1. bookVolume 17 (2017): Issue 1 (January 2017)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Eligibility of Lying Boxes at Different THI Levels in a Freestall Barn

Published Online: 08 Feb 2017
Volume & Issue: Volume 17 (2017) - Issue 1 (January 2017)
Page range: 257 - 269
Received: 23 Apr 2016
Accepted: 11 Aug 2016
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Cattle show a high sensitivity to changeability of microclimate conditions and heat stress that causes changes in the welfare and behaviour of cows. The presented study aimed at determining the relationship between the temperature humidity index (THI) value during the summer period and daily behaviour of dairy cows, including eligibility of lying boxes. All these aspects were measured under real production conditions. The investigated area, where microclimate conditions measurements were conducted, was a free-stall barn with single and double boxes, with manure and feeding alleys, housing 40 Holstein-Friesian cows. Observations were made on the behaviour of the cows based on a preference test concerning their choice of the best areas with respect to three ranges of THI values: neutral (N), warm (W) and hot (H). During the warm and hot period the research demonstrated a positive correlation between the level of THI and the share of standing cows (in period W - P<0.03 and H - P<0.008), and an inversely proportional one between the level of THI with participation of lying down cows (periods: W - P<0.06; H - P<0.004) and the length of their laying bouts in double boxes. The double boxes area was predominantly occupied, whereas single boxes area was the least often used. The occupation of manure alley areas was positively correlated with the level of THI.

Keywords

Adamczyk K., Pokorska J., Makulska J., Earley B., Mazurek M. (2013). Genetic analysis and evaluation of behavioural traits in cattle. Livest. Sci., 154: 1-12.Search in Google Scholar

Adamczyk K., Górecka- Bruzda A., Nowicki J., Gumułka M., Molik E., Schwarz T., Earley B., Klocek C. (2015). Perception of environment in farm animals -areview. Ann. Anim. Sci., 15: 565-589.Search in Google Scholar

Allen J.D., Hall L.W., Collier R.J., Smith J.F. (2015). Effect of core body temperature, time of day, and climate conditions on behavioral patterns of lactating dairy cows experiencing mild to moderate heat stress. J. Dairy Sci., 98: 118-127.Search in Google Scholar

Angrecka S., Herbut P. (2016). Impact of barn orientation on insolation and temperature of stalls surface. Ann. Anim. Sci., 16: 887-896.Search in Google Scholar

Armstrong D.V. (1994). Heat stress interaction with shade and cooling. J. Dairy Sci., 77: 2044-2050.Search in Google Scholar

Camiloti T.V., Fregonesi J.A.,von Keyserlingk M.A.G., Weary D.M. (2012). Effects of bedding quality on the lying behavior of dairy calves. J. Dairy Sci., 95: 3380-3383.Search in Google Scholar

De Palo P., Tateo A., Zezza F., Corrente M., Centoducati P. (2006). Influence of freestall flooring on comfort and hygiene of dairy cows during warm climatic conditions. J. Dairy Sci., 89: 4583-4595.Search in Google Scholar

Fregonesi J.A., Veira D.M.,von Keyserlingk M.A.G., Weary D.M. (2007). Effects of bedding quality on lying behavior of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 90: 5468-5472.Search in Google Scholar

Galindo F., Broom D.M. (2000). The relationships between social behaviour of dairy cows and the occurrence of lameness in three herds. Res. Vet. Sci., 69: 75-79.Search in Google Scholar

Grant R.J. (2006). Incorporating dairy cow behavior into management tools. Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop, pp. 31-41.Search in Google Scholar

Hahn G.L., Gaughan J.B., Mader T.L., Eigenberg R.A. (2009). Thermal indices and their applications for livestock environments. In: J.A. De Shazer (ed.). Livestock Energetics and Thermal Environment Management, ASABE, St. Joseph Mich., USA, 122 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Herbut P. (2013). Temperature, humidity and air movement variations insideafree-stall barn during heavy frost. Ann. Anim. Sci., 13: 587-596.Search in Google Scholar

Herbut P., Angrecka S. (2013). Forecasting heat stress in dairy cattle in selected barn zones with the help of THIand THIadj indexes. Ann. Anim. Sci., 13: 837-848.Search in Google Scholar

Herbut P., Bieda W., Angrecka S. (2015 a). Influence of hygrothermal conditions on milk production inafree stall barn during hot weather. Anim. Sci. Pap. Rep., 33: 49-58.Search in Google Scholar

Herbut P., Angrecka S., Nawalany G., Adamczyk K. (2015 b). Spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, relative humidity and air velocity inaparallel milking parlour during summer period. Ann. Anim. Sci., 15: 517-526.10.1515/aoas-2015-0001Search in Google Scholar

Horky P., Tmejova K., Kensovs R., Cernei N., Kudr J., Ruttkay- Nedecky B., Sapakova E., Adam V., Kizek R. (2015). Effect of heat stress on the antioxidant activity of boar ejaculate revealed by spectroscopic and electrochemical methods. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 10: 6610-6626.Search in Google Scholar

Kaczor A., Paschma J., Olszewski A., Paraponiuk P. (2011). Effect of flooring type in lying boxes on resting comfort of cows and milk somatic cell count (in Polish). Rocz. Nauk. Zoot., 38: 245-255.Search in Google Scholar

Kadzere C.T., Murphy M.R., Silanikove N., Maltz E. (2002). Heat stress in lactating dairy cows,areview. Livest. Prod. Sci., 77: 59-91.Search in Google Scholar

Mader T.L., Davis M.S., Brown- Brandl T. (2006). Environmental factors influencing heat stress in feedlot cattle. J. Anim. Sci., 84: 712-719.Search in Google Scholar

Manninen E.,de Passillé A.M., Rushen J., Norring M., Saloniemi H. (2002). Preferences of dairy cows kept in unheated buildings for different kind of cubicle flooring. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 75: 281-292.Search in Google Scholar

National Research Council (1971). Aguide to environmental research on animals. In: National Academy of Science. Washington, DC.Search in Google Scholar

Rhoads M.L., Rhoads R.P., Van Baale J.J., Collier R.J., Sanders S.R., Weber W.J., Crooker B.A., Baumgard L.H. (2009). Effects of heat stress and plane of nutrition on lactating Holstein cows: I. Production, metabolism, and aspects of circulating somatotropin. J. Dairy Sci., 92: 1986-1997.Search in Google Scholar

Tapki I., Sahin A. (2006). Comparison of the thermoregulatory behaviours of low and high producing dairy cows inahot environment. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci., 99: 1-11.Search in Google Scholar

Tucker C.B., Weary D.M., Fraser D. (2003). Effects of three types of free-stall surfaces on preferences and stall usage by dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 86: 521-529.Search in Google Scholar

Tucker C.B., Weary D.M.,von Keyserlingk M.A.G., Beauchemin K.A. (2009). Cow comfort in tie-stalls: Increased depth of shavings or straw bedding increases lying time. J. Dairy Sci., 92: 2684-2690.Search in Google Scholar

West J.W. (2003). Effects of heat-stress on production in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci., 86: 2131-2144.Search in Google Scholar

West J.W., Mullinix B.G., Bernard J.K. (2003). Effects of hot, humid weather on milk temperature, dry matter intake and milk yield of lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 86: 232-242.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo