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Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2299-0518
Pubblicato per la prima volta
03 Oct 2014
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 5 (2016): Edizione 3 (September 2016)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2299-0518
Pubblicato per la prima volta
03 Oct 2014
Periodo di pubblicazione
4 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

10 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Preface: Reflections on Emotions

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 3 - 7

Astratto

Abstract

Many academic disciplines have offered important explanations of various aspects of emotion. In the Preface I try to present a wide range of research and stress that study on emotions had its origins in philosophy.

Parole chiave

  • emotions
  • history
  • philosophy
  • psychology
  • psychiatry
  • economy
  • sociology
  • cognitive science
  • neurobiology
access type Accesso libero

Emotions in Philosophy. A Short Introduction

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 8 - 20

Astratto

Abstract

In recent decades, there has been a renewed attention to the emotions amongst scientists of different disciplines: psychology, psychiatry, neurobiology, cognitive science, computer science, sociology, economics, and many others. There are many research centers and scientific journals devoted to affective states already existing. However, studies of emotion have a very long history - especially in philosophy (anthropology, ethics, aesthetics, epistemology, and rhetoric). Philosophers first raised many important questions about emotions and their contribution to the discovery of the nature of emotions is very important. The aim of the article is the reconstruction of the views on emotions of particular thinkers in history of philosophy.

Parole chiave

  • passions
  • emotions
  • ancient philosophy
  • medieval philosophy
  • modern philosophy
access type Accesso libero

Ancient Doctrines of Passions: Plato and Aristotle

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 21 - 28

Astratto

Abstract

The subject of this essay is a discussion of the doctrines of emotions of Plato and Aristotle. According to both them it is impossible to oust the passions from the good, i.e. happy life. On the contrary, emotions are an important component of human excellence. We investigate this question with reference to Plato’s doctrine of the soul and his concept of a perfect life, and Aristotle’s ethics, poetics and rhetoric.

Parole chiave

  • ancient philosophy
  • passions
  • ethics
  • rhetoric
  • poetics
access type Accesso libero

What are Emotions? Structure and Function of Emotions

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 29 - 44

Astratto

Abstract

This paper attempts to coin a stipulative definition of “emotions” to determine their functions. In this sense, “emotion” is a complex phenomenon consisting of an accurate (reliable) determination of the state of affairs in relation to the state of the subject and specific “points of adaptation”. Apart from the cognitive aspect, this phenomenon also includes behavior, physiological changes and expressions (facial expression, voice, posture), feelings, and “execution” of emotions in the nervous system. Emotions fulfill informative, calibrating, identifying, existential, and motivating functions. Emotions capture the world as either positive or negative, important or unimportant, and are used to determine and assign weightings (to set up a kind of hierarchy). They emerge automatically (involuntarily), are difficult (or hardly possible) to control and are (to some extent) influenced by culture.

Parole chiave

  • emotion
  • feeling
  • action
  • brain
  • nervous system
  • expression
  • cognition
  • function
  • significance
  • positive
  • negative
access type Accesso libero

R. G. Collingwood’s Views on the Feeling – Thought Relation and Their Relevance for Current Research

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 45 - 52

Astratto

Abstract

Current research in affectivity is often dominated by perspectives on the feeling/thinking dichotomy. In the paper first I reconstruct Collingwood’s position on this point as it is presented in his Religion and Philosophy, The Principles of Art, and New Leviathan, and then compare it shortly with Bergson’s view. In total five of Collingwood’s different readings of the feeling/thought relation are brought to light. Finally, I opt for a view that takes feeling and thought to be complementary and inseparable, and I try to explain why and how they are better treated in this way.

Parole chiave

  • Collingwood
  • feeling
  • thought
  • feeling/thought linkage
  • feeling/thinking relation
access type Accesso libero

About the Benefits of Pleasure-in-Others’-Misfortune. Aaron Ben-Ze’ev’s Depiction of Emotions as Adaptive Mechanisms

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 53 - 69

Astratto

Abstract

This paper was inspired by two ideas: (1) the concept of emotions as adaptive mechanisms, which was suggested by Aaron Ben-Ze’ev, and (2) Robert Solomon’s criticism of the distinction between “positive” and “negative” emotions which functions in social sciences. In the context of the above mentioned theoretical perspectives I consider the infamous emotion of pleasure-in-others’-misfortune in terms of possible benefits for the experiencing subject. I focus especially on supposed adaptive quality of pleasure-in-others’-aging.

Parole chiave

  • emotion
  • pleasure-in-others’-misfortune
  • pleasure-in-others’-aging
  • adaptation
  • aging
  • Schadenfreude
access type Accesso libero

Procrastination as a Form of Misregulation in the Context of Affect and Self-Regulation

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 70 - 82

Astratto

Abstract

This article aims in situating procrastination, as a specific form of affect regulation failure in context of general affect and self-regulation literature. This will be brought starting with definition of the phenomenon and its’ various forms and perspectives. Next, giving an insight into affect regulation literature. In the third step we will focus on elaborating the picture of procrastination and its’ underlying mechanisms in order to locate it in a broader domain of affect regulation as a specific form of self-regulatory lapse. A commentary regarding dealing with procrastination and effective affect regulation will be provided.

Parole chiave

  • affect regulation
  • self-regulation
  • procrastination
access type Accesso libero

The Godfather: A Translator’s and Writer’s Subconscious and Conscious Skills in the Process of Evoking Reader’s Emotions

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 83 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

The article is an unyielding argument supporting the thesis that not only a writer, but also a translator is expected to use their creativity so that nothing is lost in translation. Amongst various factors that influence the process of translating a novel the article focuses on two of them: a translator should stick to the original text with taking the semantic fields differences into account while s/he should keep the atmosphere of the source language, making as little changes in the target language as possible. Marking a translator’s existence in a text is strongly connected with a perlocutionary act. A great example of the translation that covers both principles is The Godfather, written by Mario Puzo and translated from English into Polish by Bronisław Zieliński. He translated only English words into Polish, leaving the target Italian words with no metamorphosis. The article presents the effect obtained by such an action.

Parole chiave

  • emotions
  • reader
  • the godfather
  • translation
  • translator
access type Accesso libero

The Tectonics of Love in Leo Tolstoy’s Resurrection

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 90 - 103

Astratto

Abstract

The text analyzes Leo Tolstoy’s Resurrection focusing on the feelings expressed in the novel. It focuses on: (I) the ways in which the content of the novel is expressed through artistic means; (II) Tolstoy’s anthropology; (III) the notion of love presented by Ronald de Sousa in his last book Love. A Very Short Introduction: the difference between love and mood or emotion; the classification of love (philia, storge, agape, eros); the distinction between love and lust; love as a reason-free desire; and the notion of the historicity of love.

Parole chiave

  • Love
  • Tolstoy
  • de Sousa
  • Resurrection
  • lust
  • target of love
  • altruism
access type Accesso libero

Presumptions in Communication

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 104 - 117

Astratto

Abstract

In the first part of this paper I consider the Gricean account of communication, as structured by the Cooperative Principle and the four maxims. Several authors, including Jean Goodwin [10], Fred Kauffeld [17], Michael Gilbert [7], Ernie Lepore and Mathew Stone [22], among others, argue that the Gricean view of communication fails in as much as it pretends to offer an account of all such human interactions. As Goodwin and Kauffeld suggest, a more promising starting point is to consider the variety of contextually determined presumptions that we make about speakers and that we rely upon in interpreting utterances. These presumptions are established in various ways, and are dropped, or defeated, in certain conditions. In order to clarify these aspects we need to inquiry into the nature of presumptions. I argue that Kauffeld’s [18], [19], [20] account of presumptions is useful in this context. In the second part of the paper I look at what this account tells us about how, and in what conditions, presumptions in communication are rebutted.

Parole chiave

  • pragmatics
  • communication
  • cooperation
  • presumption
  • Grice
10 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Preface: Reflections on Emotions

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 3 - 7

Astratto

Abstract

Many academic disciplines have offered important explanations of various aspects of emotion. In the Preface I try to present a wide range of research and stress that study on emotions had its origins in philosophy.

Parole chiave

  • emotions
  • history
  • philosophy
  • psychology
  • psychiatry
  • economy
  • sociology
  • cognitive science
  • neurobiology
access type Accesso libero

Emotions in Philosophy. A Short Introduction

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 8 - 20

Astratto

Abstract

In recent decades, there has been a renewed attention to the emotions amongst scientists of different disciplines: psychology, psychiatry, neurobiology, cognitive science, computer science, sociology, economics, and many others. There are many research centers and scientific journals devoted to affective states already existing. However, studies of emotion have a very long history - especially in philosophy (anthropology, ethics, aesthetics, epistemology, and rhetoric). Philosophers first raised many important questions about emotions and their contribution to the discovery of the nature of emotions is very important. The aim of the article is the reconstruction of the views on emotions of particular thinkers in history of philosophy.

Parole chiave

  • passions
  • emotions
  • ancient philosophy
  • medieval philosophy
  • modern philosophy
access type Accesso libero

Ancient Doctrines of Passions: Plato and Aristotle

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 21 - 28

Astratto

Abstract

The subject of this essay is a discussion of the doctrines of emotions of Plato and Aristotle. According to both them it is impossible to oust the passions from the good, i.e. happy life. On the contrary, emotions are an important component of human excellence. We investigate this question with reference to Plato’s doctrine of the soul and his concept of a perfect life, and Aristotle’s ethics, poetics and rhetoric.

Parole chiave

  • ancient philosophy
  • passions
  • ethics
  • rhetoric
  • poetics
access type Accesso libero

What are Emotions? Structure and Function of Emotions

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 29 - 44

Astratto

Abstract

This paper attempts to coin a stipulative definition of “emotions” to determine their functions. In this sense, “emotion” is a complex phenomenon consisting of an accurate (reliable) determination of the state of affairs in relation to the state of the subject and specific “points of adaptation”. Apart from the cognitive aspect, this phenomenon also includes behavior, physiological changes and expressions (facial expression, voice, posture), feelings, and “execution” of emotions in the nervous system. Emotions fulfill informative, calibrating, identifying, existential, and motivating functions. Emotions capture the world as either positive or negative, important or unimportant, and are used to determine and assign weightings (to set up a kind of hierarchy). They emerge automatically (involuntarily), are difficult (or hardly possible) to control and are (to some extent) influenced by culture.

Parole chiave

  • emotion
  • feeling
  • action
  • brain
  • nervous system
  • expression
  • cognition
  • function
  • significance
  • positive
  • negative
access type Accesso libero

R. G. Collingwood’s Views on the Feeling – Thought Relation and Their Relevance for Current Research

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 45 - 52

Astratto

Abstract

Current research in affectivity is often dominated by perspectives on the feeling/thinking dichotomy. In the paper first I reconstruct Collingwood’s position on this point as it is presented in his Religion and Philosophy, The Principles of Art, and New Leviathan, and then compare it shortly with Bergson’s view. In total five of Collingwood’s different readings of the feeling/thought relation are brought to light. Finally, I opt for a view that takes feeling and thought to be complementary and inseparable, and I try to explain why and how they are better treated in this way.

Parole chiave

  • Collingwood
  • feeling
  • thought
  • feeling/thought linkage
  • feeling/thinking relation
access type Accesso libero

About the Benefits of Pleasure-in-Others’-Misfortune. Aaron Ben-Ze’ev’s Depiction of Emotions as Adaptive Mechanisms

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 53 - 69

Astratto

Abstract

This paper was inspired by two ideas: (1) the concept of emotions as adaptive mechanisms, which was suggested by Aaron Ben-Ze’ev, and (2) Robert Solomon’s criticism of the distinction between “positive” and “negative” emotions which functions in social sciences. In the context of the above mentioned theoretical perspectives I consider the infamous emotion of pleasure-in-others’-misfortune in terms of possible benefits for the experiencing subject. I focus especially on supposed adaptive quality of pleasure-in-others’-aging.

Parole chiave

  • emotion
  • pleasure-in-others’-misfortune
  • pleasure-in-others’-aging
  • adaptation
  • aging
  • Schadenfreude
access type Accesso libero

Procrastination as a Form of Misregulation in the Context of Affect and Self-Regulation

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 70 - 82

Astratto

Abstract

This article aims in situating procrastination, as a specific form of affect regulation failure in context of general affect and self-regulation literature. This will be brought starting with definition of the phenomenon and its’ various forms and perspectives. Next, giving an insight into affect regulation literature. In the third step we will focus on elaborating the picture of procrastination and its’ underlying mechanisms in order to locate it in a broader domain of affect regulation as a specific form of self-regulatory lapse. A commentary regarding dealing with procrastination and effective affect regulation will be provided.

Parole chiave

  • affect regulation
  • self-regulation
  • procrastination
access type Accesso libero

The Godfather: A Translator’s and Writer’s Subconscious and Conscious Skills in the Process of Evoking Reader’s Emotions

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 83 - 89

Astratto

Abstract

The article is an unyielding argument supporting the thesis that not only a writer, but also a translator is expected to use their creativity so that nothing is lost in translation. Amongst various factors that influence the process of translating a novel the article focuses on two of them: a translator should stick to the original text with taking the semantic fields differences into account while s/he should keep the atmosphere of the source language, making as little changes in the target language as possible. Marking a translator’s existence in a text is strongly connected with a perlocutionary act. A great example of the translation that covers both principles is The Godfather, written by Mario Puzo and translated from English into Polish by Bronisław Zieliński. He translated only English words into Polish, leaving the target Italian words with no metamorphosis. The article presents the effect obtained by such an action.

Parole chiave

  • emotions
  • reader
  • the godfather
  • translation
  • translator
access type Accesso libero

The Tectonics of Love in Leo Tolstoy’s Resurrection

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 90 - 103

Astratto

Abstract

The text analyzes Leo Tolstoy’s Resurrection focusing on the feelings expressed in the novel. It focuses on: (I) the ways in which the content of the novel is expressed through artistic means; (II) Tolstoy’s anthropology; (III) the notion of love presented by Ronald de Sousa in his last book Love. A Very Short Introduction: the difference between love and mood or emotion; the classification of love (philia, storge, agape, eros); the distinction between love and lust; love as a reason-free desire; and the notion of the historicity of love.

Parole chiave

  • Love
  • Tolstoy
  • de Sousa
  • Resurrection
  • lust
  • target of love
  • altruism
access type Accesso libero

Presumptions in Communication

Pubblicato online: 16 Nov 2016
Pagine: 104 - 117

Astratto

Abstract

In the first part of this paper I consider the Gricean account of communication, as structured by the Cooperative Principle and the four maxims. Several authors, including Jean Goodwin [10], Fred Kauffeld [17], Michael Gilbert [7], Ernie Lepore and Mathew Stone [22], among others, argue that the Gricean view of communication fails in as much as it pretends to offer an account of all such human interactions. As Goodwin and Kauffeld suggest, a more promising starting point is to consider the variety of contextually determined presumptions that we make about speakers and that we rely upon in interpreting utterances. These presumptions are established in various ways, and are dropped, or defeated, in certain conditions. In order to clarify these aspects we need to inquiry into the nature of presumptions. I argue that Kauffeld’s [18], [19], [20] account of presumptions is useful in this context. In the second part of the paper I look at what this account tells us about how, and in what conditions, presumptions in communication are rebutted.

Parole chiave

  • pragmatics
  • communication
  • cooperation
  • presumption
  • Grice

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