A. Beghetto & J. C. Kaufman (Eds.), Nurturing creativity in the classroom. (pp. 235-251). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511781629.012Search in Google Scholar

Runco, M. A. (2010b). Empirical possibilities of the Personal Theory of Creativity. Paper delivered at the Create 2010 conference at St. Luis, Costa Rica, Jan. 7.Search in Google Scholar

Sawyer, R. K. (2004). Creative teaching: Improvisation in the constructivist classroom. Educational Researcher, 33(2), 12-20.10.3102/0013189X033002012Search in Google Scholar

Sawyer, R. K. (1997). Improvisational theater: An ethnotheory of conversational practice. In R. K. Sawyer (Ed.). Creativity in performance. (pp. 171-193). Greenwich, CT: Ablex.Search in Google Scholar

Sawyer, R. K. (2010). Learning for creativity. In R. A. Beghetto, & J. C. Kaufman, (Eds.), Nurturing creativity in the classroom. (pp. 172-190). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Sawyer, R. K. (2015). A call to action: The challenges of creative teaching and learning. Teacher’s College Record, 117 (10), 1-34.10.1177/016146811511701001Search in Google Scholar

Sawyer, R. K. & Dezutter, S. (2009). Distributed creativity: How collective creations emerge from collaboration. Psychology of aesthetics, creativity, and the arts, 3, 81-92.10.1037/a0013282Search in Google Scholar

Sternberg, R. J. (2010). Teaching for creativity. In R. A. Beghetto & J. C. Kaufman (Eds.), Nurturing creativity in the classroom. (pp. 394-414). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Sternberg, R. J., Conway, B. E., Ketron, J. L., & Bernstein, M. (1981) People’s conceptions of intelligence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 37-55.10.1037/0022-3514.41.1.37Search in Google Scholar

Wallas, G. (1926). The art of thought. New York: Harcourt Brace. Search in Google Scholar

Watson, J. D. (1968). The double helix. New York : Atheneum.Search in Google Scholar

Wertheimer, M. (1959). Productive thinking. (Enlarged Edition) New York: Harper & Row.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo