1. bookVolume 15 (2021): Edizione 2 (December 2021)
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eISSN
1802-1115
Prima pubblicazione
26 Jun 2014
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2 volte all'anno
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Inglese
access type Accesso libero

Moral wrongs, indigeneity and the enactment of farmer-herder conflicts violence in South-Eastern Nigeria

Pubblicato online: 30 Dec 2021
Volume & Edizione: Volume 15 (2021) - Edizione 2 (December 2021)
Pagine: 120 - 133
Ricevuto: 18 Feb 2021
Accettato: 24 Aug 2021
Dettagli della rivista
License
Formato
Rivista
eISSN
1802-1115
Prima pubblicazione
26 Jun 2014
Frequenza di pubblicazione
2 volte all'anno
Lingue
Inglese
Abstract

Existing studies of the farmer-herder conflicts (FHCs) in Nigeria have not explored the political ecology of the conflict in South-Eastern Nigeria (SEN). Using the political ecology framework (PEF), the paper examines the nature of the FHCs in Nimbo and Awgu areas in SEN. Data were collected through field observations and in-depth interviews. The paper shows that resource scarcity or reduced farming and grazing spaces did not engender violent FHCs in the study area. Instead, actions of the actors that are perceived to be morally wrong are critical. Allegations of moral transgression such as rape, kidnapping by herders and claims that a herder was used as a sacrifice by villagers triggered the violent episode. The pastoralists are discriminated against on the ground of indigenous belonging only after being alleged to have morally transgressed by kidnapping and raping women. However, on the ground that a herder was allegedly used as a sacrifice, they felt also wronged. While the herders are discriminated against based on their non-belonging in the community because they are not indigenous, they have mount resistance by emphasising their citizenship rights and using force to maintain access to grazing spaces, thereby amplifying the farmer-herder tensions. Thus, while identity has contributed to the FHCs violence, moral wrongs enacted and amplified it. The paper contributes to the literature by arguing that while what triggers FHCs may be moral wrongs, moral transgressions can heighten identity constructions that get implicated in practices of exclusion.

Keywords

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