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Volume 16 (2022): Edizione 1 (June 2022)

Volume 15 (2021): Edizione 2 (December 2021)

Volume 15 (2021): Edizione 1 (June 2021)

Volume 14 (2020): Edizione 2 (December 2020)

Volume 14 (2020): Edizione 1 (June 2020)

Volume 13 (2019): Edizione 2 (December 2019)

Volume 13 (2019): Edizione 1 (June 2019)

Volume 12 (2018): Edizione 2 (December 2018)

Volume 12 (2018): Edizione 1 (June 2018)

Volume 11 (2017): Edizione 2 (December 2017)

Volume 11 (2017): Edizione 1 (June 2017)

Volume 10 (2016): Edizione 2 (December 2016)

Volume 10 (2016): Edizione 1 (June 2016)

Volume 9 (2015): Edizione 2 (December 2015)

Volume 9 (2015): Edizione 1 (May 2015)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1802-4866
Pubblicato per la prima volta
16 Apr 2015
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

Volume 10 (2016): Edizione 1 (June 2016)

Dettagli della rivista
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1802-4866
Pubblicato per la prima volta
16 Apr 2015
Periodo di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Cerca

4 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Evaluation of the Impact of the EU Structural Support on the Competitiveness of Lithuanian Economics

Pubblicato online: 26 Jul 2016
Pagine: 1 - 11

Astratto

Abstract

The topic of competitiveness is becoming increasingly significant in the context of modern economics. Considering intensive processes of globalisation alongside with competitive pressure amongst the countries, competitiveness has become a necessary condition for successful economic and social development of any country. Only by creating, enforcing and maintaining international competitiveness of the country, rapid economic growth during the long term is achievable. Amongst the other urgent issues, the European Union (further the EU) public policies are also focused on competitiveness. After the failure to implement the Lisbon strategy and become “the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy”, the EU declared its new competitiveness aims in the long-term strategy Europe 2020. Promotion of competitiveness is one of the fundamental aims and priority directions of the EU structural policy. The EU structural support is engaged as one of the public policy measures to promote the competitiveness of the member-states. In this context, it is purposeful to research whether the structural support is used efficiently and whether it actually contributes to the implementation of the defined aims. Under the order of various Lithuanian institutions, numerous studies on the efficiency of the EU structural support have been carried out. Nevertheless, by analysing the impact of the EU structural support, insufficient attention has been paid to the aspect of competitiveness. Considering the fact that Lithuania has entered the third programming period 2014-2020, evaluation of the EU structural investment in the country has become even more topical - for successful implementation of the aims raised for this new period, the analysis of the previous results is relevant. This determined formulation of the research problem: what impact does the EU structural support have on the competitiveness of Lithuanian economics? The empirical research has revealed that the EU structural support has a positive impact on Lithuanian gross domestic product growth, promotes foreign direct investment, research and development expenditure and increases the number of operating entities during 2004-2014 period.

Parole chiave

  • competitiveness
  • the EU structural support
  • Lithuanian economics
  • the impact of the EU structural support
access type Accesso libero

For the Game, for the Loyal Partisans: Distribution of Sport Grants in Slovakia

Pubblicato online: 26 Jul 2016
Pagine: 12 - 21

Astratto

Abstract

Distribution of resources is at the core of politics. Although this activity is primarily economic in nature, the existing research shows that political representatives often use the allocation of public money to reward their allies at the expense of their rivals. This paper analyses a 2015 governmental programme of local sport grants in Slovakia that aimed to build sport facilities for children and young people. In order to avoid any political bias, the programme was established as a neutral mechanism with an anonymous evaluation of grant requests. The results of analysis, however, provide substantial evidence that the subsidies were given primarily to towns with closer political ties to the government while municipalities led by mayors from the opposition were nearly fully ignored. In addition, the presented social and economic aims of the funding programme were not effectively pursued. The paper thus represents a valuable contribution to the discussion of distributive politics, in general, as it shows that, despite the respective legal framework, the allocation of resources may still end up as a process fuelled by partisan interests.

Parole chiave

  • Distribution
  • public resources
  • sport
  • pork barrel politics
  • government
access type Accesso libero

What Can We Learn About Regulatory Agencies and Regulated Parties from the Empirical Study of Judicial Review of Regulatory Agencies’ Decisions? The Case of Croatia

Pubblicato online: 26 Jul 2016
Pagine: 22 - 34

Astratto

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine regulatory agencies and regulated parties in an empirical study of administrative disputes initiated against the decisions of regulatory agencies in Croatia. We first aim to provide an overview of the status and trend estimates regarding these disputes; second, to answer the question how well does the system work from the perspectives of both the plaintiffs and the regulatory agencies; third, to identify the problem areas and to compare these with problem areas identified by the authors studying the broader area of administrative judiciary in Croatia, and finally to compare efficiency level of regulatory agencies to other public authorities in confirming the legality of their decisions and actions. Data on all administrative disputes against 12 Croatian regulatory agencies’ decisions in the 17-year period between 1995 and 2011 are used to identify the main characteristics and trends relating to these disputes. Data for 2012 to 2013 was also examined to identify initial changes and emerging trends in the new administrative judiciary system resulting from fundamental legal reform as part of Croatia’s process of accession to the European Union in 2013. The results show these administrative disputes to be often costly and timely with modest outcome for the plaintiff and impressive success rate for the most of regulatory agencies.

Parole chiave

  • Administrative dispute
  • administrative judiciary
  • regulatory agency
  • judicial review
  • empirical study
access type Accesso libero

The Development of Mental Health Policies in the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic since 1989

Pubblicato online: 26 Jul 2016
Pagine: 35 - 46

Astratto

Abstract

The article aims to describe the key events in the development of mental health care policies after 1990 in the two countries and identify the main reasons for stagnation or incremental changes to the institutional setting in the field of mental health care. The process of mental health care reform is explained using the framework of historical institutionalism. The explanation shows that the lack of political interest in combination with the tradition of institutional care resulted in poor availability of psychiatric care, outdated network of inpatient facilities and critical lack of community care facilities in both countries. Even though Slovak Republic adopted national programme at the governmental level, it still struggles with its implementation. The ongoing reform attempt in the Czech Republic may bring some change, thanks to a new approach towards strategic governance of the mental health care system and the mechanism of layering that the promoters of the reform use.

Parole chiave

  • Mental health care
  • health policy
  • healthcare reforms
  • Czech Republic
  • Slovak Republic
4 Articoli
access type Accesso libero

Evaluation of the Impact of the EU Structural Support on the Competitiveness of Lithuanian Economics

Pubblicato online: 26 Jul 2016
Pagine: 1 - 11

Astratto

Abstract

The topic of competitiveness is becoming increasingly significant in the context of modern economics. Considering intensive processes of globalisation alongside with competitive pressure amongst the countries, competitiveness has become a necessary condition for successful economic and social development of any country. Only by creating, enforcing and maintaining international competitiveness of the country, rapid economic growth during the long term is achievable. Amongst the other urgent issues, the European Union (further the EU) public policies are also focused on competitiveness. After the failure to implement the Lisbon strategy and become “the most dynamic and competitive knowledge-based economy”, the EU declared its new competitiveness aims in the long-term strategy Europe 2020. Promotion of competitiveness is one of the fundamental aims and priority directions of the EU structural policy. The EU structural support is engaged as one of the public policy measures to promote the competitiveness of the member-states. In this context, it is purposeful to research whether the structural support is used efficiently and whether it actually contributes to the implementation of the defined aims. Under the order of various Lithuanian institutions, numerous studies on the efficiency of the EU structural support have been carried out. Nevertheless, by analysing the impact of the EU structural support, insufficient attention has been paid to the aspect of competitiveness. Considering the fact that Lithuania has entered the third programming period 2014-2020, evaluation of the EU structural investment in the country has become even more topical - for successful implementation of the aims raised for this new period, the analysis of the previous results is relevant. This determined formulation of the research problem: what impact does the EU structural support have on the competitiveness of Lithuanian economics? The empirical research has revealed that the EU structural support has a positive impact on Lithuanian gross domestic product growth, promotes foreign direct investment, research and development expenditure and increases the number of operating entities during 2004-2014 period.

Parole chiave

  • competitiveness
  • the EU structural support
  • Lithuanian economics
  • the impact of the EU structural support
access type Accesso libero

For the Game, for the Loyal Partisans: Distribution of Sport Grants in Slovakia

Pubblicato online: 26 Jul 2016
Pagine: 12 - 21

Astratto

Abstract

Distribution of resources is at the core of politics. Although this activity is primarily economic in nature, the existing research shows that political representatives often use the allocation of public money to reward their allies at the expense of their rivals. This paper analyses a 2015 governmental programme of local sport grants in Slovakia that aimed to build sport facilities for children and young people. In order to avoid any political bias, the programme was established as a neutral mechanism with an anonymous evaluation of grant requests. The results of analysis, however, provide substantial evidence that the subsidies were given primarily to towns with closer political ties to the government while municipalities led by mayors from the opposition were nearly fully ignored. In addition, the presented social and economic aims of the funding programme were not effectively pursued. The paper thus represents a valuable contribution to the discussion of distributive politics, in general, as it shows that, despite the respective legal framework, the allocation of resources may still end up as a process fuelled by partisan interests.

Parole chiave

  • Distribution
  • public resources
  • sport
  • pork barrel politics
  • government
access type Accesso libero

What Can We Learn About Regulatory Agencies and Regulated Parties from the Empirical Study of Judicial Review of Regulatory Agencies’ Decisions? The Case of Croatia

Pubblicato online: 26 Jul 2016
Pagine: 22 - 34

Astratto

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine regulatory agencies and regulated parties in an empirical study of administrative disputes initiated against the decisions of regulatory agencies in Croatia. We first aim to provide an overview of the status and trend estimates regarding these disputes; second, to answer the question how well does the system work from the perspectives of both the plaintiffs and the regulatory agencies; third, to identify the problem areas and to compare these with problem areas identified by the authors studying the broader area of administrative judiciary in Croatia, and finally to compare efficiency level of regulatory agencies to other public authorities in confirming the legality of their decisions and actions. Data on all administrative disputes against 12 Croatian regulatory agencies’ decisions in the 17-year period between 1995 and 2011 are used to identify the main characteristics and trends relating to these disputes. Data for 2012 to 2013 was also examined to identify initial changes and emerging trends in the new administrative judiciary system resulting from fundamental legal reform as part of Croatia’s process of accession to the European Union in 2013. The results show these administrative disputes to be often costly and timely with modest outcome for the plaintiff and impressive success rate for the most of regulatory agencies.

Parole chiave

  • Administrative dispute
  • administrative judiciary
  • regulatory agency
  • judicial review
  • empirical study
access type Accesso libero

The Development of Mental Health Policies in the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic since 1989

Pubblicato online: 26 Jul 2016
Pagine: 35 - 46

Astratto

Abstract

The article aims to describe the key events in the development of mental health care policies after 1990 in the two countries and identify the main reasons for stagnation or incremental changes to the institutional setting in the field of mental health care. The process of mental health care reform is explained using the framework of historical institutionalism. The explanation shows that the lack of political interest in combination with the tradition of institutional care resulted in poor availability of psychiatric care, outdated network of inpatient facilities and critical lack of community care facilities in both countries. Even though Slovak Republic adopted national programme at the governmental level, it still struggles with its implementation. The ongoing reform attempt in the Czech Republic may bring some change, thanks to a new approach towards strategic governance of the mental health care system and the mechanism of layering that the promoters of the reform use.

Parole chiave

  • Mental health care
  • health policy
  • healthcare reforms
  • Czech Republic
  • Slovak Republic

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