Rivista e Edizione

Volume 4 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)

Volume 3 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)
Media and the Climate Crisis

Volume 2 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)
What is Nordic in the Nordic Media Studies?

Volume 1 (2019): Edizione 1 (June 2019)
Disrupting Media Infrastructures

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2003-184X
Pubblicato per la prima volta
30 May 2019
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 2 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)
What is Nordic in the Nordic Media Studies?

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2003-184X
Pubblicato per la prima volta
30 May 2019
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

14 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Introduction

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 1 - 11

Astratto

access type Accesso libero

Media Studies the Nordic Way: Formations and futures

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 13 - 22

Astratto

Abstract

Based on an overview of Anglo-American stocktaking of media and communication studies, this article situates Nordic media studies as a third route staked out between academic binaries of administrative and critical approaches. The key argument is this: Nordic media studies displays distinctive features of development that are shaped by Nordic welfarist ideals from the 1970s and 1980s rather than by international trends in the academy. Furthermore, these ideals are worth holding on to if the field of media studies is to thrive with quality and relevance in a globalised, connected, and deeply datafied platform society. I take media studies – not communication studies – as my point of departure, since this is the most feasible umbrella term when studying current modes of communication that are technologically mediated in ways that can be stored, shaped, and shared across time and space.

Parole chiave

  • “ferment in the field”
  • academic field
  • normative theory
  • welfarism
  • common good
access type Accesso libero

Is There a Nordic News Media System?: A descriptive comparative analysis of Nordic news audiences

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 23 - 35

Astratto

Abstract

In media systems theory, the Nordic countries are often held to constitute a specific media system (Brüggemann et al., 2014). In this article, we put this claim to the test in the area of news consumption. Based on findings about the four Nordic countries Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland in the annual Reuters Institute Digital News Report (Newman et al., 2019), and inspired by previous studies of the audience dimension of media systems (Hölig et al., 2016; Peruško et al., 2015; Van Damme et al., 2017), we undertake a descriptive empirical analysis of the 2019 data of this 38-country study. Our study compares news audience practices in the Nordic countries with those of countries belonging to other supranational media systems. We find that while there are some internal differences within the Nordic media system, there are salient news consumption commonalities that are specific to the Nordic countries, such as preferred sources of news, pathways to news, paying for online news, and trust in the news.

Parole chiave

  • news audiences
  • media systems
  • Nordic countries
  • comparative analysis
  • online survey
access type Accesso libero

The Media Welfare State: Why such a concept, what is it used for, does it have a future?

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 37 - 45

Astratto

Abstract

In 2014, Syvertsen, Enli, Mjøs, and Moe authored The Media Welfare State: Nordic Media in a Digital Era to explore the specificities of Nordic media and the analogy between welfare state and media structures. In this short article, we point to how selected works challenge or extend the notions of a media welfare state beyond the original analysis. We begin by placing the work in a tradition of comparative and typology-generating scholarship and point to parallel works emerging at the same time. We then highlight others’ contributions in order to identify tendencies in Nordic media and research. In conclusion, we use examples from current research to argue that changes in the media system may be studied from both the angle of changing media policies and that of changing welfare states.

Parole chiave

  • Nordic
  • welfare state
  • media policy
  • typology
  • comparative
access type Accesso libero

(The domestication of) Nordic domestication?1

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 47 - 57

Astratto

Abstract

The domestication concept, originally developed in Britain in the context of media appropriation in households’ everyday life, has seen a relatively high uptake in the Nordic countries from early on. This was by far not only an application of the concept, but an alternative interpretation with different emphases. I introduce two major strands of this uptake in this article: the Norwegian science and technology studies interpretation, and the primarily Finnish consumer and design research interpretation. These case studies will help answer the question of the degree of Nordicness in these interpretations of the domestication approach. In a last instance, the article aims to address the question what the current – and hopefully future – state of domestication research in the Nordic countries could look like.

Parole chiave

  • domestication
  • Nordic
  • societal appropriation
  • design research
  • energy
access type Accesso libero

Media Literacy and the Emerging Media Citizen in the Nordic Media Welfare State

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 59 - 70

Astratto

Abstract

Since the 1960s, there has been a thriving Nordic tradition of media literacy research, pedagogics, and policy on how to best prepare the emerging media citizen for an increasingly mediatised society. Although the Nordic model of media literacy has previously been characterised by connections to Bildung, critical theory, cultural studies, and progressive pedagogics, much of today's understanding of media literacy is associated with a more instrumental understanding of education, with connections to the commercialisation and digitalisation of compulsory education. By suggesting a historisation of the Nordic media literacy tradition, in connection to the Nordic media welfare state, this article opens a debate about the future directions of Nordic media literacy.

Parole chiave

  • mediatisation
  • media literacy
  • media citizen
  • media welfare state
  • historisation
access type Accesso libero

A Review of Formal and Informal Regulations in the Nordic Influencer Industry

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 71 - 83

Astratto

Abstract

This article provides a systematic review of laws, guidelines, and best practices related to the Nordic influencer industry as of the year 2020. We highlight some nuanced differences or shortfalls across Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden, and give some policy recommendations to national governments and industry in order to maintain a professional Nordic standard. The article identifies a degree of social, cultural, and economic coherence in the Nordic context that allows for the Danish, Finnish, Norwegian, and Swedish influencer industries to be viewed as a collaborative entity. It then reviews the status of income and tax procedures, and the regulation of commercial disclosures for influencers in the Nordic region. It is hoped that this research contributes to strengthening the integrity and rigour of the Nordic influencer industry to serve as a model for other regional networks of influencers.

Parole chiave

  • influencer industry
  • regulation
  • policy
  • social media
  • Nordic media
access type Accesso libero

Under the Influence of Politics: Mediatisation and politico-administrative systems in Scandinavia

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 85 - 96

Astratto

Abstract

This conceptual article extends three ongoing scholarly debates on the mediatisation of politics – the risk of media centrism, the tendency to see mediatisation as a linear process, and the preoccupation with elected officials. We argue for the need to identify, foreground, and systematise non-media dimensions of mediatisation processes. We also argue that actors encounter mediatisation as a set of dynamic ideas rather than a fixed logic. With a focus on government agencies and a comparison of the politico-administrative systems in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, this article gives certain attention to politicisation, autonomy, and accountability and suggests that the degree of freedom granted to agencies in Denmark and Norway is relatively limited compared with agencies in Sweden. Consequently, we present two propositions: 1) agencies in Denmark and Norway are less inclined to mediatise, whereas 2) Swedish government agencies will more likely mediatise and show conformity with widely accepted norms regarding media.

Parole chiave

  • accountability
  • autonomy
  • government agencies
  • mediatisation
  • politicisation
access type Accesso libero

Even in Sweden?1: Misinformation and elections in the new media landscape

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 97 - 108

Astratto

Abstract

The Swedish national parliamentary election of 2018 took place amidst considerable concern over the role of misinformation. This paper examines the role of digital media during the election against the background of the Swedish media system. It focuses on the role of bots and how they supported the Sweden Democrats, whose agenda was also promoted by anti-immigrant alternative news websites. This article reports on a study of Twitter that used computational techniques to distinguish bots from genuine accounts across hashtags related to the election and Swedish politics (such as #valet2018). I examine which parties are supported and criticised by bots and by genuine accounts, and discuss the content of the tweets. In this article, I place bots in the context of broader debates about the role of digital media in politics and argue that misinformation and alternative news websites will demand continued future vigilance.

Parole chiave

  • Sweden
  • election
  • bots
  • misinformation
  • alternative websites
access type Accesso libero

Creative Clusters – Urban Utopia or Regional Remedy?: A Nordic perspective on the role of the creative industries in regional development

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 109 - 120

Astratto

Abstract

The creative industries have had a major impact on cultural policy, and it is often argued that these industries can be a vehicle for regional growth. Using regional film production in Norway as a case, I discuss the creative industries, the cluster concept and its impact on policy. I analyse two film policy documents from 2007 and 2015 in order to show how the issue of size and critical mass is an unsettled topic within the creative industries, and I question the relevance of film as an economic and regional development tool in a country with a small film industry, such as Norway. This article shows that the creative industries concept, adopted from international discourses, especially creative industries policies in the UK, has influenced Norwegian film policy, reducing the importance of cultural objectives and increased the focus on the business potential and economic aspects of culture.

Parole chiave

  • creative industries
  • clusters
  • film production
  • film policy
  • regional development
  • Norway
access type Accesso libero

Legitimising a Feminist Agenda: The #metoo petitions in Sweden 2017–2018

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 121 - 132

Astratto

Abstract

During 2017 and 2018, the #metoo hashtag united a global movement against sexual abuse and harassment. In Sweden, a large portion of the attention was given to the voices of working women, who organised and wrote petitions that were published in news media. Previous research has found that media reports of sexual abuse often focus on singular stories, rather than describing the underlying structural problems, and that the problem is often framed as an individual rather than structural problem. This article accounts for a qualitative content analysis of the first 28 published #metoo petitions in Sweden, with the goal of understanding how these framed the issue. In contrast to previous research, this study shows how the petitions established a coherent feminist explanatory framework that placed the problems on a structural level by focusing on work environments and framing demands in terms of general and perfectly reasonable human rights.

Parole chiave

  • #metoo
  • framing
  • news media
  • hashtag activism
  • feminist activism
access type Accesso libero

Swedish Media Research in the Service of Psychological Defence During the Cold War?

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 133 - 144

Astratto

Abstract

In this article, we address the history of Nordic media research through a case study of the formation of media research in Sweden in the 1950s and 1960s and the role that The Board for Psychological Defence played in the formation of Swedish academic media research during the Cold War era. Based on archival research, we find that the impact of the psychological defence on Swedish media research was mainly concentrated to one Swedish university, and that the impact on the theoretical and methodological development of the discipline has been rather limited. This distinguishes the Swedish case from what has been argued in historical research on the development of media and communication research in the US.

Parole chiave

  • research funding
  • Sweden
  • mass communication
  • propaganda
  • psychological defence
access type Accesso libero

Factoring Size into the Equation: Media studies, politics, and small states

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 145 - 156

Astratto

Abstract

In this article, I discuss how the world's smallest states, including Iceland, are routinely absent in research and comparative studies concerning media and politics. Size has up until now mostly been ignored as a possible factor in understanding media systems and the relationship between media and politics on the national level. Existing research from other academic fields, such as public administration and economics, has revealed an important finding: small states have unique characteristics that differentiate them from larger states. They can therefore not simply be viewed as smaller versions of large states that have been central in knowledge production. Arguably, a Nordic perspective in media research needs to incorporate the size variable into the research agenda. This article illustrates how this expanded agenda will enrich our understanding of media and politics in the Nordic countries and open up new areas of study on small and large states more generally.

Parole chiave

  • Small states
  • Iceland
  • media
  • politics
  • political communication
access type Accesso libero

A Turn in the Road of Media Studies

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 157 - 166

Astratto

Abstract

Whether in the form of Google searches, interactive games, or responsive textual environments, the reassuring subject-object binary so fundamental to the modern era's representation systems is fast slipping away. In its place, a recursive epistemological order that actively parses the subject and shapes the textual world is fast emerging, posing challenges to established notions of agency and to narrative as a cultural operating system. Assessments of the terms and implications of this shift will benefit from the distinctive analytic perspective that distinguishes the Nordic from many of its Anglo-American and European peers.

Parole chiave

  • narrative
  • algorithmic
  • agency
  • interactive
  • recursive
14 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Introduction

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 1 - 11

Astratto

access type Accesso libero

Media Studies the Nordic Way: Formations and futures

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 13 - 22

Astratto

Abstract

Based on an overview of Anglo-American stocktaking of media and communication studies, this article situates Nordic media studies as a third route staked out between academic binaries of administrative and critical approaches. The key argument is this: Nordic media studies displays distinctive features of development that are shaped by Nordic welfarist ideals from the 1970s and 1980s rather than by international trends in the academy. Furthermore, these ideals are worth holding on to if the field of media studies is to thrive with quality and relevance in a globalised, connected, and deeply datafied platform society. I take media studies – not communication studies – as my point of departure, since this is the most feasible umbrella term when studying current modes of communication that are technologically mediated in ways that can be stored, shaped, and shared across time and space.

Parole chiave

  • “ferment in the field”
  • academic field
  • normative theory
  • welfarism
  • common good
access type Accesso libero

Is There a Nordic News Media System?: A descriptive comparative analysis of Nordic news audiences

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 23 - 35

Astratto

Abstract

In media systems theory, the Nordic countries are often held to constitute a specific media system (Brüggemann et al., 2014). In this article, we put this claim to the test in the area of news consumption. Based on findings about the four Nordic countries Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland in the annual Reuters Institute Digital News Report (Newman et al., 2019), and inspired by previous studies of the audience dimension of media systems (Hölig et al., 2016; Peruško et al., 2015; Van Damme et al., 2017), we undertake a descriptive empirical analysis of the 2019 data of this 38-country study. Our study compares news audience practices in the Nordic countries with those of countries belonging to other supranational media systems. We find that while there are some internal differences within the Nordic media system, there are salient news consumption commonalities that are specific to the Nordic countries, such as preferred sources of news, pathways to news, paying for online news, and trust in the news.

Parole chiave

  • news audiences
  • media systems
  • Nordic countries
  • comparative analysis
  • online survey
access type Accesso libero

The Media Welfare State: Why such a concept, what is it used for, does it have a future?

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 37 - 45

Astratto

Abstract

In 2014, Syvertsen, Enli, Mjøs, and Moe authored The Media Welfare State: Nordic Media in a Digital Era to explore the specificities of Nordic media and the analogy between welfare state and media structures. In this short article, we point to how selected works challenge or extend the notions of a media welfare state beyond the original analysis. We begin by placing the work in a tradition of comparative and typology-generating scholarship and point to parallel works emerging at the same time. We then highlight others’ contributions in order to identify tendencies in Nordic media and research. In conclusion, we use examples from current research to argue that changes in the media system may be studied from both the angle of changing media policies and that of changing welfare states.

Parole chiave

  • Nordic
  • welfare state
  • media policy
  • typology
  • comparative
access type Accesso libero

(The domestication of) Nordic domestication?1

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 47 - 57

Astratto

Abstract

The domestication concept, originally developed in Britain in the context of media appropriation in households’ everyday life, has seen a relatively high uptake in the Nordic countries from early on. This was by far not only an application of the concept, but an alternative interpretation with different emphases. I introduce two major strands of this uptake in this article: the Norwegian science and technology studies interpretation, and the primarily Finnish consumer and design research interpretation. These case studies will help answer the question of the degree of Nordicness in these interpretations of the domestication approach. In a last instance, the article aims to address the question what the current – and hopefully future – state of domestication research in the Nordic countries could look like.

Parole chiave

  • domestication
  • Nordic
  • societal appropriation
  • design research
  • energy
access type Accesso libero

Media Literacy and the Emerging Media Citizen in the Nordic Media Welfare State

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 59 - 70

Astratto

Abstract

Since the 1960s, there has been a thriving Nordic tradition of media literacy research, pedagogics, and policy on how to best prepare the emerging media citizen for an increasingly mediatised society. Although the Nordic model of media literacy has previously been characterised by connections to Bildung, critical theory, cultural studies, and progressive pedagogics, much of today's understanding of media literacy is associated with a more instrumental understanding of education, with connections to the commercialisation and digitalisation of compulsory education. By suggesting a historisation of the Nordic media literacy tradition, in connection to the Nordic media welfare state, this article opens a debate about the future directions of Nordic media literacy.

Parole chiave

  • mediatisation
  • media literacy
  • media citizen
  • media welfare state
  • historisation
access type Accesso libero

A Review of Formal and Informal Regulations in the Nordic Influencer Industry

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 71 - 83

Astratto

Abstract

This article provides a systematic review of laws, guidelines, and best practices related to the Nordic influencer industry as of the year 2020. We highlight some nuanced differences or shortfalls across Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden, and give some policy recommendations to national governments and industry in order to maintain a professional Nordic standard. The article identifies a degree of social, cultural, and economic coherence in the Nordic context that allows for the Danish, Finnish, Norwegian, and Swedish influencer industries to be viewed as a collaborative entity. It then reviews the status of income and tax procedures, and the regulation of commercial disclosures for influencers in the Nordic region. It is hoped that this research contributes to strengthening the integrity and rigour of the Nordic influencer industry to serve as a model for other regional networks of influencers.

Parole chiave

  • influencer industry
  • regulation
  • policy
  • social media
  • Nordic media
access type Accesso libero

Under the Influence of Politics: Mediatisation and politico-administrative systems in Scandinavia

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 85 - 96

Astratto

Abstract

This conceptual article extends three ongoing scholarly debates on the mediatisation of politics – the risk of media centrism, the tendency to see mediatisation as a linear process, and the preoccupation with elected officials. We argue for the need to identify, foreground, and systematise non-media dimensions of mediatisation processes. We also argue that actors encounter mediatisation as a set of dynamic ideas rather than a fixed logic. With a focus on government agencies and a comparison of the politico-administrative systems in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, this article gives certain attention to politicisation, autonomy, and accountability and suggests that the degree of freedom granted to agencies in Denmark and Norway is relatively limited compared with agencies in Sweden. Consequently, we present two propositions: 1) agencies in Denmark and Norway are less inclined to mediatise, whereas 2) Swedish government agencies will more likely mediatise and show conformity with widely accepted norms regarding media.

Parole chiave

  • accountability
  • autonomy
  • government agencies
  • mediatisation
  • politicisation
access type Accesso libero

Even in Sweden?1: Misinformation and elections in the new media landscape

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 97 - 108

Astratto

Abstract

The Swedish national parliamentary election of 2018 took place amidst considerable concern over the role of misinformation. This paper examines the role of digital media during the election against the background of the Swedish media system. It focuses on the role of bots and how they supported the Sweden Democrats, whose agenda was also promoted by anti-immigrant alternative news websites. This article reports on a study of Twitter that used computational techniques to distinguish bots from genuine accounts across hashtags related to the election and Swedish politics (such as #valet2018). I examine which parties are supported and criticised by bots and by genuine accounts, and discuss the content of the tweets. In this article, I place bots in the context of broader debates about the role of digital media in politics and argue that misinformation and alternative news websites will demand continued future vigilance.

Parole chiave

  • Sweden
  • election
  • bots
  • misinformation
  • alternative websites
access type Accesso libero

Creative Clusters – Urban Utopia or Regional Remedy?: A Nordic perspective on the role of the creative industries in regional development

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 109 - 120

Astratto

Abstract

The creative industries have had a major impact on cultural policy, and it is often argued that these industries can be a vehicle for regional growth. Using regional film production in Norway as a case, I discuss the creative industries, the cluster concept and its impact on policy. I analyse two film policy documents from 2007 and 2015 in order to show how the issue of size and critical mass is an unsettled topic within the creative industries, and I question the relevance of film as an economic and regional development tool in a country with a small film industry, such as Norway. This article shows that the creative industries concept, adopted from international discourses, especially creative industries policies in the UK, has influenced Norwegian film policy, reducing the importance of cultural objectives and increased the focus on the business potential and economic aspects of culture.

Parole chiave

  • creative industries
  • clusters
  • film production
  • film policy
  • regional development
  • Norway
access type Accesso libero

Legitimising a Feminist Agenda: The #metoo petitions in Sweden 2017–2018

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 121 - 132

Astratto

Abstract

During 2017 and 2018, the #metoo hashtag united a global movement against sexual abuse and harassment. In Sweden, a large portion of the attention was given to the voices of working women, who organised and wrote petitions that were published in news media. Previous research has found that media reports of sexual abuse often focus on singular stories, rather than describing the underlying structural problems, and that the problem is often framed as an individual rather than structural problem. This article accounts for a qualitative content analysis of the first 28 published #metoo petitions in Sweden, with the goal of understanding how these framed the issue. In contrast to previous research, this study shows how the petitions established a coherent feminist explanatory framework that placed the problems on a structural level by focusing on work environments and framing demands in terms of general and perfectly reasonable human rights.

Parole chiave

  • #metoo
  • framing
  • news media
  • hashtag activism
  • feminist activism
access type Accesso libero

Swedish Media Research in the Service of Psychological Defence During the Cold War?

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 133 - 144

Astratto

Abstract

In this article, we address the history of Nordic media research through a case study of the formation of media research in Sweden in the 1950s and 1960s and the role that The Board for Psychological Defence played in the formation of Swedish academic media research during the Cold War era. Based on archival research, we find that the impact of the psychological defence on Swedish media research was mainly concentrated to one Swedish university, and that the impact on the theoretical and methodological development of the discipline has been rather limited. This distinguishes the Swedish case from what has been argued in historical research on the development of media and communication research in the US.

Parole chiave

  • research funding
  • Sweden
  • mass communication
  • propaganda
  • psychological defence
access type Accesso libero

Factoring Size into the Equation: Media studies, politics, and small states

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 145 - 156

Astratto

Abstract

In this article, I discuss how the world's smallest states, including Iceland, are routinely absent in research and comparative studies concerning media and politics. Size has up until now mostly been ignored as a possible factor in understanding media systems and the relationship between media and politics on the national level. Existing research from other academic fields, such as public administration and economics, has revealed an important finding: small states have unique characteristics that differentiate them from larger states. They can therefore not simply be viewed as smaller versions of large states that have been central in knowledge production. Arguably, a Nordic perspective in media research needs to incorporate the size variable into the research agenda. This article illustrates how this expanded agenda will enrich our understanding of media and politics in the Nordic countries and open up new areas of study on small and large states more generally.

Parole chiave

  • Small states
  • Iceland
  • media
  • politics
  • political communication
access type Accesso libero

A Turn in the Road of Media Studies

Pubblicato online: 07 Jun 2020
Pagine: 157 - 166

Astratto

Abstract

Whether in the form of Google searches, interactive games, or responsive textual environments, the reassuring subject-object binary so fundamental to the modern era's representation systems is fast slipping away. In its place, a recursive epistemological order that actively parses the subject and shapes the textual world is fast emerging, posing challenges to established notions of agency and to narrative as a cultural operating system. Assessments of the terms and implications of this shift will benefit from the distinctive analytic perspective that distinguishes the Nordic from many of its Anglo-American and European peers.

Parole chiave

  • narrative
  • algorithmic
  • agency
  • interactive
  • recursive

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