1. bookVolume 16 (2016): Issue 3 (July 2016)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Factors Affecting the Hematological Parameters in Different Goat Breeds from Italy

Published Online: 02 Aug 2016
Volume & Issue: Volume 16 (2016) - Issue 3 (July 2016)
Page range: 743 - 757
Received: 14 Jul 2015
Accepted: 12 Jan 2016
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Hematological parameters in healthy goats show several variations in relation to breed, age, reproductive status, environmental factors and management conditions. Therefore, there is the need to investigate these factors and how they affect the animal’s hematology. The aims of this study were to establish hematological reference values of five Italian goat breeds at different age classes (1–2, 3–4 and over 5 years) considered in autumn and to evaluate the effects of some factors (breed, age and environmental conditions). Ninety-six dried female Aspromontana goats, 102 Girgentana goats, 99 Messinese goats, 96 Maltese goats and 108 Argentata dell’Etna goats, clinically healthy, were used. Blood samples were collected from each animal and analyzed for Red Blood Cell (RBC), White Blood Cell (WBC), Hemoglobin concentration (Hb), Hematocrit (Hct), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) and Platelets (PLT). Statistical analysis showed the effect of breed (P<0.05) on all studied parameters and the effect of age (P<0.05) on: RBC and Hb in Messinese goats; Hct in Girgentana, Maltese and Argentata dell’Etna goats; MCV and MCHC in Argentata dell’Etna goats; WBC in Aspromontana goats; and PLT in Girgentana and Messinese goats. The findings of the present study may serve as reference values for hematology of Italian goat breeds studied in autumn which could help veterinarians to interpret laboratory data appropriately and to monitor animal health status in order to improve the management and conservation of these breeds.

Keywords

Addass P.A., Midau A., Babale D.M. (2010). Haemato-biochemical findings of indigenous goats in Mubi Adamawa State, Nigeria. J. Agr. Soc. Sci., 6: 14–16.Search in Google Scholar

Braun J.P., Trumel C., Bezille P. (2010). Clinical biochemistry in sheep: a selected review. Small Rumin. Res., 92: 10–18.Search in Google Scholar

Daramola J.O., Adeloye A.A., Fatoba T.A., Soladoye A.O. (2005). Haematological and biochemical parameters of West African Dwarf goats. Livest. Res. Rural. Dev., 17: 95.Search in Google Scholar

Di Grigoli A., Todaro M., Di Miceli G., Alicata M.L., Cascone G., Bonanno A. (2009). Milk production and physiological traits of ewes and goats housed indoor or grazing at different daily timing in summer. Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 8: 616–618.Search in Google Scholar

Geffre A., Concordet D., Braun J.P., Trumel C. (2001). Reference values advisor: a new freeware set of macroinstrumentations to calculate reference intervals with Microsoft Excel. Vet. Clin. Pathol., 40: 107–112.Search in Google Scholar

Islam M.S., Lucky N.S., Islam M.R., Ahad A., Das B.R., Rhman M.M., Siddini M.S.I. (2004). Haematological Parameters of Fayami. Assil and local chicken reared in the sylhet region in Bangladash. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 3: 144–147.Search in Google Scholar

Ismailov I. (2005). Comparative immunological and haematological characteristics from each other. Rev Tech. Series 50, Sheep and goats production state, Agricultural Academy Stavro Poulos, Russia.Search in Google Scholar

MAFF (1989). MAFF, Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food. Manual of Veterinary Parasitological Laboratory Techniques. Reference Book No. 418. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.Search in Google Scholar

Nikitchenko I.N., Plyaschenko S.I., Zenkov A.C. (1998). Stresses and productivity of farm animals. Urajai Publishing House, Minsk, 200 pp.Search in Google Scholar

Okonkwo J.C., Okonkwo I.F., Ebuh G.U. (2011). Effect of breed, sex and source within breed on the heamatogical parameters of the Nigerian goats. Online J. Anim. Feed. Res., 1: 8–13.Search in Google Scholar

Piccione G., Caola G. (2002). Biological rhythm in livestock. J. Vet. Sci., 3: 145–157.Search in Google Scholar

Piccione G., Casella S., Lutri L., Vazzana I., Ferrantelli V., Caola G. (2010). Reference values for some haematological, haematochemical, and electrophoretic parameters in the Girgentana goat. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 34: 197–204.Search in Google Scholar

Piccione G., Monteverde V., Rizzo M., Vazzana I., Assenza A., Zumbo A., Niutta P.P. (2014). Reference intervals of some electrophoretic and haematological parameters in Italian goats: comparison between Girgentana and Aspromontana breeds. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 42: 434–439.Search in Google Scholar

Polizopoulou Z.S. (2010). Haematological tests in sheep health management. Small Rumin. Res., 92: 88–91.Search in Google Scholar

Potter C.F., Jacobsen K.L. (2000). La riduzione dello stress da calore in un allevamento di bovine da latte del nord-est degli USA. Large Anim. Rev., 6: 35–41.Search in Google Scholar

Šimpragaa M., Šmucb T., Matanović K., Radina L., Shek-Vugrovećki A., Ljubičić I., Vojtaa A. (2013). Reference intervals for organically raised sheep: Effects of breed, location and season on hematological and biochemical parameters. Small Rumin. Res., 112: 1–6.Search in Google Scholar

Watson D.L., Colditz I.G., Andrew M., Altmann K.G. (1994). Age-dependent immune responses in Merino sheep. Res. Vet. Sci. 57: 152–158.Search in Google Scholar

Waziri M.A., Ribadu A.Y., Sivachelvan N. (2010). Changes in the serum proteins, hematological and some serum biochemical profiles in the gestation period in the Sahel goats. Vet. Arhiv., 80: 215–224.Search in Google Scholar

Weiss D.J., Wardrop K.J. (2010). Schalm’s Veterinary Hematology. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, Baltimore, New York, London, Buenos Aires, Hong Kong, Sydney, Tokyo, pp. 836–842.Search in Google Scholar

Zumbo A., Scianò S., Messina V., Casella S., di Rosa A.R., Piccione G. (2011). Haematological profile of Messinese goat kids and their dams during the first month post-partum. Anim. Sci. Pap. Rep., 29: 223–230.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo