1. bookVolume 45 (2021): Edizione 340 (August 2021)
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eISSN
2256-0939
Prima pubblicazione
30 Aug 2012
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2 volte all'anno
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Inglese
access type Accesso libero

Impact of Crop Rotation and Soil Tillage on the Severity of Winter Wheat Leaf Blotches

Pubblicato online: 11 Aug 2021
Volume & Edizione: Volume 45 (2021) - Edizione 340 (August 2021)
Pagine: 21 - 27
Ricevuto: 12 Nov 2020
Accettato: 04 Mar 2021
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
2256-0939
Prima pubblicazione
30 Aug 2012
Frequenza di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

Reduced tillage is considered as one of the main tools to save biological diversity; however, it increases pressure of diseases, including wheat leaf blotches. The aim of present study was to clarify the impact of reduced soil tillage on the development of winter wheat leaf blotches in different schemes of crop rotation. The impact of different growing technologies on the severity of winter wheat disease was evaluated in a two-factorial experiment: A – soil tillage system, and B – different combinations of wheat pre-pre-crop and pre-crop (wheat, oilseed rape, barley and faba beans). Diseases were assessed every 10 days approximately and total impact of diseases was evaluated by calculating AUDPC (Area under Diseases Progress Curve). Tan spot, caused by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis was dominated disease over the long period, regardless of meteorological conditions. Development of Septoria leaf blotch was not influenced by neither crop rotation nor soil tillage. The level of tan spot was essentially higher after wheat, regardless of the pre-pre-crop. Reduced soil tillage promoted severity of tan spot. Ploughing mitigated effect of previous crops and differences in tan spot level were insignificant. Despite many positive effects of conservation tillage, increasing of fungicide treatment could be necessary, in conditions, when the tan spot is most devastating and widespread wheat disease.

Keywords

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