1. bookVolume 10 (2020): Issue 2 (September 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2674-4619
First Published
18 Jun 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Open Access

Recent Evolution of Intellectual Property Enforcement in Georgia

Published Online: 13 Sep 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 10 (2020) - Issue 2 (September 2020)
Page range: 42 - 56
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2674-4619
First Published
18 Jun 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The article elaborates on the topic of the new wave of evolution of the protection of intellectual property in Georgia inspired by signing the Eu–Georgia Association Agreement, (AA—the Association Agreement between Georgia and the Eu and the nuclear Energy Association of Europe and its Member States). The harmonization process is an impressive field of law on its own. The article deals only with particular issues, such as the role and critical characteristics of the harmonization of intellectual property protection and enforcement mechanisms in Georgia.

In this context, the article examines the legal nature of the amendments to the Civil procedure Code of Georgia (GCpC), in particular, a new chapter of enforcement regulations, that has been introduced to the GCPC—‘Specificities in proceedings of the infringement of exclusive right of intellectual property’.

The article is predicated upon the allegation that the new legal introductions are merely of a formal character, while the enforcement mechanisms and remedies, as a significant part of Georgian civil legislation, had already been in place and Georgia had ratified major international intellectual property agreements. The article deals with the legal problem of the application of the intellectual property enforcement amendments by the judiciary and measures the practical impact.

The hypothesis of the analysis is to consider whether further developments are necessary to contribute to a consistent approach to the adjudication of intellectual property enforcement disputes in Georgian courts and to promote the efficient implementation of the novel intellectual property enforcement mechanisms into the Georgian legal system.

The analysis of the characteristics of the impact of harmonization on intellectual property as of intangible rights proves to have wide-ranging benefits for the holders of intellectual property in Georgia or elsewhere in Europe.

Keywords

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement), 14.6.2000. Search in Google Scholar

Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Georgia, of the other part (2014), OJ L 261/1, 30.8.2014. Search in Google Scholar

Becks’che Kurz. (2016), Kommentare Zivilprozessordnung mit Gerichtsverfassungsgesetz und anderen Nebengesetzen, Begründet von. 75 Aufl., Vorb. 704, 2046. Search in Google Scholar

Bobek, M. (2017), ‘The effects of EU law in the national legal systems,’ in C. Barnard & S. Peers (eds.) European Union Law, 2nd ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 143–176. https://doi.org/10.1093/he/9780198789130.003.000610.1093/he/9780198789130.003.0006 Search in Google Scholar

Boodman, M. (1991), ‘The myth of harmonization of laws,’ The American Journal of Comparative Law, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 699–724. https://doi.org/10.2307/84073810.2307/840738 Search in Google Scholar

Bradley, C. A. (1997), ‘Territorial intellectual property rights in an age of globalism,’ Virginia International Journal of Law, vol. 37, pp. 505–586. Search in Google Scholar

Civil Procedure Code of Georgia, Parliamentary Gazette, no. 47–48, 31.12.1997. Search in Google Scholar

Conclusion by consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE), no. 13, Strasbourg, 19.11.2010. Retrieved from https://rm.coe.int/-ccje-13-2010-/168074824c [accessed 27 Aug 2019] Search in Google Scholar

Constitution of Georgia, Departments of the Parliament of Georgia, no. 31–33, 24.8.1995. Search in Google Scholar

Cook, T. (2015), ‘Enforcement Directive and harmonisation of remedies for intellectual property infringement in the EU,’ Journal of Intellectual Property Rights, vol. 20, pp. 264–269. Search in Google Scholar

Decision 2 March 2018 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 7 March 2018 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 30 March 2018 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 30 May 2018 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 31 May 2018 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 4 June 2018 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 17 October 2018 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 21 December 2018 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 14 March 2019 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 25 March 2019 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 29 March 2019 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 8 April 2019 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision 26 February 2020 of Tbilisi City Court (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision of Tbilisi City Court no. 2/7126-19, 4.4.2019 (Available only in Court Archive). Search in Google Scholar

Decision of the Court of Appeal of Tbilisi no. 2-4883-14, 5.9.2014. Search in Google Scholar

Decision of the Court of Appeal of Tbilisi no. 2b/4597-14, 29.9.2014. Search in Google Scholar

Decision of the Court of Appeal of Tbilisi no. 2b/5617-14, 29.9.2014. Search in Google Scholar

Decision of the Supreme Court of Georgia no. AS-827-1190-06, 29.5.2007. Search in Google Scholar

Decision of the Supreme Court of Georgia no. AS-538-511-2013, 3.7.2013. Search in Google Scholar

Decree adopted by the Parliament of Georgia on ‘Harmonisation of Georgian Legislation with the EU Law’, 2.9.1997. Search in Google Scholar

Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the enforcement of intellectual property rights, OJ L 195/17, 2.6.2004. Search in Google Scholar

Dzlierishvili, Z. (2018), ‘Cross-undertaking as to damages resulting from a provisional remedy,’ TSU Journal of Law, no. 1, pp. 5–18. Search in Google Scholar

Fox, E. M. (1992), ‘Harmonization on law and procedures in a globalized world: why, what and how?’ Antitrust Law Journal, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 593–598. Search in Google Scholar

Gagua, I. (2012), The Burden of Proof in the Civil Procedure Law, PhD thesis, Tbilisi State University. Search in Google Scholar

Günther, H.; Zekoll, J. & Zumbansen P., eds. (2012), Beyond Territoriality: Transnational Legal Authority in an Age of Globalization, Queen Mary Studies in International Law, Leiden & Boston: Brill Academic Publishing, pp. 189–228. Search in Google Scholar

Harms, L. T. C. (2018), A Casebook on the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights, 4th ed., Geneva: WIPO. Search in Google Scholar

Hilty, R. M. & Moscon, V. (2017), Modernisation of the EU Copyright Rules, Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Research Paper no. 17–12, Munich: Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition. Search in Google Scholar

Intellectual Property Rights Enforcement Directive. Retrieved from https://wiki.openrightsgroup.org/wiki/Intellectual_Property_Rights_Enforcement_Directive#Criticisms [accessed 12 Sep 2019] Search in Google Scholar

IPEC (2020), Annual Intellectual Property Report To Congress, United States Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator. Retrieved from: https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/IPEC-2019-Annual-Intellectual-Property-Report.pdf [accessed 18 Jul 2020] Search in Google Scholar

JGK Statyba Ltd. and Guselnikovas v. Lithuania [2013], ECHR 3330/12. Retrieved from: http://en.efhr.eu/2010/02/11/case-jgk-statyba-ltd-guselnikovas-v-lithuania-application-no-333012-2013/ [accessed 9 Aug 2019] Search in Google Scholar

Jorbenadze, S. (1984), Life and Work of Ivane Javakhishvili [in Georgian], Tbilisi: Tbilisi State University. Search in Google Scholar

Kaikatsishvili & Lawyers (2018), ‘Changes made to the Code of Civil Procedure to protect intellectual property’ [in Georgian], 16 February. Retrieved from http://kbarristers.ge/ge/news/index/74 [accessed 12 Aug 2019] Search in Google Scholar

Kapanadze, N. & Kvachadze, M. (2008), Latin-Georgian Legal Dictionary, ed. by L. Chanturia & M. Tabidze, Tbilisi: UNDP Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. Search in Google Scholar

Kazhashvili, G. (2016), ‘Role of the perpetuation of evidences and claim security in litigation,’ TSU Journal of Law, no. 1, pp. 65–74. Search in Google Scholar

Kharitonashvili, N. (2017), ‘Third parties as the subjects of civil justice,’ TSU Journal of Law, no. 1, pp. 215–227. Search in Google Scholar

Kur, A. & Dreier, T. (2017), EU Intellectual Property Law, Texts, Cases and Materials, transl. into Georgian by G. Giguashvili, Tbilisi. Search in Google Scholar

Kurdadze, Sh. & Khunashvili, N. (2015), Procedure Code of Georgia [in Georgian], 2nd ed., Tbilisi. Search in Google Scholar

Kurdadze, Sh.; Kurdadze, G.; Khunashvili, N. & Chkonia, Z. (2018), Comments on the Law of Georgia on Enforcement Proceedings [in Georgian], Part 1 (Arts. 1–48), Tbilisi: SDASU. Search in Google Scholar

Liluashvili, T. (2005), Civil Procedure Law [in Georgian], 2nd ed.,Tbilisi. Search in Google Scholar

Loewenheim, U. (1996), ‘Harmonization and intellectual property in Europe,’ Columbia Journal of European Law, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 481–489. Search in Google Scholar

Ltd. “Georgian Manganese” v. the Parliament of Georgia [2017], Decision no. 2/6/746 of the Constitutional Court of Georgia, 1.12.2017. Search in Google Scholar

Lundstedt, L. (2016), Territoriality in Intellectual Property Law, Stockholm: Stockholm University. Search in Google Scholar

Nachkebia, A. (2014), Definitions of Civil Legal norms in the practice of Supreme Court (2000–2013) [in Georgian], Tbilisi. Search in Google Scholar

Nadareishvili, G. (2009), Civil Law of Rome [in Georgian], 3rd ed., Tbilisi. Search in Google Scholar

On amendments in the Civil Procedure Code of Georgia. Retrieved from https://info.parliament.ge/file/1/BillReviewContent/151540? [accessed 31 Jul 2019] Search in Google Scholar

Ostermiller, S. M. & Svenson, D. R. (2014), Alternative Dispute Resolution Means in Georgia [in Georgian], Tbilisi. Search in Google Scholar

Peukert, A. (2010), ‘Territoriality and extraterritoriality in intellectual property law,’ in G. Handl, J. Zekoll & P. Zumbansen (eds.) Beyond Territoriality: Transnational Legal Authority in the Age of Globalization, Queen Mary Studies in International Law, Leiden & Boston: Brill Academic Publishing, pp. 189–228. Search in Google Scholar

Sajaia, L. (2014), The Author’s Personal Non-Property Rights, PhD thesis, Tbilisi State University. Search in Google Scholar

Samkharadze, I. (2015), ‘Harmonization of legal systems: EU and Georgia,’ TSU Journal of Law, no. 1, pp. 253–264. Search in Google Scholar

Surmava, L. (2012), Compatibility of Georgian Legislation with EU Legislation with regard to the State Assistance, PhD thesis, Tbilisi State University. Search in Google Scholar

Taliashvili, T. (1998), ‘Some aspects of patent law,’ Journal of Law, nos. 5–6, pp. 37–43. Search in Google Scholar

Taliashvili, T. (2003a), ‘Der Schutz geografischer Bezeichnungen in Georgien am Maßstab des internationalen und europäischen Rechts,’ GRUR Int., pp. 324–333. Search in Google Scholar

Taliashvili, T. (2003b), Foundations of Legal Protection of Geographic Indication of the Goods, PhD thesis, Tbilisi State University. Search in Google Scholar

Taliashvili, T. (2004), ‘Aspects of protection of names of Georgian origin and geographic indications abroad and protection of names of foreign origin and geographic indications in Georgia,’ in R. Shengelia (ed.) Collection of Articles in honor of Prof. Z. Akhvlediani, Tbilisi, pp. 179–187. Search in Google Scholar

Taliashvili, T. (2006), ‘Auslegung der Verfassungsnormen in den Postsowjetischen Gesellschaften’, Internationale Konferenz: Ostrecht, N52, Berlin. Search in Google Scholar

Taliashvili, T. (2012), ‘Reinvention of the concept of intellectual property to post-Soviet society—Georgian experience,’ Public Lecture, Conference on ‘Intellectual Property in Modern Europe’, GWZO, Universität Leipzig. Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, T. A. (2004), Ubi Jus, Ibi Remedium: The Fundamental Right to a Remedy, The University of Akron, Symposium: Remedies Discussion Forum, 41 U.S.D. Search in Google Scholar

Uitdehaag, J. & Kurtauli, S. (2013), Review of the Georgian within the National and International Context, Enforcement System [in Georgian], Tbilisi. Search in Google Scholar

Yu, P. K. (2009), The Objectives and Principles of the TRIPS Agreement. Retrieved from http://www.peteryu.com/correa.pdf [accessed 26 Jul 2019] Search in Google Scholar

Zoidze, B. (2005), Reception of European Private Law in Georgia [in Georgian], Tbilisi: Educational Center for Publishing Works. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo