Rivista e Edizione

Volume 49 (2022): Edizione 1 (January 2022)

Volume 48 (2021): Edizione 1 (January 2021)

Volume 47 (2020): Edizione 1 (January 2020)

Volume 46 (2019): Edizione 1 (January 2019)

Volume 45 (2018): Edizione 1 (January 2018)

Volume 44 (2017): Edizione 1 (January 2017)

Volume 43 (2016): Edizione 1 (February 2016)

Volume 42 (2015): Edizione 1 (January 2015)

Volume 41 (2014): Edizione 4 (December 2014)

Volume 41 (2014): Edizione 3 (September 2014)

Volume 41 (2014): Edizione 2 (June 2014)

Volume 41 (2014): Edizione 1 (March 2014)

Volume 40 (2013): Edizione 4 (December 2013)
Special Edizione Title: Proceedings of the 3rd Asia Pacific Conference on Luminescence and Electron Spin Resonance Dating Okayama, Japan, 2012

Volume 40 (2013): Edizione 3 (September 2013)

Volume 40 (2013): Edizione 2 (June 2013)

Volume 40 (2013): Edizione 1 (March 2013)

Volume 39 (2012): Edizione 4 (December 2012)

Volume 39 (2012): Edizione 3 (September 2012)

Volume 39 (2012): Edizione 2 (June 2012)

Volume 39 (2012): Edizione 1 (March 2012)

Volume 38 (2011): Edizione 4 (December 2011)

Volume 38 (2011): Edizione 3 (September 2011)
Special Edizione Title: Proceedings of the 2nd Asia Pacific Conference on Luminescence Dating, Ahmedabad, India, 2009. Part II Edizione Editors: Andrzej Bluszcz, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland. Andrzej.Bluszcz@polsl.pl Sheng-Hua Li, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. shli@hku.hk Ashok Kumar Singhvi, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, India. singhvi@prl.res.in

Volume 38 (2011): Edizione 2 (June 2011)

Volume 38 (2011): Edizione 1 (March 2011)

Volume 37 (2010): Edizione -1 (December 2010)
Proceedings of the 2 Asia Pacific Conference on Luminescence Dating, Ahmedabad, India, 2009. Part I Editors Andrzej Bluszcz, Sheng-Hua Li and Ashok Kumar Singhvi

Volume 36 (2010): Edizione -1 (August 2010)

Volume 35 (2010): Edizione -1 (April 2010)

Volume 34 (2009): Edizione -1 (December 2009)

Volume 33 (2009): Edizione -1 (June 2009)

Volume 32 (2008): Edizione -1 (December 2008)

Volume 31 (2008): Edizione -1 (August 2008)

Volume 30 (2008): Edizione -1 (April 2008)

Volume 29 (2007): Edizione -1 (December 2007)

Volume 28 (2007): Edizione -1 (September 2007)

Volume 27 (2007): Edizione -1 (June 2007)

Volume 26 (2007): Edizione -1 (March 2007)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1897-1695
Pubblicato per la prima volta
04 Jul 2007
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 41 (2014): Edizione 1 (March 2014)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1897-1695
Pubblicato per la prima volta
04 Jul 2007
Periodo di pubblicazione
1 volta all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

12 Articoli
Accesso libero

Multi-method luminescence investigations on quartz grains of different sizes extracted from a loess section in Southeast Romania interbedding the Campanian Ignimbrite ash layer

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 1 - 14

Astratto

Abstract

In this study we present luminescence investigations of four samples of loess bracketing the Campanian Ignimbrite/Y5 tephra at the Rasova-Valea cu Pietre site, on the eastern bank of the Danube River, southeastern Romania. Investigations involved SAR-OSL dating on aliquots of fine (4–11 μm) and medium-grained (63–90 μm) quartz, as well as single grain analyses on 125–180 μm quartz. Luminescence dating results coupled with glass-shard chemical fingerprinting assign the depositional age and origin of the ash layer to that of the Campanian Ignimbrite/Y5 tephra, dated elsewhere using 40Ar/39Ar to 39.28 ± 0.11 ka. Fine-grained (4–11 μm) quartz SAR-OSL analyses yielded ages of 44.4 ± 4.5 ka below the ash, and 41.4 ± 4.2 ka above the ash layer. Single grain analysis on coarse-grained quartz, however, demonstrates that coarse material from these samples exhibits low sensitivity and responds poorly to internal checks of the SAR protocol in comparison with the finer sediment. This observation highlights the need for more extensive investigations into the luminescence properties of quartz as well as into the origin of quartz contributions from different primary sources in the Lower Danube loess steppe.

Parole chiave

  • quartz
  • SAR-OSL
  • single grain OSL
  • loess
  • Campanian Ignimbrite/Y5
Accesso libero

OSL and TL characteristics of fine grain quartz from Mongolian prehistoric pottery used for dating

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 15 - 23

Astratto

Abstract

The OSL, post-IR OSL and pulsed post-IR OSL applied to polymineral grains and calculated by fitting to the data the contributions from fast, medium and slow components revealed that the polymineral samples under study are dominated by the medium component. An increase in De’s with increasing integration intervals was observed, which is considered as an indication of increasing medium and decayed fast component; and the equivalent doses obtained using different components or minerals reflect also the shape of the dose distributions. The identified fast component in polymineral sample has photoionization cross section of 1.2±0.02 × 10−17 cm2. The present study shows the usefulness of the application of different luminescence techniques combined with fitting procedures as a check which should be adopted in dating protocols. Based on luminescence ages obtained on poly-mineral grains from prehistoric pottery samples from the Boroo settlement, Mongolia, which are in agreement with independent age control by 14C on charcoal material, it is argued that the manufacturing of Xiongnu — pottery at this site lasted until ca. 130±75 AD.

Parole chiave

  • polymineral fine grains
  • quartz
  • OSL
  • post-IR OSL
  • fitting OSL components
Accesso libero

Thermoluminescence (TL) dating of ancient Syrian pottery from six different archaeological sites

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 24 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

Syrian archaeological pottery sherds were collected for TL dating from six different archaeological sites named Al-Shermanieh, Tell Serah, Der Al-Hajar (south of Damascus), Tell Al-Shekdakah, Tell Al-Souwirieh (east of Damascus) and Khurbet Al-Kulieh (south west of Damascus). The samples were prepared by fine grain technique and the annual dose for each sample (pottery sherds and soil sample) was measured using an alpha spectrometer system for uranium and thorium contribution as well as with atomic absorption spectrometry for the potassium contents. The mean ages were found to be 5500 ± 150 years, 2950 ± 50 years, 1200 ± 50 years, 1300 ± 150 years, 3300 ± 100 years and 3400 ± 200 years for the examined pottery from the sites Al-Shermanieh, Tell Serah, Der Al-Hajar, Tell Al-Shekdakah, Tell Al-Souwirieh and Khurbet Al-Kulieh, respectively. The results were in good agreement with the ages estimated by archaeologists except for one sample which belongs to Der Al-Hjar site.

Parole chiave

  • thermoluminescence
  • dating
  • ancient pottery
  • Syria
Accesso libero

Thermoluminescence age of quartz xenocrysts in basaltic lava from Oninomi monogenetic volcano, northern Kyushu, Japan

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 30 - 35

Astratto

Abstract

We determined the eruption age of basaltic rocks by application of thermoluminescence (TL) method, which is often used for TL dating, to quartz. Mafic magma only rarely includes quartz because of their mutual disequilibration. The basaltic lavas reported herein include quartz as xenocrysts, as corroborated by their rounded or anhedral shape.

The basaltic lava used for this study is from the Oninomi monogenetic volcano in northern Kyushu, Japan. The volcano eruption was estimated as occurring 7.3–29 ka because the lava exists between two widespread tephras: Aira-Tanzawa ash (26–29 ka) and Kikai-Akahoya ash (7.3 ka). We succeed-ed in collecting ca. 200 mg of quartz by decomposition of 30 kg of the lava samples. TL measurements for the lava indicate the eruption age as 15.8 ± 2.5 ka, which is fairly consistent with the stratigraphical estimation. Although the TL method has played a considerable part in constraining the timescale of Quaternary events, its application has been limited to silicic samples. The present result demonstrates the availability of quartz for dating even of mafic rock.

Parole chiave

  • Oninomi monogenetic volcano
  • basaltic rocks
  • thermoluminescence dating
  • quartz xenocrysts
  • eruption age
Accesso libero

Optically stimulated luminescence dating of young fluvial deposits of the Middle Elbe River Flood Plains using different age models

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 36 - 56

Astratto

Abstract

In the last few decades optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating has become an important tool in geochronological studies. The great advantage of the method, i.e. dating the depositional age of sediments directly, can be impaired by incomplete bleaching of grains. This can result in a scattered distribution of equivalent doses (DE), leading to incorrect estimation of the depositional age. Thoroughly tested protocols as well as good data analysis with adequate statistical methods are important to overcome this problem. In this study, samples from young fluvial sand and flood plain deposits from the Elbe River in northern Germany were investigated to compare its depositional ages from different age models with well-known historical dates. Coarse grain quartz (100–200 μm and 150–250 μm) and polymineral fine grains (4–11 μm) were dated using the single aliquot regenerative (SAR) dose protocol. The paleodose (DP) was calculated from the DE data set using different approaches. Results were compared with the development of the Elbe River, which is well-documented by historical records and maps covering the last 1,000 years. Depending on the statistical approach it can be demonstrated that depositional ages significantly differ from the most likely depositional age. For the investigated coarse grain quartz samples all ages calculated from the MAM-3UL, including their uncertainties, are within the historical documented age. Results of the polymineral fine grain samples are overestimating the historically documented depositional age, indicating undetectable incomplete bleaching. This study shows the importance of using an adequate statistical approach to calculate reliable OSL ages from fluvial sediments.

Parole chiave

  • optically stimulated luminescence dating
  • fluvial sand
  • age model
  • Elbe River floodplain
  • North Germany
Accesso libero

Examining quartz OSL age underestimation for loess samples from Luochuan in the Chinese Loess Plateau

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 57 - 64

Astratto

Abstract

When using quartz OSL to date loess samples from the Chinese Loess Plateau, it has been reported that the agreement between OSL ages and the independent ages is limited to the samples younger than ∼70 ka with a corresponding De of ∼230 Gy, and a sample with an expected age of 780 ka was dated to 107 ka, corresponding to 403 Gy. The growth curves of these samples do not saturate at doses of 700 Gy, and a linear growth part was observed for doses higher than 200 Gy. However, the maximum measured age of ∼100 ka imply that the De determined using this linear part of a growth curve could be problematic, or that the quartz OSL signal is not as stable as previously thought and has a barrier age of ∼100 ka. In the current study, we examine the reasons for the age underestimation. We examined the shape of growth curves, anomalous fading, thermal stability, etc. The results show that, for the loess samples examined, quartz OSL does not fade anomalously, and the barrier age of ∼100 ka is due to the fact that the OSL signals are less thermally stable, the lifetime of 0.311 Ma at 20°C obtained is much smaller than those for quartz samples from other regions such as Australia (∼100 Ma).

Parole chiave

  • quartz OSL
  • age underestimation
  • Chinese loess
  • signal stability
Accesso libero

Performance of different luminescence approaches for the dating of known-age glaciofluvial deposits from northern Switzerland

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 65 - 80

Astratto

Abstract

Luminescence properties of two samples taken from sand lenses in proglacial outwash de-posits of a piedmont glacier that reached the Swiss midlands during the Last Glacial Maximum are investigated in detail. Deconvolution of CW-OSL decay curves shows that the fast component dominates the OSL signal of quartz. The chemistry of single feldspar grains, in particular the K content in different grains, is determined using wavelength dispersive spectrometry (electron microprobe), revealing an average 12.9 wt.% K of the grains contributing to the IRSL signal. D e distributions are investigated in order to gain insights into partial bleaching, and agreement is found for quartz OSL and feldspar IR50 and pIRIR225 ages for small aliquots and single grains when applying the Minimum Age Model. These ages are also consistent with independent age control. For one sample, ages determined using the Central Age Model result in highly overestimated ages for both feldspar and quartz.

Parole chiave

  • partial bleaching
  • single grains
  • dose distributions
  • quartz
  • K-feldspar
  • potassium content
Accesso libero

Sedimentation rates in the Lake Qattinah using 210Pb and 137Cs as geochronometer

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 81 - 86

Astratto

Abstract

The constant rate of supply (CRS) of excess 210Pb model was successfully applied to assess 210Pb data of two sediment cores from the lake Qattinah, Syria. Gamma spectrometry was used to determine 137Cs and 210Pb activity concentrations. The bottom of the cores was 210Pb-dated to years 1907 and 1893. The accumulation rates were determined using 210Pb method and found to vary similarly in both cores from 0.10 ± 0.01 to 3.78 ± 0.57 kg m−2 y−1 during the past century. 137Cs was used as an in-dependent chronometer. The two distinct peaks observed on the 137Cs record of both cores, corresponding to 1965 and 1986, have allowed a successful validation of the CRS model.

Parole chiave

  • 210Pb
  • 137Cs
  • dating
  • Lake Qattinah
  • sediments
Accesso libero

Set-up, optimization and first set of samples at the radiocarbon laboratory in Lebanon

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 87 - 91

Astratto

Abstract

A new radiocarbon laboratory has been established recently at the Lebanese Atomic Energy Commission. This laboratory consists of benzene synthesis line and a low background liquid scintillation counter, Tri-Carb 3180 TR/SL for measurements with Bismuth Germanate (BGO) guard detector. The effectiveness of the benzene line was tested firstly by preparing benzene from a wood sample after carbide and acetylene receiving. Normalization and standardization of the liquid scintillation counter was carried out, as well as the Factor of Merit (E2/B) was determined for three different counting regions. To assure accuracy and reliability of results, reference materials were used. Based on z-score and u-score evaluation, as well as Student’s t-test, acceptable data were obtained from travertine and wood samples available through the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA-C2 and IAEA-C5), and humic acid (U) and murex shell (R) from the Fifth International Radiocarbon Intercomparison (VIRI). After that, a preliminary study was done, which is the base for future research in order to assess the anthropogenic impact and degree of environmental pollution in terms of radiocarbon isotope ratio (Δ14C) deduced from the Percent Modern Carbon or PMC. This work represents the results of four reference materials and those of five green grass samples. The Δ14C of green grass samples collected from two different clean zones were found to be 50‰ and 52‰, while the values of those collected from different polluted zones were 23‰, 7‰ and 15‰.

Parole chiave

  • radiocarbon
  • Tri-Carb 3180
  • z-score
  • u-score
  • percent modern carbon
  • radiocarbon isotope ratio
Accesso libero

Oak decline in a southern Finnish forest as affected by a drought sequence

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 92 - 103

Astratto

Abstract

We investigated the decline of a pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) forest growing on shallow soil at the northern distributional limit of the species in southern Finland, using the dendroclimatic approach. About 200-year-old trees in three vigour classes — healthy, declining and dead — were sampled in 2008. Annual tree-ring, earlywood and latewood widths were measured and chronologies were established. The tree-ring data were correlated with monthly and seasonal climate data. Radial increment of oaks was positively related to the June and July precipitations. This was expressed especially in total ring width and latewood width, whereas the earlywood was more influenced by the warmer winter and spring. Furthermore, the correlation between the current year earlywood width and the preceding year latewood width was higher than between the earlywood and latewood of the same year. The analyses showed that the dead oaks and part of the declining oaks had ceased growing during 2005–2007 after a decadelong summer drought series. This indicates a time lag in the oak dieback. The radial growth of the declining and the dead oaks had dropped already since the 1990s, while the healthy oaks had better longterm growth and higher adaptive capacity to climate variation.

Parole chiave

  • dendroclimatology
  • mortality
  • tree rings
  • earlywood
  • latewood
  • Quercus robur L.
Accesso libero

Sub-fossil wood from the Rucianka raised bog (NE Poland) as an indicator of climatic changes in the first millennium BC

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 104 - 110

Astratto

Abstract

The dendrochronological studies were carried out on very well preserved sub-fossil pine wood found in the biogenic deposits of the Rucianka raised bog (NE Poland). Local floating chronologies, covering the period 990-460 cal BC, were dated on the basis of radiocarbon analyses. Growth depressions in annual treering widths indicated periodical deterioration of the environmental conditions, which affected tree growth. Identified germination and dying-off phases (GDO) should be related to the wetter climatic periods. The extinction of trees took place during periods of higher groundwater level which, in turn, caused favourable conditions for growth of young pines.

Parole chiave

  • dendrochronology
  • subfossil wood
  • Pinus sylvestris
  • Holocene
  • NE Poland
Accesso libero

Erratum to: Human-planted alder trees as a protection against debris flows (a dendrochronological study from the Moxi Basin, Southwestern China)

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 111 - 111

Astratto

12 Articoli
Accesso libero

Multi-method luminescence investigations on quartz grains of different sizes extracted from a loess section in Southeast Romania interbedding the Campanian Ignimbrite ash layer

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 1 - 14

Astratto

Abstract

In this study we present luminescence investigations of four samples of loess bracketing the Campanian Ignimbrite/Y5 tephra at the Rasova-Valea cu Pietre site, on the eastern bank of the Danube River, southeastern Romania. Investigations involved SAR-OSL dating on aliquots of fine (4–11 μm) and medium-grained (63–90 μm) quartz, as well as single grain analyses on 125–180 μm quartz. Luminescence dating results coupled with glass-shard chemical fingerprinting assign the depositional age and origin of the ash layer to that of the Campanian Ignimbrite/Y5 tephra, dated elsewhere using 40Ar/39Ar to 39.28 ± 0.11 ka. Fine-grained (4–11 μm) quartz SAR-OSL analyses yielded ages of 44.4 ± 4.5 ka below the ash, and 41.4 ± 4.2 ka above the ash layer. Single grain analysis on coarse-grained quartz, however, demonstrates that coarse material from these samples exhibits low sensitivity and responds poorly to internal checks of the SAR protocol in comparison with the finer sediment. This observation highlights the need for more extensive investigations into the luminescence properties of quartz as well as into the origin of quartz contributions from different primary sources in the Lower Danube loess steppe.

Parole chiave

  • quartz
  • SAR-OSL
  • single grain OSL
  • loess
  • Campanian Ignimbrite/Y5
Accesso libero

OSL and TL characteristics of fine grain quartz from Mongolian prehistoric pottery used for dating

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 15 - 23

Astratto

Abstract

The OSL, post-IR OSL and pulsed post-IR OSL applied to polymineral grains and calculated by fitting to the data the contributions from fast, medium and slow components revealed that the polymineral samples under study are dominated by the medium component. An increase in De’s with increasing integration intervals was observed, which is considered as an indication of increasing medium and decayed fast component; and the equivalent doses obtained using different components or minerals reflect also the shape of the dose distributions. The identified fast component in polymineral sample has photoionization cross section of 1.2±0.02 × 10−17 cm2. The present study shows the usefulness of the application of different luminescence techniques combined with fitting procedures as a check which should be adopted in dating protocols. Based on luminescence ages obtained on poly-mineral grains from prehistoric pottery samples from the Boroo settlement, Mongolia, which are in agreement with independent age control by 14C on charcoal material, it is argued that the manufacturing of Xiongnu — pottery at this site lasted until ca. 130±75 AD.

Parole chiave

  • polymineral fine grains
  • quartz
  • OSL
  • post-IR OSL
  • fitting OSL components
Accesso libero

Thermoluminescence (TL) dating of ancient Syrian pottery from six different archaeological sites

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 24 - 29

Astratto

Abstract

Syrian archaeological pottery sherds were collected for TL dating from six different archaeological sites named Al-Shermanieh, Tell Serah, Der Al-Hajar (south of Damascus), Tell Al-Shekdakah, Tell Al-Souwirieh (east of Damascus) and Khurbet Al-Kulieh (south west of Damascus). The samples were prepared by fine grain technique and the annual dose for each sample (pottery sherds and soil sample) was measured using an alpha spectrometer system for uranium and thorium contribution as well as with atomic absorption spectrometry for the potassium contents. The mean ages were found to be 5500 ± 150 years, 2950 ± 50 years, 1200 ± 50 years, 1300 ± 150 years, 3300 ± 100 years and 3400 ± 200 years for the examined pottery from the sites Al-Shermanieh, Tell Serah, Der Al-Hajar, Tell Al-Shekdakah, Tell Al-Souwirieh and Khurbet Al-Kulieh, respectively. The results were in good agreement with the ages estimated by archaeologists except for one sample which belongs to Der Al-Hjar site.

Parole chiave

  • thermoluminescence
  • dating
  • ancient pottery
  • Syria
Accesso libero

Thermoluminescence age of quartz xenocrysts in basaltic lava from Oninomi monogenetic volcano, northern Kyushu, Japan

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 30 - 35

Astratto

Abstract

We determined the eruption age of basaltic rocks by application of thermoluminescence (TL) method, which is often used for TL dating, to quartz. Mafic magma only rarely includes quartz because of their mutual disequilibration. The basaltic lavas reported herein include quartz as xenocrysts, as corroborated by their rounded or anhedral shape.

The basaltic lava used for this study is from the Oninomi monogenetic volcano in northern Kyushu, Japan. The volcano eruption was estimated as occurring 7.3–29 ka because the lava exists between two widespread tephras: Aira-Tanzawa ash (26–29 ka) and Kikai-Akahoya ash (7.3 ka). We succeed-ed in collecting ca. 200 mg of quartz by decomposition of 30 kg of the lava samples. TL measurements for the lava indicate the eruption age as 15.8 ± 2.5 ka, which is fairly consistent with the stratigraphical estimation. Although the TL method has played a considerable part in constraining the timescale of Quaternary events, its application has been limited to silicic samples. The present result demonstrates the availability of quartz for dating even of mafic rock.

Parole chiave

  • Oninomi monogenetic volcano
  • basaltic rocks
  • thermoluminescence dating
  • quartz xenocrysts
  • eruption age
Accesso libero

Optically stimulated luminescence dating of young fluvial deposits of the Middle Elbe River Flood Plains using different age models

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 36 - 56

Astratto

Abstract

In the last few decades optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating has become an important tool in geochronological studies. The great advantage of the method, i.e. dating the depositional age of sediments directly, can be impaired by incomplete bleaching of grains. This can result in a scattered distribution of equivalent doses (DE), leading to incorrect estimation of the depositional age. Thoroughly tested protocols as well as good data analysis with adequate statistical methods are important to overcome this problem. In this study, samples from young fluvial sand and flood plain deposits from the Elbe River in northern Germany were investigated to compare its depositional ages from different age models with well-known historical dates. Coarse grain quartz (100–200 μm and 150–250 μm) and polymineral fine grains (4–11 μm) were dated using the single aliquot regenerative (SAR) dose protocol. The paleodose (DP) was calculated from the DE data set using different approaches. Results were compared with the development of the Elbe River, which is well-documented by historical records and maps covering the last 1,000 years. Depending on the statistical approach it can be demonstrated that depositional ages significantly differ from the most likely depositional age. For the investigated coarse grain quartz samples all ages calculated from the MAM-3UL, including their uncertainties, are within the historical documented age. Results of the polymineral fine grain samples are overestimating the historically documented depositional age, indicating undetectable incomplete bleaching. This study shows the importance of using an adequate statistical approach to calculate reliable OSL ages from fluvial sediments.

Parole chiave

  • optically stimulated luminescence dating
  • fluvial sand
  • age model
  • Elbe River floodplain
  • North Germany
Accesso libero

Examining quartz OSL age underestimation for loess samples from Luochuan in the Chinese Loess Plateau

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 57 - 64

Astratto

Abstract

When using quartz OSL to date loess samples from the Chinese Loess Plateau, it has been reported that the agreement between OSL ages and the independent ages is limited to the samples younger than ∼70 ka with a corresponding De of ∼230 Gy, and a sample with an expected age of 780 ka was dated to 107 ka, corresponding to 403 Gy. The growth curves of these samples do not saturate at doses of 700 Gy, and a linear growth part was observed for doses higher than 200 Gy. However, the maximum measured age of ∼100 ka imply that the De determined using this linear part of a growth curve could be problematic, or that the quartz OSL signal is not as stable as previously thought and has a barrier age of ∼100 ka. In the current study, we examine the reasons for the age underestimation. We examined the shape of growth curves, anomalous fading, thermal stability, etc. The results show that, for the loess samples examined, quartz OSL does not fade anomalously, and the barrier age of ∼100 ka is due to the fact that the OSL signals are less thermally stable, the lifetime of 0.311 Ma at 20°C obtained is much smaller than those for quartz samples from other regions such as Australia (∼100 Ma).

Parole chiave

  • quartz OSL
  • age underestimation
  • Chinese loess
  • signal stability
Accesso libero

Performance of different luminescence approaches for the dating of known-age glaciofluvial deposits from northern Switzerland

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 65 - 80

Astratto

Abstract

Luminescence properties of two samples taken from sand lenses in proglacial outwash de-posits of a piedmont glacier that reached the Swiss midlands during the Last Glacial Maximum are investigated in detail. Deconvolution of CW-OSL decay curves shows that the fast component dominates the OSL signal of quartz. The chemistry of single feldspar grains, in particular the K content in different grains, is determined using wavelength dispersive spectrometry (electron microprobe), revealing an average 12.9 wt.% K of the grains contributing to the IRSL signal. D e distributions are investigated in order to gain insights into partial bleaching, and agreement is found for quartz OSL and feldspar IR50 and pIRIR225 ages for small aliquots and single grains when applying the Minimum Age Model. These ages are also consistent with independent age control. For one sample, ages determined using the Central Age Model result in highly overestimated ages for both feldspar and quartz.

Parole chiave

  • partial bleaching
  • single grains
  • dose distributions
  • quartz
  • K-feldspar
  • potassium content
Accesso libero

Sedimentation rates in the Lake Qattinah using 210Pb and 137Cs as geochronometer

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 81 - 86

Astratto

Abstract

The constant rate of supply (CRS) of excess 210Pb model was successfully applied to assess 210Pb data of two sediment cores from the lake Qattinah, Syria. Gamma spectrometry was used to determine 137Cs and 210Pb activity concentrations. The bottom of the cores was 210Pb-dated to years 1907 and 1893. The accumulation rates were determined using 210Pb method and found to vary similarly in both cores from 0.10 ± 0.01 to 3.78 ± 0.57 kg m−2 y−1 during the past century. 137Cs was used as an in-dependent chronometer. The two distinct peaks observed on the 137Cs record of both cores, corresponding to 1965 and 1986, have allowed a successful validation of the CRS model.

Parole chiave

  • 210Pb
  • 137Cs
  • dating
  • Lake Qattinah
  • sediments
Accesso libero

Set-up, optimization and first set of samples at the radiocarbon laboratory in Lebanon

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 87 - 91

Astratto

Abstract

A new radiocarbon laboratory has been established recently at the Lebanese Atomic Energy Commission. This laboratory consists of benzene synthesis line and a low background liquid scintillation counter, Tri-Carb 3180 TR/SL for measurements with Bismuth Germanate (BGO) guard detector. The effectiveness of the benzene line was tested firstly by preparing benzene from a wood sample after carbide and acetylene receiving. Normalization and standardization of the liquid scintillation counter was carried out, as well as the Factor of Merit (E2/B) was determined for three different counting regions. To assure accuracy and reliability of results, reference materials were used. Based on z-score and u-score evaluation, as well as Student’s t-test, acceptable data were obtained from travertine and wood samples available through the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA-C2 and IAEA-C5), and humic acid (U) and murex shell (R) from the Fifth International Radiocarbon Intercomparison (VIRI). After that, a preliminary study was done, which is the base for future research in order to assess the anthropogenic impact and degree of environmental pollution in terms of radiocarbon isotope ratio (Δ14C) deduced from the Percent Modern Carbon or PMC. This work represents the results of four reference materials and those of five green grass samples. The Δ14C of green grass samples collected from two different clean zones were found to be 50‰ and 52‰, while the values of those collected from different polluted zones were 23‰, 7‰ and 15‰.

Parole chiave

  • radiocarbon
  • Tri-Carb 3180
  • z-score
  • u-score
  • percent modern carbon
  • radiocarbon isotope ratio
Accesso libero

Oak decline in a southern Finnish forest as affected by a drought sequence

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 92 - 103

Astratto

Abstract

We investigated the decline of a pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) forest growing on shallow soil at the northern distributional limit of the species in southern Finland, using the dendroclimatic approach. About 200-year-old trees in three vigour classes — healthy, declining and dead — were sampled in 2008. Annual tree-ring, earlywood and latewood widths were measured and chronologies were established. The tree-ring data were correlated with monthly and seasonal climate data. Radial increment of oaks was positively related to the June and July precipitations. This was expressed especially in total ring width and latewood width, whereas the earlywood was more influenced by the warmer winter and spring. Furthermore, the correlation between the current year earlywood width and the preceding year latewood width was higher than between the earlywood and latewood of the same year. The analyses showed that the dead oaks and part of the declining oaks had ceased growing during 2005–2007 after a decadelong summer drought series. This indicates a time lag in the oak dieback. The radial growth of the declining and the dead oaks had dropped already since the 1990s, while the healthy oaks had better longterm growth and higher adaptive capacity to climate variation.

Parole chiave

  • dendroclimatology
  • mortality
  • tree rings
  • earlywood
  • latewood
  • Quercus robur L.
Accesso libero

Sub-fossil wood from the Rucianka raised bog (NE Poland) as an indicator of climatic changes in the first millennium BC

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 104 - 110

Astratto

Abstract

The dendrochronological studies were carried out on very well preserved sub-fossil pine wood found in the biogenic deposits of the Rucianka raised bog (NE Poland). Local floating chronologies, covering the period 990-460 cal BC, were dated on the basis of radiocarbon analyses. Growth depressions in annual treering widths indicated periodical deterioration of the environmental conditions, which affected tree growth. Identified germination and dying-off phases (GDO) should be related to the wetter climatic periods. The extinction of trees took place during periods of higher groundwater level which, in turn, caused favourable conditions for growth of young pines.

Parole chiave

  • dendrochronology
  • subfossil wood
  • Pinus sylvestris
  • Holocene
  • NE Poland
Accesso libero

Erratum to: Human-planted alder trees as a protection against debris flows (a dendrochronological study from the Moxi Basin, Southwestern China)

Pubblicato online: 20 Dec 2013
Pagine: 111 - 111

Astratto

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