1. bookVolume 22 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
12 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Selected Properties of Multilayer Films Applied for Vacuum and Modified Atmosphere Packaging Systems

Published Online: 25 Jan 2019
Page range: 89 - 98
Received: 01 Nov 2018
Accepted: 01 Dec 2018
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
12 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

The aim of the research was to determine the selected properties of packaging materials applicable for vacuum and modified atmosphere packaging. Six samples of multilayer films with different composition were tested to evaluate the thickness, basic weight, density and the mechanical properties in elongation and puncture tests. Zwick/Roell apparatus equipped with elongation jaws and a puncture pin was used in the experiments. The tensile modulus, tensile strength, elongation at tensile strength, stress at break and work at break were investigated with the elongation test, whereas the breaking force, puncture work and extension at break were evaluated with the puncture test. The obtained results allow conclusion that the thickness and basic weight of the packaging films used in the vacuum system was higher comparing with the MAP system. Analyzing the results of the elongation modulus and stress at break it was reported that the materials used for food packaging in the MAP system were characterized with better properties, whereas elongation at the tensile strength was higher for films applied in the vacuum system, except for a film with a metalized layer. The highest resistance for puncture was evaluated for OPET/PE film used in MAP packaging. The extension at break under the puncture test was higher for films dedicated for vacuum packaging suggesting their better resistance for the mechanical damage by a thin pin. Several correlations between physical and mechanical properties of multilayer films were found.

Keywords

ASTM D63805:2008. Standard test method for tensile properties of plastics.Search in Google Scholar

ASTM D882:2010. Standard test method for tensile properties of thin plastic sheeting.Search in Google Scholar

Brennan, J., Day, B. (2006). Packaging. In: Food Processing Handbook. Ed. J. Brennan, WILEYVCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 291-350.Search in Google Scholar

Butler T.I., Morris B.A. (2013). PE-based multilayer film structures. In: Plastic Films in Food Packaging. Materials. Technology and Applications. Ed. Ebnesajjad S., Plastics Design Library, Elsevier Inc., Oxford, UK, 21-52.Search in Google Scholar

Chocyk, D., Gładyszewska, B., Ciupak, A., Oniszczuk, T., Mościcki, L., Rejak A. (2015). Influence of water addition on mechanical properties of thermoplastic starch foils. International Agrophysics, 29(3), 267-275.Search in Google Scholar

Czerniawski, B., Michniewicz, J. (1998). Opakowania Żywności. AGRO-FOOD-TECHNOLOGY, Czeladź.Search in Google Scholar

Davis, J.R. (2004). Tensile testing. ASM International. Overseas Publishers Association, California, USA.Search in Google Scholar

DIN EN 14477:2004. Packaging. Flexible packaging material - Determination of puncture resistance - Test methods.Search in Google Scholar

Guillard, V., Mauricio-Iglesias, M., Gontard, N. (2010). Effect of novel food processing methods on packaging: structure, composition, and migration properties. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 50, 969-988.Search in Google Scholar

Kacenak, I., Dandar, A., Sekretar, S. (2005). Nowoczesne sposoby pakowania, a ich wpływ na jakość i trwałość produktów, Przemysł Spożywczy, 59(9), 20-25.Search in Google Scholar

Maeda, T., Endo, F., Hotta A. (2015). Highly functionalized polyethylene terephthalate for food packaging. In: Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) Based Blends, Composites and Nanocomposites. Eds. Visakh P.M., Liang M., Elsevier Inc., William Andrew, Oxford, UK, 213-234.Search in Google Scholar

Mirosław, B. (2010). Opakowania giętkie - nowe materiały i rozwiązania, Przemysł Spożywczy, 64(7/8), 68-72.Search in Google Scholar

Mosleh, M., Suh, N.P., Arinez, J. (1998). Manufacture and properties of a polyethylene homocomposite. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 29(5–6), 611-617.Search in Google Scholar

Olech E., Kuboń M. (2016). Clients’ preferences and development of organic food distribution channels. Agricultural Engineering, 20(1), 119-125.Search in Google Scholar

Panfil-Kuncewicz, H., Kuncewicz, A., Mieczkowska, M. (2011). Postęp w pakowaniu produktów spożywczych. Przemysł Spożywczy, 65(7/8), 84-90.Search in Google Scholar

Rejak, A., Wójtowicz, A., Oniszczuk, T. (2013). Wybrane właściwości folii skrobiowych z dodatkiem poli(alkoholu winylowego) i oleju lnianego. Przemysł Chemiczny, 92(11), 2022-2026.Search in Google Scholar

Sazali, M.Q., Suffian, M.S.Z.M., Khan, A.A., Yassin, A., Mohamaddan, S., Yusof, M., Rashidi, S.A., Saad, M.H.I. (2016). The effect of thermal perturbation on a polymer material’s tensile test via simulation and experimental analysis. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering, 8(12), 141-145.Search in Google Scholar

Sharon, C., Sharon, M. (2012). Studies on biodegradation of polyethylene terephthalate: A synthetic polymer. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Research, 2(2), 248-257.Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo