1. bookVolume 17 (2017): Issue 4 (October 2017)
Journal Details
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
access type Open Access

Effect of Organic Production System on the Performance and Meat Quality of Two Purebred Slow-Growing Chicken Breeds

Published Online: 27 Oct 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 17 (2017) - Issue 4 (October 2017)
Page range: 1197 - 1213
Received: 31 Jan 2017
Accepted: 26 May 2017
Journal Details
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year

The objective of the study was to compare the effect of organic and conventional rearing systems on the productivity and meat quality of Yellowleg Partridge (Ż-33) and Rhode Island Red (R-11) chickens. A total of 492 sexed experimental birds (Gallus domesticus) were assigned to four groups. In groups I-C and III-C, the Ż-33 and R-11 chickens were reared under intensive conditions following conventional farming principles. In groups II-O and IV-O, the Ż-33 and R-11 chickens were kept according to organic farming principles. Body weight, feed conversion (kg/kg gain) and mortality were recorded throughout the study. On day 140 of rearing, the native breed chickens were subjected to simplified slaughter analysis, and meat pH, muscle colour, water holding capacity and chilling loss were determined. The meat samples were analysed for the chemical composition and profile of fatty acids, and the peroxidizability index (PI), thrombogenic index (TI) and atherogenicity index (AI) were calculated. The organically raised chickens were characterised by higher body weight (P≤0.01), better feed conversion (P≤0.01) and more favourable fatty acid profile of the muscles compared to the conventionally reared birds. Under organic conditions, the R-11 chickens showed better productivity but slightly poorer fatty acid profile of the muscles compared to the Ż-11 chickens.


Almasi A., Andrassyne B.G., Milisits G., Kustosne P.O., Suto Z. (2015). Effects of different rearing systems on muscle and meat quality traits of slow- and medium-growing male chickens. Brit. Poultry Sci., 56: 320–324.Search in Google Scholar

Arakawa K., Sagai M. (1986). Species differences in lipid peroxide levels in lung tissue and investigation of their determining factors. Lipids, 21: 769–775.10.1007/BF02535410Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Batkowska J., Brodacki A., Grodzicki T. (2011). Chemical composition and fatty acid profile in meat of slaughter turkey females, managed in an extensive system (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. Pol. Tow. Zoot., 7: 39–51.Search in Google Scholar

Bean L.D., Leeson S. (2003). Long-term effects of feeding flaxseed on performance and egg fatty acid composition of brown and white hens. Poultry Sci., 82: 388–394.10.1093/ps/82.3.388Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Berg C. (2001). Health and welfare in organic poultry production. Acta Vet. Scand. Suppl., 95: 37–45.Search in Google Scholar

Calik J., Połtowicz K., Świątkiewicz S., Krawczyk J., Nowak J. (2015). Effect of caponization on meat quality of Greenleg Partridge cockerels. Ann. Anim. Sci., 15: 541–553.Search in Google Scholar

Castellini C. (2005). Organic poultry production system and meat characteristics. Proc. XVIIth European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat. Netherlands, 23–26.05.2005, pp. 47–52.Search in Google Scholar

Castellini C., Mugnai C., Dal Bosco A. (2002 a). Effect of organic production system on broiler carcass and meat quality. Meat Sci., 60: 219–225.10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00124-3Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Castellini C., Mugnai C., Dal Bosco A. (2002 b). Meat quality of three chicken genotypes reared according to the organic system. Ital. J. Food Sci., 14: 401–412.Search in Google Scholar

Chen X., Jiang W., Tan H.Z., Xu G.F., Zhang X.B., Wei S., Wang Q. (2013). Effects of outdoor access on growth performance, carcass composition, and meat characteristics of broiler chickens. Poultry Sci., 92: 435–443.10.3382/ps.2012-0236023300311Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

CIE (1976). Supplement No. 2 to: Recommendations on uniform color spaces – Color difference equations. Psychometric Color Terms. Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage (1971) tc-1-1. CIE Publication No.15 (E-1.3.1), Paris, France.Search in Google Scholar

Cywa-Benko K. (2002). Genetic and phenotypic characterisation of native strains of hens under the biodiversity conservation programme (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. Zoot. Rozpr. Habilit., pp. 1–113.Search in Google Scholar

Dal Bosco A., Mugnai C., Ruggeri S., Mattioli S., Castellini C. (2012). Fatty acid composition of meat and estimated indices of lipid metabolism in different poultry genotypes reared under organic system. Poultry Sci., 91: 2039–2045.10.3382/ps.2012-0222822802202Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Dal Bosco A., Mugnai C., Mattioli S., Rosati A., Ruggeri S., Rannucci D., Castellini C. (2016). Transfer of bioactive compounds from pasture to meat in organic free-range chickens. Poultry Sci., 95: 2464–2471.Search in Google Scholar

Dou T.C., Shi S.R., Sun H.J., Wang K.H. (2009). Growth rate, carcass traits and meat quality of slow-growing chicken grown according to three raising systems. Anim. Sci. Pap. Rep., 27: 361–369.Search in Google Scholar

Fanatico A.C., Cavitt L.C., Pillai P.B., Emmert J.L., Owens C.M. (2005 a). Evaluation of slower-growing broiler genotypes grown with and without outdoor access: meat quality. Poultry Sci., 84: 1785–1790.10.1093/ps/84.11.178516463978Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Fanatico A.C., Pillai P.B., Cavitt L.C., Owens C.M., Emmert J.L. (2005 b). Evaluation of slower-growing broiler genotypes grown with and without outdoor access: growth performance and carcass yield. Poultry Sci., 84: 1321–1327.10.1093/ps/84.8.132116156218Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Fanatico A.C., Pillai P.B., Hester P.Y., Falcone C., Mench J.A., Owens C.M., Emmert J.L. (2008). Performance, livability, and carcass yield of slow- and fast-growing chicken genotypes fed low-nutrient or standard diets and raised indoors or with outdoor access. Poultry Sci., 87: 1012–1021.Search in Google Scholar

Fletcher D.L., Qiao M., Smith P. (2000). The relationship of raw broiler breast meat colour and pH to cooked meat colour and pH. Poultry Sci., 79: 784–788.10.1093/ps/79.5.78410824969Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Franco D., Rois D., Vázquez J.A., Lorenzo J.M. (2012 a). Comparison of growth performance, carcass components, and meat quality between Mos rooster (Galician indigenous breed) and Sasso T-44 line slaughtered at 10 months. Poultry Sci., 91: 1227–1239.10.3382/ps.2011-0194222499883Search in Google Scholar

Franco D., Rois D., Vázquez J.A., Purriños L., González R., Lorenzo J.M. (2012 b). Breed effect between Mos rooster (Galician indigenous breed) and Sasso T-44 line and finishing feed effect of commercial fodder or corn. Poultry Sci., 91: 487–498.10.3382/ps.2011-0154622252364Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Funaro A., Cardenia V., Petracci M., Rimini S., Rodriguez-Estrada M.T., Cavani C. (2014). Comparison of meat quality characteristics and oxidative stability between conventional and free-range chickens, Poultry Sci., 93: 1511–1522.10.3382/ps.2013-0348624879701Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Givens D.I., Gibbsv R.A., Rymer C., Brown R.H. (2011). Effect of intensive vs. free range production on the fat and fatty acid composition of whole birds and edible portions of retail chickens in the UK. Food Chem., 127: 1549–1554.Search in Google Scholar

Grau R., Hamm R. (1953). Eine einfache Methode zur Bestimmung der Wasserbidung im Muskel. Naturwissenschaften, 40: 29–30.10.1007/BF00595734Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Haug A., Olesen I., Christophersen O.A. (2010). Individual variation and intraclass correlation in arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid in chicken muscle. Lipids Health Dis., 9: 37.Search in Google Scholar

Holcman A., Vadnjal R., Žlender B., Stibilj V. (2003). Chemical composition of chicken meat from free range and extensive indoor rearing, Arch. Geflugelkd., 67: 120–124.Search in Google Scholar

Husak R.L., Sebranek J.G., Bregendahl K. (2008). A survey of commercially available broilers marketed as organic, free-range, and conventional broilers for cooked meat yields, meat composition, and relative value. Poultry Sci., 87: 2367–2376.Search in Google Scholar

Kaczor U., Poltowicz K., Kucharski M., Sitarz A.M., Nowak J., Wojtysiak D., Zieba D.A. (2016). Effect of ghrelin and leptin receptors genes polymorphisms on production results and physicochemical characteristics of M. pectoralis superficialis in broiler chickens. Anim. Prod. Sci., http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AN1515210.1071/15152Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Krawczyk J., Sokołowicz Z. (2015). Conservation of chicken biodiversity in the context of the support mechanisms for agriculture by the European Union (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. SERiA, XI: 118–122.Search in Google Scholar

Krawczyk J., Sokołowicz Z., Świątkiewicz S., Sosin-Bzducha E. (2013). Effect of outdoor access and increased amounts of local feed materials in the diets of hens covered by the gene-pool protection programme for farm animals in Poland on quality of eggs during peak egg production. Ann. Anim. Sci., 13: 327–339.10.2478/aoas-2013-0013Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Marciniak-Łukasiak K. (2011). The role and significance of omega-3 fatty acids (in Polish). Żywność Nauka Technologia Jakość., 79: 24–35.Search in Google Scholar

Ponte P.I., Alves S.P., Bessa R.J., Ferreira L.M., Gama L.T., Brás J.L., Fontes C.M., Prates J.A. (2008 a). Influence of pasture intake on the fatty acid composition, and cholesterol, tocopherols, and tocotrienols content in meat from free-range broilers. Poultry Sci., 87: 80–88.10.3382/ps.2007-0014818079454Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Ponte P.I., Rosado C.M., Crespo J.P., Crespo D.G., Mourão J.L., Chaveiro-Soares M.A., Brás J.L., Mendes I., Gama L.T., Prates J.A., Ferreira L.M., Fontes C.M. (2008 b). Pasture intake improves the performance and meat sensory attributes of free-range broilers. Poultry Sci., 87: 71–79.10.3382/ps.2007-0014718079453Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Puchała M., Krawczyk J., Calik J. (2014). Influence of origin of laying hens on the quality of their carcasses and meat after the first laying period. Ann. Anim. Sci., 14: 685–696.10.2478/aoas-2014-0028Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Puchała M., Krawczyk J., Sokołowicz Z., Utnik-Banaś K. (2015). Effect of breed and production system on physicochemical characteristics of meat from multi-purpose hens. Ann. Anim. Sci., 15: 247–261.Search in Google Scholar

Rizzi C., Chiericato G.M. (2010). Chemical composition of meat and egg yolk of hybrid and Italian breed hens reared using an organic production system. Poultry Sci., 89: 1239–1251.Search in Google Scholar

Rizzi C., Marangon A., Chiericato G.M. (2007). Effect of genotype on slaughtering performance and meat physical and sensory characteristics of organic laying hens. Poultry Sci., 86: 128–135.Search in Google Scholar

Sales J. (2014). Effects of access to pasture on performance, carcass composition, and meat quality in broilers: A meta-analysis. Poultry Sci., 93: 1523–1533.Search in Google Scholar

Sokołowicz Z., Krawczyk J., Świątkiewicz S. (2016). Quality of poultry meat from native chicken breeds – a review. Ann. Anim. Sci., 16: 347–368.Search in Google Scholar

Sun T., Long R.J., Liu Z.Y. (2013). The effect of a diet containing grasshoppers and access to free-range on carcass and meat physicochemical and sensory characteristics in broilers. Brit. Poultry Sci., 54: 130–137.10.1080/00071668.2012.75657523444862Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Tauson R., Holm K.E. (2001). First furnished small group cages for laying hens in evaluation program on commercial farms in Sweden. Proc. 6th European Symp. on Poultry Welfare, Bern, pp. 26–32.Search in Google Scholar

Ulbricht T.L., Southgate D.A.T. (1991). Coronary heart disease: seven dietary factors. Lancet 338: 985–992.Search in Google Scholar

Wang K.H., Shi S.R., Dou T.C., Sun H.J. (2009). Effect of a free-range raising system on growth performance, carcass yield, and meat quality of slow-growing chicken. Poultry Sci., 88: 2219–2223.10.3382/ps.2008-0042319762879Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Ziołecki J., Doruchowski W. (1989). Evaluation methods of slaughter value (in Polish). COBRD Poznań, Poland, pp. 1–22.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo