1. bookVolume 12 (2019): Edizione 3 (December 2019)
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1805-4196
Prima pubblicazione
20 Jun 2008
Frequenza di pubblicazione
3 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Accesso libero

Thermal Comfort Characteristic of 5 Patterns of a Persian Garden in a Hot-Arid Climate of Shiraz, Iran

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2019
Volume & Edizione: Volume 12 (2019) - Edizione 3 (December 2019)
Pagine: 1 - 33
Ricevuto: 19 Mar 2019
Accettato: 05 Sep 2019
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1805-4196
Prima pubblicazione
20 Jun 2008
Frequenza di pubblicazione
3 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese

Ambros, Z. (1978). Water balance of forest stands in the Carpathians (in Slovak). Lesnictvi-Forestry 24: 203-221.Search in Google Scholar

Ahn, Y. S., Ryu, S. R., Lim, J., Lee, C. H., Shin, J. H., Choi, W. I., & Seo, J. I. (2014). Effects of forest fires on forest ecosystems in eastern coastal areas of Korea and an overview of restoration projects. Landscape and ecological engineering, 10(1), 229-237.‏10.1007/s11355-013-0212-0Search in Google Scholar

Akbari, Y. W. U. B. H. (2015). Comparing the effects of Urban Heat Island Mitigation. Journal of molecular biology, 342(1), 131-143.Search in Google Scholar

Alexandri, E, Jones, P. (2008). Temperature decreases in an urban canyon due to green walls and green roofs in diverse climates. Building and Environment, 43: 480-493.Search in Google Scholar

Ali-Toudert, F. (2007). Mayer FH. Effects of asymmetry, galleries, overhanging facades and vegetation on thermal comfort in urban street canyons. Sol Energy; 81:742e54.Search in Google Scholar

Andreou, E. (2013). Thermal comfort in outdoor spaces and urban canyon microclimate. Renew Energy; 55:182e8.Search in Google Scholar

Andreou, E. (2013). Thermal comfort in outdoor spaces and urban canyon microclimate. Renewable energy, 55, 182-188.10.1016/j.renene.2012.12.040Search in Google Scholar

ASHRAE Standard 55-56 (1966). Thermal comfort conditions. American society of heating refrigerating and air- conditioning engineers, New York.Search in Google Scholar

Ashrae (2001). Ashrae Fundamentals. Handbook 2001; Atlanta, Ga., American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers.Search in Google Scholar

Balafoutis, C.H., Arseni-Papadimitriou, A., Chantzaridis, P. (1998). Distribution of thermal comfort during June at Greek Land. In: Proceedings: 4 the Panhellenic Geographical Conference at 12, 13, 14 October 1995 (pp. 440–450). Greek Geographical Union.Search in Google Scholar

Bateson, M. C. (1993). Joint performance across cultures: Improvisation in a Persian garden.10.1080/10462939309366037Search in Google Scholar

Behzadfar, M, & Monam, A. (2011). The impact of sky view factor on outdoor thermal comfort. Armanshahr, 5 23–34.Search in Google Scholar

Benmanian, M.R, Taghvaei, A.A, Shahidi, M.SH. (2008). Evaluation of environmental and cultural foundations Garden physical elements of Iran (before and after Islam), Journal of Environment Science and Technology. NO.1, pp103-112.Search in Google Scholar

Benzinger, T.H. (1979). The physiological basis for thermal comfort, Indoor climate. Danish building research institute, Copenhagen. Pp.441-476.Search in Google Scholar

Blaxejczyk, K., Broede, P, Fiala, D, Havenith, G, Holmer, I, Jendritzky, G., Kampmann, B. & Kunert, A. (2010). Principles of the new Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) and its application to bioclimatic research in European scale. Miscellanea Geographica, 14.pp 91-102.Search in Google Scholar

Bouyer, J., Vinet, J., Delpech, P., Carré, S. (2007). Thermal comfort assessment in semi-outdoor environments: application to comfort study in stadia. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 95: 144-149.Search in Google Scholar

Brown, R. D. (1995). Microclimatic landscape design: Creating thermal comfort and energy efficiency. New York: Wiley.Search in Google Scholar

Bruse, M. (2012). ENVI-met. Michael Bruse, Essen.Search in Google Scholar

Bruse, M., Fleer, H., (1998). Simulating surface–plant–air interactions inside urban environments with a three dimensional numerical model. Environmental modelling & software, 13(3-4), pp.373-384.10.1016/S1364-8152(98)00042-5Search in Google Scholar

Bruse, M., (2009). June. Analysing human outdoor thermal comfort and open space usage with the Multi-Agent System BOTworld. In Seventh International Conference on Urban Climate ICUC-7 (Vol. 29).Search in Google Scholar

Burckhardt, T. (1976). Art of Islam.Search in Google Scholar

Byomkesh, T., Nakagoshi, N., & Dewan, A. M. (2012). Urbanization and green space dynamics in Greater Dhaka, Bangladesh. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 8(1), 45-58.‏10.1007/s11355-010-0147-7Search in Google Scholar

Byrne, B., Coventry, W.L., Olson, R.K., Samuelsson, S., Corley, R., Willcutt, E.G., Wadsworth, S. and DeFries, J.C., (2009). Genetic and environmental influences on aspects of literacy and language in early childhood: Continuity and change from preschool to Grade 2. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 22(3), pp.219-236.10.1016/j.jneuroling.2008.09.003Search in Google Scholar

Čermák, V., Šafanda, J. and Guterch, A., (1989). Deep temperature distribution along three profiles crossing the Teisseyre-Tornquist tectonic zone in Poland. Tectonophysics, 164(2-4), pp.151-163.10.1016/0040-1951(89)90009-7Search in Google Scholar

Chang, C-R., Li, M-H., Chang, S-D. (2007). A preliminary study on the local cool-island intensity of Taipeicityparks. Landsc.Urban.Plan.;80:386–95.Search in Google Scholar

Chen, L., Ng, E. (2012). Outdoor thermal comfort and outdoor activities: a review of research in the past decade. Cities; 29:118e25.Search in Google Scholar

Chen, Y., Wong, N.H. (2006). Thermal benefits of city parks. Energy Build; 38: 105e20.Search in Google Scholar

Chou, W. Y., Lee, C. H., & Chang, C. Y. (2016). Relationships between urban open spaces and humans’ health benefits from an ecological perspective: a study in an urban campus. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 12(2), 255-267.‏10.1007/s11355-016-0295-5Search in Google Scholar

Cohen, P., Potchter, O., Matzarakis, A. (2013). Human thermal perception of Coastal Mediterranean outdoor urban environments. Appl Geogr; 37:1e10.Search in Google Scholar

d’Ambrosio Alfano, F.R., Palella, B.I., Riccio, G. (2011). Thermal environment assessment reliability using temperature-humidity indices. Ind Health; 49:95e106.Search in Google Scholar

Das, D. (2008). Urban Quality of Life: A Case Study of Guwahati, Springer Science+Business Media B.V., Soc Indic Res 88:297–310.Search in Google Scholar

Dessi, V. (2002). People’s behaviour in an open space as design indicator. Paper presented at the International Conference on Pasive and Low Energy Architecture PLEA, Toulouse, France.Search in Google Scholar

Dimoudi, A., Kantzioura, A., Zoras, S., Pallas, C., & Kosmopoulos, P. (2013). Investigation of urban microclimate parameters in an urban center. Energy and Buildings, 64, 1-9.10.1016/j.enbuild.2013.04.014Search in Google Scholar

Do, Y., Kim, J. Y., Kim, G. Y., & Joo, G. J. (2014). Importance of closed landfills as green space in urbanized areas: ecological assessment using carabid beetles. Landscape and ecological engineering, 10(2), 277-284.‏10.1007/s11355-013-0223-xSearch in Google Scholar

Fanger, P.O (1972). Thermal Comfort: Analysis and applications in environmental engineerin. New York, McGraw Hill.Search in Google Scholar

Ghodarzi Soroush, M.M, Mokhtabaad, S.M. (2013). Symbolism in Persian garden in Islamic Period. Journal Hoviat-e-Shahr, No13, pp55-62.Search in Google Scholar

Givoni, B. (1998). Climate Considerations in Building and Urban Design. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.Search in Google Scholar

Givoni, B. (1976). Man, Climate and Architectur. London. Applied Science Publishers.Search in Google Scholar

Gulyás, A., Unger, J, Matzarakis, A. (2006). Assessment of the microclimatic and human comfort conditions in a complex urban environment: Modelling and measurements. Building and Environment, 41: 1713-1722.Search in Google Scholar

