Rivista e Edizione

Volume 13 (2021): Edizione 1 (December 2021)

Volume 12 (2020): Edizione 3 (September 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Edizione 2 (May 2020)

Volume 12 (2020): Edizione 1 (January 2020)

Volume 11 (2019): Edizione 3 (September 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Edizione 2 (May 2019)

Volume 11 (2019): Edizione 1 (January 2019)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2463-8226
Pubblicato per la prima volta
20 Jul 2021
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 11 (2019): Edizione 3 (September 2019)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2463-8226
Pubblicato per la prima volta
20 Jul 2021
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

5 Articoli
Accesso libero

Return migration and re-integration of returnees challenges in the origin country

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 4 - 24

Astratto

Abstract

Return migration, traditionally not a well-studied and often neglected area, is becoming an important component of the international migration debate. Reintegration is an essential part of return migration and identified as a complex process that is experienced differently by returnees. The adaptation of immigrants in the host country has been extensively studied, while much less attention has been paid to economic and socio-cultural reintegration and the difficulties return migrants face once they come back to their homeland. Especially children and youth born in destination countries with sociolinguistic and socialization difficulties face a particularly tough reintegration process. Theoretically, there is comprehensive literature focused on return migration and reasons for return, but less in return migration policies and reintegration process. Empirically, there is a lack of studies focused on the reintegration of returnees, particularly in the socio-cultural aspect. With increased attention to the importance of this process, many states and governments have established policies or programs to encourage the return of their citizens, and facilitate returnees’ successful and permanent relocation in the new society of the origin country. This paper aims to analyze theoretically and empirically the processes of reintegration of returnees in the origin country by identifying the challenges they encounter in the economic and social-cultural life of the origin country.

Key-words

  • return migration
  • second generation returnees
  • economic reintegration
  • socio-cultural reintegration
  • return migration policies
Accesso libero

The Basovizza monument: Constructing memory and identity

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 25 - 38

Astratto

Abstract

The Foiba di Basovizza monument in northeast Italy commemorates victims of mass killings instigated by communist partisans at the end of World War II. These killings are known as “foibe” in the Italian literature. This word has come to signify the “ethnic cleansing” of Italians by Yugoslavians, despite evidence indicating that the majority of victims of these killings were from Slovenia and Croatia and that the killings were politically motivated. The Foiba di Basovizza was designated a national monument in Italy in 2007 and the narrative of “ethnic cleansing” it presents has been accepted throughout Italy as a legitimate version of history. Nationalistic comments made by European Parliament president Antonio Tajani at the monument’s annual commemoration on 10 February 2019, however, sparked international outcry and revealed that the site is still a vortex for longstanding discursive battles over territorial rights and victimhood contests. This paper argues that the Basovizza monument outmaneuvers questions of historical and scientific accuracy by constructing an exclusive notion of Italian identity that galvanizes nationalism and fuels fear of foreign infiltration. My analysis is a case study that investigates how productions of public memory can be used politically to influence the formation of national, ethnic, and cultural identity.

Key-words

  • monuments
  • memory
  • identity
  • nationalism
  • Foibe
  • Italy
  • Slovenia
Accesso libero

Between the state and civil society: Anti-corruption discourse of movements and non-governmental organisations in Russia

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 39 - 67

Astratto

Abstract

The main objective of the article is to define the main strategies of discourse of an anti-corruption civil society (ACS) and to analyse functioning of its main models, which are presented by the activity of three organisations: The All-Russia People's Front, the Transparency International–Russia, and the Anti-Corruption Foundation. For this analysis, we selected the content analysis and critical discourse analysis of anti-corruption investigations and used other documents demonstrating the organisations’ activities. According to the research results, all three models exist in Russia but their correlation is asymmetric. All-Russia People's Front acts on behalf of the state as the main anti-corruption agent. Transparency International presents itself as a part of the global anti-corruption movement based on the principles of professionalism and political independency. The Anti-Corruption Foundation declares that state authorities are corrupt and therefore cannot fight against corruption using adequate measures. The asymmetry of the models presented is determined by the lack of checks and balances in the country, where the state presents itself as the single agent of curbing corruption and creates fictive anti-corruption civil society.

Key-words

  • corruption
  • civil society
  • anti-corruption organisations
  • movements, state
  • content analysis
  • critical discourse analysis
Accesso libero

Oil production and the problematic of water pollution in the Niger Delta: A study of selected communities in Bayelsa State

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 68 - 86

Astratto

Abstract

This study examines the problematic of oil production and water pollution in selected oil-bearing communities in Bayelsa State. The design of the study was descriptive survey. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. The data were analyzed using chi-square. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between the role of the Nigerian State, multinational oil companies as well as the community leadership and the negative effects of water pollution on the health, occupation/economic and the livelihood standard/poverty level of the people of the oil-bearing communities in Bayelsa State. The study recommended among others that the multi-layered levels of government should formulate and genuinely implement policies that will mitigate the effects of water pollution on the health, economic and livelihood status of the people and the multinational oil conglomerates should be truly committed to integrated policies and strategies that will close the developmental gaps in the Niger Delta Region.

Key-words

  • oil production
  • water pollution
  • Niger Delta
  • Bayelsa State
  • communities
Accesso libero

The Republic of North Macedonia - A 'new' country in the Western Balkans

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 87 - 107

Astratto

Abstract

The article tries to explain and define political processes and changes trhough history of the 'new' Western Balkans country - the Republic of North Macedonia. It is word about analysis of the political dispute between Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and Greece, from its biginnings until the present day. This paper will try to give the real picture of political area in the Balkans and explore deeper roots of the 'Macedonian Question' controversy. Also, it will give the explinations of the resolution of 27-year dispute, (between the two neighbor countries), by signing the Prespa Agreement. Hence, leaving by side national identity and history, the North Macedonia will be able to join the European Union and NATO. Thus, in short period of time, a 'new' country in the Western Balkans has putted in the center of the regional politics, with clear purpose: promoting ethnic and cultural heritance in the edge of the European continent.

Key-words

  • North Macedonia
  • Greece
  • the 'Macedonian Question'
  • the name issue
  • the Prespa Agreement
  • identity
  • the Western Balkans
  • the European and Euro-Atlantic integration
5 Articoli
Accesso libero

Return migration and re-integration of returnees challenges in the origin country

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 4 - 24

Astratto

Abstract

Return migration, traditionally not a well-studied and often neglected area, is becoming an important component of the international migration debate. Reintegration is an essential part of return migration and identified as a complex process that is experienced differently by returnees. The adaptation of immigrants in the host country has been extensively studied, while much less attention has been paid to economic and socio-cultural reintegration and the difficulties return migrants face once they come back to their homeland. Especially children and youth born in destination countries with sociolinguistic and socialization difficulties face a particularly tough reintegration process. Theoretically, there is comprehensive literature focused on return migration and reasons for return, but less in return migration policies and reintegration process. Empirically, there is a lack of studies focused on the reintegration of returnees, particularly in the socio-cultural aspect. With increased attention to the importance of this process, many states and governments have established policies or programs to encourage the return of their citizens, and facilitate returnees’ successful and permanent relocation in the new society of the origin country. This paper aims to analyze theoretically and empirically the processes of reintegration of returnees in the origin country by identifying the challenges they encounter in the economic and social-cultural life of the origin country.

Key-words

  • return migration
  • second generation returnees
  • economic reintegration
  • socio-cultural reintegration
  • return migration policies
Accesso libero

The Basovizza monument: Constructing memory and identity

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 25 - 38

Astratto

Abstract

The Foiba di Basovizza monument in northeast Italy commemorates victims of mass killings instigated by communist partisans at the end of World War II. These killings are known as “foibe” in the Italian literature. This word has come to signify the “ethnic cleansing” of Italians by Yugoslavians, despite evidence indicating that the majority of victims of these killings were from Slovenia and Croatia and that the killings were politically motivated. The Foiba di Basovizza was designated a national monument in Italy in 2007 and the narrative of “ethnic cleansing” it presents has been accepted throughout Italy as a legitimate version of history. Nationalistic comments made by European Parliament president Antonio Tajani at the monument’s annual commemoration on 10 February 2019, however, sparked international outcry and revealed that the site is still a vortex for longstanding discursive battles over territorial rights and victimhood contests. This paper argues that the Basovizza monument outmaneuvers questions of historical and scientific accuracy by constructing an exclusive notion of Italian identity that galvanizes nationalism and fuels fear of foreign infiltration. My analysis is a case study that investigates how productions of public memory can be used politically to influence the formation of national, ethnic, and cultural identity.

Key-words

  • monuments
  • memory
  • identity
  • nationalism
  • Foibe
  • Italy
  • Slovenia
Accesso libero

Between the state and civil society: Anti-corruption discourse of movements and non-governmental organisations in Russia

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 39 - 67

Astratto

Abstract

The main objective of the article is to define the main strategies of discourse of an anti-corruption civil society (ACS) and to analyse functioning of its main models, which are presented by the activity of three organisations: The All-Russia People's Front, the Transparency International–Russia, and the Anti-Corruption Foundation. For this analysis, we selected the content analysis and critical discourse analysis of anti-corruption investigations and used other documents demonstrating the organisations’ activities. According to the research results, all three models exist in Russia but their correlation is asymmetric. All-Russia People's Front acts on behalf of the state as the main anti-corruption agent. Transparency International presents itself as a part of the global anti-corruption movement based on the principles of professionalism and political independency. The Anti-Corruption Foundation declares that state authorities are corrupt and therefore cannot fight against corruption using adequate measures. The asymmetry of the models presented is determined by the lack of checks and balances in the country, where the state presents itself as the single agent of curbing corruption and creates fictive anti-corruption civil society.

Key-words

  • corruption
  • civil society
  • anti-corruption organisations
  • movements, state
  • content analysis
  • critical discourse analysis
Accesso libero

Oil production and the problematic of water pollution in the Niger Delta: A study of selected communities in Bayelsa State

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 68 - 86

Astratto

Abstract

This study examines the problematic of oil production and water pollution in selected oil-bearing communities in Bayelsa State. The design of the study was descriptive survey. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. The data were analyzed using chi-square. The findings of the study revealed that there is a significant relationship between the role of the Nigerian State, multinational oil companies as well as the community leadership and the negative effects of water pollution on the health, occupation/economic and the livelihood standard/poverty level of the people of the oil-bearing communities in Bayelsa State. The study recommended among others that the multi-layered levels of government should formulate and genuinely implement policies that will mitigate the effects of water pollution on the health, economic and livelihood status of the people and the multinational oil conglomerates should be truly committed to integrated policies and strategies that will close the developmental gaps in the Niger Delta Region.

Key-words

  • oil production
  • water pollution
  • Niger Delta
  • Bayelsa State
  • communities
Accesso libero

The Republic of North Macedonia - A 'new' country in the Western Balkans

Pubblicato online: 21 Jul 2021
Pagine: 87 - 107

Astratto

Abstract

The article tries to explain and define political processes and changes trhough history of the 'new' Western Balkans country - the Republic of North Macedonia. It is word about analysis of the political dispute between Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and Greece, from its biginnings until the present day. This paper will try to give the real picture of political area in the Balkans and explore deeper roots of the 'Macedonian Question' controversy. Also, it will give the explinations of the resolution of 27-year dispute, (between the two neighbor countries), by signing the Prespa Agreement. Hence, leaving by side national identity and history, the North Macedonia will be able to join the European Union and NATO. Thus, in short period of time, a 'new' country in the Western Balkans has putted in the center of the regional politics, with clear purpose: promoting ethnic and cultural heritance in the edge of the European continent.

Key-words

  • North Macedonia
  • Greece
  • the 'Macedonian Question'
  • the name issue
  • the Prespa Agreement
  • identity
  • the Western Balkans
  • the European and Euro-Atlantic integration

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