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Volume 10 (2021): Edizione 1 (July 2021)

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Volume 9 (2020): Edizione 1 (July 2020)

Volume 8 (2019): Edizione 2 (December 2019)

Volume 8 (2019): Edizione 1 (July 2019)

Volume 7 (2018): Edizione 2 (December 2018)

Volume 7 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

Volume 6 (2017): Edizione 2 (December 2017)

Volume 6 (2017): Edizione 1 (June 2017)

Volume 5 (2016): Edizione 2 (December 2016)

Volume 5 (2016): Edizione 1 (June 2016)

Volume 4 (2015): Edizione 2 (December 2015)

Volume 4 (2015): Edizione 1 (June 2015)

Volume 3 (2014): Edizione 2 (December 2014)

Volume 3 (2014): Edizione 1 (June 2014)

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Volume 2 (2013): Edizione 1 (July 2013)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1339-9276
ISSN
1338-6891
Pubblicato per la prima volta
05 Sep 2013
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 6 (2017): Edizione 2 (December 2017)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1339-9276
ISSN
1338-6891
Pubblicato per la prima volta
05 Sep 2013
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

5 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Lease and Sale of Agricultural Real Estate in Poland — Legal and Economic Aspects

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 43 - 47

Astratto

Abstract

Ownership and lease of agricultural real estate are the basic legal titles to run and organize agricultural farms in Poland. For some years now, the practical significance of lease in rural relations has been growing, which is primarily connected with the activities of the Agricultural Property Agency. Currently, lease is the basic form of management of agricultural lands of the State Treasury. The aim of the paper was to present the basic principles concerning the acquisition and lease of agricultural real estate in Poland and to assess whether the legal regulations favour the formation and expansion of agricultural farms in this country, especially family ones. It should be noted that according to the Article 23 of the Polish Constitution, the basis of the agricultural system is the family farm. The family farm, in turn, is run by an individual farmer. The paper covers also the issue of acquisition and lease of agricultural real estate by foreigners.

Parole chiave

  • lease
  • sale of agriculture real estate
  • family holdings
  • individual farmer
Accesso libero

Institutional Framework for Support of Local Entrepreneurship Within Leader Approach in Slovakia

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 48 - 55

Astratto

Abstract

Current development of rural areas of Slovakia is not fully reflecting the measures taken at the level of the European Union. Contrary, the differences between the territories seem to be deepening. When analysing the critical factors, job creation together with unemployment seem to be among the most pressing ones. The academics believe that the local entrepreneurship and development of small and medium size enterprises (SME) in rural areas have significant impact on accelerating the development of these communities, yet, only limited measures are taken to support them. Therefore, the main objective of the paper is to analyze the institutional framework for support of local SME within implementation of the LEADER approach as a direct instrument of the rural development policy. The emphasis was put on the last programming period (2007 – 2013) and the conditions set for the current programming period (2014 – 2020).

Parole chiave

  • rural development
  • LEADER approach
  • rural entrepreneurship
  • institutional framework
Accesso libero

Protest of the Prosecutor as a Tool of Agricultural Land Protection

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 56 - 60

Astratto

Abstract

The prosecutor’s protest is a legal mean by which the prosecutor supervises the observance of law by public authorities. District offices, cadastral departments decide on the deposit of property rights to real estate, as well as on ownership rights to agricultural land, and also decide on the protest of the prosecutor. If the relevant District office, cadastral department, or its superior authority does not remove the non–compliance by issuing a decision or a measure that complies with the law, the prosecutor may bring the case to court. The court may annul the contested decision or measure. The aim of the paper is to collect and analyse data and evaluate the institute of prosecutor’s protest as an effective tool of agricultural land protection in connection with its acquisition or transfer. The paper compares the individual years in the observed period of time and also compares different regions in Slovakia. The result is a comparison and evaluation of the observed time periods.

Parole chiave

  • agricultural land protection
  • protest of the prosecutor
Accesso libero

Legal Framework for Establishing and Functioning of Start–Ups in the Conditions of Slovak Legislation

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 61 - 67

Astratto

Abstract

The existing legal regulation of the Slovak Republic allowed small and medium–sized enterprises, which form a basis for the business environment, not only in Slovakia but also in economically advanced countries, to have a legal form of any of the four types of commercial companies or cooperatives. According to the Concept for Supporting Start–ups and Start–up Ecosystem in the Slovak Republic, for the optimal engagement of investors and start–up development in the Slovak Republic, it is most effective to introduce a new form of capital commercial company that will allow for a flexible set–up of property relationships, investors’ entry and exit from the investment. The paper deals with the issue of special regulation of private law, company law. It points out some of the changes introduced to the regulation of commercial companies by introducing a new type of capital company, a simple joint–stock company and highlights possible problems in application. The new form of a capital commercial company was established by an amendment to the Commercial Code, Act no. 389/2015 Coll., which entered into force on January 1st, 2017. The purpose of the new form of a commercial company, as stated in the explanatory memorandum, is to ensure the legal form of a legal entity, which would be a complex and, at the same time, simple solution for risky investment in the form of commercial companies, especially investments to start–ups. To what extent the new form of a commercial company will meet the expectations of investors, will only be proved after its practical implementation and after the expression of the investors' interest in engaging in such form of company.

Parole chiave

  • simple joint–stock company
  • common shares
  • shares with special rights
  • shareholder agreements
Accesso libero

Land Administration and Land Consolidation as Part of Austrian Land Management

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 68 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

Land administration and land consolidation are two pillars of the Austrian land management sharing a long tradition and duties defined by the constitution. Land administration supports measures of land consolidation with cadastre data, land registry data and other geo–technical data. New methods and instruments of geodata assessment provides a more detailed information about land and its changes. The geo–products are contributing to an improved process efficiency of land consolidation authorities. In addition, the role of land consolidation changed from an instrument to improve farming structures to a multifunctional tool of land management.

Parole chiave

  • land administration
  • land consolidation
  • land management
5 Articoli
Accesso libero

The Lease and Sale of Agricultural Real Estate in Poland — Legal and Economic Aspects

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 43 - 47

Astratto

Abstract

Ownership and lease of agricultural real estate are the basic legal titles to run and organize agricultural farms in Poland. For some years now, the practical significance of lease in rural relations has been growing, which is primarily connected with the activities of the Agricultural Property Agency. Currently, lease is the basic form of management of agricultural lands of the State Treasury. The aim of the paper was to present the basic principles concerning the acquisition and lease of agricultural real estate in Poland and to assess whether the legal regulations favour the formation and expansion of agricultural farms in this country, especially family ones. It should be noted that according to the Article 23 of the Polish Constitution, the basis of the agricultural system is the family farm. The family farm, in turn, is run by an individual farmer. The paper covers also the issue of acquisition and lease of agricultural real estate by foreigners.

Parole chiave

  • lease
  • sale of agriculture real estate
  • family holdings
  • individual farmer
Accesso libero

Institutional Framework for Support of Local Entrepreneurship Within Leader Approach in Slovakia

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 48 - 55

Astratto

Abstract

Current development of rural areas of Slovakia is not fully reflecting the measures taken at the level of the European Union. Contrary, the differences between the territories seem to be deepening. When analysing the critical factors, job creation together with unemployment seem to be among the most pressing ones. The academics believe that the local entrepreneurship and development of small and medium size enterprises (SME) in rural areas have significant impact on accelerating the development of these communities, yet, only limited measures are taken to support them. Therefore, the main objective of the paper is to analyze the institutional framework for support of local SME within implementation of the LEADER approach as a direct instrument of the rural development policy. The emphasis was put on the last programming period (2007 – 2013) and the conditions set for the current programming period (2014 – 2020).

Parole chiave

  • rural development
  • LEADER approach
  • rural entrepreneurship
  • institutional framework
Accesso libero

Protest of the Prosecutor as a Tool of Agricultural Land Protection

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 56 - 60

Astratto

Abstract

The prosecutor’s protest is a legal mean by which the prosecutor supervises the observance of law by public authorities. District offices, cadastral departments decide on the deposit of property rights to real estate, as well as on ownership rights to agricultural land, and also decide on the protest of the prosecutor. If the relevant District office, cadastral department, or its superior authority does not remove the non–compliance by issuing a decision or a measure that complies with the law, the prosecutor may bring the case to court. The court may annul the contested decision or measure. The aim of the paper is to collect and analyse data and evaluate the institute of prosecutor’s protest as an effective tool of agricultural land protection in connection with its acquisition or transfer. The paper compares the individual years in the observed period of time and also compares different regions in Slovakia. The result is a comparison and evaluation of the observed time periods.

Parole chiave

  • agricultural land protection
  • protest of the prosecutor
Accesso libero

Legal Framework for Establishing and Functioning of Start–Ups in the Conditions of Slovak Legislation

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 61 - 67

Astratto

Abstract

The existing legal regulation of the Slovak Republic allowed small and medium–sized enterprises, which form a basis for the business environment, not only in Slovakia but also in economically advanced countries, to have a legal form of any of the four types of commercial companies or cooperatives. According to the Concept for Supporting Start–ups and Start–up Ecosystem in the Slovak Republic, for the optimal engagement of investors and start–up development in the Slovak Republic, it is most effective to introduce a new form of capital commercial company that will allow for a flexible set–up of property relationships, investors’ entry and exit from the investment. The paper deals with the issue of special regulation of private law, company law. It points out some of the changes introduced to the regulation of commercial companies by introducing a new type of capital company, a simple joint–stock company and highlights possible problems in application. The new form of a capital commercial company was established by an amendment to the Commercial Code, Act no. 389/2015 Coll., which entered into force on January 1st, 2017. The purpose of the new form of a commercial company, as stated in the explanatory memorandum, is to ensure the legal form of a legal entity, which would be a complex and, at the same time, simple solution for risky investment in the form of commercial companies, especially investments to start–ups. To what extent the new form of a commercial company will meet the expectations of investors, will only be proved after its practical implementation and after the expression of the investors' interest in engaging in such form of company.

Parole chiave

  • simple joint–stock company
  • common shares
  • shares with special rights
  • shareholder agreements
Accesso libero

Land Administration and Land Consolidation as Part of Austrian Land Management

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2017
Pagine: 68 - 76

Astratto

Abstract

Land administration and land consolidation are two pillars of the Austrian land management sharing a long tradition and duties defined by the constitution. Land administration supports measures of land consolidation with cadastre data, land registry data and other geo–technical data. New methods and instruments of geodata assessment provides a more detailed information about land and its changes. The geo–products are contributing to an improved process efficiency of land consolidation authorities. In addition, the role of land consolidation changed from an instrument to improve farming structures to a multifunctional tool of land management.

Parole chiave

  • land administration
  • land consolidation
  • land management

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