Heijs, W. (1994). The dependent variable in thermal comfort research: some psychological considerations, Thermal Comfort: Past, Present and Future. In Proceedings of a conference held at the Building Research Establishment, Garston, 9-10 June 1993 (pp. 40-51).Search in Google Scholar

Hensen, J. L. M. (1990). Literature review on thermal comfort in transient conditions, Building and Environment: 25 no. 4, pp. 309 - 316.Search in Google Scholar

Herrmann, J, Matzarakis, A. (2012). Mean radiant temperature in idealised urban canyonsdexamples from Freiburg, Germany. Int J Biometeorol; 56:199e203.Search in Google Scholar

Hodder, S. G, Parsons, K. (2007). The effects of solar radiation on thermal comfort. Int. J. Biometeorol, 51: 233-250.Search in Google Scholar

Hofman, J., Bartholomeus, H., Janssen, S., Calders, K., Wuyts, K., Van Wittenberghe, S., & Samson, R. (2016). Influence of tree crown characteristics on the local PM10 distribution inside an urban street canyon in Antwerp (Belgium): A model and experimental approach. Urban forestry & urban greening, 20: 265-276.Search in Google Scholar

Höppe, P. (1999). The physiological equivalent temperature – a universal index for the bio meteorological assessment of the thermal environment. Int. J. Biometeoroi, 43: 71-75.Search in Google Scholar

Huttner, S., Bruse, M., & Dostal, P. (2008, October). Using ENVI-met to simulate the impact of global warming on the microclimate in central European cities. In 5th Japanese-German Meeting on Urban Climatology Vol. 18 (pp. 307-312).Search in Google Scholar

Hwang, R. L., Lin, T. P. & Matzarakis, A. (2011). Seasonal effects of urban street shading on long-term outdoor thermal comfort. Building and environment, 46(4), 863-870.10.1016/j.buildenv.2010.10.017Search in Google Scholar

ISO (1984). International Standard 7730. ISO Geneva, revised 1990.Search in Google Scholar

Jendritzky, G. and W. Nübler. (1981). A model analysing the urban thermal environment in physiologically significant terms. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 29: 313-326.Search in Google Scholar

Jim, C. Y. (2012). Effect of vegetation biomass structure on thermal performance of tropical green roof. Landscape and ecological engineering, 8(2), 173-187.‏10.1007/s11355-011-0161-4Search in Google Scholar

Joffre, R., Rambal, S., (1993). How tree cover influences the water balance of Mediterranean rangelands. Ecology, 74(2), pp.570-582.10.2307/1939317Search in Google Scholar

Johansson, E. (2006). Influence of urban geometry on outdoor thermal comfort in a hot dry climate: a study in Fez, Morocco. Build Environ; 41:1326e38.Search in Google Scholar

Katouzian, S. (1986). The Sense of Place in Persian Gardens.Search in Google Scholar

Kim, J. O., & Suh, J. H. (2016). A review of climate change adaptation policies applied to landscape planning and design in Korea. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 12(1), 171-177.‏10.1007/s11355-014-0261-zSearch in Google Scholar

Kinouchi, T. (2001). A study on thermal indices for the outdoor environment. Tenki, 48: 661-671.Search in Google Scholar

K.P., Nastos, P.T., Paliatsos, A.G. (2013). One-day prediction of biometeorological conditions in a mediterranean urban environment using artificial neural networks modeling. Adv Meteorol; 2013:1e15.Search in Google Scholar

Kurazumi, Y., Fukagawa, K., Yamato, Y., Tobita, K., Kondo, E., Tsuchikawa, T., Horikoshi, T. & M., Naoki (2011). Enhanced conduction-corrected modified effective temperature as the outdoor thermal environment evaluation index upon the human body; Building and Environment, 46: Pp12-21.10.1016/j.buildenv.2010.06.012Search in Google Scholar

La Rosa, D., & Privitera, R. (2013). Characterization of non-urbanized areas for land-use planning of agricultural and green infrastructure in urban contexts. Landscape and Urban Planning, 109(1), 94-106.10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.05.012Search in Google Scholar

Lee, S. H., Lee, K. S., Jin, W. C., & Song, H. K. (2009). Effect of an urban park on air temperature differences in a central business district area. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 5(2), 183-191.‏10.1007/s11355-009-0067-6Search in Google Scholar

Li, R, Chi, X. (2013). Thermal comfort and tourism climate changes in the QinghaieTibet Plateau in the last 50 years. Theor Appl Climatol. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-013-1027-5.10.1007/s00704-013-1027-5Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

Limb, M. (1992). Technical notes-an infiltration and ventilation glossary Air infiltration and ventilation center. p 36.Search in Google Scholar

Mahmoudi Farahani, L., Motamed, B., Jamei, L. (2016). Persian Gardens: Meanings, Symbolism, and Design. Landscape Online 46:1-19.Search in Google Scholar

Maleki, A., Orehounig, K., & Mahdavi, A. (2013). Monitoring and modeling of the urban micro-climate. International Conference on Architecture and Urban Design.Search in Google Scholar

Matzarakis, A., Amelung, B. (2008). Physiological equivalent temperature as indicator for impacts of climate change on thermal comfort of humans. In: Thomson M.C., García Herrera R., Beniston M., editors. Seasonal forecasts, climatic change and human health (pp :1-99).Search in Google Scholar

Matzarakis, A., Mayer, H. (1997). Heat stress in Greece. International Journal of Biometeorology, 41: 34-39.Search in Google Scholar

Matzarakis, A., & Amelung, B. (2008). Physiological equivalent temperature as indicator for impacts of climate change on thermal comfort of humans. In Seasonal forecasts, climatic change and human health (pp. 161-172). Springer Netherlands.10.1007/978-1-4020-6877-5_10Search in Google Scholar

Matzarakis, A., Mayer, H., & Iziomon, M. G. (1999). Applications of a universal thermal index: physiological equivalent temperature. International Journal of Biometeorology, 43(2), 76-84.10.1007/s00484005011910552311Search in Google Scholar

Matzarakis, A., Rutz, F., Mayer, H. (2007). Modelling radiation fluxes in simple and complex environments – application of the RayMan model, Int. J. Biometeorol, 51: 323-334.Search in Google Scholar

McIntyre, D.A. (1980). Indoor climate. Applied science publishers, London, p 56.Search in Google Scholar

Medghalchi, L., Ansary, M., Benmaniam, M.R. (2014). Sense of place in Persian garden. Journal of Bagh e Nazar, No 28, pp 25-38.Search in Google Scholar

Middel, A., Häb, K., Brazel, A. J., Martin, C. A., & Guhathakurta, S. (2014). Impact of urban form and design on midafternoon microclimate in Phoenix Local Climate Zones. Landscape and Urban Planning, 122, 16-28.10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.11.004Search in Google Scholar

Moghtader, M.R.,Yavari, M. (1998). The Persian Garden: Eshoes of paradise, International conference of Persian garden.Search in Google Scholar

Müller, N., & Morimoto, Y. (2016). Landscape Design and Urban Biodiversity. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 12(1), 105-106.‏10.1007/s11355-015-0289-8Search in Google Scholar

Naeema, Gh. (2006). Persian gardens. Payam publication, Tehran. Iran.Search in Google Scholar

Nagano, K. & Horikoshi, T. (2011). New index indicating the universal and separate effects on human comfort under outdoor and non-uniform thermal conditions; Energy and Buildings, 43: pp 1694-1701.10.1016/j.enbuild.2011.03.012Search in Google Scholar

Nastos, P.T., Matzarakis, A. (2012). The effect of air temperature and human thermal indices on mortality in Athens, Greece. Theor Appl Climatol; 108:591e9. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-011-0555-0.10.1007/s00704-011-0555-0Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

Nichol, J., Wong, M.S. (2005). Modelling urban environmental quality in a tropical city. Lansdcape and Urban Planning; 75:49–58.Search in Google Scholar

Oke, T.R. (1987). Boundary layer climates. New York: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Olgyay, V. (1963). Design with climate. Princeton university press, Princeton, New Jersey.Search in Google Scholar

Oliveira, S., Andrade, H. and Vaz, T., (2011). The cooling effect of green spaces as a contribution to the mitigation of urban heat: A case study in Lisbon. Building and environment, 46(11), pp.2186-2194.10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.04.034Search in Google Scholar

Orsini, F., Gasperi, D., Marchetti, L., Piovene, C., Draghetti, S., Ramazzotti, S. & Gianquinto, G. (2014). Exploring the production capacity of rooftop gardens (RTGs) in urban agriculture: the potential impact on food and nutrition security, biodiversity and other ecosystem services in the city of Bologna. Food Security, 6(6), 781-792.10.1007/s12571-014-0389-6Search in Google Scholar

Peng, L. L., & Jim, C. Y. (2013). Green-roof effects on neighborhood microclimate and human thermal sensation. Energies, 6(2), 598-618.10.3390/en6020598Search in Google Scholar

Penka, M., Cermák, J., Stepanek, V. and Palat, M., (1979). Diurnal courses of transpiration rate and transpiration flow rate as determined by the gravimetric and thermometric methods in a full-grown oak tree (Quercus robur L.). Acta Universitatis Agriculturae. Ser. C. Facultas Silviculturae. Brno.Search in Google Scholar

Pickup, J. and R.D. Dear (1999). An outdoor thermal comfort Index (OUT-SET*). 15th ICB & ICUC, Macquarie University, Sydney.Search in Google Scholar

Pielke, R. A. (1984). Mesoscale meteorological modelling, Academic Press, Orlando.Search in Google Scholar

Pirniya, M.K. (1994). Interview with Abadi magazine.Search in Google Scholar

Pourvahidi, P., & Ozdeniz, M. B. (2013). Bioclimatic analysis of Iranian climate for energy conservation in architecture. Scientific Research and Essays, 8(1), 6-16.Search in Google Scholar

Qaid, A., Ossen, D.R. (2014). Effect of asymmetrical street aspect ratios on microclimates in hot, humid regions. Int J Biometeorol.Search in Google Scholar

Ranjbar Kermani, A.A. (2005). Class notes of the Iranian architecture class. Spring of 2005.Search in Google Scholar

Salata, F., Golasi, I., de Lieto Vollaro, A., & de Lieto Vollaro, R. (2015). How high albedo and traditional buildings’ materials and vegetation affect the quality of urban microclimate. A case study. Energy and Buildings, 99, 32-49.10.1016/j.enbuild.2015.04.010Search in Google Scholar

Setaih, K., Hamza, N., Townshend, T. (2013). Assessment of outdoor thermal comfort in urban microclimate in hot arid areas. In: 13th International Conference of International Building Performance Sim- ulation Association (pp. 1-99), Chambery, France.Search in Google Scholar

Skelhorn, C. P., Levermore, G., & Lindley, S. J. (2016). Impacts on cooling energy consumption due to the UHI and vegetation changes in Manchester, UK. Energy and Buildings, 122, 150-159.10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.01.035Search in Google Scholar

Soltan Zadeh, H. (1999). From four vault to four garden. The journal of architecture and culture (Memari & Farhang). NO1.Search in Google Scholar

Spronken-Smith R., Oke, T. (1998). The thermal regime of urban parks in two cities with different summer climates. IntJRemoteSens;19:2085–104.Search in Google Scholar

Srivanit, M., Hokao, K. (2013). Evaluating the cooling effects of greening for improving the outdoor thermal environment at an institutional campus in the summer. Build Environ 2013; 66:158e72.Search in Google Scholar

Stronach, D. (1978). The Royal Garden Passargade: A Report on the Excavations. Oxford: British Institute.Search in Google Scholar

Svensson, M. K., Thorsson S, Lindqvist. S. (2003). A geographical information system model for creating bioclimatic maps – examples from a high, mid-latitude city. International Journal of Biometeorology, 47: 102-112.Search in Google Scholar

Taghvaei, S.H, Tahbaz, M., Motaghi Pisheh, S. (2015). The Role of Shade in Persian Garden, The Study of Thermal Comfort Conditions in Jahannama and Delgosha gardens. Journal of Iranian architecture studies. No.7.pp 35-56.Search in Google Scholar

Taleghani, M., Kleerekoper, L., Tenpierik, M., van den Dobbelsteen, A. (2014). Outdoor thermal comfort within five different urban forms in the Netherlands. Build Environ” 73:138e50. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.03.01410.1016/j.buildenv.2014.03.014Apri DOISearch in Google Scholar

Taleghani, M., Sailor, D.J., Tenpierik, M., van den Dobbelsteen, A. (2014). Thermal assessment of heat mitigation strategies: the case of Portland State University, Oregon, USA. Build Environ; 73:138e50.Search in Google Scholar

Taleghani, M., Tenpierik, M., Kurvers, S., van den Dobbelsteen, A. (2013). A review into thermal comfort in buildings. Renew Sustain Energy Rev;26:201e15.Search in Google Scholar

Thorsson, S., Lindberg, F., Eliasson, I., & Holmer, B. (2007). Different methods for estimating the mean radiant temperature in an outdoor urban setting. International Journal of Climatology, 27(14), 1983-1993.10.1002/joc.1537Search in Google Scholar

Thorsson, S., Lindqvist, M., & Lindqvist, S. (2004). Thermal bioclimatic conditions and patterns of behaviour in an urban park in Göteborg, Sweden. International Journal of Biometeorology, 48(3), 149-156.10.1007/s00484-003-0189-812955614Search in Google Scholar

Toparlar, Y., Blocken, B., Vos, P., van Heijst, G. J. F., Janssen, W. D., van Hooff, T. & Timmermans, H. J. P. (2015). CFD simulation and validation of urban microclimate: A case study for Bergpolder Zuid, Rotterdam. Building and environment, 83, 79-90.10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.08.004Search in Google Scholar

Tseliou, A., Tsiros, I.X., Lykoudis, S., Nikolopoulou, M. (2010). An evaluation of three biometeorological indices for human thermal comfort in urban outdoor areas under real climatic conditions. Build Environ;45:1346e52.Search in Google Scholar

Tsilini, V., Papantoniou, S., Kolokotsa, D. D., & Maria, E. A. (2015). Urban gardens as a solution to energy poverty and urban heat island. Sustainable Cities and Society, 14, 323-333.10.1016/j.scs.2014.08.006Search in Google Scholar

Vasicek, O.A., (1980). A conditional law of large numbers. The Annals of Probability, pp.142-147.10.1214/aop/1176994830Search in Google Scholar

VDI (1998). Methods for the human-biometerological assessment of climate and air hygiene for urban and regional planning. Part I: Climate, VDI guideline 3787. Part 2. Beuthen, Berlin.Search in Google Scholar

Vouterakos, P.A., Moustris, K.P., Bartzokas, A., Ziomas, I.C., Nastos, P.T., Paliatsos, A.G. (2012). Forecasting the discomfort levels within the greater Athens area, Greece using artificial neural networks and multiple criteria analysis. Theor Appl Climatol, 110:329e43. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00704-012-0626-x.10.1007/s00704-012-0626-xApri DOISearch in Google Scholar

Vu, T.C., Asaeda, T., Eusuf, M.A. (1998). Reductions in air conditioning energy caused by a nearby park. Energy and Buildings, 29: 83-92.Search in Google Scholar

Vyskot, M., (1975). K problematice jedle. Lesnicka prace.Search in Google Scholar

Wania, A., Bruse, M., Blond, N., Weber, C. (2012). Analysing the influence of different street vegetation on traffic-induced particle dispersion using microscale simulations. J. Environ Manage; 94:91e101.Search in Google Scholar

Wong, N.H., Jusuf, S.K., Win, A.L., Thu, H.K., Negara, T.S., Xuchao, W. (2007). Environmental study of the impact of greenery in an institutional campus in the tropics. Building and Environment; 42:2949e70.Search in Google Scholar

Xia, T. Y., Wang, J. Y., Song, K., & Da, L. J. (2014). Variations in air quality during rapid urbanization in Shanghai, China. Landscape and ecological engineering, 10(1), 181-190.‏10.1007/s11355-011-0174-zSearch in Google Scholar

Yabe, K., & Nakamura, T. (2010). Assessment of flora, plant communities, and hydrochemical conditions for adaptive management of a small artificial wetland made in a park of a cool-temperate city. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 6(2), 201-210.‏10.1007/s11355-009-0098-zSearch in Google Scholar

Yahia, M.W., Johansson, E. (2014). Landscape interventions in improving thermal comfort in the hot dry city of Damascus, Syria e the example of residential spaces with detached buildings. Landsc Urban Plan; 125:1e16.Search in Google Scholar

Yamada, T. (1982). A numerical model study of turbulent airflow in and above a forest canopy, J. Met. Soc. Jap. 60:439–454.Search in Google Scholar

Zarabadi, Z.S.S., Haeri, N., Larimian, T. (2011). Sense of place in the concept of Persian garden. International journal od academic reasearche.vol3.NO4.Part2.Search in Google Scholar

Articoli consigliati da Trend MD

Pianifica la tua conferenza remota con Sciendo